Skip to main content

Full text of "Minutes of the court of Fort Orange and Beverwyck, 1652-16[60]"

See other formats


mm 

— B 

J1|H 

Bsnn 










■•■■•■..'■• 



Bj8S8JJSSg 




Sfcg 



k^j/ MINUTES OF THE COURT 

OF 

FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 

1657-1660 



Translated and edited 

by 

A. J. F. VAN LAER 

Archivist, Division of Archives and History 



VOLUME II 



ALBANY 

THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 

1923 



PREFACE 

The minutes of the court of Fort Orange and the vill 
Beverwyck, of which translations appear in the present volume, 
consist of four parts, each of which contains the proceedings of 
the court for a single year. For the years 1657 and 1660, there 
are no original minutes in the Albany county clerk's office. 
Engrossed copies of these minutes, however, are contained in 
two separate records which before the Capitol fire of 1911 were 
bound as parts 2 and 3 of volume 16 of the New York Colonial 
Manuscripts, in the New York State Library. These records 
were fortunately salvaged from the fire in very good condition 
and from them the present translations have been made. 

The minutes for 1658—1659 make up the first 2! 1 pages of 
an original record in the Albany county clerk's office which on 
the back is lettered: Court Minutes 2, 1658-1660, and under- 
neath, in larger type, Mortgage No. 1, 1652-1660. A transla- 
tion of these minutes, made by Professor Jonathan Pearson was 
among the manuscripts which in !914 were presented to the 
New York State Library by his sons. With the exception of 
these minutes, these manuscripts have since been published under 
the title of Early Records of the City and County of Albany 
and Colony of Rensselaer 'srvyck* volumes 2-4. The present 
volume does not follow Professor Pearson's manuscript I 
tion of these court minutes, but contains a new translation, which. 
is uniform in character with that of the earlier minutes that are 
printed in the first volume of this series. 

Among the minutes that are printed in this volur are 

proceedings of a number of important conference- with the 
Indians which were held at Fort Orange during the first E 
War. Translations of these proceedings were published by Mr 
Berthold Fernow in volume 13 of the Documents Relating to 
the Colonial History of the State of Nel» York. They have 
been carefully revised for the present work, in which thev appear 



8 Fort Orange and Beverwycf? 

in their proper chronological places. The same applies also to 
a number of ordinances issued by the court of Fort Orange 
and Beverwyck, of which translations differing in some cases 
materially from the present are included in the Laws and 
Ordinances of Nerv Netherlands 1638-1674, compiled by 
Dr E. B. O'Callaghan. 

In connection with the court minutes of 1657 and 1658, 
attention is called to the fact that a few leaves, containing 
memoranda in the handwriting of Commissary Johannes La 
Montagne of various complaints that were made to him in those 
years, have by mistake been inserted after page 1 36 in volume 2 
of Deeds, in the Albany county clerk's office. A translation of 
these memoranda, erroneously ascribed to Johannes Dyckman, 
will be found on pages 245-47 of volume 1 of the Early 
Records of Albany, published by Professor Pearson in 1869. 

February 12, 1923 

A. J. F. van Laer 



PART I 

Court Minutes of Fort Orange and Beverwvck 

1657 

[33] ' Ordinary Session held in Fort C range, January 9 Anno 

1657 
President, J. La Montagne 

Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Anderies Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

Lambert van Valckenborch, plaintiff, against Hendenck 
Claessen and Gerrit Willemsen, defendants. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendants beat him and his 
wife in his own house. 

The defendants deny it and claim that the plaintiff ch?.sed 
them with a naked rapier out of his house and pursued them to 
the center of the fort. 

The court orders the parties respectively to prove their 
assertions. 

Jacob Janssen Schermerhoorn. plaintiff, against Reyer Albert- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sicked his dog on his 
goats and killed one of them. 

The defendant denies having done so. 

The plaintiff produces as a witness Andries de Vos, who 
declares that he saw it. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff twelve 
guilders for the goat which was killed. 



1 As stated in the preface, the following minutes are translated from a 
copy of the original court record, which forms Part II of volume 16 of 
the series of New York Colonial Manuscripts in the State Library. Pages 
1-32 contain copies of the minutes for October 4-December 12, 1656. 
which are printed in the preceding volume. 



i Fort Orange and BeverTvycfy 

[34] Foppe Barensen, plaintiff, against the officer and Wil- 
lem Brouwer, defendants. 

The plaintiff complains that the officer took him into custody 
without cause. 

The officer maintains that he took the defendant into custody 
on the complaint, of Willem Brouwer, who claimed that the 
defendant had committed violence in his own house. 

Willem Brouwer maintains that the complaint is true. 

The plaintiff replies that he has committed no violence in the 
defendant's house, but that on the contrary Willem Brouwer 
forcibly drove him oat of the house with a broomstick, because 
he demanded payment for a pair of boots which he had sold to 
him, or wanted to take the measurements for a pair of new ones. 

The court orders the plaintiff and Willem Brouw r er, the 
defendant to prove their statements. 

Foppe Barensen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vos, defendant. 

The parties having been heard several times, it is ordered by 
the court that each shall choose a referee to settle their dispute 
in an amicable manner. 

Immediately, the plaintiff chose for himself Stoffel Janssen 
and the defendant Anderies de Vos, to whom the court added 
Rutger Jacobsen, as mediator, to decide the question at issue to 
the best of their knowledge. 

[35] Lowies Cobussen, as attorney for Jan Peeck, plaintiff, 
against Frans Barensen Pastoor, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he caused ten beavers in the hands of 
the defendant to be attached which the defendant in spite of 
the attachment paid to Pieter Bronck. 

The defendant maintains that he paid the said beavers by 
order of the court. 

Pieter Bronck, appearing before the court, acknowledges that 
he received the beavers in payment of a debt due by Johannes 
Dyckman. 

The court orders the wife of Johannes Dyckman to pay the 
sum of eighty-four guilders to Jan Peeck, which she did imme- 
diately by an order on Commissary Johannes La Montague. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 II 

Frans Barensen, plaintiff, against Marcelis Janssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant an accounting of the 
farming of the tapsters' excise, in which he was a partner. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
render an accounting to the plaintiff before two referees to be 
chosen by them respectively, which referees were chosen by the 
parties at once, to wit, Hendenck Jochimsen and Willem Bout, 
who are hereby authorized to examine the account of the plain- 
tiff and to settle the difference to the best of their ability. 

[36] Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Claes Teunissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands delivery of the defendant's house, sold 
to him by the defendant, in payment of a certain sum due to him 
by Jacob Luyersen, 1 deceased. 

The defendant acknowledges that he is ready to do so. 

The officer of the court, as protector of the rights of orphans, 
objects to the delivery and request that curators be appointed to 
preserve the rights of the surviving children of Jacob Luyersen. 
deceased. 

The court appoints Jan Verbeeck and Evert Wendel curators 
to the aforesaid children. 

The magistrates of this court, plaintiffs, against Henderick, 
the baker, defendant. 
^ The defendant failing to appear, default is entered 

Default. . . . 

against him. 

Pieter Meessen requests a lot for a garden. 

The court, after inspection of the lot, will accommodate the 
petitioner according to the situation of the place. 

Teunis Cornelissen requests permission to build another house 
on his lot. 

The court will take the matter under advisement. 

Claes Hendericksen, plaintiff, against Gerrit Slechtenhorst, 
defendant. 



1 Jacob Luyersen, of Wageningen, Gelderland, the ancestor of the 
Kuykendall family . 



12 Fort Orange and Bevenvyck 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has forbidden him to 
build on his own ground, to which the defendant replies that 
the ground on which the plaintiff is building belongs to him as 
lessee, maintaining that no one can build thereon without his 
consent during the term of his lease. 

[37] The plaintiff shows a lease in the defendant's hand- 
writing, in the margin of which is written that the plaintiff is to 
have the use of the yard at present in controversy. 

The defendant claims that such use was granted to the plain- 
tiff only for the purpose of putting his wood there and for 
bleaching, which he offers to prove. 

Whereupon the defendant, on the 12th of December, pro- 
duced before the court Jan Dereth, as a witness, who testified 
that he was present when the copy of the lease between the 
parties was changed or added to and that he heard the defendant 
simply grant the use of the yard in question to the plaintiff, but 
that he did not hear, anything about consent to build thereon. 

The court, having several times heard the parties in their 
dispute and examined the lease made between them and the 
additions thereto, decrees that the defendant, Gerrit Slechten- 
horst, is to have the use of the yard now in controversy without 
molestation, according to the lease; consequently, that the plain- 
tiff can not build thereon to the prejudice of the defendant with- 
out his consent. It is also ordered that the plaintiff, Claes Hen- 
dericksen, according to the lease and the additions thereto, shall 
have the use of the kitchen as a dwelling for himself or others 
who acquire his right, and that of the yard to pile up wood and 
for bleaching. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 13 

[38] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 23 Anno 

1657 

President, J. La Montagne Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Rutger Jacobsen Philip Pietersen 

Anderies Herbertsen 

The officer of Rensselaerswyck, ' plaintiff, [requests] by peti- 
tion maintenance of justice in regard to some offense committed 
in the colony of Rensselaerswyck by Jan Joosten, producing to 
that effect the testimony of three witnesses. 

Jan Joosten, appearing, produces other testimony to the con- 
trary. 

The court orders Jan Joosten to communicate a copy of his 
testimony to the petitioner, the officer. Meanwhile, he is to re- 
main under arrest in the fort until he gives sufficient bail for the 
judgment in the case. 

During the same session there appeared before the court 
Henderick Jochimsen, who offered himself as surety and principal 
for the satisfaction of the judgment by the person of Jan Joosten. 

Frans Baren[t]sen Pastoor, plaintiff, against Jan van Bremen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.73:5, due to 
him by balance of account. 

[39] The wife of the defendant, in the absense of her hus- 
band appearing in his place, admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemns the defendant 
to pay the aforesaid sum in the space of six weeks, meanwhile 
declaring valid the attachment by the plaintiff of the defendant's 
property in Katskil. 

Jan Daniel, under-sheriff, plaintiff, against Marcelus Janssen, 
innkeeper, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that last Sunday he found three men drink- 
ing in the defendant's house during the preaching, contrary to 
the ordinance. He requests that the defendant be condemned 
to pay the fine mentioned in the aforesaid ordinance. 



Gerard Swart. fj'J 



14 Fort Orange and Bever&yck 

The defendant replies that he did not tap, but that he served 
a keg of beer to some carpenters who were working for him. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemn the defendant, 
Marcelus Janssen, to pay the sum of fl. 18:- according to the 
ordinance. 

The vice-director and magistrates of Fort Orange and the 
village of Beverwyck and the dependencies thereof, observing 
the difficulty which they have at present in making up the account 
of the expenditures for the building of the church of the village 
of Beverwyck and other work during the past year, 1 656, have 
decided that henceforth no work shall be let except by order of 
the court, granted either by themselves or their deputies, and 
that no money [40] shall be paid except upon their order. And 
in order that this may not be too troublesome for the court to 
grant every time, it is ordered that Commissary Johannes La 
Montagne shall hereafter issue such order, provided that he shall 
keep a record thereof, so as to know thereby at any time the 
state of the treasury. Done in Fort Orange, the 23d of Febru- 
ary Anno 1657. 1 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 6 Anno 1657 

President, J. La Montagne 

Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Anderies Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

Foppe Barensen, plaintiff, against the officer of this court and 
Willem Brouwer, defendants. 

The plaintiff demands to know the reason why the officer 
placed him in confinement. 

The officer says that he did so on account of a complaint of 
violence committed against Willem Brouwer made to him by 
Willem Brouwer- 

[41] The defendant admits having made such a complaint 
and [the plaintiff] requests that the officer make his complaint in 
writing. 

Apparently a mistake for the 23d of January Anno 1657. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 15 

The court orders the officer to give [a copy of] his complaint 
in writing to the defendant to make answer thereto on the next 
court day. 

Teunis Spitsbergen, 1 plaintiff, against Abraham Pietersen 
Vosburch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 3 beavers and one hun- 
dred and three guilders in strung seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
in July. 

The plaintiff demands cash payment. 

The court having heard both parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the sum demanded by the last of May. 

Abraham Pietersen Vosburch, plaintiff, against Meyndert 
Fredericksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for some logs which he cut in 
the woods and which the defendant took out of the woods, asking 
fifty, guilders for them. 

The defendant admits that he used the said logs, but says that 
he did not have them hauled out of the woods but that they 
were brought to him as timber that had been lying in the woods 
for a long time, offering to give fl.6:— for them. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff fl.16:— cash for the logs in question. 

[42] Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Claes Teunissen, 
defendant. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the curators ap- 
pointed to administer the estate of Jacob Luyersen, deceased, 
to appear before the magistrates to-morrow at nine o'clo^ 1 . 

Eldert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Fopoe Barensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands fulfilment of a certain contract made 
with the defendant, whereby the defendant is bound to serve 
him for one year at fl.2:3 a day, which contract he shows. 

The defendant admits it and declares that he is ready to fulfil 
the contract, provided that the plaintiff furnish sufficient sureti 



1 Teunis Cornelissen van der Poel, alias Spitsbergen. 



16 Fort Orange and Beverrvyclf 

for the payment of his wages, every day, every week, or every 
month, as he pleases. 

The court orders the defendant to fulfil the contract according 
to the conditions offered him. 

Jochim Kettelhem, plaintiff, against Lubbert, Labitee's servant, 
defendant. 

The defendant failing to appear, default is entered against 
him. 

Gerrit Swart, schout of Rencelaerswyck, plaintiff, against 
Lambert van Neck, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands maintenance of justice in a case of 
assault resulting in bloodshed committed in Rencelaerswyck, 
according to a deposition which he produces. 

[43] The defendant admits that he struck back at Henderick 
Gerritsen, who had struck him twice. 

The parties having been heard and the deposition examined, 
the court condemns the defendant to pay one pound Flemish. 

Gerritie Bouts, 1 plaintiff, against Henderick Reur, defendant. 
Default. The defendant failing to appear, default is entered 

against him. 
Default. J an Daniel, under-sheriff, plaintiff, against Gerritt 
Hendericksen and Henderick Classen, defendants. 

The 7th of February there appeared by order of the court 
Jan Verbeeck and Evert Wendels, chosen curators of the 
estate of the surviving children of Jacob Luyersen, deceased, 
who accepted the said office and promised to acquit themselves 
of their duties to the best of their knowledge and ability. 

The court, having considered the need of orphan masters in 
this place and experienced the faithfulness of Jan Verbeeck and 
Evert Wendels, have for the service and best interest of the 
country appointed them orphan masters, to take charge of all 
estates which [otherwise] would remain uncared for through the 



1 Probably Geertje Nannincks, the wife of Willem Fredericksen Bout 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 17 

death of the husband or wife. Done in Fort Orange, the 7th 
of February Anno 1657. 

Was signed: La MoNTAGNE, vice-director and 

commissary of Fort Orange 
rutger jacobsen 
Anderies Herbertsen 
Jacob Schermerhorn 
Philip Pietersen 



[44] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 20, 1 657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Rutger Jacobsen Philip Pietersen 

Anderies Herbertsen 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Jochim Wesselsen, baker, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant kicked his daughter 
in the chest, so that she is unable to do any work. 

The defendant says that his daughter, being in his service, 
was admonished by his wife to mend her ways as she was a 
young maiden, whereupon, she making some retort, the woman 
was moved to chastise her and kicked the plaintiff's daughter 
with her foot in the rump. 

The court orders the officer to take further information in the 
matter. 

Abraham Staets, plaintiff, against Henderick, the 
Default, baker, 1 defendant. 

Default. Yhe honorable magistrates, plaintiffs, against Hen- 
derick, the baker, defendant. 

The officer, plaintiff, against Dirck de Goyer, defendant. 

The defendant failing to appear, default is taken against him. 



Hendrick Jansen Westerkamp. 



18 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[45] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 27 

Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Rutger Jacobsen Philip Pietersen 

Anderies Herbertsen 0-f * r' * ||g§ 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Geertruy, the wife of 
Jochim Wesselsen, baker, defendants 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the plaintiff 
to hand in his complaint in writing and to give a copy thereof 
to the defendant, who is ordered to file his answer thereto on 
the next court day. 

Abraham Staets, plaintiff, against Harmen Jacobsen Bambus, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three hundred and thirty- 
two guilders. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
in the space of six days. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the aforesaid sum 
within the aforesaid time. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against Abraham Vosburch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.77:10:-, which the 
defendant owed him a year ago on account of the excise. 

The defendant admits the debt and asks that payment may 
be delayed. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the aforesaid sum 
within the space of fourteen days. 

[46] Baefjen Pietersen, plaintiff, against Jan Janssen, cooper, 
defendant. 
Default. Yhe defendant failing to appear, default is taken 

against him. 
2d default Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vos, de- 
fendant. 

Second default against the defendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 19 

Foppe Barensen, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

The court orders the parties respectively to submit their docu- 
ments in order that after examination thereof judgment may be 
given. 

The honorable magistrates, plaintiffs, against Henderick, the 
baker, defendant 

The defendant is condemned to pay the messenger the balance 
of fl. 3:12, with costs. 

Anderies Herbertsen, magistrate, complains that Henderick, 
the baker, said that he was the cause of the judgment against 
him. 

Henderick, the baker, requests time until he has spoken with 
Jan Verbeeck. 

The court has promised Jacob Adriaensen the sum of fl. 1 00:— 
and a lot on the hill, south of Pieter the Fleming, in lieu of his 
surveyed lot. 

Appeared before the court Jan Verbeeck and Evert Wendel, 
orphan masters of the court, who declared that seeing the bad 
management of Christoffel Davids in administering the estate left 
undivided between himself and his children, the heirs of Cornelia 
de Vos, his deceased wife, they had thought fit for the preserva- 
tion of the said property and the protection of the children to 
nominate and propose [47] the persons of Anderies de Vos, 
the father of the said Cornelia de Vos, and Arent Anderiessen, 
uncle on his wife's part of the said children, 1 as curators thereof, 
for so far as the rights of the minor children are concerned ; who, 
appearing before the court, have voluntarily agreed and 
promised upon oath to acquit themselves therein to the best of 
their knowledge and to the best advantage of the estate and the 
children. Wherefore the court have granted them authority as 
lawful curators 2 of the said estate and guardians of the afore- 



*Arent Anderiessen's wife, Catalyntje de Vos, was a sister of Cornelia 
de Vos. 

2 Wettelycke Curateurs. The term usually applies to administrators 
appointed by the lawful authorities, as distinguished from administrators 



20 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

said children, with power to do therein and in all that is connected 
therewith as they jointly shall see fit for the benefit of the afore- 
said estate and children, binding themselves to render an account- 
ing whenever time or necessity shall demand it. Done in court 
at Fort Orange, the 27th of February Anno 1657. 

The 27th of February a letter was read in court of the honor- 
able director general and council of New Netherland dated the 
7th of February of this year 1657, containing an order to pro- 
claim a day of prayer on the 7th of March, according to their 
written proclamation, which after the third ringing of the bell 
was read publicly in Fort Orange, a copy thereof being sent by 
L owies Cobussen, court messenger, to Mr Rencelaer. 



[48] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 27 

Anno 1657 

President, Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Janssen Schermerhoorn 

Anderyes Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

The honorable officer, plaintiff in criminal matters, against 
Dirck de Gojer, defendant. 

2d Default. The defendant failing to appear for the second 
time, default is taken against him. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Cornelis Teunissen 
and his wife, defendants. 

The defendant demands a copy of the plaintiff's complaint. 

The court orders the plaintiff to give a copy of his complaint 
to the defendant to make answer thereto on the next court day. 



appointed by will, but seems to be used here, in the sense of the tutela 
legitima of the Roman law, for natural or born guardians, i. e., guardians 
appointed by reason of blood-relationship. See Simon van Leeuwen, 
Roomsch Hollandsch Recht, 1:117; Nicolaas de Roever Az., De 
Amsterdamsche Weeskamer, p. 10; J. R. T. Phillippi, lets over de 
Voogdii in het Oud-H ollandsch Recht, p. 28. E. Bergsma, Over de 
Weeskamers zooals die vroeger in Holland en TLeeland hestonden, p. 47, 
speaks of " rvettige of geboren voogden" 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 21 

[49] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 1 3 

Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Janssen Schermerhoorn 

Anderies Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

Abraham Abramsen, plaintiff, against Harmen Bastiaensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he was hired at the Manhatans by 
Henderick de Ruyter to serve the defendant and that he came 
here for that purpose and requests that the defendants shall 
engage him. 

The defendant answers that he wanted to engage the plaintiff 
to do his work, not only to drive the cart, but to spade and to 
cut wood in the forest, as he gave orders to Henderick de Ruyter 
to engage some one who would do all this work, but that the 
plaintiff refused to do it. 

The plaintiff replies that he was engaged only to drive the cart. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the plaintiff to do 
such reasonable work for the defendant as his master shall order 
him to do, or, in case of refusal, to leave the service and to seek 
to recover damages from Henderick de Ruyter, who hired him. 

Master Jacob de Hince, chirurgeon, plaintiff, against Thomas 
Pouwelsen, defendant. 

[50] The plaintiff demands payment for the treatment of a 
wound of defendant's wife. 

The defendant says that he has a contract with the plaintiff 
for two beavers a year. 

The plaintiff replies that he made an agreement with the 
defendant in regard to the accidents which would occur naturally, 
but not about wounds which were inflicted deliberately, as this 
one was, offering to prove the same. 

The defendant likewise offers to prove the contrary. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders them respectively 
to bring in their evidence on the next court day. 



22 Fort Orange and Bevenpyck 

Christoffel Davids, plaintiff, against Jacob Adriaensen Neus, 1 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 423:10:— 

The defendant admits the ddbt but claims that he does not 
have to pay it until the next month of August, when he promises 
to pay, binding his house here as security for the payment. 

Having heard the parties, the court orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the aforesaid sum promptly in August, accord- 
ing to his offer. 

Baefie Pietersen, plaintiff, against 
2d default. j an £ e Cuyper, defendant 
1st default. Di rc k de Gojer, defendant 
1st default. Egbert, 2 the carpenter, defendant. 
1st default. Qaes van den Berch, defendant 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Jan Verhaers, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a note and defendant's 
account. 

[51 ] The defendant denies that he owes so much, as he paid 
a part of the amount. 

The court orders the parties to settle with each other as far 
as possible and to appear before the court in regard to any differ- 
ence that may remain between them. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 20 Anno 1657 

President, J. La Montagne 

Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Anderies Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

Jan Lambertsen, plaintiff, against Jan Gaeuw, defendant 

Default. The defendant failing to appear, default is entered 
against him. 
Jochim, the baker, plaintiff, against Mr van Hamel, secretary 
of the colony of Rencelaerswyck, defendant. 



1 Literally: " Nose "; apparently a mistake. On p. 169 of volume 1 
of this series, he is referred to as " Neis." 

2 Egbert Sanderson. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 23 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant put more in the 
contract of sale than had been agreed upon by the parties, to 
wit, that the oven must be repaired by the purchaser and be used 
as it then was. 

The defendant produces the Hon. Gerrit Swardt, schout of 
Rencelaerswyck, and Johannes van Twillert as witnesses, who 
declare that it was stipulated that the plaintiff and grantor [52] 
would deliver to the purchaser the bake oven fit to be used for 
baking and that the purchaser might keep the same in repair by 
plastering it on the outside, but was not to put any new bricks 
in it. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders that the con- 
tract of sale shall take effect. 

Baefie Pietersen, plaintiff, against 

Jan de Cuyper 

Default for the £)irck J e Q Q j er 

second time. Claes van den Berch \ defendants 

Egbert Sandersen 

The defendants failing to appear for the second time, default 
is entered against them. 

The officer, plaintiff, against 

Claes Hendericksen 

Meeuwes Hoogenboom h defendants 

Gysbert van Loenen 

The plaintiff says that Jan Daniel, the under-sheriff, reported 
to him that on the 7th of March, being the day of prayer ordered 
by the honorable director general of New Netherland and pro- 
claimed here, the defendants played hockey on the ice, demand- 
ing therefore that the said defendants be condemned to pay the 
fine indicated in the ordinance. 

The defendants, appearing, maintain that they did not play 
hockey and promise to prove it. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendants 
to produce their evidence on the next court day. 



24 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The officer, plaintiff, against 

Jan Joosten 

Jan Roeloffsen 

Adriaen Claessen 

Henderick Bierman 

Claes Ripsen [ defendants 

Pieter Maecker 

Arent vanden Berch 

Harmen Jacobsen and 

Albert, the carpenter 
The plaintiff says that it has been reported to him by [53] 
Johan Daniel, under-sheriff, that the defendants after the ringing 
of the bell were found drinking in the tavern of Albert, the 
carpenter. 

The defendants being unable to deny it, the court condemns 
them to pay the fine mentioned in the ordinance, to wit, each 
person fl.3 :- and Albert Gerritsen, carpenter, the tavemkeeper, 
the sum of fl.12:- 

Appeared in court the Reverend Domine Gidion Schaets, who 
complained that Cornelis Teunissen Bosch had slandered him 
and injured him in his reputation and calling by claiming that he 
had seen the minister drunk at times. 

And about Marretie, the wife of the aforesaid Cornelis 
Teunissen, for saying: 'Those who are willing to revel and 
feast with the Domine are his friends and because I do not want 
to do it, I am a child of the devil. If I only could sit in church 
with a book before me, like the hypocritical devils, I would be 
a child of God, but because I refuse to do it, I am a child of the 
devil; but let me be a child of the devil." 

Appeared before the court, Claes Hendericksen from 
Uytrecht, Claes from Rotterdam and Cornelis Janssen, who at 
the request of Domine Gidion Schaets jointly declared that being 
at the house of Rutger Jacobsen, on the 19th of February last, 
they heard Marretie, Cornelis Teunissen's wife, being drunk, 
say : " Those who are willing to revel and feast with the Domine 
are his friends and because I do not want to do it, I am a child 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 25 

of the devil. But if I could sit in church with a book before 
me, as the hypocritical devils do, I would be a child of God, and 
because I refuse to do it, I am a child of the devil. But let me 
be a child of the devil." 

The curators of the estate of Jacob Luyersen, deceased, plain- 
tiffs, against Willem Janssen Stoll, defendant. 

[54] The plaintiffs demand payment of the sum of fl.101 :-, 
in which the defendant is found to be indebted on the books of 
Jacob Luyersen, deceased. 

The defendant claims that he paid of this amount to Pieter 
Bronck, for the widow of Jacob Luyersen, deceased, the sum 
of eighty guilders. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
bring proof of his payment on the next court day. 

The curators of the estate of Jacob Luyersen, deceased, plain- 
tiffs, against Huybert Janssen, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand payment of the sum of n. 10:1 1. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the acknowledged debt 
within the space of ten days. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 14 Anno 1657 

Interrogatory of Hans Vos, residing at Katskil, 
conducted at the request of the officer, J. La Mon- 
tagne, before the Hon. Anderies Herbertsen and 
Jacob Schermerhoorn, magistrates of the said court, 
April 14 Anno 1657 

1 How old he is and where 1 Answers: 40 years and 

bom? born at Leunenborch. 1 

[55] 2 Whether last fall, 2 Answers: No. 

being assisted by Michiel, his 
servant, he did not get two 
ankers of anise water at the 
rift of Katskil? 



1 Luneburg, the eastern portion of Hanover, now a district of Prussia. 
In other places, Hans Vos is referred to as from Baden, meaning the 
village of Baden in Hanover, and not the grand-duchy of Baden. 



26 



Fort Orange and Beverwyck 



3 From whom he received 
or bought the same? 

4 Whether he did not sell 
the same to the savages as well 
as to the Christians? 

5 Whether he, Hans Vos, 
did not order Michiel, his ser- 
vant, to get another anker of 
anise water out of a canoe and 
whether he took the said anker 
into his house? 

6 Whether shortly after- 
ward there was not another 
anker of anise water in his 
house? 

7 Whether he did not say, 
in the presence of Lange Gys- 
bert, 1 If any one denounces me 
or blabs that I sell, or have 
sold, any wine to the savages, 
I shall tie a rope with a stone 
around his neck and throw him 
into the kill? 

8 Whether in the evening, 
before the trouble occurred, 
he did not sell some ten cans 
of brandy to the savages? 

[56] 9 Whether after the 
accident had taken place he 
did not give to the said savages 
a keg full of wine, containing 
seven or eight cans? 



3 Answers as above; did 
not get any. 

4 Answers: No. 



5 Answers: No. 



6 Answers that during the 
whole fall he has not had any 
wine except one anker from 
Eldert de Gojer and a half 
anker from Lourens Lourensen. 

7 Answers: No. 



8 Answers: No. 



9 Answers: No. 



1 Tall Gysbert; probably Gysbert van Loenen. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 27 

Femmetien Albertsen, appearing before the aforesaid magis- 
trates at the request of Hans Vos, declares that the savages, 
having come into his house at Katskil, wanted to force Jan 
Andriessen, her brother-in-law, to get a bottle of brandy at 
Hans Vos's, which they said they had paid for. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 17 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Anderies Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

Jan Lambertsen, plaintiff, against Jan Gouw, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.29:15, for 
work done for the defendant, of which he has received 4 schepels 
of wheat on account. 

The defendant admits that the plaintiff worked for him twelve 
days at fl.2:- a day, amountng to fl.24:-, for which he paid 
the plaintiff 8 schepels of wheat at fl.3 :- a schepel, so that he 
claims that he paid the plaintiff in full. 

The court orders the parties to prove their statements on the 
next court day. 

[57] Claes Janssen, that is to say Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
Jochim, the baker, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of forty-two and a half 
beavers by virtue of a judgment by default. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that the time does 
not expire until the last of the month. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the forty-two and a half beavers to the plaintiff on the 
last of July next. 

Willem Albertsen, plaintiff, against Storm Albertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.30:- for wages. 

The defendant says that he has a counter claim. 



28 Fort Orange and Beverxvyck 

The court orders the parties to settle their accounts before 
two referees to be chosen by them respectively. 

Steven Janssen, plaintiff, against Egbert Sandersen, defendant 

The plaintiff says that he has had the defendant's money in 

the hands of Adriaen Appel attached and caused the said 

defendant to be summoned to hear the reason of the attachment. 

The defendant failing to appear, default is entered 

Default, against him and the attachment provisionally declared 

valid. *W% 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Geertruy Jeronimus, the 
wife of Jochim, the baker, defendant. 

The parties having respectively declared that they desist from 
the further production [of testimony] , the court grants to each 
party a copy of such declaration (acte van renunciatie) . 

Jan Tomassen, appearing before the court complains to it 
that the officer through the court messenger has forbidden him 
to proceed with the construction of a shed which he is building 
on his lot. 

[58] The officer says that, having heard that the same was 
being erected contrary to the survey and orders of the director 
and the magistrates, he had forbidden it. 

Jan Tomassen says that he built the shed for the accom- 
modation of the savages and promises to tear it down within 
the space of three months. 

The court prohibits Jan Tomassen from using said shed for 
the space of three months. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 24, 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Rutger Jacobsen Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Philip Pietersen Anderies Herbertsen 

Jan Lambertsen, plaintiff, against Jan Gouw, defendant. 
The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 8 : 1 0:— for wages. 
The defendant admits that he owes fl.12:— . 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 29 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.12:- and one half of the costs. 

Baefje Pietersen, plaintiff, against Jan, the cooper, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that she caused the defendant to be cited 
for the third time to obtain payment of the sum of fl.25 :- for 
wine and beer consumed by the defendant at her house, and as 
he remains in default, she requests that he be ordered to pay 
the plaintiff the sum of fl.22 :-, according to her account, which 
she produces, and the costs of the suit, estimated at fl.3:2:- 

[59] The defendant failing to appear for the third time, he 
is by default condemned to pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.25 :- 
demanded within the space of eight days, under penalty of 
execution, and the costs of the suit estimated at fl.3:2:- 

Baefje Pietersen, plaintiff, against Meuwes 1 Hoogenboom, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that she had the defendant cited for the 
third time to obtain payment of fl.38 : 1 :— for wine and beer 
consumed by the defendant at her house, and as he remains in 
default, she requests that he be ordered to pay the sum demanded 
according to her account, which she produces, and the costs of 
the suit. 

The defendant failing to appear for the third time, he is by 
default condemned to pay the sum demanded, to wit, fl.38 : 1 0:-, 
to the plaintiff within the space of eight days, under penalty of 
execution, with costs of the suit, estimated at fl.3 : 1 2 :- 

Baefje Pietersen, plaintiff, against Poulus Martensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that she has had the defendant cited for 
the third time to obtain payment of the sum of fl.56:- for wine 
and beer consumed by the defendant at her house, and as the 
defendant remains in default, she requests that he be ordered to 
pay the plaintiff the sum demanded according to the account, 
which she produces, and the costs of the suit, estimated at 
fl.3:12:- 



Meuwes, or Meus, a short form for Bartholomeus, or Bartholomew. 



30 



Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 



The defendant failing to appear for the third time, he is by 
default condemned to pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.56:- 
demanded within the space of eight days, under penalty of 
execution, with the costs of the suit, estimated at fl.3 : 1 2 :- 



Both [60] Gerber[t] Gysbertsen, plaintiff, against Abra- 

parties j^^ Vo^borch, defendant. 

in 

default Poulyn, plaintiff, against Claes Teunissen and Marten, 
Corlaer's servant, defendant. 

The officer, plaintiff, against 
Poulyn Martensen 
Gerrit Slechtenhorst 
Harmen, the brewer ^defendants 
Marten, the mason 
Henderick Bierman r 

The plaintiff says that on the 19th of this month Pieter 
Bronck fought with Poulus Martensen and drew his knife in 
the house of Henderick Bierman, in the presence of Harmen, 
the brewer, Gerrit Slechtenhorst, Marten, the mason, Henderick 
Bierman and others. Requests that the said defendants be 
examined in regard to the said deed. 

Poulus Martensen, appearing before the court and being 
asked : 



1 Whether he fought with 
Pieter Bronck? 

2 Whether he saw Pieter 
Bronck draw his knife? 

1 Harmen, the brewer, 
being questioned whether he 
was present when Pieter 
Bronck and Poulus Martensen 
were fighting? 

2 Whether he took Poulus 
Martensen's side aganist Pieter 
Bronck? 



1 Answers, Yes. 

2 Answers that he can not 
tell, as he was drunk. 

1 Answers, Yes. 



2 Answers, Yes. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 



31 



3 Whether he did not see 
that Pieter Bronck drew his 
knite? 



1 Gerrit Slechtenhorst being 
asked whether he was present 
when Pieter Bronck and 
Poulus Martensen fought to- 
gether ? 

2 Whether he did not see 
that Pieter Bronck drew his 
knife on Poulus Martensen? 

1 Marten, the mason, being 
asked whether he did not see 
Pieter Bronck and Poulus 
Martensen fight together? 

2 Whether he did not see 
that Pieter Bronck drew his 
knife on Poulus Martensen? 

1 Henderick Bierman being 
asked whether he saw Pieter 
Bronck and Poulus Martensen 
fighting together? 

2 Whether he saw Pieter 
Bronck draw his knife on 
Poulus Martensen? 



3 Answers that he is not an 
iniormer and will not say it. 
Being asked again on the 26th 
ditto, he answered that Pieter 
Bronck drew his knife. 

I Answers, Yes. 



2 Answers, No, as he went 
into the other room when they 
began to fight. 

1 Aswers, Yes. 



2 Answers, No. 



1 Answers, Yes. 



2 Answers, No. Being 
afterwards, on April 26, again 
examined, he answered that he 
saw that Pieter Bronck had 
his bare knife in his hand, but 
did not know whom he 
wounded. 

[62] Interrogatory of Gysbert Teunissen, residing 
at Katskil, cited at the request of Hans Vos, con- 
ducted on April 24, 1657, at the request of the 
officer of Fort Orange and the village of Bever- 
wyck before the magistrates of the said jurisdiction. 



32 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

1 How old he is and where 1 Answers, 34 years and 
born? born in Gelderland. 

2 Whether he ever saw or 2 Answers, Yes, that he 
heard that Hans Vos sold saw it. 

some strong drink or brandy to 
the savages at Katskil? 

3 Whether he ever heard 3 Answers that he heard 
that Hans Vos said, if there him say: " If there is any one 
was any one in his house who in my house who informs 
informed against him, he against me, I shall throw him 
would tie a rope with a stone out of the door." 

around his neck and throw him . ; . , 

into the kill? 

Appeared before the court Michiel Verbruggen, residing at 
Klaverack, lately servant of Hans Vos, in Katskil, who in the 
presence of Hans Vos confirmed the testimony given by him on 
the 5th of April 1657, in the presence of Lambert Janssen and 
Anderies de Vos. 



[63] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 28 

Anno 1657 

President, Rutger Jacobsen 

Anderies Herbertsen Philip Pietersen 

Jacob Schermerhoorn 

J. Lamontagne, in his capacity as officer, plaintiff, against 
Hans Vos, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that many complaints have reached him 
from the inhabitants of Katskil about the sale of liquor to the 
savages by the defendant, contrary to the ordinance issued by 
the honorable director general and council of New Netherland. 
He has therefore investigated the matter and caused several 
witnesses to be examined before the court and, as it appears 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 33 

from their answers to the interrogatories hereto annexed that the 
defendant is guilty thereof and this is a matter of dangerous 
consequence which can not be tolerated in a land where justice 
prevails, he demands that the aforesaid defendant be condemned 
to pay the fine of fl.500:- and furthermore be banished from 
the jurisdiction of this court according to the ordinance, as an 
example to others. 

The court, having examined the documents produced by the 
honorable plaintiff as well as by Hans Vos, defendant, and 
finding that the defendant is guilty of the charges brought against 
him, condemn him to pay a fine of fl.300:- and in addition 
banish him, as they do hereby, from the jurisdiction of the court 
for the period of three years, as an example to others. Thus 
done and adjudged in Fort Orange, on the date above written. 
Was signed: Rutger Jacobsen, Anderies Herbertsen, Jacob 
Schermerhoorn and Philip Pietersen. 

[64] Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Geertruy Jeronimus, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant kicked his daughter, 
who was in her service, from behind when she stooped over, so 
that she discharged much blood contrary to nature and for a 
long time was confined to her bed, suffering great pain, as he 
shows by the report of the surgeon and the affidavit produced 
to that effect. 

The court, having examined the respective documents that 
are produced, condemn the aforesaid defendant, Geertruy Jero- 
nimus, to pay the sum of thirty guilders for the pain suffered by 
the daughter and the costs of the suit, estimated at fl.4 : 1 6 :— 
Done in Fort Orange, April 28, Anno 1657. Was signed: 
La Montagne, Rutger Jacobsen, Jacob Schermerhoorn, Philip 
Pietersen. 



34 Fort Orange and Beverrpyck 

Extraordinary Session, Tuesday, May first Anno 1657 

In the place of Rutger Jacobsen and Anderies Herbertsen, 
retiring ordinary magistrates, and Dirck Janssen Croon, 1 extraor- 
dinary magistrate, Captain Abraham Staets and Jan Tomassen, 
according to the copy of the resolution of the honorable director 
general and council of New Netherland, are chosen and con- 
firmed as ordinary magistrates from the double number of those 
nominated, and Adriaen Gerritsen as extraordinary magistrate, 
who, being summoned by the court, have before the commissary 
taken the following oath of fidelity: 

We, the undersigned, as chosen magistrates of the court of 
Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, [65] promise and 
swear in the presence of Almighty God that with our fellow 
magistrates we shall help to do true justice between man and 
man according to law and furthermore, to the best of our 
knowledge and ability, promote and help execute all matters 
concerning the government. Also, that in every respect we shall 
be loyal and true to the Lords States General of the United 
Netherlands and to the honorable directors of the Chartered 
West India Company, as well to the honorable director general 
and council of New Netherland; promising further that we shall 
maintain here the Reformed Religion according to God's Word 
and the regulations of the Synod of Dordrecht, and not tolerate 
publicly any sects. So truly help us God Almighty. 

After being congratulated, the aforesaid Captain Abraham 
Staets, Jan Tomassen and Adriaen Gerritsen have this day 
taken their seats. 

The retiring magistrates are released from their oath and 
thanked for their good services and the performance of their 



1 Dirck Jansen Croon was a brother-in-law of Adriaen Gerritsen van 
Papendorp, who succeeded him as extraordinary magistrate. Dirck 
Jansen Croon died in Holland in the early part of 1679. See letter 
from J. H. Sybingh to Adriaen Gerritsen, dated Amsterdam, May 12, 
1 679, in the New York State Historical Association, Quarterly Journal 
1922. 3:223. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 35 

duties, with the promise that as to their honorarium of one 
hundred and fifty guilders a year, their claim will be considered 
together with that of the present and future magistrates and 
that in due time, when the treasury is well supplied, they will 
be paid. 

After deliberation it is thought fit and decided that the annu- 
ally retiring magistrates for the period of one year after their 
discharge shall be exempt from the ordinary duties of the 
burgher guard, but that nevertheless, being ordered to do so in 
case of need, they shall be held to attend to all extraordinary 
rounds and watches the same as other burghers, according to 
the resolution passed on the first of May Anno 1657, confirmed 
by the honorable director general and council of New Nether- 
land. 

[66] Interrogatory of Marten fi/er^a/^er, 1 conducted 
at the request of the officer of Fort Orange and the 
village of Beverwyck before all the magistrates 

1 Whether he did not see 1 Answers, Yes. 
Steven Janssen, carpenter, 

draw his knife on Seger Cor- 
nelissen? 

2 Whether he did not see 2 Answers, that he did not 
the said Steven Janssen, car- see Steven Janssen wound 
penter, draw his knife on Seger Seger Cornelissen with his 
Cornelissen and wound him? knife, but did see that Seger 

Cornelissen was wounded. 

3 Who were present at the 3 Answers, Pieter More, 
time? Jan . . . 2 , Adriaen Appel 

and his wife, Willem Janssen 
Hap. 

Henderick Pietersen, plaintiff, against Tjerck Claessen, 
defendant. 



1 Marten, Hendricksen, from Hammel warden, Oldenburg, tavernkeeper. 

2 Destroyed. 



36 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

ihe plaintiff demands payment for a certain horse sold to 
him, the time of which expired more than a year ago. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within the space of one month and to furnish sufficient sureties 
for the payment to the satisfaction of the plaintiff and in addition 
to pay the costs of the suit, estimated at fl.18:- 



[67] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 29 Anno 

1657 

President, Johannes La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Abraham Staets 

Philip Pietersen Jan Tomassen 

Sandert Leendersen, plaintiff, against Jacob Tyssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the rent of his house, leased 
to the defendant until the first of May Anno 1657. 

The defendant denies that he hired the said house for longer 
than he cared to live in it and claims that he vacated the said 
house in November Anno 1656. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders them to prove 
their statements on the next court day. Meanwhile, the 
defendant is ordered to pay the rent of the house for so long 
as he lived in it. 

Jacob Schermerhoorn, plaintiff, against Henderick Anderies- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant in the presence of 
some prominent people called him a thief, a rascal, a blood- 
hound, etc. 

The defendant admits that he called the plaintiff names, but 
declares that he does not know what he said, as he was drunk. 

The officer requests permission to interplead. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the plaintiff 
to prove his charges on the next court day. Meanwhile, the 
officer is granted an order permitting him to interplead. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 37 

[68] Jan Labite, plaintiff, against Gillis Pietersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands settlement of his account for 100 lbs 
of nails which he delivered to the defendant. 

The defendant says that he offered to settle the account a 
year ago and that the plaintiff did not appear to pay his counter 
claim. 

The parties having been heard, they are ordered by the court 
to produce their respective accounts in order that judgment may 
be rendered as to the difference between them. 

Frans Barensen Pastoor, plaintiff, against Teunis, the mason, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.21 :-. 

The defendant's wife, appearing in the stead of her husband, 
admits that she owes fl.9:— and no more. 

The defendant refusing to swear to her statement, the court, 
on the oath of the plaintiff, condemns her to pay the sum of 
fl.21 :- 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Mattheuwes Abrahamsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant agreed to build his house 
on the hill, but has now thrown up the job, after having received 
half the wages. 

The defendant says that it is not his fault, but the plaintiff's, 
who would not allow him to work on it in the winter, and 
promises to take up the work again next Monday. 

The court, in accordance with the offer made by the 
defendant, orders him to proceed with the work of the said 
house on Monday next. 

[69] Jochim, the baker, plaintiff, against Willem Hoffmeyr, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands that the defendant shall vacate his 
house, as he has sold it and must deliver it the last of May. 

The defendant says that the house is not the plaintiff's but his 
own, as the plaintiff gave it to him at his wedding party for a 
lot which belonged to him by patent and on which the plaintiff 



38 Fort Orange and Beverxpyck 

built a house during the defendant's minority, the plaintiff being 
his step-father and guardian. 

The plaintiff produces a certain agreement entered into by 
the respectively chosen arbitrators from which it appears that 
the defendant released all his claim to the plaintiff for the sum 
of 700 and odd guilders. 

The court, having examined the agreement accepted by both 
parties, adjudge that the plaintiff, by virtue of the said arbitra- 
tion, has the right to have the house in question vacated and 
orders the defendant to vacate it within the specified time. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Ulderick Kleyn, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.395 :— 

The defendant admits that he owes the plaintiff, but does not 
know how much and asks for an account. 

The court orders the plaintiff to give the defendant an account, 
which the defendant is to pay within six weeks. 

Pieter Bont, plaintiff, against Pieter Bosboom, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant is bound to burn brick 
for him for the period of ten months, exhibiting a contract made 
between Mr t' Hulter, 1 deceased, and the defendant. 

[70] The defendant on the other hand produces an absolute 
release from Madam Johanna, widow of the said Mr de Hulter, 
deceased. 

The court, having examined the contract and the release, 
adjudge that the defendant is released from his contract by virtue 
of the release. 

Pieter Bont, plaintiff, against Pieter Wollebrant, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.68:— 

The defendant admits the debt. 

Hie court orders the plaintiff to prove his claim on the next 
court day. 



1 Johan de Hulter, the first husband of Johanna de Laet. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 39 

President, Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets 

The officer, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands that the defendant be fined fl.100:- 
according to the ordinance because on the 19th of April last, 
at the house of Henderick Bierman, he drew his knife on Har- 
men, the servant of Jan Tomassen, in the presence of the said 
Henderick Bierman and other witnesses who, being examined 
before the court, have testified to the same. 

The defendant says that he was quite drunk and therefore 
can neither admit nor deny the fact. 

The court having seen the witnesses produced, condemn the 
defendant to pay a fine of fl. 1 00:— according to the ordinance. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Steven Janssen, 
defendant. 

[71] The officer says that the defendant, on the 19th of 
April last, at the house of Marten Bier1?al?ei\ drew his knife 
and wounded therewith Seger Cornelissen Wip in two places, 
as appears from the affidavit which he produces in court; 
demanding therefore that the defendant, according to the ordi- 
nance, be condemned to pay a fine of three hundred guilders, or 
to work for eighteen months in irons at hard labor. 

The defendant admits having committed the deed, but claims 
that he was forced to do so in self defense and promises to prove 
it on the next court day. 

The court orders the defendant to prove his statement on the 
next court day. 

The court of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, 
having heard the complaints of the community in regard to the 
trading with the savages, in which they claim to be greatly con- 
cerned as by ordinance they are prohibited from employing anv 
brokers; therefore, wishing to give the community satisfaction, 
the court consent for this year to the employment of Indian 



40 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

brokers to carry on the trade. Done in Fort Orange, this 6th 
of June Anno 1657. 1 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 7 Anno 1657 

Present, the magistrates of this court and the members of the 
court martial of the burgher guard. 

President, Jacob Schermerhoorn Henderick Jochimsen, lieuten- 
Captain Abraham Staets ant 

Philip Pietersen Lambert v: Valckenborch, ser~ 

Adriaen Gerritsen geant 

Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom complains that last Sunday evening, 
being the 5th of June, sitting in front of the guardhouse of the 
burgher guard, where he was lodging by permission of the 
magistrates, Marten, the mason, came to him before the guard 
was set and asked him what had become of the candles? [72] 
Whereupon he answered that he did not know; to which Marten 
replied: 'You have taken them." The plaintiff answered: 
6 You lie." Marten immediately drew his sword and cut the 
plaintiff's head as he made a move to get up. 

Marten, the mason, being examined and asked why he 
wounded Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, answers that he told him 
he lied and called him a rascal. 

Lambert van Valckenborch, sergeant of the burgher guard, 
who was present, says that on coming to the guard house he 
ordered a candle to be lit. Marten, the mason, stepping outside 
the guard house asked Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom where the 
candles were? To which question Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom 
answered: "I do not know." Marten replied: 'You stole 
them." The aforesaid Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom then said: 
1 You lie like a rascal and a knave." The aforesaid Marten 
then drew his sword and cut the said Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom's 
head as he rose from his seat. 

The court refers the matter to a committee of four, to wit, 



1 Revised from Doc. rel. to Col Hist N. Y., 13:72. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 41 

two from the court and two from the court martial, to render a 
decision in the case, namely, Jacob Schermerhoorn and Philip 
Pietersen Schuyler from the court and Captain Abraham Staets 
and Henderick Jochimsen, lieutenant, from the burghers. 



[73] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 1 1 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets 

Anderies de Vos, plaintiff, against Poulus Leendersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for ninety-one pine boards 
delivered to the defendant by Adam Roelantsen, to whom the 
plaintiff sent them four years ago to have said boards sold on 
his account at the Manhatans by Henderick Anderiessen, 
requesting that the said Henderick Anderiessen by his order may 
be cited and examined in the matter, producing also a note signed 
Poulus Leendersen vande Grift, whereby he acknowledges the 
receipt from Adam Roelantsen of ninety-three boards at 25 
stivers apiece, and offers to give security for all further demands. 

Appeared before the court, Henderick Anderiessen, who at 
the request of Anderies de Vos declared that about four years 
ago he was asked by the said Anderies de Vos to take some 
boards to the Manhatans and to deliver the same to Adam 
Roelantsen, to be sold there on account of Anderies de Vos, 
which the deponent did, having delivered the said boards to 
Adam Roelantsen. 

The defendant admits the receipt of the boards and that he 
wrote and signed a note for them, but declares that he did not 
use them for himself, but for the city of Amsterdam in New 
Netherland, protesting that according to the great burgher right 
granted to the city of Amsterdam in New Netherland he can 
not be cited before [74] this court nor be attached. 



42 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The court, considering the great loss which the plaintiff has 
suffered by being deprived of his money for so many years, as 
well as his present need and the fact that the note is absolutely, 
without any restriction, made payable by the defendant, condemn 
the defendant to pay the sum of one hundred and eighteen 
guilders and fifteen stivers to the plaintiff according to his own 
note, within the space of six weeks. Meanwhile, he is here, 
before his departure, to give sufficient security for the payment 
of the aforesaid sum, allowing him to bring such action for the 
recovery of the sum as the law may indicate. 

On June 14, Anno 1657, I, the court messenger of Fort 
Orange and the village of Beverwyck, served the above judg- 
ment on S r . Poulus Leendersen vander Grift and read it to him 
in the name of the court, which said vander Grift answered: 
" I appeal from the judgment. I shall presently call on Mr 
La Montagne to have the appeal entered." 

Was signed: Lodovicus Cobus, Court messenger 

On June 14, Anno 1657, there appeared before me, Johannes 
Lamontagne, commissary of Fort Orange and the village of 
Beverwyck, etc., the Honorable Poulus Leendersen vander 
Grift, who declared that he appealed, as he appeals hereby, 
from the judgment given against him by this court in the suit 
between him and Anderies de Vos, requesting a writ of appeal, 
which is granted him on condition that according to law he here 
pledge the sum in question either by depositing it with the court 
or by giving sufficient security. Done on the date above written. 
[75] Labite, plaintiff, against Jillis Pietersen, defendant. 
Default The defendant failing to appear, default is given 

against him 
Default Pieter Bout, 1 plaintiff, against 

Default t h e b a ker, the cooper and Madam t'Hulter, defendants. 
Default Jacobus Teunissen, plaintiff, against 
Default Teuwes Abrahamsen, defendant. 



1 His name is also written Pieter Bont. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 43 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against 
Default Adriaen Appel, defendant. 

Egbertjen, wife of Teunis, the mason, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Gouw and Poulus Jurcksen, defendants. 

Abraham Staets, plaintiff, against 
Default Harmen Jacobsen, defendant. 
Default. Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Susanna bierl^a^ers, 1 defendant. 

Frans Barentsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an van Breemen, defendant. 

Tomas Janssen Mingael, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Roeloffsen, defendant. 
Default. Baefien Pietersen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Willem Leendersen, defendant. 
Default. Willem Geelgieter, 2 plaintiff, against 

Claes Ripsen, defendant. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Abraham Vosburch and Mattheus Abrahamsen, 

defendants. 

Michiel Rombouts, plaintiff, against 
Default. Poulus Jurcksen, defendant. 

Rem Janssen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Symon, the baker, defendant. 



[76] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 16 Anno 

1657 

President, Philip Pietersen Jan Tomassen 

Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Henderick Anderies- 
sen, defendant. 



1 Susanna, the wife of Marten Hendricksen, the bierkaker. 

2 Willem, the brass founder. 



44 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The plaintiff demands reparation for slander uttered by the 
defendant against the person of Jacob Schermerhoorn, magis- 
trate of this court. 

The defendant produces his answer in defense and at the 
same time an affidavit by Jacob Janssen Stall. 

The court orders the defendant to give a copy of his answer 
and evidence to the plaintiff, who is to make replication thereto 
on the next court day. 

The officer, plaintiff, against Steven Janssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, on the 19th of April 
last, in the house of Marten jB*er^a£er, drew his knife on Seger 
Cornelissen and wounded him with it in two places, for which 
crime the plaintiff had him summoned before the court. Having 
after some defaults appeared before the court, the defendant, 
after acknowledging the crime, claimed that he had drawn his 
knife in self defense, whereupon the defendant was ordered to 
produce his evidence on the next court day. The plaintiff, there- 
fore, demands that the defendant produce his evidence, if he 
has any. 

The defendant submits some testimony in his defense. 

The court orders the defendant to furnish the plaintiff with a 
copy of his testimony. 

[77] The officer, plaintiff, against Frans Barensen Pastoor, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that on the 23d of April last, being in the 
company of Magistrate Jacob Schermerhoorn, Mr Gerrit, Swart, 
schout of Rencelaerswyck, Jan Verbeeck and Pieter Hartgers, 
former magistrates, he and the aforesaid persons saw the 
defendant in an angry mood, with a bare knife in his hand, 
making for Jacobus Teunissen, who, in order to escape his 
clutches, was forced to jump a fence. 

The defendant admits the deed, but excuses himself by say- 
ing that an affront offered to him in his yard by Jacob Teunissen 
caused him to pursue him with a knife in his hand. 

The plaintiff replies that the flight of the said Jacob Teunissen, 
who had no knife in his hand, proves sufficiently that he had 



Court Minutes, 1637-1660 45 

committed no assault and demands therefore that he be fined 
one hundred guilders according to the ordinance. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay a fine of one hun- 
dred guilders cash according to the ordinance. 

'The 16th of June Anno 1657, the sachems of the three 
castles of the Maquaes sent to Mr Lamontagne, vice-director, 
the chief named Sasiadego, who requested in the name of the 
said sachems that they might be heard the same day. Where- 
upon the vice-director convened the court. 

At which meeting appeared the three sachems of the three 
Maquaes castles, who after the usual ceremonies made the fol- 
lowing propositions: 

[78] First, they request us as old friends that we should 
accommodate them with some horses to haul logs out of the 
woods to repair their castles and that we should protect their 
wives and children here in the village in case they should be 
involved in war with the Sinnekes, 2 offering on this proposition 
a string of seawan amounting to fl.16:12:— 

Secondly, as all three castles belong to the same nation and 
they are bound to help each other in time of need, which can 
not well be done without warning each other of their distress, 
they ask that we should assist each of the castles with a cannon 
and that the same should be drawn by horses from here to the 
flatts (de vlackte) , being 8 [Dutch] miles from here. Upon 
which proposition they offered another string of seawan, amount- 
ing to fl.1 6:9:— 

Thirdly, [they state] that in passing through on their way 
to the Mahikanders they called on us to renew the old friendship 
between us and them. Whereupon they offered a third string 
of seawan, amounting to fl.13:10:— 

The officer, plaintiff, against Jochim Wesselsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that owing to Willem Hoffmeyer's failure 



1 Revised from Doc. rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 13:72. 

2 Sinnekes, or Senecas, an early Algonquin name for the upper Iroquois. 
All but the Maquaes, or Mohawks, were called Sinnekes by the Dutch. 



46 Fort Orange and Bevenvyck 

to pay the sum of fl.500, which on October 6, 1 656, he was 
by the honorable director general and the court condemned to 
pay, and for which sum the defendant and his wife became 
sureties, he has had fl. 315:- of the aforesaid sum attached in 
the hands of Robert Vastrick and requests that the attachment 
may be declared valid. 

The defendant failing to appear, the court declares the attach- 
ment valid. 



[79] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 19 

Anno 1657 

President, J. Lamontagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Schuyler Adriaen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Adriaen Janssen from Ley- 
den, defendant, 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.180:- which 
the defendant has owed him for two years for beer delivered 

to him. 

The defendant being unable to appear on account of his 
illness and having asked the court messenger to appear for him 
admits the debt and asks six weeks delay of payment. 

The court, considering the [length of] time [that the money 
has been due], condemn the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum of fl.180:- demanded within the space of 14 days, under 
penalty of execution. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Arent vanden Berch, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.72:10:-. 

The defendant admits the debt and offers to pay the same 
within the space of 14 days. 

The court, having heard the confession and promise of the 
defendant, condemn him to pay the said sum of fl.72 : 1 0:— to 
the plaintiff within the space of 14 days. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 47 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Pieter Wollebrant, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.68:-. 

The defendant admits that he owes all but fl. 24 of said sum. 

[80] The defendant refusing to swear to his statement and 
the plaintiff taking the oath, the court orders the defendant to 
pay the aforesaid sum of fl.68:- within the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bont, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.35:18. 

The defendant says that he has a counter claim. 

The court orders the parties to settle with each other and to 
appear in court about the balance of their accounts, if there is 
any. 

Frans Barensen, former magistrate, appearing before the court, 
requests payment of his honorarium, amounting for two years to 
the sum of fl.300:-, which sum the honorable director general 
promised to pay to each magistrate serving on the bench. 

The magistrates, considering the nature of the promise, promise 
to pay the fl.300:- demanded as soon as the state of the treasury 
will permit. 

1 On June 21, 1657, there appeared again the sachems, or 
chiefs, of the Mohawk castles, who asked the court for an 
answer to their propositions made on the 16th of this month. 
Upon which request, the court gave the following answer: 

As to the first proposition, concerning the horses, the answer 
is that they have no horses of their own, but if they [the Indians] 
are willing to pay for them, they will try to persuade some people 
to accommodate them. As to lodging their women and children 
in case [81 ] of war against the Sinnekens, they are ready to do 
so for the sake of their old friendship, but they hope that it will 
not be necessary. 

As to the second proposition, about the request for cannon, 
the answer is that the cannon do not belong to them, but to their 
superiors, who have given them to them for their defense, so that 
they can neither give them away nor loan them without their 



'Also translated in Doc. rel. to Col Hist. N. Y.. 13:72-73, where 
the date is given as June 22, 1657. 



48 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

consent. They will write about it to the director general and 
await his reply. 

As to the third proposition, about renewing the old friendship 
between us and them, the answer is that they are ready to main- 
tain it and thank them for the favorable disposition which they 
show toward us., 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 22 Anno 1 657 

President, J. Lamontagne Abraham Staets 

Jacob Janssen Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Rem Janssen, plaintiff, against Symon Volckersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 00:— arising from the 
lease of his house, the term of which expired a year ago. 

The defendant admits the debt, but declares that he can not 
pay it in beavers and offers to pay the said sum in good, mer- 
chantable seawan, counted at fl.9:- for one beaver, within the 
space of eight days. 

[82] The court orders the defendant, according to his offer 
and promise, to pay the sum of fl. 1 00:— in good, merchantable 
seawan, counted at fl.9:— for one beaver, within the space of 
eight days. 

Willem Hofmeyer, plaintiff, against Jochim Wesselsen, baker, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of six hundred 
guilders, according to the contract made between him and the 
defendant. 

The wife, appearing instead of her husband, offers to pay 
according to the contract, to wit, if the plaintiff goes this year 
to Holland to pay in beavers; if not, to pay in seawan in the 
year 1658. 

The court orders the plaintiff to be satisfied with the terms 
of his contract 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 49 

Tomas Janssen Mingael, plaintiff, against Jan Roeloffsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the rent of his house, 
amounting to five beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within the space of six weeks. 

Michiel Rombouts, plaintiff, against Poulus Jurcksen, defend- 
ant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay it within 
the space of eight days. 

The court orders the defendant to pay according to his promise. 



[83] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 26 Anno 1657 

President, Philip Pietersen 
Abraham Staets 
Jan Tomassen 
Adriaen Gerritsen 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Steven Janssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the 19th of April the defendant drew 
his knife on Seger Cornelissen and wounded him with it, on 
account of which he had the defendant summoned on the 26th 
of May, who, appearing before the court, maintained that he 
had done it for cause, offering to prove it. Having thereafter 
appeared before the court on the [ | of May, he produced 
two affidavits, from which it appears that he deliberately, and 
not because he was forced, drew his knife and therewith wounded 
Seger Cornelissen, wherefore the officer demands that Steven 
Janssen, the defendant, be fined fl.300:-, according to the 
ordinance. 

Owing to nonappearance of the defendant, default is entered 
against him. 



50 Fort Orange and Beverwyclf 

The officer, plaintiff, against Henderick Anderiessen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, being in decent com- 
pany, without any provocation, called Magistrate Jacob Scher- 
merhoorn a rascal, a thief and a bloodhound, which charges, if 
untrue, gravely offend this court of justice and also the director 
and council of New Netherland who chose the said Schermer- 
hoorn for such office, or else, if true, compel them not only to 
exclude the said Schermerhoorn from this court of justice, but 
also to inflict corporal punishment on him, wherefore the plaintiff, 
as interpleader, demands that the defendant [84] prove that the 
said Schermerhoorn is a rascal, a thief and a bloodhound, in 
order to institute his action accordingly. 

The defendant says that he gave the officer an answer to the 
complaint of Jacob Schermerhoorn and at the same time a de- 
position of Jacob Janssen, his brother-in-law, whereby he proves 
that he had occasion to do so, and requests time to secure further 
testimony. 

The court grants the defendant eight days' delay to produce 
further evidence and meanwhile orders the officer to furnish a 
copy of his complaint, in order to proceed according to law. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 4 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne Abraham Staets 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Default. J an van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Christoffel Davids, defendant. 

Mattheus Abrahamsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an van Hoesem, defendant. 

Tryntie Koorninckx, 1 plaintiff, against 
Default. Carsten, the Noorman, defendant. 

Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against 



Tryntje Kooninck, or Cooninck. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 51 

Default. Cornells Vos, defendant. 

Willem Hotmeyer, plaintiff, against 
Default. Jochim Wesselsen, defendant. 

Claes Gerntsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Dareth, defendant. 

[85] Lowies Cobussen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Jacob de loper, defendant. 

Mr Jan Baptista van Rencelaer, plaintiff, against Pieter 
Bronck, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.100:- in beavers, or 
twelve and a half beavers, and fl.426:- in seawan and also a 
balance of fifty guilders in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
in three weeks, or before the departure of the ships which are 
now at the Manhatans. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sums 
demanded within the space of three weeks, according to his 
promise. 

Jacob Janssen, plaintiff, against Henderick, the baker, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.297 :— in 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but claims that he is not bound 
to pay more than two thirds in beavers and one third part in 
seawan. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff two thirds 
of the sum demanded in beavers and the remaining third part in 
seawan, counting three guilders and ten stivers for each schepel 
that he must pay for in seawan. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against Mattheus Abrahamsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl. 96:19:-. 
The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay in the 
space of fourteen days. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 



52 Fort Orange and Beverrvycl? 

according to his promise within the period of fourteen days, under 
penalty of peremptory execution. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against Tryntie Kooninckx, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum arising from 
the tapsters' excise. 

The defendant says that administrators of the estate have been 
appointed to whom the plaintiff must apply. 

[86] The court refers the plaintiff to the curators appointed 
to administer the estate of Jacob Luyer, deceased, to obtain 
payment. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against Lowies Cobussen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.38, arising 
from the farming of the excise. 

The defendant admits the debt and asks six weeks' time in 
which to pay the aforesaid sum. v 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within the space of six weeks, under penalty of execution. 

The Honorable Rutger Jacobsen, appearing before the court, 
declares that he sold his yacht to Harmen Jacobsen Bambus and 
has been unable to obtain any payment from him. He requests 
that the said yacht may be attached here, as the said Harmen 
Jacobsen absents himself from here. 

The court orders the attachment of the said yacht here in the 
name of the Hon. Rutger Jacobsen. 

Albert, the wheelwright, appearing before the court, com- 
plains that Harmen Jacobsen Bambus, who owes him 20 beavers 
and fl.150:- in seawan, absents himself from here and keeps 
himself in hiding in the Esopus. He requests that the said 
Harman Jacob'sen be brought hither at the expense of the party 
who shall prove to be in the wrong. Fiat. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Henderick Anderies- 
sen, defendant. 

The defendant asks time to produce his evidence. Fiat. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 53 

[87] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 10 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Philip Pietersen Adnaen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Foppe Barentsen, defendant. 

Willem Hoflmeyer, plaintiff, against 
2d Default. Jochim Wesselsen, defendant. 

Jacob Tyssen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Gouw, defendant. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against 
Default. Leendert Philipsen, defendant. 

Claes Gerritsen, plaintiff, against 
2d Default. J an Darech, defendant. 

Teuwes Abrahamsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Gouw, defendant. 

Pieter Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Cornelis Vos, defendant. 

Lourens Lourensen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Henderick Bierman, defendant. 

Frans Cooninck, plaintiff, against 
2d Default. Huybert Janssen and Karsten, the Noorman, de- 
fendants. 

Jaques, the Frenchman, plaintiff, against 
Default. Pieter Stevensen, defendant. 

[88] Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Bierman, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff, stating that he sold his yacht to Harmen Jacob- 
sen, who is now absent, requests that the excise due by the 
defendant, of which he [Harmen] is the farmer, and furthermore 
all other means of the said Harmen Jacobsen in the hands of the 
defendant, be attached for the benefit of the plaintiff. 

The defendant agrees and promises to render an account of 
all the property of Harmen Jacobsen which is in his hands. 
The court enjoin: the defendant from letting any property of 



54 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

Harmen Jacobsen go out of his hands and from paying out any 
money, except by order of the court. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Kit Davidtsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 172:16:- in beavers. 

The defendant admits that he owed the plaintiff the aforesaid 
sum, but maintains that in payment he assigned to him a note for 
fl. 1 52 : — due to him by Cornelis Slecht, which the plaintiff ac- 
cepted, and offers to pay the balance of fl.20 : 1 6. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the plaintiff to be 
satisfied with the note given to him for the sum of fl. 152:, which 
he accepted, provided that the defendant pay him fl.20: 16. 

Volckert Janssen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Teunissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 852 : 1 5 :-, for which the 
defendant is surety. 

[89] The defendant acknowledges his obligation as surety 
and asks for extension of time of payment. 

The court orders the defendant to pay within the space of six 
weeks. 



Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 1 1 Anno 1657 

President, J. Lamontagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Goossen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Leendert Philipsen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff says that he made a verbal contract with the 
defendant whereby the defendant was bound to accept all the 
seawan which the plaintiff was to receive in the space of two 
months and to give therefor beavers at the rate of fl. 10:6 per 
beaver, in accordance with which the plaintiff brought about two 
hundred and seventy guilders in seawan to the defendant's house 
and left if there in his absence, which seawan the defendant nine 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 55 

days later sent back. He demands therefore that the defendant 
be ordered to fulfil the contract and to accept the seawan which 
the plaintiff has received and will still receive during the afore- 
said time and satisfy him for it. 

[90] The defendant acknowledges the contract, but says that 
the plaintiff did [not] deliver the seawan to him within the time 
agreed upon. 

The plaintiff replies that the period of two months has not yet 
expired. 

The parties, having been heard, the court condemns the 
defendant to fulfil his contract and to pay the plaintiff the sum 
of about fl. 270:- in beavers at the rate of fl. 10:6:— for each 
beaver, and according to the contract to accept all the merchant- 
able seawan which the plaintiff shall receive until the end of the 
term of the said contract and furthermore to pay the costs of the 
extraordinary session. 



Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 1 1 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Goossen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

Pieter Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vos, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 29 whole beavers which 
the defendant owes him according to a note which he produces 
in court, with the interest thereof for the period of one year since 
the expiration of the term of payment. He demands that the 
case be expedited, as he is an [91] inhabitant of Amsterdam 
in New Netherland, and can not come here to attend to his busi- 
ness without suffering considerable loss. 

The defendant acknowledges the note and the debt and offers 
to pay the same promptly in a month. 

The courts orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 29 
whole beavers demanded promptly within the space of one month, 



56 Fort Orange and Beverrvycf? 

under penalty of paying the expenses and loss which the plaintiff 
may suffer by reason of his failure to pay, together with the costs 
of the extraordinary session of the court. 

Appeared before me, Johannes La Montagne, commissary of 
Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, the Honorable 
Rutger Jacobsen and Gerrit Bancker, who offer themselves as 
sureties for the person of Jurriaen Janssen as far as the payment 
is concerned of the civil fine which the honorable members of 
the court may impose on the aforesaid Jurriaen Janssen. Done 
in Fort Orange, July 20, Anno 1657. 

Was signed: RUTGER JACOBSEN 

Gerrit Bancker 



[92] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 1 7 Anno 1 657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen Goossen Gerritsen 

Tjerck Claessen, plaintiff against 
Default. Henderick Gerritsen, defendant 
Default. Qaes Hendericksen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Harmen Bambus and Dirck Bensick, defendant. 

Jan Tyssen, plaintiff, against 
Default. j an Gaeuw, 1 defendant 

Pieter Anderiessen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Gauw, defendant 
Default. Gysbert van Loenen, plaintiff, against 
Teuwes Abrahamsen, defendant. 
Jan, the weaver, plaintiff, against 
Willeia Hap 
Pieter Stevensen 
Henderick Claessen 
Arent vanden Berch 
Mr van Hamel, plaintiff, against 



Default. 



> defendants 



1 The same as Jan Gouw. 



Court Mmutes, 1657-1660 57 

Default. Lambert van Valckenborch, defendant. 

Default. Willem Albertsen, plaintiff, against 

Default. Huybert Janssen, defendant. 

Default. Adriaen Janssen from Leyden, plaintiff, against 

Default. W^lem Albertsen, defendant. 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against 
Both m Henderick Gerritsen and Anderies vander Sluys, de- 
default, fendants. 

Tomas Cooninck, plaintiff, against 

_, . . Gvsbert van Loenen^ . r , 
Default. J defendants 

Llaes vanden berch 

[93] Teunis Templier. plaintiff, against 

Default. Henderick Bierman. defendant. 

Jaques Tyssen. plaintiff, against 

Pieter Stevensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of two beavers, for rent of his 
house. 

The defendant admits the debt and offers to pay in good 
seawan at the rate of fl.10:— to one beaver, or in beaver value 
in specie, within the space of three weeks. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded in 
three weeks, according to his promise. 

Stoffel Janssen. plaintiff, against Jan van Hoesem. defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 28 beavers, for which sum 
he has had attached a certain number of beaver* in the hands of 
Cornelis Teunissen, due to the defendant. 

The court orders Cornelis Teunissen to put the attached 
beavers, to the value of 28, into the hands of the plaintiff, in lieu 
of payment by the defendant, as soon as his time to make pay- 
ment shall have expired. 

Mattheus Abrahamsen. plaintiff, against Jan Gouw. defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers for wages 
and the costs of the suit. 

The defendant, failing to appear for the third time, is because 
of his contempt ordered by the court to pay the three beavers 
demanded, together with the costs of the suit, rated at fl.4:- 



58 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Jan Labatie, plaintiff, against Gillis Pietersen, defendant. 

[94] The plaintiff demands an account and payment for 100 
lbs of nails furnished by^him to the defendant. 

The defendant offers to pay for 50 lbs of the said nails and 
to give therefor two and a half beavers, presenting at the same 
time his account. 

The plaintiff accepts the offer. 

The court, in accordance with the respective offer and accept- 
ance, orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff for the 50 lbs of 
nails, two and a half beavers. As to the account, it is ordered 
that the parties shall each choose a referee to settle the same. 

Volckert Janssen, plaintiff, against Pieter Stevensen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. Ill:— in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay in four 
weeks. 

The court orders the defendant according to his promise to 
pay the sum demanded in four weeks. 

Pieter Adriaenssen, plaintiff, against Mattheus Abrahamsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 46:- for expenses in- 
curred for board. 

The defendant demands an account of the sum. 

The court orders the plaintiff to render an account to the 
defendant and condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum agreed upon within the space, of 1 5 days. 

Claes Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Jan Dareth, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands the return of a gun for which he ordered 
a new gunstock to be made by the defendant. 

The defendant answers that it was stolen from him by the 
savages and offers to replace it by a new gun, or else to pay the 
value of it in beavers. 

[95] The plaintiff accepts the gun on condition that he may 
try it. Fiat. 

Philip, the brewer, plaintiff, against Jan van Hoesen, de- 
fendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 59 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.150:- in 
beavers according to the defendant's promise. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
in six weeks, or before the departure of the ships for the father- 
land. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded, 
within the space of six weeks, according to his promise. 

Pieter de Maecker, plaintiff, against Dirck Bensick, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 23 beavers for wages. He 
declares that he has had four beavers in the hands of Dirck 
Janssen attached and asks that the attachment be declared valid. 

The wife of Dirck Bensick appearing in the stead of her 
husband admits the debt and requests an extension of time until 
the return of her husband. 

The plaintiff replies that he is about to leave and can not 
wait such an indefinite length of time. 

The court orders the defendant's wife to pay the sum 
demanded, or the balance thereof, within the space of six days, 
under penalty of execution. 

Rutger Jacobsen, appearing before the court, requests that the 
yacht which he sold to Harmen Jacobsen and which, the said 
Harmen Jacobsen being a fugitive from justice, has been sent 
here, may be used by him to carry freight, offering to deposit 
the rental until a decision is rendered in the case. 

The court grants the request. 

Pieter Maecker, requests that the two beavers' worth of hard- 
ware which he has furnished for the church may be credited to 
him against the fl.20:- which he promised to give toward the 
building of the church. Fiat. 

[96] The officer, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that having been informed that the 
defendant, on the 1 7th of this month, contrary to the ordinance, 
was seen in the woods [with some savages], luring them on and 
going with them into the village, he has had the defendant sum- 
moned to find out the truth of the matter. 



60 Fort Orange and Beverwyc^ 

Pieter Bronck, the defendant, declares that on the 17th of 
this month he saw a Christian in the woods with a band of 
savages, but does not know where he or the savages went. 

Being asked by the court to give the name of the person, he 
answers that he is not an informer and will not give the name of 
the person. 

The court orders Pieter Bronck, within the space of twenty- 
four hours, under the penalty of fifty guilders, to give the name 
of the person or to take an oath that he does not know the person. 



Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 18 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Goossen Gerritsen 

Master Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

Dirck Keyser, plaintiff, against Jan Roeloffsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 3 beavers for merchandise 
delivered to the defendant and his partner, Jacdbus Loocker- 
mans. 

The defendant claims that his partner, Jacobus Loockermans, 
paid the beavers demanded and produces a daybook in which 
was written by way of memorandum that 13 beavers were 
received and paid. 

[97] The plaintiff produces his book, showing by the 
defendant's account that the defendant still owes the plaintiff 
thirteen beavers. 

The court, having heard both parties and examined both the 
books, asks the defendant to swear to them, which he refuses to 
do, demanding that according to law the plaintiff swear to his 
book, which he does in our presence. 

The court, therefore, condemns the defendant to pay the 
number of thirteen beavers demanded, cash, and in addition the 
costs of the suit, estimated at 28 guilders. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 61 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 19 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Goossen Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Jurriaen Janssen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant has boasted and 
spread the rumor that he was engaged to Annetie Lievens, his 
own betrothed, as the defendant said in the plaintiff's presence. 
He requests that the defendant prove his statement, or else for 
defamation of his neighbor's character be ordered to make honest 
reparation. 

The defendant admits that he never pledged his troth to 
Annetie Lievens, nor that she pledged her troth to him, and that 
Cornelis Teunissen urged him to say that he was engaged to 
Annetie Lievens and offers to prove that the said Cornelis 
Teunissen said: "I am glad that Jurriaen Janssen is to keep 
his word." [98] He furthermore admits that after having con- 
fessed in truth before the consistory that he was not engaged to 
Annetie Lievens, he maintained in the presence of Goossen 
Gerritsen, the plaintiff, that he was engaged to her, at the instiga- 
tion, as he said, of the said Cornelis Teunissen, which assertion 
he declared to be true, praying forgiveness of the plaintiff. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders Jurriaen Janssen, 
the defendant, in view of the seriousness of the matter, to remain 
under arrest in the fort until he furnish sufficient security for 
proof in the case. Meanwhile, he is ordered to prove that 
Cornelis Teunissen instigated him to the said deed. 

Upon the petition presented to the court by Leendert Philipsen, 
praying that a committee be appointed to determine the quality 
of the seawan which he is to receive from Daniel Rinckhout 
under a judgment of the 1 1 th of this month, the court has author- 



62 Fort Orange and Beverwycfy 

ized the Honorable Sander Leendersen and Pieter Hartgers to 
determine, after inspection of the seawan in question, which of 
it is current and which not. Done in Fort Orange, the 19th of 
July 1657. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 28 Anno 1657 

President, J. Lamontagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Goossen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 

Abraham Vo^burch, Willem Hofmeyer, 
Marten, the mason, Tjerck Claessen, 
Default. Henderick Gerritsen, Stoffel Davids, [ defendants 

Claes Ripsen, Claes Janssen, 
Poulus Jurcksz, Pieter Meessen 

[99] Jan, the weaver, plaintiff, against 
Default. Pi e ter Stevensen, defendant. 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Bierman, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands restitution of the farmer's book. 

The defendant says that the book in his custody was attached 
by order of the burghers in charge of the farming out of the 
aforesaid excise while the plaintiff was away from here. 

The court orders the defendant, Henderick Bierman, to re- 
tain the excise book in his hands and to collect the excise, as the 
plaintiff left the said excise uncollected, provided that the de- 
fendant shall render an accounting of the profit of the said excise 
to the court, at the expiration of the term, in the presence of the 
plaintiff and the sureties. 

Idem, Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Bier- 
man, defendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 63 

The plaintiff demands payment of seventeen and a half 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay within 
six weeks. 

The court, having heard the defendant's admission and 
promises, condemns the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within six weeks, under penalty of execution. 

Idem, Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he has had the money in the hands of 
Jan Tomassen, which was attached by the defendant, reattached 
in the said hands, as the defendant had agreed to take it or 
accepted it in payment of a certain debt and then, by means of 
a new account, had tried to have the said account, which was 
to be paid in beavers, [100] serve in payment of his last claim 
against Kit Davids, leaving the payment of this last claim, which 
was to be in seawan, to the plaintiff. He produces a deposition 
of Henderick Bierman and Evert Xoldinck, in which they attest 
that the defendant, Pieter Bronck, after the liquidation of 
accounts, agreed to demand payment from Kit Davids. 

The defendant denies that he made any such agreement. 

The court orders Henderick Bierman and Evert Xoldinck to 
confirm their affidavit by oath in the presence of the court or in 
the presence of two magistrates. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Barent Albertsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of six beavers for a barrel of 
meat. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay within six weeks. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jacob Loper, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of six and a half beavers for 
a cart. 

The defendant denies that the plaintiff delivered the cart to 
him, but admits that he bought it. 



64 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The court orders the defendant to pay the six and a half 
beavers within the space of 1 4 days, under penalty of execution. 

Jan Eerhaer, plaintiff, against Kit Davidsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.248:— . 

The defendant admits that he did owe the sum demanded, 
but says that he paid fl.32:- on account and offers to pay the 
balance within the space of fifteen days. 

[101] The court orders the defendant to pay the balance 
within the space promised by him, under penalty of execution. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Foppe Barentsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.22 :- for wages and some 
materials delivered by him. 

The defendant admits that he owes the plaintiff for the mak- 
ing of three coats, but claims that the defendant 1 did not earn 
as much as that making them. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders Jan Verbeeck 
and Jacob Tyssen, who have knowledge of such matters, to 
judge of the wages demanded, wherewith the parties are to be 
satisfied. 

President, Jacob Schermerhoorn 
Philip Pietersen 
Jan Tomassen 
Adriaen Gerritsen 

. The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jacob Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that on the 22d of July of this year, Anno 
1657, being a Sunday, the defendant, deliberately and without 
any occasion, shamefully cut Meuwes Hoogenboom with his 
knife, so that the said Meuwes Hoogenboom will be disfigured 
all his life, the wound extending from the left side of his fore- 

1 Thus in the original. Intended for plaintiff. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 65 

head to the lower lip and reaching down to the bone. And 
whereas such a deed is against the ordinance of the High and 
Mighty Lords the States General and contrary to the placards 
published here, the plaintiff, in his official capacity, demands 
that the defendant, in accordance with the aforesaid ordinance 
and placards, be condemned to pay a fine of three hundred 
guilders and in addition be ordered to compensate the patient 
for his suffering and lost time and to pay the surgeon's fee, or, 
in default thereof, that the defendant, instead of being sent to 
prison, be employed in the hardest labor which can be found in 
this country for the space of eighteen months. 

The defendant admits having committed the deed and sues 
for pardon. 

[102] The court, having heard the defendant's confession 
and seen the depositions of six irreproachable witnesses, who 
jointly attest that the defendant, deliberately and without cause 
shamefully disfigured Meeuwes Hoogenboom with his knife, con- 
demns the said Jacob Loockermans, in accordance with his con- 
fession and the testimony produced, to pay the sum of three 
hundred guilders and compensation for pain, lost time, board 
and medicines of the interested party, w r hich sums he is to pay 
while in irons, or, in default thereof, he is condemned to earn 
the said sums by the hardest kind of labor during the space of 
eighteen months, according to the ordinance. 

Jurriaen Janssen, appearing in person before the court, 
declared in the presence of Goossen Gerritsen that the words 
which he spoke to the aforesaid Goossen Gerritsen, to wit, that 
he was engaged to Annetien Lievens, the present fiancee of 
Goossen Gerritsen, were false, and begged forgiveness of the 
said Goossen Gerritsen. 

Goossen Gerritsen declares before the court that he has had 
sufficient satisfaction from Jurriaen Janssen, considering his 
youth. 



66 Fort Orange and Beverivyck 

The court grants Goossen Gerritsen a certificate of satisfaction 
and orders Jurriaen Janssen to compound with the officer about 
the pecuniary fine. 



Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 1 Anno 

1657 

President, Johannes La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Goossen Gerritsen 

Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Reyndert Hoorn, plaintiff, against Adriaen Symonsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 08 beavers, due according 
to his note. 

[ 1 03 ] The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay 
cash, saying that he has never refused to pay and claims that 
he is not bound to pay any expenses. Whereupon appeared Jan 
Gouw and Jan Barensen, who attested that Adriaen Symonsen 
said: " I shall not pay you until you have an extraordinary ses- 
sion called." 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
required number of beavers, to wit, 108, cash, according to his 
confession and promise, under penalty of execution, together 
with one half of the costs. 

Whereas last Sunday, being the 1 2th of this month of August 
Anno 1657, during the preaching, some drunken savages com- 
mitted many acts of insolence in this place and upon making 
inquiries a Maqua Indian was found, named Kamgeragae, who 
declared that he knew a house where the savages obtained the 
brandy and offered, if we gave him a beaver, to get brandy in 
the said house; therefore, we, Johannes La Montagne, officer, 
Philip Pietersen Schuyler and Jan Tomassen, magistrates, in 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 67 

view of the seriousness of the matter, on the 13th of the said 
month, having given a beaver to the aforesaid Indian, followed 
and accompanied him with Henderick Jochimsen, lieutenant of 
the burgher guard, which Indian went to the south side of the 
boundary line, having in his hand an empty kettle, which we 
have had in our hands, and with this empty kettle went into the 
house of Marten Bierfyaeclter, 1 we together remaining near the 
said house to watch the result. But as there were strangers in 
the said house, [104] as we ourselves could hear from the noise, 
the Indian came back to us with his kettle empty. About three 
quarters of an hour later the said Indian again went into the said 
house and came back to us having in his kettle about three pints 
of brandy and sugar, which he had obtained for the beaver 
which we had given him, so that we took the kettle with us and 
went into the house of the said J3/er£aec£er, where we found 
him and his wife quite amazed after we had asked them whether 
they had sold the brandy that was in the kettle to a savage with 
a white blanket for one beaver, as we had seen the said savage 
go in and out of tha house. All of which, we, the undersigned, 
upon oath declare to be true. Done in Fort Orange, the 15th 
of August Anno 1657. 

Was signed: Johannes La Montagne, Philip Pietersen 
Schuyler, Jan Tomassen and Henderick Jochimsen. 



1 Marten Hendricksen. 



68 



Fort Orange and Beverwyck 



Interrogatory of Marten Bierkaecker, inhabitant 
and innkeeper here, held at the request of J: 
Lamontagne, in his capacity of officer of Fort 
Orange and the village of Beverwyck, before the 
magistrates of the said court, the 15th of August 
Anno 1657. 



1 How old he is and where 
born? 



2 Whether he ever sold 
brandy to the savages? 

3 Whether his wife, to his 
knowledge, ever sold any 
brandy to the savages? 

4 Whether anybody in his 
house ever sold any brandy to 



the 



savages \ 



5 Whether on Monday, the 
13th, he did not see or know 
that a savage with a white 
blanket came into his house 
about nine o'clock in the 
evening and asked to buy a 
beaver's worth of brandy? 

6 Whether the said savage, 
about three quarters of an hour 
later, did not come into his 
house and again asked to have 
a beaver's worth of brandy? 

7 Whether he ? himself, or 
his wife, to his knowledge, did 
not sell brandy to the said 
savage for one beaver? 



Answers: 30 years, born in 
Olderiborch. Susanna, his 
wife, answers: Aged 23, born 
in New England. 

Answers : No. 

Susanna answers : Yes. 

Answers : No. 



An 



swers : 



No. 



Answers: He saw the sav- 
age and threw him out of doors 
in the presence of Marten 
Cornelissen and Seger Cor- 
nelissen. 

His wife answers: Yes. 

Answ r ers: He did not see 
the savage again. 

His wife answers: Yes. 



answers : 



He 



ioes not 



know. 

His wife answers : Yes. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 69 

[106] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 20 Anno 

1657 

Present: Johannes Lamontagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan I omassen 

Philip Pietersen Goosen Gerritsen 

Mr van Hamel, plaintiff, against 
Default. Abraham Pietersen Vosburch, defendant. 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Cornelis Vos, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default. Adriaen Appel, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default. Claes Ripsen, defendant. 

Pieter Quackenbosch, plaintiff, against 
Default. Pieter Bosboom, defendant. 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against 
Default. Gysbert van Loenen, defendant. 

Teunis, the mason, plaintiff, against 
Default. j an Gaeuw, defendant. 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Gaeuw, defendant. 

Mr van Hamel, plaintiff, against Pieter Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of eight beavers and fl.9 in 
seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay within 
the space of one month, in beavers, or in seawan, reckoned at 
fl. 1 2 :— for one beaver. 

The court, having heard the confession and the promise of 
the defendant, orders him to pay the sum demanded within the 
promised time of one month, under penalty of execution. 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, defendant. 
The plaintiff says that he has had some money attached, 
belonging to the defendant. 

The court adjourns the case until the next court day when 



70 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

the parties are to bring in their evidence. Meanwhile, the money 
remains attached. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jan Dareth, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands an account of a certain amount and 
settlement thereof. 

The defendant produces his account in court. 

The court orders the defendant to give the plaintiff a copy 
of his account and to settle with each other. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Meessen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.17:= 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded in 
eight days, under penalty of execution. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhout, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands that the defendant take back the sum 
of fl.55 which he gave him in payment. 

The court having seen the sea wan adjudges the same not 
merchantable and condemns the defendant to take back the said 
seawan and to deliver other seawan in its stead within the space 
of eight days. 

[108] Idem, plaintiff, against Poulus Jurcksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.8:- 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the court dismisses the plain- 
tiff's complaint. 

Idem, Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Willem Hoff- 
meyer, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl. 1 3 : 1 0- 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within the space of eight days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Gerrit Hendericksz, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl. 1 03 : 1 9 :— 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within the space of 15 days, under penalty of execution. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 71 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 20 Anno 

1657 

President, Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Jan Tomassen 

Goossen Gerritsen and the officer, as interpleader, against 
Teums Cornelissen and Marretien, his wife, defendants. 

Goossen Gerritsen. plaintiff, complains that the defendants 
in the month of February of this year, in his absence, came into 
his house and committed great insolence there. He produces 
the information taken by the aforesaid officer in regard to said 
excesses and requests justice in the matter. 

The defendant requests time until the next court day to 
produce his counter evidence. 

The court grants the defendant time until the next court day. 

Idem, the officer, plaintiff, against Susanna Janssen, wife cf 
Marten, the bierkaecker, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that on Sunday, being the 12th, he dis- 
covered a savage about ten o'clock in the evening who came 
from the house of Marten Bierkaecker, having with him a kettle 
in which was brandy and other strong liquor, as he proves by 
the testimony of three witnesses, given on the 15th of the afore- 
said month, and also by the confession of the defendant herself. 
And whereas this is a deed of very dangerous consequence, in 
violation of the placards issued by the honorable director general 
and council of New Xetherland, and a deed which can not be 
tolerated in a place where justice prevails, therefore, the said 
La Montagne. in his capacity of officer, demands that the said 
Susanna Janssen, in accordance with the said placards, be con- 
demned to pay a fine of fl.500: and the costs of the suit and 
furthermore be banished from this jurisdiction for the term of six 
years. 

The defendant again confesses that she committed the said 
deed, but says that she was moved thereto by extreme poverty, 
her husband having double hernia and being therefore unable to 



72 Fort Orange and Beverrpyck 

earn his living and she being burdened with three small children, 
for whom she can buy no food except with beavers, which she 
the week before had tried to buy in many places for seawan at 
fl.12:- apiece, but could not get. That, finally, she was asked 
[for the liquor] by a savage, who came twice to her house at 
night with a beaver, for which she gave him three pints of beer, 
brandy, French and Spanish wine, mixed together, praying of 
the court [110] forgiveness in consideration of her youth and 
extreme poverty, promising never to do so again. 

The court, considering the dangerous consequences of the 
case and the severe placards, condemn the said Susanna Janssen, 

in accordance with the said placards, to pay a fine of 

[amount left blank]. 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 4 Anno 1657 

President, Johannes Lamontagne 

Philip Pietersen Goossen Gerritsen 

Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Mr van Hamel, secretary of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, 
plaintiff, against Lambert van Valckenborch, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant on the 9th of July last, 
at a public sale which took place in the colony of Rensselaers- 
wyck bought the grain standing in the field of the farm which 
is now occupied by Jan Labite for the sum of fl.700:-, accord- 
ing to the conditions of the sale, and because the defendant was 
unable to furnish sureties, the plaintiff was forced to have the 
said grain again publicly sold in the village of Beverwyck on 
the 12th of July, when it was knocked down at fl.570:-, and 
[111] as the plaintiff is bound to make good the loss suffered 
by the seller, he requests that the defendant according to legal 
custom and practice be ordered according to the conditions of 
the sale to make up the difference in the amount brought by the 
grain and also pay cash the auction fees and other expenses, 
amounting to the sum of one hundred and ninety-eight guilders, 



Court Minuter 1657-1660 73 

to wit: fl.103 ' for the difference in bids, fl.35 for auction fees, 
fl.3 for commissions, fl.12 for brandy consumed and fl.18 for 
beer, and that the defendant be constrained to pay said sum by 
apprehension of his person. 

The defendant admits the debt but says that there was no 
more than fl.4 worth of brandy drunk. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemn the defendant 
to pay within eight days, under penalty of execution, or appre- 
hension of his person the sum of fl.130 for the difference in bids, 
fl.3 for commissions and fl.35 for auction fees, amounting to the 
sum of fl.168:— and order the defendant to settle with the tavern- 
keeper as to the balance of the sum demanded. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, aganist Jan de Graef and Pieter 
Bosboom, defendants. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.8:— 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
cash. 

Idem, Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Pieter Wollebrant, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.69:- 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
within the space of six weeks. 

Harmen Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against Meyndert Fredricksen, 
defendant. 

[112] The plaintiff complains that the defendant has called 
him a hay thief. 

The defendant denies having said this, but admits that he 
said that he had had his hay which he cut carted away and 
demands restitution of the said hay. 

Tjerck Claessen, being called as a witness, declares that he 
heard Meyndert Fredricksen say: "Harmen Bastiaensen has 
taken my hay," but not that he said that hei was a thief. 



1 This should be fl.130:- 



74 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The parties having been heard, the court orders Harmen 
Bastiaensen, the plaintiff, to restore the hay to the defendant 
within the space of eight days and furthermore on the next court 
day to prove that the defendant called him a thief. 

Jan Bemboo, plaintiff, against Teunis Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands restitution of 20 cans of Spanish wine, 

of which he suffered the loss through the breaking of the half- 

aam, which the defendant, as beer carrier, let drop from the 

barrel lifter. 

The defendant says that the loss was caused by the weakness 
of the rim of the half-aam and promises to prove it on the next 
court day. Fiat. 

Eldert Gerbertsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Arent Andriessen, defendant. 

Willem Bout, plaintiff, against 
Default. Henderick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Pieter Bosboom, plaintiff, against 
Default. Marten, mason, defendant. 

Carsten Claessen, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Roeloffsen, defendant. 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 

Default. Adriaen Appel and 

f defendants 
Claes Ripsen 

[113] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 4 

Anno 1657 

Present: J. Lamontagne, that is to say Philip Pietersen 
Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Goossen Gerritsen 

The officer, plaintiff, against Henderick Andriessen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant on August 26, about ten 
o'clock in the evening, stood with naked sword in the middle of 
the street. He produces Jan Anderiessen, Abraham van Coesan 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 75 

and Rem Janssen as witnesses and requests that they be examined 
in regard to the matter. 

Jan Anderiessen, appearing before the court, declares that on 
the 26th of August, about ten o'Clock in the evening, he saw 
Henderick Anderiessen standing in the middle of the street with 
a naked sword in his hand, but did not see him molest or 
threaten any one. 

Abraham van Coesan declares that on the 26th of August, 
about ten o'clock in the evening, he saw Henderick Anderiessen 
with a naked sword standing in the middle of the street and 
coming with the sword toward the deponent, who said to him: 
" Keep away from me." He declares that he did not know 7 
with whom he was dealing, but noticed that he was drunk. 

Rem Janssen says that on the 26th of August, about ten 
o'clock in the evening, he saw Henderick Anderiessen, being 
drunk, standing in the middle of the street with a naked sword 
in his hand, which sword his wife gently took away from him. 

[112 bis] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, 
September 5 Anno 1657 

Present: La Montagne Jan Tomassen 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Goossen Gerritsen 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Ulderick Kleyn, plaintiff, against Eldert Gerbertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant, last Wednesday, 
being the 29th of August, called his wife a woman who had 
been flogged and branded on the scaffold at Amsterdam and 
said that she had committed adultery with the crazy farmer and 
hageboom 1 named Jacob Klomp. 



1 Hedgethorn, or hawthorn; here apparently used in the sense of a 
vagabond, perhaps with allusion to the expression " achter dc haag 
geirouTvd zijn M (to be married behind the hedge), which corresponds to 
the English expression " to marry over the broomstick." 



76 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant answers that the plaintiff's wife first called 
him a rascal and a thief and his wife a whore. 

The plaintiff produces depositions of four women, which con- 
firm the plaintiff's complaint. 

The defendant in rebuttal produces Albert Gysbertsen, 
wheelwright, who, appearing before the court, declares that last 
Wednesday, being the 29th of August, Eldert Gerbertsen being 
at his house to settle accounts with him, there came to the said 
house Baefien Pietersen, the wife of Ulderick Kleyn, who 
dunned him about some debts in such a way that a dispute arose 
between them and the said Baefien Pietersen took hold of the 
said Eldert and called him a rascal. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
prove by sufficient witnesses that Baefien Pietersen first assailed 
and slandered him, in order according to the circumstances of 
the case to administer law and justice to the parties. 

[113 bis] The court, having seen the written report of magis- 
trates Rutger Jacobsen and Anderies Herbertsen, arbitrators 
appointed by the court on October 7, 1656, in which they, after 
examination of the previous and subsequent debts between Fem- 
metjen, the bakeress, 1 and Michiel Teunissen, find that to satisfy 
the debts made by the said Michiel Teunissen and Femmetjen, 
the bakeress, during their association or partnership, there is 
still due by the said Michiel Teunissen the sum of fl.84 : 1 0, the 
court confirms the opinion and findings of the aforesaid magis- 
trates and hereby condemns Michiel Teunissen to pay to Fem- 
metie, the bakeress, the sum of fl.84: 10, on condition that the 
said Michiel Teunissen shall thereby be released from all debts 
which were contracted during their partnership. 



Femmetje Alberts, the widow of Hendrick Jansen Westerkamp, baker. 



Co:: '-1660 7 

O: ;:on held in Fort Orange, October 2 Anno 1657 

Present: La Montagne Jan Tome: 

?rhoorn G n 

Philip Pietersen Adnaen Gemtsen 

A :el, plaii 

Defa Lubbcrt Lab ndant. 

Lubbert. L nt, defendant. 

F 3pf E 

. . . ints 



Inst 

[114] The be 

Cornells Teunissen. : at 

Cornells Con 
Daniel Rinckhout. : 
The plaintiff demands 

e defendant main: not delivered 

to the bill not 

fhed two chimneys cling to 

said bill of sale. 

The court, having heard :. I to 

deliver the house in question in the contract of 

e. or in default the led out of the amount 

of the first pay. 

Zarsten Claessen, plaintiff, against Jan Ro: ndant 

The plaintiff c wr a horse sold 

to him, [the defendant]. 

The court, having heard the ders the idant to 

the plaintiff 22 heaven e of two mon: 

not?. 



78 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Engeltjen Cornelissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant on the 1 4th of September 
went into the house of Wynant, the cabinet maker (Jfiste- 
maecfyer), and without any cause insulted and beat said 
Wynant's wife, named Tryntie Melgers, for which assault, com- 
mitted against the law, he demands reparation and justice. 

The defendant admits having committed such an assault, not 
in the house, but on the door sill [ 115] thereof, having first been 
attacked by Tryntie Melgerts and offers to prove this on the 
next court day. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
prove her assertion by sufficient witnesses. 



[116] 1 Ordinaiy Session held in Fort Orange, November 13, 

1657 

Present: La Montagne Jan Tomassen 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Goossen Gerritsen 

Philip Pietersen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Evert Noldinck, plaintiff, against Jacob Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 106:4:- 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
in 14 days. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
of fl. 106:4: within the aforesaid time, under penalty of execu- 
tion. 

Evert Noldingh, plaintiff, against Anderies van der Sluys, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.28 : 1 5 :— 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
cash. 



1 The remainder of page 1 1 5 is blank. 



Court Minutes. 1657-1660 79 

The court orders the defendant to pay the same within the 
space of 24 hours, according to his promise. 

Evert Noldinck, plaintiff, against 
Default. Pieter Stevensen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an> the weaver, defendant. 

Tomas Pouwels, 1 plaintiff, against 
Barent Albertsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands damages for the loss which he suffered 
on a consignment which the defendant [in violation of] the 
ordinance took without the plaintiff's knowledge and for which 
he offers fl.9 : 1 0. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

[117] The court, having heard the parties, condemn the 
defendant to pay fl.9: 10 to the plaintiff and fl.25 to the officer, 
according to the ordinance. 

Teunis Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Lourens Baliner, defendant. 

The plaintiff, pursuant to the' late order of the court, produces 
before the court the half aam from which the Spanish wine in 
question was spilled in the falling of said cask caused by the 
weakness of the rim thereof, offering to confirm on oath that the 
said cask fell on account of its poor condition. 

The court, having heard the parties and examined the half 
aam which was broken at the rim, adjudge that [the accident] 
was not the fault of the plaintiff, beer carrier, and therefore 
releases him from all liability and orders the defendant to recover 
his loss from the merchant who delivered the wine in the said 
cask. 

Leendert Philipsen, plaintiff, against Henderick, the baker, 
and his wife, defendants. 

The plaintiff complains with Anderies Herbertsen about some 
atrocious slander, in proof whereof he produces some depositions. 

The defendant asks for copies of said depositions. 



Thomas Powell. 



80 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the plaintiff to 
furnish the defendant with copies of the depositions which he 
produced in court, in order to make answer thereto on the next 
court day. 

Marritjen Hendericksz, plaintiff, against Lowies Cobussen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the rent of her house, 
amounting to the sum of 18 beavers. 

[118] The defendant admits the debt, but says that he can 
not pay in beavers. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemns the defendant 
to pay the sum demanded within the space of six weeks. 

Ulderick Kleyn, plaintiff, against Eldert Gerbertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff asks that the defendant produce his evidence 
according to the last court order. 

The defendant excuses himself on account of a severe acci- 
dent which he met with since and asks time until the next court 
day. Fiat. 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, November 27 Anno 1 657 

Present: La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Philip Pietersen Jan Tomassen 
Goossen Gerritsen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Teunis Spitsbergen and Barent Pietersen, plaintiffs, 
Default. a g a i ns t Wynant Gerritsen, defendant. 

Robbert Engel, plaintiff, against 
Default. Henderick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. £gb er t Sandersen, defendant. 

Pieter Stevensen, plaintiff, against 
Adriaen Appel 
Default. ^ Barent Albertsen j> defendants, 

Henderick Gerritsen J 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 81 

Default. Gillis Fonda, plaintiff, against 
Default. Henderick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Evert Noldingh, plaintiff, against 
Default. Q aes van Rotterdam, defendant. 

[119] Gerrit Swart, sheriff of the colony of Rensselaers- 
Default. WV ck, plaintiff, against Dirckjen Harmens, defendant. 

Harmen Janssen, plaintiff* against 

Default. | ClaeS Van Rotterdam 1 defendants. 
1 Abraham Vosburgh 

Baefjen Pietersen, plaintiff, against Eldert Gerbertsen, 
defendant. 

The defendant produces his depositions, according to the last 
order. 

The plaintiff asks that the witnesses appear before the court 
to swear to their depositions. 

The court, seeing the reasonableness of the request, orders the 
defendant to have his witnesses appear before the court on the 
next court day to confirm their testimony on oath. 

Anderies Herbertsen and Leendert Philipsen, plaintiffs, 
against Henderick, the baker, and his wife, defendants. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the parties 
respectively to communicate their depositions to each other before 
the next court day, in order to pronounce judgment according 
to the merits of the case. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Reur, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of five beavers earned on the 
defendant's house. 

The defendant admits the debt, but as the work which the 
plaintiff agreed to do four years ago was not finished, he claims 
that he is not bound to pay the five beavers, but on the contrary 
claims that he is entitled to damages for the loss which the 
defendant suffered thereby. 

[120] The court, having heard the parties, orders that earl- 
shall choose a referee to settle the matter to the best or tnr.r 
knowledge. 



82 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Jan de Graeff, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.84:14. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove his claim on the next 
court day. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Harmen Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands security for his yacht which he sold 
to the defendant and for which he has thus far not been paid, 
as he has heard that the defendant has alienated the said yacht, 

The defendant admits having bought the said yacht w r hich 
was to be paid for according to certain conditions and declares 
that he can not furnish any security. 

The court orders that the yacht in question shall remain 
attached until the defendant has satisfied the plaintiff. 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 1 1 Anno 1657 

Jacob Tyssen, plaintiff, against Jan Gauw, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant owing him eight beavers, 
he has caused the defendant to be cited for the third time for 
the recovery of the said number of beavers. The latter remain- 
ing in default, he asks judgment in the amount of the said 
beavers. 

[121] The court having according to law caused the 
defendant to be summoned three times by the court messenger 
and he not appearing, declares him to be in contempt and con- 
demns him because of his contempt of court to pay the plaintiff 
the required eight beavers within the space of eight days and 
the costs of the trial, under penalty of execution. 
Tomas Janssen Mingael, plaintiff, against 
Default. Christoffel Davids, defendant. 

Pieter Jacobsen Quackenbosch, plaintiff, against 
Default. Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, defendant. 

Teunis Spitsbergen and his partner, plaintiffs, against 
Default. Wynant Gerritsen and Jan, the weaver, defendants. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 83 

Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Egbert Sandersen, defendant. 

Andenes de Vosch, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an van Breemen, defendant. 

Jacob Tyssen van der Heyden, plaintiff, against 
Default. J an Gaeuw, defendant. 

Cornelis van Breuckelen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Dirckjen Martensen, defendant. 

Tomas Janssen Mingael, plaintiff, against 
Christoffel Davids, defendant. 
The plaintiff says that he settled with the defendant about the 
rent of the house of Jacob Anderiessen for fl.50:— 

The defendant admits that he did so, but says that he was 
drunk. 

The court refers the case to referees to be chosen by the parties 
respectively. 

[122] Teunis Spitsbergen and his partner, plaintiffs, against 
Wynant Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demands payment of 1 8 beavers and fl. 1 : 1 0- 
The defendant admits the debt according to the account. 
The parties having been heard, the defendant is ordered by 
the court to pay the said number of 18 beavers and fl.1 :10- 
within three months. 

Andries de Vosch, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.254:- 
The defendant admits that he was indebted to the plaintiff, 
but does not know how much and demands an account from the 
plaintiff. 

The court orders the plaintiff to render an account to the 
defendant. 

[124] 1 Account of the fines which according to the 
court record have been imposed from the 4th of 
October Anno 1 656 until the last of December Anno 
1657. 



1 Page 1 23 is blank. 



84 Fort Orange and Beverwyck, 

Receipts 

Page 2 Henderick Hendericksen, baker is fined fl. 68 

4 Egbertjen Egberts is fined 300 

6 Willem Hoffmeyer is fined 500 

8 Dirckjen Harmens is fined 300 

23 Tomas Chambert is fined 150 

63 Hans de Vosch is fined 300 

70 Pieter Bronck is fined 100 

11 Frans Barentsen is fined 100 

102 Jacob Looekermans is fined 300 



fl.2118: 
Of the above fines, by order of the Hon. 
Director General, the half is appropriated to the 
honorable magistrates of Fort Orange and the vil- 
lage of Beverwyek, amounting to fl.1059:- 

[125] Expenditures 

Magistrate Rutger Jacobsz has received from 
Henderick Hendericksz, baker, fl. 68:- 

The magistrates have agreed to demand the 
payment of the fine of Egbert] en Egberts because 
her husband worked on the church 300:- 

1656 

October 21 

Paid by order of the magistrates 
to Tomas Janssen Mingael and 
Willem Bout 50:- 

1657 

April 7 and 1 7 

Paid by Jochim Wesselsen for 
Willem Hoffmeyer to Jan Roel- 
ofsen and Stoffel Janssen for 
wages earned on the church 150:- 



Court Minutes, 103/ -1660 



85 



August 10 



August 



October 6 



December 21 



Paid by Dirck Bensick to Fran 

^oys Boon for freight of the 

pulpit and the, bell [32:—] 

To Philip Pietersen Schuyler by 
Willem Fredricksz Bout for a 
savage the sum of fl.60:-, so 
that the magistrates are bound to 
pay 30:- 

Paid by Pieter Bronck on ac- 
count of the fine of Hans Vosch 
and Pieter Meessen for wages 
earned on the church 100:- 

Paid by Philip Hendencksz to 
Stoffel Janssen on account of the 
fine of Hans de Vos 100:— 



Total 



fl. 830:- 



[126] Receipts 

Carried forward from the preceding page fl. 1059:- 

which amount is due to the honorable magis- 
trates, to wit, the half of the fines aforesaid. 

Also paid to their honors, due to me by balance 

of accounts fl. 112: 18: 

Total fl. 1171: 18: 

[127] Expenditures 
Carried forward from the preceding page fl. 830:-:- 

1 Destroyed. 



86 



Fort Orange and Beverwyck 



1657 
August 18 



November 15 



1658 
January 18 



ditto 



ditto 



Paid to Willem Fredricksz Bout 
for tavern expenses when the 
magistrates made an agreement 
with Meyndert and Carsten 
Fredricksz about the place where 
the house of Jan van Aecken 
stood 75 :- :- 

Paid to Symon Janssen Romeyn 

for nails for the church 7:10:- 



Paid to Jan van Aecken on the 
order of the magistrates for the 
sum of fl.209 for work on the 
church, which order is signed 
N.I., the sum of 80:-:- 

To the same by the wife of 
Jacobus Loockermans on account 
of the fine imposed on her hus- 
band 68:-:- 

To the said Jan van Aecken by 
cash in payment in full of the sum 
of fl.209:- earned by him in 

working on the church 11: 8 :- 

Frans Barentsen has given the 
magistrates a note payable out of 
his honorarium for the amount of 

the fine due by him 50:—:- 

Pieter Bronck still owes the court 

on account of his fine 59:-:- 

Total 



fl. 1171: 18:- 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 



87 



1656 
October 14 



[128] Account of the fines 
Debit 



By order of the honorable 
director general and council of 
New Netherland granted to the 
deaconry one sixth part of the 
said fines, amounting to the sum 
of fl. 



353: 





[129] Account of the fines 






Credit 




1657 






February 15 


To the deaconry paid by Jan 






Michielsz fl. 


80:-:- 


1658 






March 2 








To ditto by Jacob Loockermans 


52:-:- 


Ditto 6 








To ditto by ditto Loockermans 


68:-:- 


Ditto 28 








To ditto by Dirck Bensingh 


100:-:- 




To ditto by Jan Martensz 


24:-:- 




To ditto by Pieter Bronck 


16:-:- 




fl. 


340:-:- 


There remains due by balance of accounts 


13:-:- 



fl. 353:-.- 



PART II 

Court Minutes of Fort Orange and Beyerwyck 

1658 



[I] 1 In the Name of the Lord, Amen. 
Continuation of the minutes of the court of justice of Fort 
Orange, the village of Beverwyck and the depen- 
dencies thereof, established in loco on the 10th of 
April Anno 1652, by the honorable director general 
and council of New Netherland 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 8 Anno 1658 

Present: La Montagne 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Jan Tomassen 

Philip Pietersen Goossen Gerritsen 

Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

Tomas Janssen Mmgael, plaintiff, against Christoffel Davidts, 
defendant. 

The parties having been heard, the court, in accordance with 
the previous decision, orders each party to choose a referee, 
which the plaintiff did in our presence, whereupon Tomas Janssen 
chose Cornelis Teunissen Bosch and the defendant, Christoffel 
Davids, Willem Brouwer. 

Adriaen Appel, plaintiff, against Christoffel Davids, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.93:12 per balance due 
for board and other items. 



1 The following minutes, for 1658, are translated from the original 
record in the Albany county clerk's office, entitled: Court MmuU 
1658-1660 (Mortgage No. 1, 1652-1660), p. 1 114. 



90 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[2] The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay it 
within the space of six weeks. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the aforesaid sum 
of fl.93 : 1 2 within six weeks. 

Teunis Spitsbergen, plaintiff, and his partner, against Dirckjen 
Harmens. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.60:~ 

The defendant agrees to pay. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum of fl.60:- cash. 

Lowies Cobussen, plaintiff, against 
Default. £)i rc k Bensick and Pieter Bronck 

Cornelis van Breuckelen, plaintiff, against Dirckjen Har- 
mensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands delivery of an anker of brandy for 
which he made cash payment in beavers. 

The defendant says that the beavers were no good. 

The parties having been heard, [the court] orders and con- 
demns the defendant to satisfy the plaintiff within the space of 
eight days. 

Anderies de Vos, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.225 :- and 
1 2 schepels of wheat. 

The defendant requests time to adjust accounts with the 
plaintiff. 

The court orders the plaintiff to adjust accounts with the 
defendant. 

Dirckjen Harmens, plaintiff, against 
Default. Willem Hoffmeyer, defendant. 

[3] Evert Noldinck, plaintiff, against Pieter Stevensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.57:15 for 
excise. 

The defendants admit the debt. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 91 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the afore- 
said sum of fl.57 : 1 5, within the space of one month. 

Pieter Winnen, plaintiff, against 
2d Default. Pieter Loockermans, defendant. 

Philip Pietersen, plaintiff, against 
Default. Mattheus Abrahamsen, defendant. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jan Teunissen, de- 
fendant. 

The honorable plaintiff complains that the defendant in viola- 
tion of the ordinance published here has sold brandy to the 
savages. The honorable plaintiff requests therefore that the 
defendant be condemned to pay a fine of fl.500, in accordance 
with the ordinance. 

The defendant denies that he did so and demands proof. 

The court orders the honorable officer to prove his charges. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jan Anderiessen, 
defendant. 

The honorable officer complains that the defendant in viola- 
tion of the ordinance published here has sold brandy to the 
savages and the plaintiff therefore requests that the defendant 
be fined fl.500 in accordance with the ordinance. 

The defendant denies that he did so and demands proof. 

[4] The court orders the honorable officer to prove his 
charges. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen Bos- 
boom, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant in violation of the 
ordinance published here has sold brandy to the savages. The 
honorable plaintiff therefore requests that the defendant be fined 
fl.500 in accordance with the ordinance and be banished. 

The defendant denies that he did so and demands nroof. 

The court orders the honorable officer to produce his evidence 
on the next court day. 



92 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 12 Anno 

1658 

Present: Jacob Schermerhoorn 

Philip Pietersz Goossen Gerritsen 

Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jan Teunissen, de- 
fendant and prisoner. 

The honorable plaintiff says that the defendant (as he said 
before) sold brandy to the savages, which the plaintiff proves 
by three irreproachable witnesses, and as this is a matter of 
dangerous consequence which may cause the ruin of the country, 
he requests that the aforesaid delinquent, pursuant to the ordi- 
nance [5f published here on October 6 Anno 1656, by order 
of the director general and council of New Netherland, be con- 
demned to pay a fine of fl.500 and be banished from this 
province for six years, as an example to others. 

The defendant requests a copy of the plaintiff's complaint to 
answer the same according to legal procedure. 

The court orders the plaintiff to furnish the defendant with a 
copy of his complaint to make answer thereto on the next court 
day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jan Anderiessen, defendant. 

The honorable plaintiff says that the defendant (as he said 
before) has sold brandy to the savages, which the plaintiff proves 
by three irreproachable witnesses, and whereas this is a matter 
of dangerous consequence, which may cause the ruin of the 
country, he requests that the said delinquent, pursuant to the 
ordinance published here on October [6] Anno 1656 by order 
of the honorable director general and council of New Nether- 
lands be fined fl.500 and be banished from this province for six 
years, as an example to others. 

The defendant requests a copy of the complaint, to make 
answer thereto according to legal procedure. 

The court orders the plaintiff to furnish the defendant with a 



Court Minute 1657-1660 

copy of his complaint, to make answer thereto on the next court 
day. 

[6] The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen 
Bosboom, defendant and prisoner. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant (as he has said beiore) 
has sold brandy to the savages, which he proves by three irre- 
proachable witnesses. And whereas this is a matter of dangerous 
consequence which might cause the ruin of the country, he 
quests that the delinquent, pursuant to the ordinance published 
here on October 6, 1656, by order of the honorable director 
general and council of New Netherland, be fined fl.500 and 
be banished for six years, as an example to others. 

The defendant requests a copy of the complaint to make 
answer thereto according to law. 

The court orders the plaintiff to furnish the defendant with 
a copy of his complaint in order that he may make answer thereto 
on the next court day. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Gysbert van Loenen. 

The plaintiff says that an Indian sachem has declared in the 
presence of three credible witnesses that on the first of January 
1658 he bought brandy of the defendant for one beaver, which 
declaration, according to the ordinance, must be accepted as com- 
plete evidence. He therefore, as officer, demands that the de- 
fendant be condemned to pay a fine [7] of !>00 guilders and 
be banished from the country, according to the ordinance. 

The defendant denies that he did it and offers to prove it. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
purge himself of the charges under oath, but if the defendant 
refuses to take the oath, it is ordered that he shall be taken into 
custody until further proof. 

Poulus Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Gysbert Martensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he sold a horse to the defendant and 
that in default of payment the defendant has reconveyed the 
horse to the plaintiff by bill of sale. And whereas the plaintiff 



94 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

has heard that the defendant sold the horse to Dirck Bensick, 
the plaintiff has had the said horse attached and requests restitu- 
tion of the same. 

The defendant requests that the horse may remain attached 
until the next court day, subject to the payment of costs by the 
party who is in the wrong. 

[8] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 15, 1658 

Master van Hamel, 1 plaintiff, against Christoffel Davids, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant has affronted him, 
having three times struck him and called him a forger and chal- 
lenged him to fight, as evidence of which he produces a knife 
which the defendant surrendered to the plaintiff. 

The defendant denies that he did so, but admits that the knife 
which the plaintiff produces is his. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove his statements on the 
next court day. 

Willem Fredricksz, plaintiff, against Marcelus Janssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant called him a thief 
in the presence of Philip Pietersen, Dirck Janssen Croon and 
Henderick Jochimsen. 

The court orders the parties to prove their statements on the 
next court day. 

Baef jen Pietersen, plaintiff, against Eldert Gerbertsen, de- 
fendant. 

The defendant excuses himself because his witnesses are not 
at hand. 

The court orders the defendant to appear with his witnesses 
on the next court day. 

Pieter Winnen, plaintiff, against Pieter Loockermans, de- 
fendant. 



1 Dirck van Hamel, secretary of the colony of Rensselaerswyck. See 
Van Rensselaer Bonier Mss, p. 846. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 95 

19] 1 he plaintiff demands payment ol H.62 tor boards, which 
payment must include two beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
in the space of six weeks. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the aforesaid sum 
within the space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Lowies Cobussen, plaintiff, against 
2d Default. £)irck Bensick and Pieter Bronck, defendants. 
Default. J an de Wever, plaintiff, against 
Default Willem Hoffmeyer, defendant. 

Hans de Vosch, plaintiff, against 
Default J an <J e Wever, defendant. 

Gysbert van Loenen, plaintiff, against Poulus Cornelissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that Poulus Cornelissen, defendant, 
attached his horse, which was consented to by the court until 
this day. And whereas he has given the defendant a bill of 
exchange, he requests restitution of the horse or of the bill of 
exchange. 

The defendant says that he received the plaintiff's bill of ex- 
change and has long since intended to return it and now offers 
to do so, but he persists in maintaining the attachment. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders that the horse 
shall be returned to the defendant, Poulus Cornelissen, provided 
that he shall receive nineteen beavers for his bill of exchange 
and that he shall pay the remaining six beavers to the plaintiff. 

[10] Whereas Jan Teunissen, in violation of the ordinance 
issued by the honorable director general and council and pub- 
lished here, has on the 30th of December 1657 ventured to sell 
brandy to the savages or natives of this country, as appears by 
the testimony of three irreproachable and sworn witnesses and 
by his own voluntary confession, therefore, we, having seen the 
conclusion of the officer, requesting enforcement of the ordinance, 
and the answer of the party to the aforesaid conclusion, having 
duly considered the matter and called upon God, have by a 



96 Fort Orange and Beverw\)d( 

plurality of votes adjudged this to be a matter of dangerous 
consequence which can not be tolerated in a place where justice 
is maintained. Therefore, doing justice in the matter of the 
conclusion of the said officer, we condemn the aforesaid Jan 
Teunissen, as we condemn him hereby, according to the ordi- 
nance published on the 6th of October Anno 1656, to pay a 
fine a five hundred guilders and the costs of the trial and further- 
more to be banished from this country for the period of three 
years. Thus done in the meeting held in Fort Orange on the 
22d of January Anno 1658. 

Jacob Jansen Schermerhooren 
Abram Staets 
Adriaen Gerretsen 

[Identical sentences for the same offense, passed on the same 
day, of Jan Anderissen and Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, are 
recorded on pages 1 1 and 12]. 

[13] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 22, Anno 

1658 

Baefjen Pietersen, plaintiff, against Elbert Gerbertsen, de- 
fendant. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the parties 
respectively to have their affidavits confirmed by oath on the next 
court day. 

Goossen Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Claes Teunissen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a bond of fl.848, on which 
fl.271:14 has been received. He requests payment of the 
balance. 

The defendant says that the debt was contracted not in his 
time, but in the time of his wife's former husband, Jacob Luyer- 
sen, deceased, and maintains that the plaintiff must sue not him 
but the curators for payment. 

The court orders that the plaintiff must sue the curators ap- 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 97 

pointed to administer the estate of Jacob Luyersen, deceased, 
for payment. 

Lowies Cobussen, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck and 
Default Duc^ Bensick, defendants. 

The plaintiff, demands payment of his salary for taking at the 
request of the defendants an inventory of the effects of Hans 
Vosch, in Katskill, for which he claims he earned fl.18:- in 
three days. 

Pieter Bronck, defendant, appearing, admits that he, Dirck 
[14] Bensick and Philip Hendericksz employed the plaintiff, 
but claims that Hans Vosch must pay the expenses. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the aforesaid sum of 
fl.18:— to the plaintiff, reserving his right to recover the amount 
from the person whom the court will designate to him. 

Cornells Teunissen, plaintiff, against Jacob Janssen Stolle, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff maintains that as he has farmed the slaughter's 
excise, those of the Esopus and Katskill must also pay the afore- 
said excise. 

The defendant says that those of the Esopus are exempt from 
all excise for the space of four years more, according to the 
" Exemptions of New Netherland," and in case they are liable, 
the proceeds must redound to the benefit of their place, according 
to the ordinance drawn up by the director general and council 
of New Netherland. 

January 29, 1 658. The court refers the matter to the director 
general and council of New Netherland. 1 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 8 Anno 

1658 

Present: 

Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsz 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jochim, the baker 
defendant. 



1 Revised from Doc. rel. to Col Hist N. Y., 13:76. 
4 



98 Fort Orange and Beverrvyctt 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant beat a savage who 
went with the court messenger to secure evidence as to the 
savage's complaint that he had lost his notas with seawan at 
Jochim the baker's house and furthermore that the defendant 
threatened to beat the court messenger. 

The defendant admits that he beat the savage. 
The court condemns the defendant to pay a fine of two pounds 
Flemish for the poor and releases him from confinement and 
irons. 

Philip Pietersen 
Abram Stars 
Jan Tomasz 
Adriaen Gerretsen 

[15] The officer protests on the ground of refusal to maintain 
justice, tending to the ruin of the country and hereby appeals 
to the director and council of New Netherland. 

Done in Fort Orange, in the presence of the magistrates, the 
8th of February Anno 1 658. 

La Montagne, officer in Fort Orange 

Abraham Pietersen Vosburch, plaintiff, against 

Default Tjerck Claessen and j £ i 

' ~ . ^defendants 

Cobus 1 eunissen J 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant had a tree hauled 
out of the woods, which he cut down for lumber. 

The defendant admits that he did so, saying that the log had 
lain in the woods for three years. 

The court dismisses the plaintiff's complaint against the de- 
fendant, on the ground that the plaintiff did not have his log 
hauled out of the woods within the space of three years. 

The 5th of February, Albert Gysbertsz confirmed by oath his 
affidavit against Baefien Pietersen which he handed in at the 
request of Elbert Gerbertsen. 

Reyer Albertsen, plaintiff, against Gysbert van Loenen, 
defendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 99 

The plaintiff demands payment of lour beavers and has 
caused the same in the hands of Dirnck Bensick to be attached. 

The court declares the attachment valid and orders that the 
aforesaid four beavers be paid to him. 

[16] The wife of Jan van Hoesen, plaintiff against Gysbert 
van Loenen. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum of money and 
says that she has a note. 

The court orders the plaintiff to produce her note on the next 
court day. 

Pieter Bouts wife, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen Bos- 
boom, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum of money. 

The defendant produces a counter claim. 

The court orders the parties to settle with each other and to 
appear before the court on the next court day about the differ- 
ence between the two accounts. 

Poulus Martensen, plaintiff, against Harmen Bastiaensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of two beavers for keeping 
a cart in repair for the space of one year. 

The court orders the plaintiff to pay the defendant the afore- 
said two beavers within the space of six weeks. At the same 
time the defendant is released from the care of the cart, as the 
plaintiff has sold the cart. 1 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jan Martensz, alias 
the weaver, defendant. 

The officer complains that the defendant sold brandy or beer 
to the savages, which is in violation of the ordinance. 

The defendant denies that he did it, as he was not at home. 
[17] The court sends the parties back for further evidence. 

The plaintiff produces Jurriaen Teunissen and Barent Oester- 
man, who are examined on interrogatories as follows: 



1 The words plaintiff and defendant should be reversed. 



100 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

Interrogatory of Jurriaen Teunissen and 
Barent Oosterman 

Whether he did not see that Jurriaen Teunissen answers 

last Wednesday, in the house that he does not know and paid 

of Jan the weaver, by him, his no attention, 

wife, his maid, or some one Barent Oosterman declares 

else, beer was served in a that he saw that the savages 

pewter pint measure out of a drank small beer from the can. 
large jug to two savages who 
were lodging there and sat by 
the fire? 

2 Whether he did not see Jurriaen Teunissen answers: 

the savages drink from the No. 

pewter pint measure? Barent Oosterman answers: 

Yes. 
Was signed: Jurriaen Teunissen 
Barent Oosterman 



[18] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 12, 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Philip Pietersen Abraham Staets 

Jan Toomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Gysbert van Loenen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff produces the note in his favor which the court 
ordered him to present on the next court day, amounting to the 
sum of fl.210:, for tavern expenses. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to satisfy the plaintiff by 
[cash] payment, security, or draft payable in Holland, within 
the space of 14 days. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 101 

Baefjen Pietersen, plaintiff, against 

Default Albert, wheelwright 

Default Rebecca de Trucx 

iwk r* ^ i > defendants 

uerauit Lieertruy reckmans 

Default Jh e W jf c f Albert, the wheelwright 

Default Grietjen Brughmans 

Henderick Harmensen, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhout, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he hired the defendant's house and 
contracted that if either one of the parties should cancel the 
lease, he would the next day have to give a tun of beer and 
three cans of brandy. 

[19] The defendant acknowledges that he made the said 
contract and that the next afternoon or evening he canceled it. 

The court orders the defendant to deliver the house, or in 
default thereof to give a tun of beer and three cans of brandy 
according to their contract. 

The officer, plaintiff, against Jochim the baker's maid, named 
Anneken. 

Being asked whether she did not see that a savage left his 
notas on the counter or in the house when he bought cake of 
her, she answers: No. 

Hans Yosch, under-schout, plaintiff, against Jan, the weaver, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff, as under-schout, complains that several time? 
he has found people in the defendant's house, drinking, b 
after the ringing of the bell and during divine service, and 
requests that the defendant be fined according to the ordinance. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff for 
each person found present and to recover the amount where he 
can. 



102 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[20] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 19, 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Jacob Schermerhoorn Philip Pietersen 
Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen Goossen Gerritsen and 
Adriaen Gerritsen 

Philip Pietersen, attorney for Carsten, the Moorman, plain- 
tiff, against Hans Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands fulfilment of a contract made between 
both parties about the purchase of the plaintiff's land, situated 
behind Marten Hendericksen's, for the sum of fl.150: and pro- 
duces the aforesaid contract. 

The defendant says that the purchase was canceled and pro- 
duces Philip Hendericksen as a witness. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to appear personally on the next court day to defend himself. 

Pieter Loockermans, plaintiff, against 
Default Meeuwes Hoogenboom, defendant. 

Jacob Janssen Flodder, plaintiff, against Hans de Vosch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands the return of an account of fl.54:- 
The defendant produces a counter claim and says that he 
settled with the plaintiff at Jan, the weaver's, for a can of brandy. 
The court orders the defendant to prove that he settled with 
the plaintiff for a can of brandy 

[21] Baefien Pietersen, plaintiff, against 
Rabecca de Trucx 
Geertruy Fexmans 
Grietjen Brugmans 
the wife of Albert, the wheelwright 
Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Albert Gysbertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the balance of the purchase 
price of a house and lot which he sold to the defendant. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff did not deliver the whole 
of the lot. 



Default 



^defendants 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 103 

The court orders that the lot shall be viewed by their honors. 

Harmen Jacobsen, plaintiff, against the honorable officer 
Lamontagne, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands restitution of an anker of brandy which 
the defendant, as officer, confiscated in the yacht the M Een- 
dracht." 1 

The defendant admits that he did so, because the plaintiff 
had shipped eight ankers of brandy in the said yacht, without 
permit or the knowledge of the officer, in violation of the ordi- 
nance, and he demands that the plaintiff 2 [22] be condemned 
to pay a fine of 500 guilders according to the ordinance. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jacobus Teunissen 
and Jan Roelofsen, defendants. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendants have drawn 
knives upon each other. 

The [first named] defendant denies it, but says that 
Henderick, alias the cowherd, drew his knife on Jan Roeloffsen 
and made a stab at his side, which glanced off. 

Hans Vosch, under-schout, plaintiff, against Pieter Janssen, 
lamaecfyer (gunstock maker). 

The plaintiff says that the defendant complained to him 
because [his wages] were reduced. 

The defendant denies that he complained. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove on the next court day 
that the defendant complained that [his wages] had been 
reduced. 

[23] Whereas Jan Anderiessen de Graeff and Pieter Jacob- 
sen Bosboom, on the first of January 1658, when a certain 
Maqua Indian came to the house to return a keg containing about 
1 \A cans of brandy which he said he had bought there of them 
for two beavers and which was not enough, ventured, on his 
coming into the house, to take the keg with brandy away from 
him by force and to hide the same without returning his beavers, 



TTiis yacht came from Claverack on Dec. 9, 1657; Early Records 
of Albany, 1 :247. 

2 The original text has: ged*, meaning defendant. 



104 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

for which the honorable court, in order to prevent certain con- 
sequences and further mischief, satisfied the Indian. Therefore, 
said wanton violence and hostility shown to the Indian being no 
small matter, but a matter of serious consequence, the honorable 
court, having duly considered the matter according to the testi- 
mony and evidence, have sentenced, as they do sentence hereby, 
the delinquents, each of them, to pay a fine of one hundred and 
twenty-five guilders and in addition the two beavers which their 
honors paid to the Indian, and furthermore all costs of the trial, 
etc. Thus done in the court of Fort Orange, the 11 th of March 
Anno 1658. 

Abram Staas 
Jan Thomasz 
Adriaen Gerretsen 



[24] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 11, 1658 

Present: 
J: Lamontagne Jacob Schermerhoorn Phillip Pietersen 
Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen Goossen Gerritsen 

Adriaen Gerritsen 

Dirrick Janssen Croon, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhout, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains about the payment for some brandy 
which the plaintiff sold to the defendant and for which the 
defendant paid 50 beavers on account. Among these 50 beavers 
are 30 three-quarter skins, so that the plaintiff demands other 
beavers. 

The defendant admits that he bought the brandy. 

The court orders the defendant to replace the aforesaid three- 
quarter skins by good, whole beavers or pay for them within the 
space of six weeks. 

Jacob Janssen Flodder, plaintiff, against Hans Vosch, 
defendant. 



Court Minute 1657-1660 105 

The parties appearing for the second time before the court 
about the difference between their accounts against each other, 
the plaintiff denies that he bought 200 cabages of the defendant. 
The plaintiff refusing to swear to his statement and the defendant 
having taken the oath, the court, upon liquidation of the 
accounts, adjudges that the defendant must pay the plaintiff fl. I 1 . 

Marcelis Janssen, plaintiff, against Meyndert Fredncksz, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff, as farmer of the burghers' excise, complains 
that the defendant has had a half barrel of good beer brought 
into his house without permit. 

[25] The defendant says that he earned it with his fellow 
workers and that it was brought into his house. 

The court orders the plaintiff to recover payment from Albert, 
the Noorman, who had it brought into the defendant's house. 

J. Provobst, plaintiff, against 
Default Harmen Jacobsen, defendant. 

M r Corler, plaintiff, against 
Default Harmen Jacobsen, defendant, whose property is 
attached. 

Jan Tomassen, plaintiff, against Evert Hedemans, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands restitution of an empty half cask, which 
he sawed in two. 

The defendant admits it, but says that he found the cask in 
the river. 

The court orders the defendant to pay for the half cask and 
forbids him to do so again. 

Anderies Herbertsen, plaintiff, against Hans Vosch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 48 schepels of maize for 
which the plaintiff gave the defendant goods to be bartered. 
The defendant remaining in default, the plaintiff demands 
restitution of the goods or the maize. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff one crown 
for each schepel of maize. 



106 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The nomination of magistrates 



Pieter Hartgers 


7 votes 


Frangoys Boon 


7 " 


Sander Leendersen 


7 " 


Willem Teller 


5 " 


Jan Verbeeck 


6 " 


Dirck Janssen Croon 


4 " 



[26] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 26 Anno 

1658 
Present: 

Lamontagne Jacob Schermerhoorn Philip Pietersen 

Goossen Gerritsen Abraham Staets Jan Toomassen 
Adriaen Gerritsen 

Barent Albertsen, plaintiff, against Teuwes Abrahamsen and 
Pieter Loockermans, defendants. 

The plaintiff says that he engaged the defendants to build his 
house more than two years ago and that they make no progress 
with the house. 

The defendants say that it is due to lack of materials. 

The court orders the defendants to go to work within the 
space of 14 days and not to quit until the house is finished. 

Cornelis Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Michiel Poulussen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.162:, being 
the remainder of fl.330:- 

The defendant admits the debt, but claims his entire freight 
charges of last fall, according to the agreement with the plaintiff, 
which amount to 90 guilders. 

The plaintiff replies that it is not his fault that the defendant 
did not get his complete cargo, as he had a raft of boards made, 
but the defendant departed during the night leaving the raft 
behind. 

The defendant says that as the plaintiff had not delivered his 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 107 

boards to him near the work and he was able to get a cargo 
here, he left during the night for fear of the ice, and claims the 
freight. 

[27] The court orders the defendant to give security for the 
payment of the sum of fl.162 cash, or to remain under arrest 
here in Fort Orange, reserving [decision as to the plaintiff's] 
right to recover the freight charges claimed by him until further 
proof. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 29 Anno 

1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen 

Goossen Gerritsen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Jan Harmensen, plaintiff, against Dirck Bensick, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant beat him in his 
own house with a naked sword and shows the marks and streaks 
to the court. 

The defendant denies that he did so. 

The plaintiff produces as witnesses Cornelis Teunissen and 
Jacob Tyssen, who declare that they saw Dirck Bensick several 
times beat the plaintiff, to wit, Jan Harmsen, with his naked 
sword, but do not know the reason why. 

The court, having heard the parties and considered the matter, 
condemn the defendant to pay a fine of one hundred and fifty 
guilders and the costs of the trial. 

[28] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, on Wednesday, 
the first of May Anno 1658 

In the place of the retiring ordinary magistrates, Jacob Scher- 
merhoorn and Philip Pietersen, and Goossen Gerritsen, extraordi- 
nary magistrate, according to the extract from the resolutions 
of the honorable director general and council of New Nether- 



108 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

land, Pieter Hartgers and Frangoys Boon, as ordinary magis- 
trates, and Dirck Janssen Croon, as extraordinary magistrate, 
have been chosen and confirmed from the doiible number nomi- 
nated, who, having been summoned by the court, have taken the 
following oath of fidelity before the commissary: 

We, the undersigned, as chosen magistrates of the bench of 
justice of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, promise 
and swear in the presence of God Almighty and our fellow 
members, that we shall help to administer law and do true justice 
between man and man and furthermore according to the best 
of our knowledge and ability carry out and help promote all 
that concerns justice and administration, as also in all respects 
to be true and faithful toward the Lords States General of the 
United Netherlands, the honorable directors of the chartered 
West India Company and the director general and council of 
New Netherland, with the further promise to help maintain here 
the Reformed religion according to the word of God and the 
regulations of the synod of Dordrecht and not to tolerate publicly 
any sects. So help us God Almighty. 

[29] After having been congratulated, the aforesaid Pieter 
Hartgers, Frangoys Boon and Dirck Janssen Croon this day 
took their seats. 

The retiring magistrates are discharged from their oath and 
thanked for their good services and the performance of their 
duty, with promise that with regard to their honorarium of fl. 1 50 
a year they will at the opportune time and when the treasury is 
well supplied receive consideration and be paid the same as the 
present and future magistrates. 

Upon deliberation it is agreed and decided that the annually 
retiring magistrates shall for the space of one year be exempt 
from mounting the ordinary burgher guard, but nevertheless, in 
case of need and when commanded, be obliged to do all extraor- 
dinary guard duty the same as other burghers, according to the 
resolution passed on the first of May Anno 1658, confirmed by 
the honorable director general of New Netherland. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 109 

[30] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May I Anno 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets 

Jan Tomassen Adnaen Gerritsen 

Jacob Janssen Flodder, plaintiff, against Jan Roodthaer/ 
defendant. 

Carsten Fredricksz, plaintiff, against Jan Harmsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.1150. 

The defendant admits the debt and requests two months' time. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
of fl. 1 1 50 demanded within the space of six weeks, on pain of 
execution. 

Henderick Jochimsen, plaintiff, against Hans \ osch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum of money 
for food and drink supplied at his house to Dirck Bensick and 
Pieter Bronck by order of Hans Vosch. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that he knows nothing 
about it. 

The court orders the plaintiff to recover the amount as best 
he may from Dirck Bensick or Pieter Bronck, who spent it at 
his house. 

M r . Arent van Curler, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Gauw, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.850:9:-. 

The defendant admits the debt and requests time. 

The parties having been heard, the court condemns the 
defendant to pay the sum of fl.850:9:— demanded within the 
space cf six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Hans Vosch, plaintiff, against 
Default Foppe Barentsen, defendant. 



1 Literally: M Red Hair." 



1 1 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[31] Extraordinary Session held at Fort Orange, May 1, 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers 

Francoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Leendert Philipsen, plaintiff, against Henderick, the baker, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant hired his house of Tjerck 
Claessen, also lessee (to wit,- the first lessee), and demands pay- 
ment therefor. 

The defendant says that he does not know the plaintiff, as 
he leased the house of Tjerck Claessen and that he regards the 
said Tjerck as the lessor. 

The court orders the plaintiff to recover the amount from 
Tjerck Claessen and dismisses his complaint. 

Johannes Provoost, plaintiff, against Henderick Bierman, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff, as attorney for Fredrick Philipsen, demands of 
the defendant payment of 88 beavers, due to the said Fredrick 
by the defendant and Harmen Jacobsen, partners, according to 
the bond, which he produces. 

The defendant denies the debt and the bond. 

The court, having heard the parties and examined the bond 
which was produced, seeing that the bond is executed and signed 
only by Harmen Jacobsen, dismiss the plaintiff's complaint until 
he produces further proof, or orders him to recover the amount 
from Harmen Jacobsen. 

Teunis Spitsbergen and his partner have received of Wynant 
Gerritsen 1 1 beavers of a total of 1 8, so that there are still 7 
beavers due to the said Spitsbergen. 

[32] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 7, Anno 1658 
Present: 

Francoys Boon Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers 

Lamontagne Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 



Court I o57-1660 1 1 1 

Pieter Adnaensen, plaintiff, ag^. 

_ t . Teuwes Abrahamsen , . 

Dcf * ult i !>:.,,,, i i -tendants 

rieter Looc^ermans 

M r . van Coner, plaintiff, against Jan Gauw, defendant 

The plaintiff der; ::tution of a canoe, which the 

defend the plaintiff has taken from the 

shore. 

e defendant [says] that without knowing it he has taken 
the plan :e, bee:. :e were two canoes and he took 

the wrong one. He mother can: stead]. 

court, hai - ndemns the defendant 

to restore the . within 

the space of 24 he costs of 

Teuni: 
mason, defendant. 

The plaintiffs c -."ife 

a year and a half ago. 

The defendant a:: y in 

payment and grace. 

The court condom ~-^ month 

and the balance a iter. 

igainst 

\ 
Default J Pieter L: : 

Foppe Barer c D J 



[33] Ordina.- ion held in Fort Or:- \A Anno 

16 : 
lent: 
Lamontar- Pieter Ha 

Fran; Ac Dirck 3on 

Barent Slechl . Broock and Jacob 

Adnaensen, defendants. 



1 1 2 Fort Orange and Beverroyck 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.64: for which Pieter 
Bronck in Katskil became surety for Jantjen, the Irishman. 

The defendant says that he gave the plaintiff an order on 
Jacob Adriaensen, to wit, orally. 

The plaintiff replies that if Jacob Adriaensen will pay in three 
days, he will be satisfied. If not, he will maintain his claim 
against Pieter Bronck. 

The court condemns the defendant, Pieter Bronck, to pay 
the sum of fl.64 demanded to the plaintiff within the space of 
eight days, or to furnish surety to pay within six weeks, the 
defendant to recover the amount if he can from Jacob Adriaen- 
sen. 

Cornelis Wyncoop, plaintiff, against 
Default Tjerck Claessen and his servant, defendants. 

Cornelis Wyncoop, plaintiff, against Cornelis Teunissen, 
defendant. 

[34] The plaintiff claims compensation for winter fodder of 
a bull owned in common and demands two beavers for it. 

The defendant denies the debt and maintains that the plaintiff 
is also liable, as the bull is owned in common. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 1 guilders 
in seawan for fodder within the space of three days and to 
recover the amount as best he may. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Willem Hoffmeyer, defendant. 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Albert, the wheelwright, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the balance of 1 1 3 shepels 
of wheat, according to a contract which they had with each 
other at the rate of 3 schepels of wheat for one beaver, of which 
75 schepels have been paid for, so that there is still due the 
plaintiff 38 schepels of wheat. 

The defendant not being able to deny his signature, he, the 
defendant, is ordered by the court to pay the plaintiff the remain- 
ing 38 schepels of wheat within the space of six weeks. 



^defendants 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 I 13 

Jacob Teunissen, plaintiff, against 
Default X ryn Claes, defendant. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against 
Default Meeuwes Pietersen, defendant. 

Reynier Wisselpenningh, plaintiff, and Tomas Lodowyck 
co-plaintiff, against 
Willem Teljer 

Evert Wendels 
Jan Verbeeck 
Pieter Hartgers 

[35] The plaintiff, for making the small baptistry of the 
church, claims two third parts [of the payment] in beavers and 
the other third part in seawan, the total amounting to the sum of 
270 guilders. 

The defendants say that as the deaconry was not well sup- 
plied with beavers, it was agreed that they should pay one third 
part in beavers and two third parts in seawan. 

The plaintiff having confirmed his statement by oath, the court 
orders the defendants to pay the plaintiff two third parts in 
beavers and one third part in seawan. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Luycas Pietersen, 
defendant. 

The honorable plaintiff complains that the defendant in the 
evening after Easter day acted very insolently toward the under- 
schout. Meeting the said under-schout with a firebrand, he 
called out: Werda?, struck the said under-schout on the breast 
and committed great violence. 

The defendant denies it and refuses to take his oath. 

The court orders the defendant to be taken into custody. 
unless he give sufficient bail for his appearance on the next court 
dav. 



1 1 4 Fort Orange and Bevenvyck 

[36] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 21 Anno 

1658 
Present: 

Lamontagne Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen 

Pieter Hartgers Frangoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 
Dirck Janssen Croon 
Henderick Janssen Reur, plaintiff, against 
Default Teunis Cornelissen, alias young Poentie, defendant. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Willem Hoffmeyer, defendant. 

Isaack de Foreest, plaintiff, against 
Jacob Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff, attorney for the honorable Johannes Nevius, 
demands payment of one half of his wife's passage money from 
Holland to New Netherland, amounting to the sum of fl.60:- 

The defendant's wife not being able to deny the bond or her 
signature to it, the defendant is ordered by the court to pay the 
plaintiff the sum of sixty guilders demanded within the space of 
six weeks. 

Barent Pietersen, plaintiff, against Harmen Bastiaensen, 
defendant 

The plaintiff demands fulfilment of a contract made between 
the plaintiff and the defendant. 

[37] The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant 
to fulfil the aforesaid contract; if not, the plaintiff may sue, the 
costs to be paid by the party who is in the wrong. 

Hans Vosch, under-schout, plaintiff, against Marcelus Jans- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant fought with Barent, the 
brewer, for which by way of fine he retained a pound Flemish 
which he owed the defendant, whereupon the defendant called 
the plaintiff a rascal. He demands reparation of honor. 

The defendant denies that he fought with Barent, the brewer, 
but acknowledges that he said that the plaintiff was a rascal, 
because the plaintiff unjustly kept a pound Flemish out of what 
he owed him. 



Court Minutes. 1637-1660 115 

The court having heard the parties, the defendant is fined 
two pounds Flemish, because he called the plaintiff in his official 
capacity, on account of a small matter, a rascal. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Luycas Pietersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains, as may be seen in the minutes of 
the preceding court day, about the very insolent and violent con- 
duct toward Hans Vosch, the under-schout, in his official 
capacity, of which the defendant has not been able to purge 
himself, as he has several times refused to take the oath. The 
aforesaid under-schout having taken the oath, the plaintiff re- 
quests judgment. 

[38] The court having considered the matter, the defendant 
refusing to take the oath and the under-schout having taken his, 
the defendant is condemned by the court to pay a fine of sixty 
guilders and the costs of the trial and to remain under arrest here 
in the fort until he shall have furnished sufficient secu; 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 4 Anno 1658 
Present: 

Jan de Lamontagne Jan Tomassen Pieter Hart 

Adriaen Gerritsen and Francoys Boon 

Pieter Roode, plaintiff, against Toomas Janssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, by whom he was hired 
as assistant waiter, holds back his tips while employing him to 
draw grain, which he claims he is not bound to do. He demands 
that his tips be turned over to him and that he be employed in 
the brewery, or that he be discharged from his service. 

The defendant consents to the plaintiff's release from his serv- 
ice, provided that he satisfy the defendant for the money received 
over and above his wages either by making payment or giving 
security, or else that he shall fulfil the term of his service. 

Fiat the defendant's offer. 

Hans de Vos, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, defendant. 



1 1 6 Fort Orange and Beverwycfy 

The parties having been heard, the matter is referred to 
referees, chosen by the parties in the presence of the court, to wit, 
Henderick Jochemsen for the plaintiff and Pieter Bronck for 
the defendant. 

[39] Jacob Adriaensen, plaintiff, against Cristoffel Davits, 
defendant. 

The parties having been heard, it is ordered that the defendant 
shall submit his answer in writing on the next court day. 

Hend r - Reur, plaintiff, against Teunes Cornelis, defendant. 
Defendant in default. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 8 Anno 1658 

Present: 

J: de Lamontagne Jan Toomassen Pieter Hartgers 
Frangoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Wynant Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Abraham Vosburch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff requests that the agreement made on the 28th 
of May 1 658 between him and the defendant through the inter- 
mediary of Jan Verbeeck and Ariaen Appel in the presence of 
D. van Hamel, secretary of Rensselaerswyck, may be approved 
by the court. 

The defendant acknowledges that he made such an agree- 
ment, but declares that there are some obscure points in it which 
he should be glad to have explained. 

The court, having heard the parties, and examined the agree- 
ment between them, refer the parties to the aforesaid arbitrators 
and for the explanation of the same to the gentlemen of the court 
of Rensselaerswyck. 

[40] Hester Fonda, plaintiff, against Hans Vos, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers for a gun 
sold to the defendant. 

The defendant admits that he bought the gun for fl.23 in 
seawan, of which he paid fl.16 on account. 



Court Minutes, i637-l 660 11/ 

The court, having heard the parties, order the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the sum of fl. 14. 

Flip, the brewer, plaintiff against Albert Gerrits and Jan van 
Eckel, defendant. 

The plaintiff requests a writ of execution of a judgment in his 
favor rendered by the court of Rensselaerswyck against the 
defendant. 

The defendant acknowledges that such a judgment was given. 

The court orders that the said judgment shall be executed 
according to law. 

Jan Harmsen, plaintiff, against Albert Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of 373 guilders. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay within the space of 
six weeks, on pain of' execution. 

Hendrick Reur, plaintiff, against Hendrick Gerrits, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of 22 guilders, 4 
stivers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

Fiat condemnation, to pay w r ithin ten days, on pain of 
execution. 

[41] Arent van den Berch, plaintiff, against Teunis Jacob- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 2 guilders for a hog which 
he [the defendant] is alleged to have run over. 

The defendant denies that he did so. 

The parties having been heard, it is ordered that the plaintiff 
shall prove his charges on the next court day. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 19 Anno 1658 

Present: 

Jan Tomassen P. Hartgers Francoys Boon 

Adriaen Gerritsen 

1 he honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jurriaen Teunesen, 
glazier, defendant. 



1 1 8 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The plaintiff says that the defendant laid in his cellar two 
half barrels of good beer without certificate from the farmer 
of the excise, which is contrary to the ordinance of their High 
Mightinesses, the States General. The plaintiff, therefore, in 
his official capacity demands that the defendant be fined fl.200 
and be suspended from tapping for the period of two years. 

The defendant admits that he put the two half barrels of beer 
in Lis cellar and that they were found by the farmer of the excise 
accompanied by the court messenger, for which, as he [42] 
afterwards heard, no excise certificate had been obtained. But 
he claims that it was not his fault, but Teunis Jacobsz', the beer 
carrier, whom he ordered to do so and that the failure was due 
to Huybert Jansen, whom the beer carrier put in his place. 

Teunis Jacobsen, beer carrier, being examined about the 
matter before the court, acknowledges that he put Huybert Jan- 
sen in his place in the tavern to carry beer, but denies that he had 
orders from the defendant to fetch a certificate. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to satisfy the plaintiff or to compound with him. 

Ditto, the officer, plaintiff, against Flip, the brewer, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has had his servant, with- 
out the help of the beer carrier, take beer out of his brewhouse 
into the cellar of Juriaen Teunesen, the glazier, tapster here, 
which is a violation of their High Mightinesses' ordinance and 
regulations. He, the officer, ex officio, demands that the defend- 
ant be fined fl.200 and in addition be suspended for the period 
of two years, according to the aforesaid regulations. 

[43] The defendant says that it happened during his 
absence through the ignorance of his servant, who does not know 
of such regulations. He therefore requests to be excused from 
paying such fine, promising to see to it that it shall never occur 
again in his brewhouse. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to satisfy the plaintiff or to compound with him. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 119 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 25 Anno 1658 
Present: 

J. de la Montagne Abraham Staets Jan Tomas 

P. Hartgers Francois Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Dirck Jansen Croon 

Govert Loockermans, plaintiff, against Abraham Vosburch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff, as attorney for the curators of the estate of 
Hardenberch, demands payment of 7 beavers, with the interest 
thereof and costs. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the sum demanded, with the interest thereon from the expira- 
tion of the term and reasonable expenses incurred in promoting 
the payment, within the space of ten days, on pain of execution. 

[44] Govert Loockermans, attorney as above, plaintiff, 
against Jackes Tysen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 100 in beavers and fl.l 50 
in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt and declares that at present 
he has no means of paying on account of his serious accident 
and prolonged illness. He offers a mortgage on his house here 
as security for the debt. 

The plaintiff accepts the offer. Fiat. 

Jacobus Jansen, plaintiff, against Jan Tomassen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.28, which Lubbert, the 
defendant's servant, owes him and which the defendant has 
agreed to pay, having accepted the account. 

The defendant denies that he agreed to pay the debt or ac- 
cepted the account. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove his statement on the 
next court day. 

Rut Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Harmen Yden, defendant. 
The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 34:4- 



120 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

L 

The defendant admits the d^bt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay within the space of 
fourteen days. 

Anderies de Vos, plaintiff, levying an attachment, against Jan 
Verbeeck, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that about four years ago he furnished 
through Adam Roelants to P. Leendersen vande Grist at the 
Manathans eighty pine boards, at 25 stivers apiece, as appears 
[45] from the bond written and signed by the said Poulus Leen- 
dersen vande Grist, for which sum the plaintiff caused the said 
P. Leendersen vande Grist, being here, to be cited, who, appear- 
ing before this court, acknowledged that he had received the said 
boards and written and signed the bond therefor, but objected 
that the said boards were used, not for himself, but for the fort 
in the city of Amsterdam in New Netherland, maintaining that 
he was not amenable to this court and not liable to attachment 
according to the privileges of the great burgher right granted 
to the city of Amsterdam in New Netherland. Judgment in this 
matter was given by the commissary and magistrates of this court, 
whereby the said Poulus L. v. Grist under date of June 1 1 , 
T657, was condemned to pay the sum of fl. 1 18:15 within the 
space of six weeks and ordered to give sufficient security before 
his departure, the court granting him the privilege to recover the 
amount from whomsoever the court would designate. The said 
Poulus Leendersen having appealed from this judgment on the 
14th of the said month to the director general and council of 
New Netherland, [46] and not prosecuted said appeal within 
the space of one year, the plaintiff claims that the appeal must 
be dismissed and requests that the money attached, for so far 
as he is concerned, with the interest thereof, be paid to him by 
Jan Verbeeck, under guaranty of restitution in case of need. 

The court orders Jan Verbeeck, the defendant, to pay the 
plaintiff out of the money attached as much as the sum of 
fl.11 8: 15, with the interest thereof since the 1 1th of June 1657, 
provided that the plaintiff give security for the restitution in case 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 121 

of need and that he have notice hereof served on P. L. vande 
Grist, in order that he do not plead ignorance. 

Anderies de Vos, appearing before the court, requests that 
Claes Gerrits, whom he had summoned, shall confirm by oath 
a certain affidavit which he, Marten Herpertsen and Harmen 
Wollemans, on the 3d of February 1656, made out before D r - 
van Hamel, secretary of Renselaerswyck, and at the same shall 
produce the said affidavit in court. 

[47] Having appeared before the court, Claes Gerrits has, 
after the reading of the said affidavit, in the presence of the court 
declared under solemn oath that the same was true and correct. 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Gysbert van Loenen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.210:-. 

The defendant acknowledges the debt and promises to pay 
each month fl. 12. 

The plaintiff accepts. Fiat. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Jan Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 153: in beavers. 

The defendant acknowledges the debt, but objects that the 
defendant has not fulfilled the contract between the parties. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the plaintiff 
to produce the contract on the next court day. 

Willem Fredricksen, farmer of the excise, plaintiff, against 
Henderick Claessen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the excise, amounting to 
fl.100. 

The defendant acknowledges the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant, etc. 

[48] Albert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Huybert Janssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.18. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he worked four 
days for the plaintiff at fl.2:10 per day. 



122 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The court orders the defendant to pay the remaining fl.8 
within the space of 14 days. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Adriaen Appel, defendant. 

Albert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Barent Albertsen, defendant. 

Idem, against 
Default Matteus Abrahamsen, defendant. 
Albert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Pieter Lamaecfyer, 1 defendant, 

Pieter Loockermans, plaintiff, against 
Default Pieter, the brewer, defendant. 

Teunis Slingerlant, plaintiff, against 
Default Femmetien, the bakeress, defendant. 

Jan, the weaver, 2 plaintiff, against Jan Eeraerts, defendant. 
The plaintiff demands payment of fl.25 :-. 
The defendant admits the debt. 
Fiat Paid. 



[49] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 2 Anno 1658 

Present: 
La Montagne Jan Thomassen Abraham Staets 

Pieter Hartgers Francois Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Dirck Janssen Croon 

Govert Loockermans, plaintiff, against Femmetien, the bakeress, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.166, with the interest 
thereon, as appears from the bond which he produces, executed 
in the year 1655. 

The defendant admits the debt and requests one year's time. 

The plaintiff consents thereto, provided that he have a mort- 
gage on the defendant's house. 



1 Pieter Jansen, gunstock maker. Early Records of Albany, 1 :247. 

2 Jan Martensen van Alstyne. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 123 

Fiat. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Teunis Cornelissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 76 in beavers, being the 
balance of a larger sum, with the interest thereof for one year's 
time, as appears from the bond which he produces. 

The defendant, appearing by his wife, admits the debt and 
offers to pay in good, merchantable sea wan at fl. 10 for one 
beaver. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemns the defendant 
to pay the aforesaid sum at fl.l0:10 per beaver within the space 
of 14 days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Lambert van Valckenborclr, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Reynier Wisselpenningh, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he has attached the sum of fl.200 in 
the hands of the defendant, of which sum the defendant has paid 
fl.!43:15, so that there is still due the sum of fl.65 :5 ; which 
attachment is provisionally declared valid. 

[50] Teunis Slingerland, plaintiff, against Femmetien 
Alberts, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.445, as appears from the 
bond which he produces. 

The defendant admits the debt and offers to pay in the space 
of a year. 

The plaintiff accepts the offer on condition that he be given 
a mortgage on the defendant's house. Fiat, 

Volckertien van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Femmetjen, the 
bakeress. 

The plaintiff demands payment of seven beavers, being the 
balance of 13, according to a bond which she produces. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the aforesaid seven beavers in six weeks. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Jan Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 5 guilders in beavers for 
rent of his house. 



124 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant denies the debt because the plaintiff has not 
fulfilled his contract. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the parties to 
appear before the court on the next court day to prove the in- 
debtedness or non-indebtedness by means of the contract or 
otherwise. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jacob Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 23J/2 beavers for house 
rent. 

The defendant denies that he owes 23 J/2 beavers, because 
the plaintiff has failed to fulfill his contract. 

The court sends the parties back until the next court day for 
further proof and orders them to produce at the same time their 
contract. 

[5 1 ] Jan Gauw, plaintiff, against Tjerck Claessen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands 5 or 6 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but claims a discount, as he 
has had no accommodation, the plaintiff being obliged to do some 
masonwork for him. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the plaintiff 
to carry out his agreement and condemns the defendant to pay 
the sum demanded after the work is done. 



[54] 1 Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 9 Anno 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen 

Pieter Hartgers Fran^oys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Dirrick Janssen Croon 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Tjerck Claessen, defendant. 
The plaintiff demands payment of fl.100 in beavers and fl.28 
in seawan, as appears by the bond, which he produces. 
The defendant admits the debt. 



1 Pages 52 and 53 blank. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 125 

The parties having been heard, the defendant is ordered by 
the court to pay the plaintiff the fl.100 in beavers and fl.28 in 
seawan in the space of three weeks. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.430 in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders that the second payment on the [defend- 
ant's] house shall be security for the debt and that [the plainl 
shall receive his share pro rato with others. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a balance of account, 
amounting to fl.160. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders that the plaintiff shall receive consideration 
together with other creditors and condemns the defendant to pay 
the sum demanded. 

[55] Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Femmetjen, the 
bakeress, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.230:8:-. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum of fl. 230:8 
demanded in the space of one year. Meanwhile, the large house 
of the defendant remains mortgaged for the payment of the 
aforesaid sum. 

Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against the wife of Claes van 
Rotterdam. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant called him an in- 
former and a rascal. 

The defendant denies that she did so. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove on the next court day 
that the defendant called him so. 

Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.60. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the fl.60 
in the space of six weeks. 



126 Fort Orange and Bevernrpc£ 

Madam de Hulter, plaintiff, against Jacob Tyssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for 5500 brick. 

The deiendant admits the debt, but says that the plaintiff 
promised the defendant to deduct the amount from the account 
of her servants. 

The court orders the defendant to prove his statement on the 
next court day. 

[56] Madam de Hulter, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for 12.000 brick and 1600 
tiles, as appears by the account which she produces, for which 
sum she attached the first payment for his newly sold house. 

The defendant admits the debt and requests that the payment 
for the said materials be deferred until the second payment for 
his newly sold house. 

The plaintiff accepts. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff for the 
aforesaid tiles and brick out of the second payment for his newly 
sold house. 

Cornelis Vosch requests that Abraham Staets may receive 7 
beavers out of the first payment for his house. 

Jan Joosten, plaintiff, against Albert Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of the first pay- 
ment for his house, on account of failure to pay the sum of 
fl.269 : 1 0, in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
above mentioned sum out of the first payment for his house in 
the space of two or three days. 

Harmen Vedder gives notice of the attachment of the first 
payment for the house of Albert Gerritsen in the sum of fl.245. 

The court declares the attachment valid. 

Harmen Vedder, plaintiff, against Dirck Bensick, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of the defendant's 
house in the hands of Cobus, the tailor, who became the pur- 
chaser of the house for the sum of fl.671 :10:— . 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 127 

j )7J The defendant admits the debt. 

1 he court declares the attachment valid and orders the de- 
fendant to pay the plaintiff in proportion to other creditors out 
of the first payment. 

Harmen Vedder, plaintiff, against 
Default Marten Bierkaecl?ei\ defendant. 

Pieter Jelle, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of nine beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that the plaintiff 
must finish his work. 

The plaintiff replies that he has a contract with the defendant. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove on the next court day 
that he has a contract with the defendant. 

Teunis Slingerlant, plaintiff, against Femmetjen, the bakeress. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.445. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in proportion to the other creditors. 

Teunis Spitsbergen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for materials furnished for the 
defendant's house, amounting to fl. 126:8, for which he attaches 
the first payment for the house. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court declares the attachment valid and orders the plain- 
tiff to be paid in proportion to the other creditors. 

[58] By order of the court a record is made of the length 
and breadth of the lot of Teunis Spitsbergen, situated to the 
north of the churchyard, in width 5 rods and 2 feet; in length, 
in the middle, nine rods, eight feet; in width, on the east side, 
5 rods, 9 feet. 

Claes Bever, plaintiff, against Marcelus Janssen, defendant. 

Whereas the defendant, 1 on the preceding court day, was 
ordered to prove that he had not given complete power to the 



Apparently a mistake for M the plaintiff.*' 



128 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

arbitrators and whereas he has failed to produce such proof, 
he, the plaintiff, is ordered by the court to pay the defendant 
one beaver, according to the award of the arbitrators. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Jan, the weaver, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.196:-. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
of fl. 1 96 :— demanded in the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum of money. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in the space of six weeks. 

Dirck Janssen Croon, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhout, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of thirty beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the 30 beavers to 
the plaintiff in the space of 1 4 days. 

[59] Jan de Jongh, plaintiff, against Pieter Riverdingh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 10 beavers for tavern 
expenses and shows an account. 

The defendant denies that he owes 1 beavers and claims that 
only the board was to be paid in beavers and that the debt for 
drink was to be paid in seawan. 

The plaintiff replies that the defendant should have paid at 
the Manhatans in seawan and not have waited until he came 
here to dun the defendant. He therefore claims that the defend- 
ant ought to pay in beavers, market value. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the account in beavers in the space of 24 hours. 

Jan Hendericksz, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 1 1 :-. 

The defendant admits the debt. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 129 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum of fl- 111 demanded and orders that the plaintiff shall com- 
pete on even terms with other creditors in getting his pay out of 
the second payment [for the house]. 

Mr Boon, plaintiff, against Roeloff Swartwout, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the debt incurred by the 
former husband of the defendant's wife and exhibits a bond 
executed by Antony de Hoges, deceased. 

The defendant says that inasmuch as his wife's former hus- 
band was in the employ of the patroon and the debt was incurred 
in the service of the same, the plaintiff must recover the same 
from the patroons in Holland. 

The court orders the parties to go to Mr Rencelaer to request 
him to write about the matter to the patroons in Holland. Mean- 
while, the defendant is ordered to pay the sum demanded. 

[60] Fredrick Philipsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Bier- 
man, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 44 beavers, for goods re- 
ceived by the defendant in company with Harmen Jacobsen, 
deceased. 

The defendant admits the debt and that he received the goods 
in company with Harmen Jacobsen, deceased, 1 but says that he 
and Harmen Jacobsen, deceased, severed partnership and that 
Harmen Jacobsen must pay and took over the debts. 

The court orders the defendant, according to his confession, 
to pay the plaintiff the 44 beavers demanded, the defendant to 
recover the amount if he can from the curators of the estate of 
Harmen Jacobsen, deceased. 

Willem Brouwer, plaintiff, against Christoffel Davids, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.48 and a pair of shoes, 
together with ten guilders advanced to the defendant for a 
savage. 



1 Harmen Jacobsen Bamboes was shot by the Indians at the Esopus 
on May 1, 1658. See Doc. rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 13:77. 88, 140. 



130 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant admits the debt of fl.48 and a pair of shoes, 
but denies that he owes the ten guilders given to a savage. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the fl.48 and a pair 
of shoes, amounting together to fl.54, but orders the plaintiff to 
prove in six weeks that he advanced fl. 1 for a savage. 

Jan Martensen, plaintiff, against Arent van den Bergh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.65 for the hire of his 
house. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the fl.65 in 
the space of six weeks. 

Jan Martensen, plaintiff, against Christoffel Davids, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum for tavern 
debt. 

[61 ] The defendant denies a part of it. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff fl.25, 
according to the ordinance that a tavernkeeper may not give 
credit for more than fl.25. 

Arent vanden Bergh, plaintiff, against Baltus Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

.:.".J *J-S.l ..£fc< 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl. 1 00. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Jan Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the rent of his house, 
amounting to the sum of fl. 1 50. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the fl. 1 50 
in the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Jacob Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 22J/2 beavers for the rent 
of his house. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 131 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 22^2 
beavers in the space of six weeks. 



[62] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 1 6 Anno 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers 

Abraham Staets Francoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Dirck Janssen Croon 

Poulus Schrick, plaintiff, against Adriaen Appel, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.56. 

The defendant admits the debt, but claims payment for a 
chicken coop built against the plaintiff's house. 

The plaintiff replies that it was done without his knowledge. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded 
and to seek to recover the amount from the person whom the 
court will designate. 

Volckert Janssen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Teunissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 00 beavers, for which he 
remained surety. 

The defendant admits the surety bond and the debt, but 
claims that the sum must be' paid in grain. 

The court orders the defendant (according to the previous 
judgment of July 10, 1657) to pay the sum demanded cash, 
according to the contract made with each other. 

Henderick van Dyck, plaintiff, against Gerrit Slechtenhorst, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 96 beavers for merchandise 
delivered. 

The defendant admits the 1 debt, but says that the term has not 
yet expired. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 12 1 \ 
beavers cash and the balance in the month of August next. 



132 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

[63] Kees Hoogenboom, plaintiff, against Madam de Hulter, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has written a note to 
Jacob Tyssen that the defendant would pay for the making of 
the plaintiff's clothes. 

The defendant denies it and says that she never gave such a 
note and that by balance of account there is still coming to her 
[blank]. 

The court condemns the plaintiff to pay Jacob Tyssen's 
charges for making his clothes. 

Madam de Hulter, plaintiff, against Jacob Tyssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 8 beavers and fl.2 in 
seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt, but claims compensation for 
making clothes for her servant. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum demanded cash. Furthermore, as to the servant, further 
proof is required. 

Claes Bordingh, plaintiff, against the wife of Carsten, the 
Noorman, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.12 for watermelons. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that she paid. 

The court orders the defendant to prove that she paid. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Jacob Teunissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 4 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 4 
beavers in the space of eight days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Meuwes Hoogenboom, plaintiff, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 4 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

[64] The court orders the defendant to pay the 4 beavers 
in the space of three weeks. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 133 

Harmen Vedder, plaintiff, against Marten Hendericksz, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.95 : 1 in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in beavers on the first of August, on pain of execution. 

Caspaer Caspersen, plaintiff, against Rutger Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.20. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that there is still 
money due to him for the yacht of Bambus. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff fl.20 and 
to seek to recover the' amount from the estate of Bambus. 

Philip, the brewer, plaintiff, against Jacob Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.92, including 6^/2 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in beavers for so far the pay- 
ment must be in beavers, or in seawan at fl.12 per beaver, and 
the rest in seawan, within the space of three weeks. 

Adriaen Symonsen, plaintiff, against Albert Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of 25 V4 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded and decrees that the plaintiff shall have the preference 
over others out of the second payment for the house sold by the 
defendant. 

T65] Claes Bordingh, plaintiff, against 
Default Pieter, the brewer, defendant. 

Tierck Claessen, plaintiff, against 
Default Volckertien van Hoesem, defendant. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against 
2d Default Henderick Gerritsen, defendant. 
Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against 



134 Fort Orange and Bcverxvyck 

defendants 



Default 



Claes vanden Berch 
Henderick Claessen 
Barent Oosterman 
Albert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against 

Default X WillemHap 1 d efendants 

J Willem Hoffmeyer J 

Baltus, the servant of Tomas Janssen, plaintiff, against 
Default Dirckien Martensen, defendant 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant on the thirteenth of this 
month, without cause, wantonly beat Barent Oosterman and 
the next day, because he had complained to the officer, again 
beat the said Barent Oosterman, whereupon Barent Oosterman 
took refuge in the fort, requesting protection against the defend- 
ant, so that the officer, on these complaints, took him under his 
protection. The 15th instant, the said Pieter Bronck called on 
the officer [66] and asked him if the said Barent Oosterman 
had complained to him? The honorable officer told him, Yes, 
and that he had taken him under his protection from the violence 
of the defendant. Whereupon the said defendant said : ' The 
devil take him. I shall hurt him so that he will remember it." 
He immediately went to Hans Vosch's, where the aforesaid 
Barent Oosterman was, and in the presence of many people he 
has without a word of altercation beaten the said Barent Ooster- 
man until blood flowed, which was seen by the plaintiff himself 
who separated them. The aforesaid officer complains of assault 
and violence committed against civic liberty, against justice and 
against the respect which every one must bear [toward his fellow 
man]. He therefore demands that the defendant, for his assault 
and insolence, be banished for the space of three years, as an 
example to others. 

The defendant admits that he beat [Barent Oosterman] three 
times, the last time in the fort, but says that he had reason for it, 
which he promises to prove on the next court day. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 



35 



The court, having heard the parties, orders that the defendant, 
being a burgher, be released from confinement and that he 
must produce his proof on the next court day, under penalty of 
arrest. 

[67] The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Poulus Janssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant on the 1 2th of this month, 
about midnight, carried a small cask of brandy from the fort to 
the Indians in front, as appear^ from the affidavits of three trust- 
worthy witnesses, and requests that he be examined upon inter- 
rogatories. 

The court orders that the defendant be examined upon inter- 
rogatories, in order to hear the truth of the matter. 



Interrogatory of Poulus Janssen held at the 
request of the officer in the presence of the honor- 
able magistrates of this court. 



1 How old he is and where 
born? 

2 Whether last Friday 
night, about 12 o'clock, he did 
not take a small cask of brandy 
from the fort to the Indians on 
the island directly opposite? 

3 From whom he obtained 
the small cask of brandy? 

[68] 4 In what way he 
received the brandy? 



5 How often he has 
this with Hans Vosch? 



lone 



Answer : 
Gurcum. 1 
Answer : 



32 years; born at 
Yes. 



Answer: From Hans Vosch. 

Answer: Hans Vosch let 
him have a small cask over the 
north east bastion by means of 
a rope through a loophole. 

Answer: Does not know 
how often, but says that Hans 
Vosch himself at another time 



1 Gorcum, or Gorinchem. in the province of South Holland. 



136 Fort Orange and Beverivyck 

brought a small cask of brandy 
into the canoe. 
6 Upon what condition he Answer: Upon one third of 
went out selling brandy? the profits, the wife of Hans 

Vosch having put one third 
part water into the brandy. 

July 1 7th, the magistrates again assembled and reexamined 
Poulus Janssen and confronted him with Hans de Vosch. After 
the reading of his previous statements, he persisted therein and 
affirmed that Hans de Vosch gave him the brandy from the 
north east bastion of the fort and says that he has several times 
helped him carry brandy out of the fort. He states that he 
gave the beavers which he received from the Indians for the 
brandy to Hans Vosch's wife and he presumes that the beavers 
are still in the house, as he saw them yesterday evening. Hans 
de Vosch absolutely denies this and protests that he is not guilty 
of the deed and demands proof. 

[69] On the same date, the officer and two magistrates, Jan 
Tomassen and Adriaen Gerritsen, accompanied by Poulus Jans- 
sen, went to the house of Hans de Vosch and searched the same. 
They did not find the beavers, but found the whole house empty 
of furniture, with the exception of one bed, which lay on the 
floor. 

Geertien, the wife of Hans Vosch, acknowledges that she 
once gave Poulus Janssen 32 pints of brandy, for which the 
aforesaid Poulus Janssen was to give her one beaver for each 
20 mutsjes, but she denies that she gave orders to sell to the 
Indians. 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, having seen 
the testimony of three witnesses and the confrontation of their 
testimony with Poulus Janssen, at present a prisoner, in the 
presence of the court, and his voluntary confession made with- 
out torture or irons, whereby it appears that the said Poulus 
Janssen, in violation of the ordinance, has ventured several times 



Co 7-1660 137 

to sell branay to tne Indians, which is a matter of very dangerous 
consequence, which can not be tolerated in a country where 
justice pre be aforesaid La Montagne, in the 

aroresaid [70] capacity demands that the aforesaid Poulus 
Janssen, ha rred the penalty provided by the ordinance 

issued by the honorable director general and council against such 
lefactors ana here published I d time on October 6, 

.Anno 1656, shall be condemned to pay a hne of 500 guilders 
and in addition be banished this pre . Dr the period of 

following six years, ind be ordered to pay the costs of the 
. as an example to 
\\ hereas Poulus janssen. contrary to the ordinance issued by 
the honorable director general and council of New Xetherland 
Tied here several times. . hired [to sell brandy 

to the Indians], as appears rrom the ay of three irre- 

proachable witnesses given in our presence and from his own 
confession made without torture or irons, which is a very dan- 
gerous offense, tending to the general ruin of the country, which 
d not be tolerated in a country where justice prevails; there- 
■e, we, having first evoked the name of Gcd, in order to main- 
tain the ordinance issued by the honorable director general and 
council of New Netherland, doing justice in the matter of the 
complaint or the honorable officer of this place, have condemned, 
condemn hereby, the said Poulus Janssen [71 ] in accord- 
with the ordinance, to pay a fine of five hundred guilders and in 
addition to banishment tor the period of six consecutive years 
and the costs of his detention and trial, as an example to others. 
Done in Fort Orange, the 16th of July Anno 1658. 

Abram Staas 
Jan Thomasz 
Peter Hartgers 
Francoys Boon 
Adriaen Gerretsen 
Dirck Jansen Croon 

Cn the same date, the above sentence was after the third 
ringing of the bell, publicly read to the aforesaid Poulus Janssen. 



138 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

[72] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 23 Anno 

1658 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets 

Pieter Hartgers Francoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 
Dirck Janssen Croon 

Reynier Rycken, plaintiff, against Baeffjen Pietersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 33 beavers, arising from 
the sale of wine, as appears from the bond which he produces. 
He requests a mortgage. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded and to give the plaintiff a mortgage on the second 
payment for the house sold by her. 

Jacob Teunissen, in his capacity of schout by nacht, 1 plaintiff, 
against Adriaen Janssen from Leyden, alias Appel, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sold brandy to the 
Indians, as he offers to prove by affidavit of the 19th of July, 
which he produces. He complains of assault and violence com- 
mitted against him in the exercise of his duties by Pieter Ryver- 
dinck and the defendant and requests maintenance of justice and 
intervention of the officer. 

The defendant denies that he committed the offense and 
requests a copy of the affidavit. 

The court orders that the defendant is to have a copy of the 



1 Night witchman, or constable. He was apparently the same person 
as Jacob Teunissen de Looper, who in Earl}) Records of Albany, 3:42, 
has been identified with Jacob Teunissen Quick. The above entry seems 
to show that the designation " de Looper " was not, as suggested, a play 
on the English name of Quick, but a sign of his employment as night 
watchman. See ordinance of the city of Harderwijk, in Gelderland, of 
1546, whereby the schepens granted the " topers," or city roundsmen, 
an increase of pay of 2 1/2 stivers per night (J. L. Berns, Rechisbronnen 
der Stad Harderrvijk, p. 49). 



Court Minuter 1657-1660 139 

affidavit, to make answer thereto on the next court day, and 
orders the officer to intervene in the case. 

[73] Jan Roeloffsen. plaintiff, against \\ lllem Hoffmeyer, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 830:17. 

The defendant admits the debt and offers a bundle of seawan 
amounting to the said sum. 

The plaintiff refuses to accept the seawan and demands mer- 
chantable seawan. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the plaintiff the aforesaid sum cash in good, merchantable 
seawan. 

Teunis Spitsbergen, plaintiff, against \\ illem Fredncksz, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 13 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but claims that there is fl.28 
due him of six years ago and requests that the aforesaid fl.28 
be deducted. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
deduct the fl.28 from the 13 beavers and to pay the remaining 
10 beavers cash. 

Christoffel Davids, plaintiff, against Jacob Meus, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant overcharges him and 
asks more than is coming to him. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders that each 
party shall choose an arbitrator to dispose of the matter. 

Dirck Janssen Croon, plaintiff, against Christoffel Davids, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of four beavers, for which 
the plaintiff has attached 14 napkins and 12 pewter plates. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court declares the attachment valid and orders the 
defendant to pay the sum demanded, or in default thereof to 
give security for the final liquidation. 



1 40 Fort Orange and Beverrvycl? 

[74] 1 Assar Levy, attorney for Joseph d'Acost, plaintiff, 
against Hans Coenraetsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 32, for which judgment 
was given against the defendant by the court of justice of Recife, 
in Brazil, which judgment he produces. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he was driven 
out of Brazil by the enemy. 

The plaintiff replies that the defendant a year before that was 
condemned to pay cash, in pieces of eight. He therefore main- 
tains that the defendant must pay in the same specie, or in beavers 
or other currency here. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemns the defendant 
to pay the sum demanded cash, provided that the plaintiff shall 
give security until he shows a perfect power of attorney from 
Joseph d'Acosta. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Henderick Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.84 for bread obtained 
now and then. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he has a counter 
claim. 

The court orders the parties to settle with each other, the 
defendant being ordered to pay the balance of account within 
the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Claes van den Bergh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.30:8. 

The defendant denies the debt in toto. 

The court orders the plaintiff to prove the debt on the next 
court day. 

[75] Idem, plaintiff, against Henderick Martensen, defendant. 



*A translation of the suit of Asser Levy against Hans Coenraetsen is 
in Samuel Oppenheim, The Early History of the JeTvs in New York* 
p. 90. Hans Coenraetsz was a baker in Beverwyck. See Early Records 
of Albany, 1:26-27; 3:245-47. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 141 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 70 for beer and wine 
delivered. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that his partner 
bought it and not he, and that he knows nothing about it. 

The court orders the plaintiff to furnish proof by his book on 
the next court day. 

Jan Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against Albert Gerritsen, defendant. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum demanded and orders that the plaintiff shall have equal 
claims with other creditors on the second payment for the 
defendant's house that was sold. 

Madam Johanna de Hulter, plaintiff, against Rutger Jacobsen 
and Goossen Gerritsen, defendants. 

The plaintiff demands payment of about 30 beavers for tiles 
and brick furnished for the church. 

The court assumes the debt and asks a month's time. 

Jochim, the baker, plaintiff, against Wouter, the baker, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the second payment for 
his house, amounting to fl.975 in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that the term has 
not yet expired. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded to 
the plaintiff as soon as the term shall have expired. 

[76] Albert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against 
3d default Willem Hap, defendant. 

Claes Bordingh, plaintiff, against Pieter, the brewer, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of four beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt and asks for time. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff, or to give 
security, within the space of six weeks. 



142 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Wynant Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands restitution of fl.273, which the plaintiff 
loaned the defendant, being the balance of a larger sum. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded cash. 

Jacob Teunissen, plaintiff, in his capacity of schoui by nachC 
against Jan Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sold brandy to the 
Indians, as he offers to prove by affidavit of himself and Jan 
Teunissen, which he produces in court and requests that the 
officer shall intervene in the case. 

The defendant denies that he committed the deed and requests 
a copy of the affidavit. 

The court orders the plaintiff to furnish the defendant with a 
copy of his affidavit to make answer thereto on the next court 
day, and orders the officer to intervene in the case. 



[77] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 30, 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets Pieter Hartgers 

Frangoys Boon Jan Tomassen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Stoffel Janssen, plaintiff, against Jan Harmsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff claims that although he was the highest bidder 
at the public auction of the defendant's house, he is not bound 
to keep the house, as the defendant, as a friend, secretly told 
the plaintiff that he would not let the house go for less than 
fourteen hundred guilders, which he offers to prove by Adriaen 
Gerritsen. 

The defendant denies that he told the plaintiff that he would 



1 Night watchman, or constable. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 143 

hold him free from all claims under 1 400 guilders, but says that 
he told Adriaen Gerritsen so. 

Adriaen Gerritsen testifies that the defendant, Jan Harmsen, 
said that he would release the plaintiff from all demands under 
1 400 guilders and has declared under oath that this is true. 

The parties having been heard, the plaintiff and his witness 
having sworn to their statement and the defendant having refused 
to take the oath, the defendant is ordered to keep the house and 
to pay the costs of the suit, provided that defendant shall get 
back half the auction fees. 



[78] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 1, 

1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets Pieter Hartgers 

Francoys Boon Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Cornells Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of one hundred beavers and 
fl.4 which the defendant owes him according to the agreement 
made between him and the defendant, as appears by the affidavit 
of two witnesses. 

The defendant denies that he made such an agreement, but 
admits that he promised to pay 50 beavers by an order on Philip 
Pietersen. 

The court, having heard the parties and having examined the 
affidavit of the two witnesses, whereby it appears that the 
defendant promised to pay the plaintiff in the month of June 
1658 the number of 100 beavers, declares the aforesaid contract 
valid and orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the number of 
beavers demanded in eight days, with the costs of the extraordi- 
nary session. 



144 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[79] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 6 

Anno 1658 

Present: 

Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers Frangoys Boon 

Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Hans Vosch, defendant 
and prisoner. 

The plaintiff says that Hans de Vosch, under-sheriff, was 
charged on July 16th by Poulus Janssen with being his 
accomplice in the act of selling brandy to the Indians. Said 
charge having been investigated by the court, it was, upon his 
absolute denial of the same, out of consideration for him, ordered 
that instead of putting him in irons he would be kept in custody 
in his house under a guard of two soldiers. He escaped from 
this custody during the night of the 22d of July, through a 
window, and ran to Katskil, which escape sufficiently proves 
that he was guilty of the crime. In order to investigate the 
truth of the matter, the said officer requests that the defendant 
may be examined upon interrogatories. 

The court grants the request that the defendant be examined 
upon interrogatories. 

[80] Interrogatory of Hans de Vosch, conducted 
at the request of J. La Montagne, in his capacity 
of officer, in the presence of the honorable court. 

1 How old he is and where Answer : 45 years old and 
born? born at Lunnenburgh. 1 

2 Why he escaped from his Answer : He escaped be- 
detention? cause Willem Bout tormented 

him so about a debt, and de- 
manded what he did not have. 

3 In what manner he Answer: Through a win- 
escaped and whether it was by dow, at the north east point, 
day or by night? about midnight. 



Liineburg, the eastern portion of Hanover. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 145 

4 What money he took Answer: He took no money 

with him and to whom he gave with him except what Cobus 
it? de Looper took from him i 






in 



Katskil. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders that Hans Vosch, 
in custody, shall, as a former servant of the Company, be 
delivered to the custody of the honorable fiscal of New Nether- 
land to be proceeded against according to circumstances and the 
judgment of the aforesaid gentleman. 



[81] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 6 Anno 

1658 
Present: 

La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Francoys Boon 

Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Crocr 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against Cobus Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 1 beavers and fl.5 in sea- 
wan and two days' carting. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he has a counter 
claim. 

The court orders the parties to settle with each other and con- 
demns the defendant to pay the plaintiff upon liquidation the sum 
demanded in eight days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Willem Janssen Schutt, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the three 
beavers demanded within the space of eight days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Loockermans, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the three 
beavers demanded within the space of eight days. 



146 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Albert Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Willem Hofmeyer, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.20:8 in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff in eight 
days. 

[82] Pieter de Maecker, plaintiff, against Giliis Pietersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.29 in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded in 
eight days. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Jan Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands about 38 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the beavers demanded 
in the space of eight days. 



[83] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 8 

Anno 1658 

Present: 

J. La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Frangoys Boon 

Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Ida Claessen, plaintiff, against Dirck Carstensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant has defamed her 
in calling her a thief and offers to prove it and produces affidavits 
of five witnesses testifying to her honest conduct. 

Dirck Carstensen, defendant, denies that he said that the 
plaintiff was a thief, but admits that he said that three, silk cords 
(fyoordebanden) were found in her pocket when they searched 
each other on the Fresh river. 

The plaintiff persists in her complaint and produces in proof 
thereof Barent Reyndersen, Philip Pietersen and Jan Tomassen 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 147 

as witnesses, with the request that they may be examined by the 
court. 

Barent Reyndersen, appearing before the court, testifies that 
Dirck Carstensen told him several times that Ida Claessen was 
a thief. 

Jan Tomassen declares before the court that Dirck Carstensen, 
being in the deponent's house, said that Ida Claessen around the 
north had stolen silk and £o or deb and en. 

Philip Pietersen, being asked whether he has heard Dirck 
Carstensen say that Ida Claessen was a thief, answers that he 
heard it from the said Dirck Carstensen or from his brother-in- 
law. 

[84] The defendant being asked by the court why they 
searched each other on the Fresh river, answers that Willem 
Symonsen said: " There is a thief among the seven of us who 
slept in the garret at Southold on Long Island/' 

Willem Symonsen, appearing, denies absolutely that he said 
so on the Fresh river. He also denies that he heard Ida Classen 
say: "What am I coming to?" 

Pieter Maecker testifies that on the ship he saw nothing but 
what was honorable and virtuous, but in sailing from the Fresh 
river, there was some mumbling and he was searched together 
with some others. At last, three koordebanden were found in 
possession of Ida Claessen, who exclaimed: " What am I com- 
ing to?" 

Dirrick Dircksz, appearing before the court to swear to his 
affidavit against Ida Claessen which he made on the 7th of 
August 1658 at the request of Dirck Carstensen, has confirmed 
the said affidavit by oath. 

Gerrit Visbeeck, appearing before the court, swears to the 
aforesaid affidavit at the request of Dirck Carstensen. 

The court orders the parties respectively to challenge the 
witnesses or to accept the testimony on the next court day. 
Meanwhile, the defendant remains under arrest in the village of 
Beverwyck. 



148 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

[85] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 13 

Anno 1658 
Present: 

Pieter Hartgers Frangoys Boon Jan Tomassen 

Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Ida Claessen, plaintiff, against Dirck Karstensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff requests that the defendant, in accordance with 
the preceding order of the court shall challenge the witnesses 
or accept the testimony in her case and that judgment be given. 

The defendant declares that he has nothing to say against 
the witnesses, except that they did not understand him very well 
and denies that he ever said that she was a thief. He declares 
that he does not know that Ida Claessen is a thief or that she 
has ever committed any dishonest act and knows nothing about 
her but what is honorable and virtuous. 

Dirck Karstensz 

The court, having heard the parties, adjudge the satisfaction 
given by the defendant to be sufficient and condemn him for his 
offense to pay a fine of fifty guilders and the costs of the trial, 
according to the declaration which the plaintiff shall make. 
Meanwhile, the defendant remains under arrest until the satis- 
faction of the judgment. 



[86] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 13 

Anno 1658 

Present: 

Pieter Hartgers Jan Tomassen Frangoys Boon 

Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Jan Claessen, baker, from Osanen, plaintiff, against Marcelus 
Janssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of seventy-one and a half 
beavers. 

The defendant asks for an account and admits the debt. 



Court Minutes, I657-I66U 149 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the acknowledged debt in the space of eight days, on pain 
of execution, with one third of the costs of the extraordinary 
session. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Dirck van Hamel, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 12 beavers. 

1 he defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the plaintiff in the space of eight days the sum demanded, 
or as much as the plaintiff by proper account may show, together 
with a third part of the costs of the extraordinary session. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Adriaen Appel, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 12 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in the space of eight days. 

[87] Dirck Janssen Croon, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen 
Bosboom, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands a gun from the defendant, which the 
defendant in fighting took away from Marten, the mason, and 
which gun the plaintiff lent to Marten, the mason, to go on 
guard duty. 

The defendant admits that it is the plaintiff's gun. 

The court orders the defendant to return the aforesaid gun to 
the plaintiff, the defendant reserving the right to recover damages 
from Marten, the mason. 

1 Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 1 3 Anno 

1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Jan Tomassen 

Frangoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Before the court appeared the eldest sachems of the Maquas, 
15 in number, bringing with them a Frenchman named Lowies 



'Revised from Doc. re/, to Col Hist. N. Y., 13:88-89. 



i 3 Fort Orange and Beverr^ci? 

Parraget, whom they declare they wish to deliver with two other 
prisoners to the French governor or the Three Rivers of Canada, 
:n exchange ror six of their own taken prisoners by the French, 
wishing at the same time to make a general peace with the French 
ana requesting for that purpose that we would assist them with 
one of our men who could speak the French language well. 

To which request answer was mace by the court that they 
were glad that they intended to take back the Frenchmen and 
tnat they hoped that their o^ti prisoners would be returned in 
their stead, cut tnat they did not know whether [65] any one 
could be found among them who would be willing to undertake 
such a journey. 

WTiereupcn the said M aquas explained that at the time of 
the war with the Indians they had gene down to the Manhatans 
ana done their best to bring about peace ana tnat it was cur 
cu;y to co the same in such circumstances for them, promising 
in the ruture to do their best between us and o:ner Indians. 

\\ hereupon the ccurt immediately summoned the pucic crier 
and had him announce :na: if any one cared to undertake such 
a journey, he would receive one hundred guilders for his trouble. 
Lpon which cenditions Hendenc^ Martensen ofered his services 
to the court, which great.;.* pleased the arcresaid Indians, who 
gave evidence of their satisfaction. 

The 16th instant ;ne afcresaid Henderick Martensen was sent 
to Canada with the Maquas. who promised him to bring him 
back in 40 days, with the fol.owing letter: 
A Monsieur 

Monsieur de la Poterie. Gouverneur des trois Riviere* 
En la Novelle France 
Monsieur 

Les Indiens des nostres nommez Maquaes, des vostres Irro- 
quoys. sent venius icy ammenant avecq eux un Francois nomme 
Louys Paraget, lecuel (comme lis nous cnt declare) ils desirent, 
avecq deux autres. remener de par dela. et vous les rendre, en 
contreschange ae six ces leurs que vous cestenez prisoniers. Et 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 151 

par mesme moyen faire La paix avecq tous les Indiens de vos 
quartiers. Et parce qu'ils ne l'osent pas faire en personne; 
lis nous ont requis de les vouloir assister de quelqu'un des nostres, 
qui eust cognoissance de la [89] Langue franchise pour les 
servir en cette occasion. Ce que nous n'avons pas peu leur 
refuser, craignant de rompre L'occasion d'une bonne affaire; 
voila pourquoy nous avons expedie un soldat nomme Henry 
Martin, pour les servir en cet affaire selon que L'occasion et le 
droit le requera; esperant que vostre S: prendra en bonne part 
ce que nous faisons, qui ne procede que d'une bonne intention et 
syncere affection. Cependant je demeure M r - 

Vostre tres humble et obeissant serviteur 

La Montagne 1 
Translation 2 
To Mr de la Poterie, Governor of the Three Rivers 

In New France 
SIR: 

The Indians, by our people called Maquas and by your 
people Iroquois, have come here, bringing with them a French- 
man named Louys Paraget, whom (as they have stated to us) 
they desire with two others to bring back there and to surrender 
to you in exchange for six of their people whom you hold 
prisoners, wishing at the same time to make peace with all the 
Indians in your parts. And as they dare not do it personally, 
they have asked us to assist them with some one who has 
knowledge of the [89] French language, to serve them on this 
occasion. Which we could not refuse them, for fear of losing 
the opportunity of doing a good work. For this reason we have 
dispatched a soldier named Henry Martin, to serve them in this 
matter as the occasion and justice may require, hoping that your 



1 The above letter, with certain variations, is printed in O'Callaghan, 
History of New Netherlands 2:366, where the date is given as August 
15, 1658. 

2 Revised from Doc. rel. to Col Hist. N. 7., 13:89. 



152 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

honor will take in good part what we are doing, which proceeds 
only from good intentions and sincere affection. Meanwhile I 
remain, Sir, 

Your very humble and obedient servant, 

La Montagne 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 26 Anno 1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Jan Tomassen 

Frangoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Willem Fredricksen, plaintiff, against Dirck Bensingh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for his yacht, amounting to 
88 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he does not 
know where to get beavers. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the 88 beavers demanded in the space of eight 
days, or to satisfy the plaintiff by giving security or otherwise. 

Abraham Vosborgh, plaintiff, against Wynant Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that for four weeks the defendant has 
not worked in the sawmill, according to the contract made with 
each other. 

The defendant admits that he has not been at the mill, but 
says that it has been on account of lack of work. 

[90] The court refers the matter to referees and in case they 
can not agree, their case shall be decided by the council of the 
colony of Rencelaerswyck. 

Asser Levy, plaintiff, against Jan van Eeckelen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 184 in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 153 

pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in the space of eight days, 
under penalty of execution. 

Gabriel de Haes, plaintiff, against Tomas Pouwel, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 13 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he gave an 
order for 5 beavers, so that there still remain 8 beavers. 

The court, having heard the parties, order the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the eight beavers cash. In regard to the pay- 
ment of the remaining five beavers, the plaintiff is to have patience 
until further proof is obtained from Symon Janssen, on pain of 
execution. 

Jan Roeloffsen, attorney of Hans Kiersteede, plaintiff, against 
Claes Ripsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of four beavers. 

The defendant admits part of the debt and says further that 
the plaintiff must have a complete power of attorney from Hans 
Kiersteden. 

The court orders that the plaintiff must first send for a com- 
plete power of attorney in order to proceed according to law. 
[91] Pieter Ryverdingh, plaintiff, against 

Default Matteus Abrahamsen 1 , f , 

. ^defendants 

Marretien Claes 

Storm Albertsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Henderick, the brewer, defendant 



Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 26 Anno 

1658 

Present: 

Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers Frangoys Boon 

Adriaen Gerritsen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Interrogatory of Nicolaes Gregory Hillebrant, 
held before the honorable magistrates of this 
court, at the request of the officer. 



154 



Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 



1 How old he is and where 
born? 

2 Whether on the 20th of 
this month, being a Tuesday, 
in the evening, he was not in 
the garden of Jochim Ketluyn? 

3 Whether, being there, he 
did not lie on his knees? 

4 

i 

[92] 5 Whether, being in 
that condition, he did not have 
Pieter Adriaensen, the son of 
Henderick Jochem's wife, in 
front of him? 

6 x 

7 Whether, when the boy 
refused and screamed, he did 
not threaten to beat him with 
a stick which he had with 
him? 

8 Whether, doing this, he 
did not see Rutger Jacobsen, 
who said : * What are you 
doing there, rascal?" 

9 Whether, hearing Rutger 
Jacobsen say this, he did not 
go out of the garden? 

10 Whether he did not fol- 
low the said Rutger Jacobsen 
to Henderick Jochimsen's 
house and on the way say to 
him: " If you say anything 
about it, I shall tell them that 
you lie like a rascal?" 



Answer: 29 years and born 
at Prague. 
Answer: Yes. 



Answer: No. 



Answer 



Answer : Yes, and that he 
had his hand on him. 



Answer: No. 
Answer: No. 



Answer : 



Answer : 



Yes. 



Yes. 



Answer: He followed him, 
but did not say what is stated 
in the rest of the question. 



1 Unprintable matter. 



Court Minutes, 1 63 /-1 660 155 

I I Whether, being at Hen- Answer: No. 

derick Jochimsen's house, he 
did not per-force wish to drink 
with the said Rutger Jacobsen 
and did not become so im- 
portunate that the bystanders 
said: "What is the matter 
with you, Nicolaes? Have 
pou anything on your con- 
science?" 

[93] The court, having examined the testimony of Rutger 
Jacobsen and the answers made by Nicolaes Gregory Hillebrant 
to the interrogatories, have decided that the said Nicolaes 
Gregory, being a servant of the honorable Company, shall be 
sent to the director general and council of New Netherland. 

1 Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 3 Anno 

1658 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Christoffel Davids, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that an affidavit from the Esopus has been 
handed to him, according to which the defendant, coming from 
the Manhatans in the yacht of Evert Pels and while being in 
the Highlands, said to two savages who came on board that the 
Sachem, to wit, the honorable general, had killed the savages 
at the Manhatans and that the following night he would come 
to the Esopus and there also break the necks of the savages, 
whereupon the savages of the Esopus took some Christian 
prisoners and committed great outrages. 

The honorable plaintiff therefore requests that the defendant 
be examined upon interrogatories. 



1 Revised from Doc. rel to Col Hist. N. Y\. 13:90-91, 



156 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

Interrogatory of Christoffel Davids, held at the 

request of the honorable officer before the 

honorable magistrates of the said court. 

1 How old he is and where Answer : 42 years and born 

born? in the Bishopric in England. 1 

[94] 2 Whether, in coming 
from the Manhatans and being 
in the Highlands, he did not 
call out or say that the Dutch 
in the night of the 23d of 

August had killed many sav- Answer: No, but that he 
ages at the Manhatans and said to the savages who were 
that the following night they on board : " I know nothing 
would come to the Esopus and about that." 
break the necks of the savages 
there? 

The defendant pleads not guilty and produces two affidavits, 
one from Henderick v : Dyck and the other from Dirck Janssen, 
skipper, who attest that while they were in the Highlands two 
savages came on board, who asked Christoffel Davids whether 
the Sachem would come and kill all the savages in the Esopus 
and the Highlands? Whereupon Christoffel Davids answered: 
" I know nothing about it." 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 1 0, 1 658 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets 

Pieter Hartgers FranQoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 
Dirck Janssen Croon 

Claes Hendericksz, plaintiff, against Jan Verbeeck, defendant. 
The plaintiff demands payment of fl.500 in beavers, for the 
plaintiff's house, sold at auction. 



1 Mr Fernow omits the word ** Bisphoric," which probably refers to 
Canterbury. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 157 

The defendant admits the debt and says that he has not re- 
fused to pay, but that he has no beavers at present. He there- 
fore promises to pay in six weeks. 

[95] The court, having heard the parties, order the defendant, 
according to his promise, to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded 
in the space of six weeks, and order the officer to intervene in the 
case, as the house was sold in public. 

Claes Hendericksen, plaintiff, against Claes Janssen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for a lot that the defendant 
bought of him f or 3 1 Yl beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 3 1 Yl 
beavers demanded in the space of six weeks. 

Casper Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Claes Hendericksz, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.350 in beavers, or so 
much as appears from the account. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded in 
the space of six weeks. 

Asser Levy, plaintiff, against 
Default Jacob Loockermans and Henderick Gerritsen, de- 
fendants. 

Harmen Vedder, plaintiff, against Caspaer Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.81 in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in the space of six weeks. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Abraham Vosborch and Jacob Loockermans, defendants. 

Jan de Graeff, plaintiff, against 
Default Pi e ter Loockermans and Teuwes Abrahamsen, de- 
fendants. 



158 Fort Orange and Bevemyck 

[96] Storm Albertsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Henderick, the brewer, defendant. 

Harmen Vedder, plaintiff, against Harmen Bastiaensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.74:5, in beavers. 
The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the sum demanded in 
the space of six weeks. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Jacob Loockermans, defendant. 

Harmen Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against 
Default Dirck van Hamel, defendant. 

Jan Lambertsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Teeuwes Abrahamsen and Pieter Loockemans, de- 
fendants 

Arent vanden Bergh, plaintiff, against 
"Henderick Gerritsen^l 
Jacob Loockemans > defendants 
Adam Dinghmans J 
Hans Carelse, plaintiff, against Arent vanden Bergh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for two kegs of salted fish, 
amounting to 3 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
aforesaid 3 beavers demanded in the space of six weeks. 



[97] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 1 Anno 

1658 

Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets 

Frangoys Boon Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 

Jan Barentsen and Carsten Claessen, both carpenters, plain- 
tiffs, against Isbrandt Dircksen, defendant. 



Default 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 159 

The plaintiffs demand payment of fl. 169:5. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, examined the judgment 
rendered by the honorable burgomasters and schepens oi the city 
of New Amsterdam, and heard the voluntary acknowledgment 
of the defendant, condemn the said defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the acknowledged debt of fl. 169:5, cash, on pain of imprison- 
ment for debt. 

Assar Levy, plaintiff, against 
Default Henderick Gerritsen and Dirckjen Martensen, de- 
fendants. 

Johan Labite, plaintiff, against Jan Gauw, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has agreed to build his 
chimney and declares that he is greatly interested in having the 
work done. 

The defendant admits that he agreed to do it and promises 
to go to work at once. Fiat. 

Storm Alberdtsen, plaintiff, against Henderick, the brewer, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 8 beavers, for which the 
defendant became surety. 

[98] The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the aforesaid 8 beavers 
to the plaintiff in the space of six weeks. 

Jan Gauw, plaintiff, against Claes Bever, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of one beaver. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the plaintiff to 
prove on the next court day that the defendant owes him one 
beaver. 

Gerrit Reyersen, plaintiff, against 
Default Dirck Bensingh, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 1 Vl beavers for brick 
delivered. 



160 Fort Orange and Beverxvyck 

£& v 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard by the court, the defendant is 

ordered to pay the plaintiff the WYl beavers in the space of 1 4 

days, on pain of execution. 

Jan Adriaensen de Graeff, plaintiff, against 
fMatteuwes Abrahamsen" 



Default 



> defendants. 



Pieter Loockermans 
Jan Roeloffsen 

Wouter, the baker, plaintiff, against 
Default J urr iaen Teunissen, defendant. 

fjurriaen Teunissen, plaintiff, against 

Default J 

Man Roeloffsen, defendant. 

Jacob Adriaensen, plaintiff, against Jan Anderiessen de 
Graeff, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant became surety for the 
servant of Pieter Bruyn in the amount of fl.63 : 1 3. 

[99] The defendant denies that he became surety for that 
amount for Pieter Bruynsen, but admits that he offered to do so 
if Pieter Bruynsen owed him money. 

The court orders the plaintiff to sue Pieter Bruynsen and dis- 
misses his present suit. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 1 Anno 

1658 
Present: 

Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers 

Fran^oys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Eldert Gerbertsen, plaintiff, against T'Jerck Claessen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 200 logs, the least 
to be one fathom in circumference, according to the oral contract 
made with each other, and says that it is a matter of great 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 161 

importance to him and therefore claims compensation for loss and 
damage sustained by him. 

The defendant admits the oral contract made with the plain- 
tiff and promises to haul them out within the space of 1 4 days 
and not to do any other work until the plaintiff is satisfied. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant, 
according to his promise, to deliver within the space of 1 4 days 
the 200 logs, the thinnest to be one fathom in circumference, and 
to pay the costs of the suit, under penalty of the loss and damage 
which the plaintiff has already suffered or may still suffer. 

[100] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 8 

Anno 1658 
Present: 

Commissary La Montagne Jan Tomassen 

Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 

There appeared before the court the sachems (Sackimaes) 
of the three Maquas castles, having with them Saciadego, as 
their spokesman, who requested as follows: 

First, that we should tell them whether we knew where the 
Frenchman (who the last time came here with them)" was at 
present. 

Secondly, whether we did not know that they had not killed 
the aforesaid Frenchman? 

Thirdly, they requested that we should write to the governor 
of Canada that they had not killed the said Frenchman. 

Fourthly, whether Commissary La Montagne would not go 
with them to Canada to make peace with the French? 

To which questions or propositions the court gave for answer: 

First, that they did not know where the Frenchman was at 
present. 

Secondly, that they had not heard that they had killed him. 



'Revised from Doc. rcl to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 1 3:92-93. 
2 Louis Paraget. 



162 Fort Orange and Beverxpyck 

Thirdly, that they were willing to write to that effect. 

To the fourth proposition: that the commissary was appointed 
to guard this place and could not leave it without the consent of 
the great Sachem (de groote Sacfyimalter) . 

[101] Hereupon they asked us to provide them with a man 
who understood the French language and also with a letter to 
the governor of Canada. This was promised them, whereupon 
Jacob Begyn, a soldier, immediately offered his services. He 
went with them on the 9th of this month, with a letter of this 
tenor. 1 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 15 Anno 1658 

Maretien Clasen, plaintiff, against Wynant Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains and says that the defendant called 
her a thief and said that she stole a hen from the defendant, and 
offers to have Maria Lambertsen prove it. 

Marya Lamberts, appearing before the court, declares that 
the defendant said that the plaintiff stole a hen and repeated it 
several times. 

The defendant denies that he said that the plaintiff was a thief. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
swear that he did not say so and in case of refusal that the plain- 
tiff shall take her oath and that the defendant shall be condemned 
to make reparation of the plaintiff's character and also pay a fine 
of 1 2 guilders for the poor. 

Wynant Gerritsen declares that he knows nothing about the 
plaintiff but what is honorable and virtuous and for his defama- 
tion he pays 12 guilders for the poor. 

[102] Wynant Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Jacobus Tysen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 44: 19:8. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

Jan Gou, plaintiff, against Claes Bever, defendant. 



1 The text of the letter is not given in the record. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 163 

The plaintiff demands one beaver for a drag net which L 
owned together. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that he gave two 
half beavers. 

The plaintiff replies and says that the two half beavers were 
for repairing the drag net. 

The court, having heard the parties and the admission of the 
defendant that he had an interest in the drag net, for which he 
said he paid two half beavers, which the plaintiff claims were 
for repairs of the drag net, it is ordered by the court that the 
parties shall respectively choose a referee to settle their difference. 

Jacob Teunesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Abraham, the tailor, defendant. 

Mr Boon, plaintiff, against 
Default Hend r . Bierman, defendant. 

Gerrit Reyersen, plaintiff, against 
Default Di r ck Bensich, defendant. 

Marcelis Jansen, plaintiff, against 
Default Marten Biercaker, defendant. 

[103] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, November 25 

Anno 1658 
Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen 

Francoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Abraham, the tailor, plaintiff, against Jochim Ketluyn, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of seven days' wages at 
fl.2:10 per day. 

The defendant denies that the plaintiff worked seven days, 
but admits that he worked six days at fl.2 per day and says 
further that the plaintiff boarded with him for two or three days 
and that his wife washed for the plaintiff. 



164 Fort Orange and Bevemyck 

The parties having been heard by the court, the defendant is 
ordered to pay the plaintiff six days' wages at fl.2 a day, amount- 
ing to fl. 1 2, from which is to be deducted for washing and board 
the sum of fl.2: 18, leaving 11.9:2. 

Jacob Loockermans, plaintiff, against Matteuwes Abraham- 
sen and his partner, defendants. 

The plaintiff demands completion of carpenter work which 
the defendant is to do according to contract. 

The defendant admits the contract and says that first he 
wishes payment for the work done. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to commence the work which he has agreed to do as soon as the 
plaintiff shall have made the first payment and if the plaintiff 
does not make the first payment within eight days, he shall 
forfeit his right under the contract to have the work done. 

[104] The servant of Claes Hendericksz, deceased, against 
the widow of the same, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant does not fulfil the con- 
tract which the plaintiff made with the defendant's deceased 
husband in Holland and also requests security for his earned 
wages. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff slanders her everywhere 
by complaining about the food and claims that the defendant 
gave the plaintiff stinking meat to eat and requests to be released 
from the servant. 

The court, having heard the parties and noticed their dispute, 
order, inasmuch as one wishes to be released from the other, that 
the plaintiff shall pay the defendant for the money advanced in 
Holland, which he received in hand paid, the sum of fl.40 in 
seawan. 

Jochim Ketteluyn, plaintiff, against Henderick Claessen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.200 for rent of his house. 

The defendant denies that he owes as much, since by order 
of the plaintiff he paid fl.108 to the carpenters of the plaintiff's 
house. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 165 

The parties having been heard, the defendant is ordered by 
the court to pay the plaintiff fl.92 within the space of one month 
and for the recovery of the amount to refer to the books which 
he and his partner kept together. 

[105] Pieter Gillissen, plaintiff, against Jan Thomassen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of 76 schepels of 
wheat in the hands of Jan Helmsen, residing in the colony of 
Rencelaerswyck, for the payment of 72 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, declares the attachment 
valid, provided that the plaintiff address himself to the court of 
the colony of Rencelaerswyck. 

[106] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, November 27 

Anno 1658 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets 

Francoys Boon Adryaen Gerritsen 

Pieter Loockermans, plaintiff, against Barent Albertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 3 1 5 boards for wages. 

The defendant produces a counter claim of fl.66:9, coming 
to the plaintiff, as the boards in money are counted at fl. 186:1. 
The defendant also requests that the plaintiff complete the work 
which he agreed to do, as this is of much importance to the 
defendant. 

The court, having heard the parties, order the defendant tc 
pay the balance of the amount as soon as the plaintiff has com- 
pleted the work which he agreed to do. 

Henderick, the cowherd, plaintiff, against Philip, the brewer 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant had his money in Katskil 
attached for reasons unknown to the plaintiff. 



166 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant says that it was done on account of an order 
of long Mary, 1 from whom a sum of about fl.60 was due to the 
defendant. 

The plaintiff admits that he owes long Mary fl.23. 

The court, having heard the parties, order the parties to settle 
with long Mary and about their difference to appear before the 
court on the next court day. 

[107] Evert Noldingh gives notice of the attachment of 
fl.43:7 in the hands of Mr van Hamel, belonging to Geurt 
Hendericksz, who was in default. 

Anderies de Vosch, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.225 and three muddes 
of wheat. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the plain- 
tiff within one year fl. 1 12:10 and 6 schepels of wheat and the 
next year the other half, also with 6 schepels of wheat or grain, 
for which he binds the rent of his farm, which promises are 
accepted by the plaintiff and declared valid by the court. 

[108] [Ordinance for the proper assize of bread] 1 

The vice-director and magistrates of Fort Orange, village of 
Beverwyck and the dependencies thereof, having heard the 
manifold complaints of the scarcity of coarse bread which the 
bakers, contrary to the ordinance of the director general and 
council of New Netherland, published here the 6th of October 
Anno 1659, do not bake twice a week, the coarse loaf at 16 
stivers, the white loaf in proportion, consuming, to the serious 
prejudice of the community, their flour in baking Koeckjens 
(little cakes) and white bread for the Indians, without [standard] 
weight; Therefore, the said vice-director and the honorable 
magistrates hereby ordain, in conformity with the aforesaid ordi- 



1 lange Mary, meaning: tall Mary. 

2 Revised from Laws and Ordinances of New Netherland, p. 361-62. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 167 

nance, that every one who follows the trade of baking shall from 
this time forth twice a week bake coarse bread for the accom- 
modation of the community and retail each coarse loaf of 8 lbs 
for 18 stivers, counting eight white and four black wampum 
beads (servantiens) to one stiver, and the white loaf, according 
to the abovementioned ordinance, in proportion, and this pro- 
visionally, on account of the scarcity of grain; on the penalty 
that those who violate this ordinance shall be suspended from 
their business for one year, have their white bread confiscated 
and in addition be fined 50 guilders. 

And whereas it is found by experience that many, as well of 
this place as coming from elsewhere, in the trading season make 
a business to baking Koecfyjens and short weight white bread 
for the Indians, to the great loss of the bakers, and quit baking 
in the winter, the said vice-director and the honorable magistrate-: 
ordain that the bakers who quit baking after the trading season 
and before winter and do not accommodate the public in the 
winter, shall also not bake in the summer, on pain of fl.50 and 
the confiscation of the bread that is found. 

Thus done at the meeting in Fort Oiange. the 27th of 
November Anno 1 658. 

[109] [Ordinance fixing the rate at which certain debts may 
be paid in wampum] 1 

The vice-director and magistrates of Fort Orange, village of 
Beverwyck and the dependencies thereof, having received an 
ordinance of the director general and council of New Xetherland 
concerning the value of wampum (servant), which their honors 
caused to be published on the 22d of this month, and having 
thereafter by petition received some complaints of the common- 
alty respecting the alteration of the wampum, by which their 
interests are greatly affected; Therefore, the said vice-director 
and the magistrates do hereby ordain that all the old debts which 



1 Revised from Laws and Ordinances of New Netherlands p. 365. 



168 Fort Orange and Bevenv^ck 

were incurred before the publication of the aforesaid ordinance 
and which should have been paid before that time, may be dis- 
charged within the space of eight days from this date at the rate 
of six white and three black wampum beads for one stiver. 

Thus done at the meeting of [the court of] Fort Orange, the 
29th of November Anno 1 658. 

[Ordinance for the better prevention of fires] 1 

Whereas daily experience teaches us that in consequence of 
the foul and unswept condition of the chimneys these frequently 
catch fire and commonly the houses also, yes, oftentimes even the 
neighboring houses where these are covered with inflammable 
materials, whereby not only great damage is done to the houses 
and goods, but also human beings [suffer injury] , a sad spectacle; 
Therefore, the vice-director and the honorable magistrates of 
this court, wishing, as by their office and in duty bound, by all 
means in their power to provide against such accidents [110], 
do hereby order all burghers and inhabitants of Fort Orange 
and the village of Beverwyck, each one in particular, to keep 
the chimneys of their respective houses clean and free from the 
danger of fire, under the penalty of one pound Flemish for every 
chimney which shall, 15 days after the publication hereof, be 
foul and on inspection be judged as such, and he whose chimney 
shall take fire through carelessness or neglect shall forfeit 50 
guilders. 

Done in Fort Orange, the 27th of November Anno 1658. 

Thus done and renewed in Fort Orange, the 1 0th of December 
Anno 1659. 



1 Revised from Laws and Ordinances of Fort Orange, p. 363. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 169 

[111] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 1 7 

Anno 1658 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets 

Francoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Evert Noldingh, plaintiff, against 

Teuwes Abrahamsen and , r , 
Default J f defendants 

rieter Loockermans 



{ 



Goossen Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Abraham Vosborch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fi. 439:3 
for beer received, according to the contract made between them. 

The defendant produces a counter claim of fl.200, which the 
plaintiff accepts, so that the defendant still owes fl. 239:3, which 
he admits. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the remaining sum of fl.239 and three stivers 
in the space of six weeks. 

The wife of Abraham Vosborch, plaintiff, against Annetien 
Lievens, wife of Goossen Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 4]/2 beavers for 
decorated crowns," which the defendant borrowed from her and 
which have not been restored to the plaintiff. 

The defendant admits that she borrowed them jointly with 
Maria Wesselsen, who borrowed them together with the 
defendant, as they were both bridesmaids, and she therefore 
maintains that she has to pay only one half. 



1 Versierde kroontiens; meaning some sort of headdress in the shape of 
a crown, worn by bridesmaids. For a picture of a very ornate silver 
bridal crown, of 1682, see De Oude Tijd, 1869, vol. I, p. 265. For a 
description of the use of bridal crowns at Dutch weddings, see also 
J. le Francq van Berkhey, Natuurlyke Historic van Holland, vol. 3. 
part 2, p. 1121, 1125. 



170 Fort Orange and Bevernrpc^ 

[112] [The court], having heard the parties, orders that the 
crowns in question shall be paid for by both the bridesmaids, to 
wit, by Annetie Lievens and Marya Wessels, each, one half, by 
settlement of accounts, or otherwise, within the space of six 
weeks. 

Gysbert van Imborch, plaintiff, against Volckert Janssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.72 in beavers, on account 
of Pieter Janssen's servant, as he became surety for so much as 
the servant owed the defendant, and further attaches all the 
money which he will earn, up to fl.72. 

The defendant says that there must be deducted what is 
needed for stockings and shoes for the servant. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders them to go to the 
servant's house and to agree as to what is due to the plaintiff 
trom the defendant. 

Ester Fonda, plaintiff, against Michiel Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl. 101 :6. 

The defendant says that the debt was contracted between him 
and Femmetie Alberts during their partnership and as Fern- 
met je Albert has taken over the debts, the defendant claims that 
he does not have to pay the same. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the plaintiff to 
have Femmetien Alberts and Michiel Teunissen summoned on 
the next court day, to settle their differences. 

Frans Barensen, plaintiff, against 
Default j an van Hoesem, defendant. 

Frangoys Boon, plaintiff, against 

2d default Henderick Bierman, defendant. 

[113] Jacob Teunissen, in his capacity of schout by night, 
plaintiff, against Mattys, the servant of Johannes Withart, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he has taken away a small cask of 
brandy from an Indian, which the Indian said he obtained at 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 171 

the house of Johannes Withart, to which house he went imme- 
diately to get back his beavers. 

The defendant denies that he sold brandy to the Indians and 
requests proof. 

Having heard the parties, the court orders the defendant to 
purge himself by oath of the charge of having sold brandy to 
the Indians. The defendant having taken the oath before the 
court, the plaintiff's complaint against him is dismissed. 
[114] The honorable officer, debet, for receipt of the following 
fines, which were imposed during the year 1658 1 



1 The rest of the page, which apparently was originally the last page 
of a separate book of court minutes, is blank. 



PART III 

Court Minutes of Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

1659 

[115]" In the Name of the Lord, .Amen 

Continuation of the minutes of the court of justice of Fort 
Orange, the village of Beverwyck and the dependencies 
thereof, established in loco on the 10th of April .Anno 
1652, by the honorable director general and council of 
New Netherland 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 14 Anno 1659 

Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets Adryaen Gerritsen 

Francoys Boon, attorney for Dirck Kysser, plaintiff, against 
Henderick Bierman, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 2 beavers and produces 
a bond. 

The defendant denies the debt and the bond. 

The court, having heard the parties and seeing that the 
defendant refuses to take the oath, orders the said defendant 
to pay the aforesaid 12 beavers in the month of May next ensu- 
ing, without delay. 

Pieter Gillissen, against 
l$t default Henderick Claessen, defendant. 

On account of the estate of Jan Bemboo summoned 

the following: 
Henderick Gerritsen 
Willem Hoffmeyer 
Huybert Janssen 



1 The following minutes, for 1659, are translated from the or.: 
record in the Albany county clerk's office, entitled: Court Minui:- 2 
165&-1660 (Mortgage Nc 1. 1652-1660). p. 115-211. 

[ i" 



1 74 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

[116] Joehim Ketluyn, plaintiff, against 
Default Henderick Claessen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Eldert Gerbertsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant called him a thief 
in the presence of Pieter Bronck and his wife. 

The defendant denies that he said so and claims that the plain- 
tiff called him a thief. 

Having heard the parties, the court orders them, to prove their 
charges on the next court day. 

Claes Ripsen, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 4 beavers for outside work 
on the plaintiff's house. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff did not finish the work 
which he undertook to do. 

The court orders that the parties shall each choose a carpenter 
as arbitrator to settle the matter. 

Evert Nolden, plaintiff, against 
3d default Matteus Abrahamsen and Pieter Loockermans, de- 
fendants 



[117] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, February 18 

Anno 1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Abraham Staets Francoys Boon 

Jan Tomassen Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 

Baefien Pietersen, plaintiff, against Evert Nolden, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant engaged her for a year 
to string seawan and that she has done so for half a year. The 
plaintiff, therefore, maintains that the defendant is bound to let 
her string seawan the other half of the year. 

The defendant admits that the plaintiff has strung seawan 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 175 

for him for one half year, but denies that he is bound to keep 
her for a year and says that he is free to take whom he pleases. 

The parties having been heard, the plaintiff is non-suited. 

The wife of Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Michiel Teun:- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.152. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the plaintiff the fl.152 in the space of eight days. 

Jan van Breemen, plaintiff, against Francys Pietersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of five months' wages at fl.18 
per month, amounting to fl.90. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the plaintiff the fl.90 in the space of eight days. 

[118] Mattys van Beeren, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant beat him in his house 
when he called upon him to pay six shillings. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff beat him first and would 
not let him get out and locked the door. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemns each to pay a 
fine of one pound Flemish to the under-schout. 

Adriaen Janssen from Leyden, plaintiff, against 
V. Bout, default Willem Fredricksz Boutl 

i wr-n t ■« r defendants 

and Willem 1 elier 

j 

The plaintiff, being farmer of the burgher and tapsters' excise, 
complains that the defendant. Willem Bout, has taken 7 ankers 
of brandy out of the cellar of Willem Teller, without removal 
permit or his knowledge. 

Willem Teller admits that he let him take the wine because 
Willem Bont told him that he would save him, Willem Telier, 
from all damages which mieht result therefrom. 



1 76 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The court, having heard this, orders the officer to have the 
said seven ankers taken away and to take them into his custody. 

Jochim Ketluyn, against 
1st default Eldert Gerbertsen, defendant. 

Pieter Gillissen, plaintiff, against 
2d default Henderick Claessen 

Jan Bemboo, plaintiff, against 

f Willem Hofmeyer "1 
2d default J . f defendants 

Henderick LserntsenJ 

[119] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 4 Anno 

1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Francoys Boon 

Abraham Staets Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 

Pieter Gillissen, plaintiff, against Henderick Claessen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.70. 

The defendant having failed to appear after having been three 
times summoned, he is by default condemned to pay the plain- 
tiff the sum demanded in the space of eight days, with the costs 
of the three defaults, amounting to fl.1-16-, under penalty of 
execution. 

Philip Hendericksz, plaintiff, against 
1st default Femmetien, the bakeress, defendant. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Foppe Barentsen, defendant. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against 

T\ Abraham Vosborch^l 
1st default J . ^defendants 

^ Henderick Claessen | 

Idem, plaintiff, against Teunis Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.221 :1 :— . 

The defendant denies the debt and requests an account. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 177 

The parties having been heard, it is ordered that they shall 
calculate together and appear on the next court about the differ- 
ence between their accounts. 

As Teunis Jacobsen has misbehaved in this service, the court 
decides that he shall dismissed from the service until further 
order. 

[120] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 18 Anno 

1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Tomassen Francoys Boon 

Abraham Staets Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 

Philip Hendencksen, plaintiff, against Femmetien, the 
bakeress, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.360. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the aforesaid sum of 360 guilders, at the last 
payment for her house, in which Daniel Rinckhout lives, which 
is to take place after two years. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jan Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.290 1 -. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the defendant is ordered by 
the court to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in the space of 
six weeks. 

Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against 
2d default Foppe Barentsen, defendant. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
f Eldert Gerbertsen ^ 
Default J J an van Breemen /-defendants 
' v Jacob Adriaensen 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of a certain sum 
in the hands of Eldert Gerbertsen belonging to Jan van Breemen. 



178 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[121 J Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Abraham Vosborgh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.336. 

The defendant admits the, debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in the space of two months. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Teunis Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a certain sum of money. 

The defendant says that they have never adjusted accounts 
with each other. 

The court orders the parties to adjust their accounts and to 
appear on the next court day about their differences. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default J an van Breemen, defendant 

Poulus Jurcksen, plaintiff, against 
Default Cobus Teunissen, defendant. 

Evert Nolden, plaintiff, against 
Default Adriaen Janssen from Leyden, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Matteus Abrahamsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 7 : 1 7 :- 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders that the aforesaid sum shall be made payable 
to Femmetjen, the bakeress, in payment of the rent of the plain- 
tiff's house. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Pieter Loockermans, defendant. 

[122] Abraham Vosborch, plaintiff, against Rutger Jacobsen 
and Goossen Gerritsen, formerly in partnership, defendants. 

The plaintiff says that he executed a bond in favor of the 
defendants for 439 guilders and 3 stivers, on which he paid 

fl.300. 

The defendants denie that they received fl.300, but admit that 
they received fl.200. 

The court, having heard their differences, adjourn the case to 
the next court day for further consideration by the parties. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 179 

Jan Bemboo, plaintiff, against Henderick Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.65. 

The defendant having been summoned three times and 
remained in default, he is ordered by the court to pay the plain- 
tiff the sum of fl.65 demanded, under penalty of execution. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Willem Hoffmeyer, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.9. 

The defendant having been summoned three times and 
remained in default, he is ordered by the court to pay the plaintiff 
the sum demanded, under penalty of execution. 

Nomination of magistrates, being six in number, 
from which number three are to be chosen : 

Rutger Jacobsen Sander Leendersen Evert Wendels 

Anderies Herbertsen Yolckert Janssen Jan Verbeeck 

[123] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April I, 1659 

Present: 

Abraham Staets Jan Tomassen Francoys Boon 

J. La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 

Lowies Cobussen, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Fverraerts, defendant. 

Neeltien Cobussen, plaintiff, against Tryn Claes, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sold her an apron, on 
which she paid fl.9, and demands that the same be returned by 
the defendant. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff returned the aforesaid 
apron, claiming that the defendant had sold it to her at too^ high 
a price and that the plaintiff did not wish to keep the apron. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to return fl.6 to the plaintiff, the remaining fl.3 to be retained in 
compensation for the cancellation of the purchase. 



180 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Jan Anderiessen de Graef, plaintiff, against Barent Albertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 34 boards. 

The defendant says that he does not owe more than 24 boards. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 30 boards 
in the space of eight days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Teuwes Abrahamsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for 8000 brick, for which he 
must have 1 05 boards. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 105 
boards in the space of eight days. 

[124] Marcelus Janssen, plaintiff, against and having 
attached the propertj' of Foppe Barentsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a tavern debt of fl.13:2. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff fl, 1 3 :2. 
As the plaintiff takes the oath, the attachment of Evert Nolden 
is vacated. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 5, 1659 
Present: 

J. La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Adriaen Gerritsen 
Jan Tomassen Francoys Boon 

1 Cornelis Woutersen, plaintiff and party attaching (arrestant) , 
against Madam Johanna de Laet, wife of Mr Jeronimus Eb- 
bingh, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.275, for making the 
bridge in the Esopus, for which the defendant promised to pay, 
as he offers to prove by Geurt Hendericksz and Jan Barentsen, 
whose testimony he produces. 



1 Revised from Doc. rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 13:98. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 181 

Philip Pieterse Schuyler, as attorney for the defendant, re- 
quests that the case be adjourned until the defendant and her 
husband again come up the river. 

The court, having heard the witnesses and read their testi- 
mony, from which it appears that the defendant made a verbal 
agreement with the plaintiff about the bridge, but not knowing 
whether afterwards another contract was made between the 
parties, consents to adjourn the case until the defendant or her 
husband shall next come up here, without prejudice to the rights 
and claims of either party. 



[125] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 7 Anno 

1659 
Present: 

J. La Montagne Pieter Hartgers Frangoys Boon 
Jan Tomassen Abraham Staets Adriaen Gerritsen 

Jacob Steendam, plaintiff, against Maria Dyckmans, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of a bill of exchange which 
was signed by the defendant's husband and which has come 
back protested, arising from some vendue, the proceeds whereof 
were kept by the defendant's husband. 

The defendant says that she can not denie it, as she saw her 
husband's signature. 

Having heard the parties and examined the bill of exchange 
with the protest thereof, the court condemns the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the aforesaid bill of exchange with the charges 
thereon after liquidation by two referees to be chosen by the 
parties respectively. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that judgment was given last year against 
the defendant to pay the plaintiff a certain sum of money, for 



182 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

which the plaintiff demands a mortgage on the defendant's 
house. 

The defendant grants the plaintiff's request. 

The court fiat. 
1st default j an Harmsen, plaintiff, against 
Sander Leendersen, defendant. 
Tomas Loduwycksz, plaintiff, against 
1st default Symon Groot, defendant. 

[ 1 26] Jan Tomassen and Volckert Janssen, plaintiffs, against 
Jurriaen Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.660 for beer delivered. 

The defendant says that he said that he was willing to pay 
after Easter. 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to pay the plaintiff the fl.660 demanded in the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl. 183:3 and 
in addition fl.50 for beer delivered. 

The defendant requests an account from the plaintiff. 

The court orders the parties to adjust their accounts and to 
appear on the next court day about the difference between them. 

Claes Teunissen is granted a lot on the plain, to the west 
Carsten the Noorman, in length 6 rods; to the north a road, in 
width 3 rods; to the east a vacant lot, in length 6 rods; to the 
south the plain, 3 rods. Also a part of a lot for a garden, to the 
south Barent Albertsen, in length 7 rods, 10 feet; to the west, 
Jeremias van Rencelaer, in breadth 3 rods, 10 feet; to the north 
Jan Roelofsen, in length 7 rods 10 feet; to the east a road, in 
breadth 3 rods, 10 feet. 

Evert Wendel is upon his petition granted permission to use 
for his convenience the small piece of land which he has, until 
necessity shall require him to do without it. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 183 

[127] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 22, 1659 

Present: 

J. La Montagne Abraham Staets Pieter Hartgers 
Jan Tomassen Francoys Boon Adriaen Gerritsen 

Goossen Gerritsen and Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiffs, against 
Abraham Vosborgh, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.100, the case having 
been adjourned to this day to have the parties declare under 
oath whether the plaintiff had received the money and whether 
the defendant had paid it. 

The court having required the parties to take the oath, the 
defendant and his wife have sworn that they paid and satisfied 
the aforesaid fl.100 to the plaintiff. Accordingly, the plaintiff's 
suit is dismissed by the court. 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Henderick Claessen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 70 in seawan and 1 2 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, fiat, orders payment in six weeks. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
1st default J an van Breemen, defendant. 

Frans Barensen Pastoor, plaintiff, against 
1st default J an van Breemen, defendant. 

Volckert Janssen and Pieter Gillissen, plaintiffs, 
against 
1st default j an van Breemen, defendant. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Claessen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl. 1 1 6 for beer delivered. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, fiat, orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum demanded in six weeks. 



184 Fort Orange and BeverTvyck 

[128] Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Jacob Adriaensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.67. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the afore- 
said sum of fl.67 in the space of six weeks. 

Ida Claessen, plaintiff, against 
Default Gerrit Visbeeck, defendant. 

Pieter Bronck and Harmen Bastiaensen request permission to 
build a saw mill on the Beaver kill. Their request is granted 
by the court, on condition that Abraham Vosborch shall have 
the first choice of location, as he was the first applicant. 



[129] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 13 Anno 

1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Pieter Hartgers 

Jan Tomassen Adriaen Gerritsen 

Frans Barentsen Pastoor, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of fl.75. 

The defendant denies the debt, because it was stipulated that 
one half of the purchase price was to be paid in beavers and the 
plaintiff was calculating in seawan. 

The court puts over the matter until the next court day for 
further proof by the parties. 

Jacob Teunissen, plaintiff, against 
Default Henderick, the cowherd, defendant. 
Tomas Pouwel, 1 plaintiff, against 

I Cornelis Vosch 1 . f , 
Default J , y defendants 



1 Jochem Wesselsen 



1 Thomas Powell; see Early Records of Albany, 3:246-47. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 185 

The honorable officer Johannes Lamontagne, plaintiff, against 
Evert Nolden, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant the of this month 

at his place drew his knife [130] on Pieter Janssen and there- 
after his cutlas, in violation of the ordinance of the High and 
Mighty Lords the States General and the honorable director 
general and council of New Netherland published here several 
times. He therefore demands that the defendant in accordance 
with the said ordinance be condemned to pay a fine of 200 
guilders and the costs of the trial. 

The defendant acknowledges his guilt, but claims that Pieter 
Janssen gave him cause for it by calling him an old dog and 
saying further: " Old dog, if I once get you outside, I shall give 
it to you good and plenty." 

The parties having been heard, the court orders the defendant 
to prove on the next court day that Pieter Janssen gave him 
cause therefor. 

[131 ] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 1 Anno 

1659 

In the place of the retiring magistrates, Abraham Staets and 
Jan Tomassen, ordinary magistrates, and Adriaen Gerritsen, 
extraordinary magistrate, according to the extract from the resolu- 
tions of the honorable director general and council of New 
Netherland, there have been chosen and confirmed from the 
double number nominated Anderies Herbertsen and Sander 
Leendersen ordinary magistrates and Jan Verbeeck extraordinary 
magistrate, who, being summoned by the court, have taken the 
following oath of fidelity before the commissary: 

We, the undersigned, as chosen magistrates of the court of 
justice of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, promise 
and swear in the presence of God Almighty and our fellow 
members, that we shall help administer true law and justice 
between man and man and furthermore that in all matters relating 



186 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

to the administration of justice and government we shall cause 
to be carried out [all orders] and promote [the public welfare] 
to the best of our knowledge and ability, and furthermore in 
every respect conduct ourselves loyally and faithfully toward 
the Lords States General of the United Netherlands, the lords 
directors of the Chartered West India Company and [132] the 
honorable director general and council of New Netherland, 
with the further promise that we shall help maintain here the 
Reformed religion according to the Word of God and the regu- 
lations of the Synod of Dordrecht and tolerate no other sects. 
So truly help us God Almighty. 

After being congratulated, the aforesaid Anderies Herbert- 
sen, Sander Leendersen and Jan Verbeeck have this day taken 
their seats. 

The retiring magistrates are released from their oath and 
thanked for their faithful services and performance oi their duty, 
with the promise that with regard to their honorarium of fl.150 
a year, they will at the first opportunity when the treasury is well 
provided receive consideration and be paid together with the 
present and future magistrates. 

After deliberation, it is agreed upon and decided that the 
annually retiring magistrates shall for the period of one year 
after their discharge be exempt from the ordinary burgher watch, 
but nevertheless, being ordered to do so in case of need, be 
obliged to perform all extraordinary rounds and guard duty like 
other citizens, according to the resolution passed and ratified by 
the honorable director general and council of New Netherland. 

[133] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 27 Anno 

1659 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Pieter Loockerman, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff produces an account for bread received by the 
defendant, amounting to the sum of fl.77:8. 

The defendant denies the debt. 



Court Minutes, 1 65 7- 1 660 : 7 

Tlic plaintiff coniirms his account by oath. Therefore, the 
honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiif the 
above mentioned sum in is, under penalty 

of execution. 

Pieter Bronck, plaint: ast Jan van Breemen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of the sum 
of fl.234 for beer and other articles. 

The defendant desires to have a : account from the 

plaintiff. 

The court having heard the partie: ruination of 

accounts, refers them to the judgment of the 7th of April 1 659. 

Pieter Bronck is Jacobz-en. defenc 

Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, demands of the defendant the sum 
of fl.221 :1 . arising from beer received, tavr 

[134] . re defendant produces an account oi _ : ! :18 for 
hops, etc. delivered to the p. :h the plaintiff der 

die receipt of two parcels 

Tbe court, having heard the parties, c:. c defendant to 

prove it on the next court da] 

Frans Barentsen, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen, 
defendant. 

Tlie plaintiff demands cf the defendant execution of A 
ment of January 23 Anno 1657. regarding .ent of the 

sum of 173 : 

The honorable cour: ag heard the parties, order the 

defendant to execute the juc p renounced by the honorable 

' commissary and magistrates en the date above written. 

D Harmensen, plain b Eeckelen. defendant. 

Tin '.aintiff, having had some - .Albert G 

in the hands : fai van Eeckelen ed, by balance of an 

account of fL 124, with c .ment ■ 

be declared valid u receive his m: :m Jan 

van Eeckelen, from whom the other creditors received their r 

The honorable court, having heard the order that the 

plaintiff shall share in proportion to other : what may 

. be paid. 



188 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

[135] Seger Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Claes Mille. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fl.270 in 
seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, orders the 
defendant to pay the sum demanded, to wit, fl.160 in the space 
of six weeks and the remainder in the autumn of the year 1 659, 
according to the defendant's own promise and the shaking of 
hands, under penalty of execution. 

Mr Johannes La Montagne, officer, plaintiff, against Evert 
Nolden, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains for the second time about the defendant 
on account of his crime committed in drawing his knife and 
cutlas on Pieter Lambertsen, according to the affidavit and also 
according to his own confession, and asks the same fine which 
he, the plaintiff, proposed on the preceding court day, namely, 
fl.200. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, order that the 
trial of this case shall take place on the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jan van Breemen. 

The honorable officer says that Jan van Breemen, the defend- 
ant, yesterday, being the 26th of May, in the presence of many 
people before this fort Orange [136] attacked Frans Pietersen 
and slashed his hat with a knife, which cut was aimed at his 
face and was warded off by the said Frans's arm. In accordance 
with the ordinance of the High and Mighty Lords the States 
General the honorable officer requests that the defendant shall 
pay a fine of fl. 1 00 and in addition pay for the damage done to 
Frans Pietersen's hat and clothes, before the defendant be 
released from custody. 

The honorable court adjourns the case to the next court day. 

Jan Meyndersen requests of the honorable court a lot, where- 
upon the court refers him to the surveyor who is to see where a 
suitable place may be obtained or found for him. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 189 

[137] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 7 Anno 

1659 

Jacob Tyssen, Cornelis Teunissen Bosch, Leendert Philipsen 
and Claes Jacobsen present to the honorable court a petition in 
the name of others who have also signed the petition, praying 
that they may be permitted to do their best in regard to the ques- 
tion of trade to promote the interests of their households. 

The honorable court having examined the petition and care- 
fully considered the matter and having taken everything into 
consideration, the petitioners are granted permission to employ 
Indian brokers and to send them into the woods without any 
presents, and this provisionally until further order, with this 
special injunction that no Dutch brokers shall be employed 
thereto, according to the ordinance made and published on the 
last of May of this year, 1659. 

[138] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 10 Anno 

1659 

Volckert Janssen, plaintiff, against Jan Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of the sum of fl.139 in seawan, 
for beer furnished. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant, after an account shall have been rendered, to pay the 
plaintiff the sum of fl.139 demanded in seawan promptly in the 
space of one month, under penalty of execution. 

Jan Harmsen, plaintiff, against Roeloif Swartwout, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment from the defendant of the sum 
of fl.68 in seawan, for beer received by the defendant. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.68 demanded in 
seawan promptly in the space of one month, under penalty of 
execution. 



190 Fort Orange and BevenpycJi 

Jan Harmsen, plaintiff, against Fredrick Harmsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of half a 
mudde of wheat for money loaned to the defendant. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff fl.8 in seawan for the half mudde 
of wheat, in the space of 8 days. 

[139] Roeloff Swartwout, plaintiff, against Henderick Mar- 
tensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fl.93:5, 
arising from beer and brandy received by the defendant. 

The defendant admits the debt and claims that he paid some- 
thing on it. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.60 in seawan, promptly 
in the space of one month, under penalty of execution, and to 
settle with the plaintiff about the balance. 

Philip Hendericksen, plaintiff, against Arent vanden Bergh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fl.t 16 in 
seawan, for beer furnished. 

The defendant acknowledges the debt and demands an 
account. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant, after an account has been rendered, to pay the plain- 
tiff the sum demanded in seawan in the space of one month, under 
penalty of execution. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Evert Nolden, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl.200 on account 
of fines, according to the plaintiff's demand of May 13, 1659. 

The defendant admits the crime as before and says that he had 
reason for it. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to produce evidence in his defense on the next court 
day. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 191 

[ 140] The Hon. Lamontagne, officer, plaintiff, against Philip 
Pietersen, defendant. 

The plaint. that on the third of this month he was in 

the woods and there found an Indian who had a new coat. He 
asked him through the interpreter from whom he had received 
that coat, whereupon the Indian replied: "From Philip 
Pietersz." 

The Hon. La Montagne, officer, plaintiff, against Philip 
Pietersen Schuyler, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that on the third of this month he was in 
the woods and there iound an Indian who had a new coat. He 
asked him through the interpreter from whom he had received 
that coat, whereupon the Indian replied: " From Philip Pietersen, 
and in order that he would bring five Indians with beavers out 
of the woods." Having meanwhile detained the Indian and 
talked with him, the aforesaid hve Indians joined them and went 
with him to the house of Philip Pietersz, whereupon the plain- 
tiff and his accompanying helpers followed them into the house 
of the defendant. The plaintiff having asked the defendant 
whether he gave the Indian the coat, he answered \ es, where- 
upon the plaintiff fined the defendant in the presence of Ml 
Bedlo. He concludes that id Philip Pietersen, contral- 

to the ordinance, has sent a broker into the woods and demands 
that on this account he be condemned to pay a fine of 300 
guilders and be suspended from trading for the period of one 
year. 

[141 ] The defendant denies that he sent the aforesaid Indian 
into the woods as a broker, saying that the Indian without solici- 
tation went into the woods. He admits that the Indian received 
a coat from him. but not for that purpose. He also says that 
he gave a present to the Indians and if he did wrong in that, he 
says that not a single beaver is bartered in the Fuyck but it is 
done contrary to the ordinance. 

The officer demands that the defendant purge himself of his 
offense by oath. 

The defendant refuses to take the oath. 



192 Fort Orange and Beverivycli 

[142] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 13 

Anno 1659 

The Hon. Officer, plaintiff, against Rutger Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that Rutger jacobsen has complained to 
him that Dutchmen have been in the woods to fetch Indians. 

The defendant says that he will prove it by others and that 
it is claimed that one of Cornelis Teunissen Bosch's men is walk- 
ing in the woods, namely, Jacob Teunisz, and the servant of 
Marcelis Janssen. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Jacob Teunissen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, Jacob Teunissen, is 
charged with walking in the woods for Cornelis Teunissen Bosch 
in order to attract the Indians with beavers. 

The defendant denies the charge. He says that he did not 
do so, but that he was in the woods on his own account to catch 
an Indian who owed him a beaver. He also say that Harmen 
Vedder, Storm Albertsen, Teunis Slingerlant and Roeloff 
Swartwout were in the woods, as well as Cornelis Fynhout, the 
servant of Marcelus Janssen. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Cornelis Fynhout, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant is charged with having 
been in the woods to fetch Indians. 

The defendant denies the charge, saying that he was in the 
woods, not for that purpose, but perchance to catch the horses 
of Arent, the Norman. 

[143] Jacob Teunissen being asked by the officer whether 
he and the servant of Marcelus Janssen had not entered into 
an agreement as to the number of Indians which each was to 
have, answers that the brokers said that they would each have 
two Indians. 

The court adjourns the case to the next court day. 



Court Minute 1 65/- 1 600 193 

[ 144 J Ordinar> Session he.d in Fort Urange, July I Anno 1659 

Cornell $t Juffrouw hlbb.: 

defendant. 

The plaintiff demands oi lIil defendant a certain balance of 
account, amounting to fl. lOO. i certain num- 

ber of beavers, all oi which the plaintiff asks to have in beavers, 
because he has waited long alter the amount was due. 

1 he defendant admits the debt and asks extension of time. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, condemns 
the defendant to pay the plaintiff the first penny and the last 
according to their written agreement and specifications in the 
space of eight days, on pain of execution. 

Reynier Elbertsen, plaintiff, against Jochim Ketteluyn, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands or the defendant 4 i beavers and 
fl.12 - 12 stivers in seawan. which he has caused to be attached 
in the hands of Cornells Schoester. 

1 he defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same. 

The parties having been heard, the defendant is ordered to 
pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in the space of eight days, 
or thereabout. 

Mr Assar Levy, plaintiff, against 

Jan Pvoeloffsen and 
Default -I defendants 

Jacob Loockermans 

The plaintiff demands of the defendants, according to their 
bond, eleven beavers, which they, the defendants, as partners 
received together in goods and claims that each as principal is 
liable for the payment of the whole amount. 

[145] The defendant admits dial he owes 5 beavers as his 
share, but no more, and asks tor sufficient time, according to 
burgher right. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
order the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 5 beavers in the space 
of three weeks, the plaintiff reserving his action against Jacob 
Loockermans as to his share. 



194 Fort Orange and Beverrv^ck 

Anderies Herbertsen, as attorney of Aert Pietersen, plaintiff, 
against Jochim Ketteiheyn, defendant. 

I he piaintiif demands of trie derendant 4 3 whole beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt and says that he will pay the 
man. 

The plaintiff, replying, demands that the defendant give secur- 
ity before he leaves, as Aert Pietersen intends with God's help 
to depart for the fatherland and will then know where he can 
get his money. 

The court, having heard parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in the space of 
14 days, on pain of execution, his house standing here in the 
village of Beverwyck to be bound as security. 

Stoffei Janssen, plaintiff, against Jacob Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 1 1 Yl beavers, arising 
from goods furnished. 

The wife of the defendant appearing, admits the debt and 
says that he has no beavers, but is willing to pay in other mer- 
chandise, namely, in boards. 

[ 1 46] The honorable court; having heard the parties on both 
sides, orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the aforesaid 
number of beavers, or the equivalent in seawan, at the market 
price, in the space of 14 days, en pain of execution. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against Jacob Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 20 beavers and fl.57 
in seawan, on which fl.81 in seawan is paid. 

The defendant denies the debt, but says that he has a letter 
from Govert Loockermans, forbidding them to hold back any 
beavers, and requests liquidation of accounts until the return of 
Govert Loockermans. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders: fiat. 

Mr Assar Levy, plaintiff, against Jacob Teunissen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 30J/2 beavers, accord- 
ing to his bond, arising from goods received. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 195 

1 he defendant admits the debt and offers to pay now and 
then something. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, order the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the aforesaid number of beavers 
in the space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Mr Jan Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against iivert Xolden, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant one hundred and 
sixty-two and a half beavers, according to a bond which he 
produces. 

[147] The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the aforesaid 1 621 2 beavers in 
in the space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Symon Turck, plaintiff, against Rem Janssen, smith, 
defendant. 

1 he plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fl.66, aris- 
ing (from money due to) Pieter Cornelissen, deceased. 

The defendant denies the debt, saying that he paid it. 
i he court, having heard the parties, grants the defendant 
lime until the next court day to consider the matter and to de- 
clare under oath that he paid. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Sander Leendersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl.95:14 on account 
of P. Cornelissen, deceased. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that there is still 
money due him from Pieter Cornelissen, deceased. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders them 
to calculate with each other. 

Mr Jeremias van Rencelaer, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl. 1895:16:8 in 
beavers, according to his bond, arising from goods received by 
the defendant. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 



196 Fort Orange and Bevcrwyck 

defendant to pay the plaintiff the 11.1895:16:8 demanded within 
the space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

[148] Willem Janssen Schutt, plaintiff, against Jacob 
Loockermans, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of nine 
beavers for a certain lot on which the defendant's house stands. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the aforesaid number of nine 
beavers in the space of six weeks. 

Hans Carelsen, plaintiff, against Pieter Claerbout, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant for freight five beavers, 
as per agreement. 

The defendant says that he misses two chairs and a lantern 
which blew over board during the night and first demands resti- 
tution thereof. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff two beavers in the space of 1 4 days. 

Dirckjen Martensen, plaintiff, against Jan Everraerts, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff produces an affidavit showing that she has occa- 
sion to feel aggrieved and requests that the defendant shall either 
prove or deny the statements. 

The defendant requests time until the next court day to prove 
the statements. 

The honorable court, fiat. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 197 

[149] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 8 Anno 1659 

Present: 

J. La Montagne Dirck Janssen Croon 

Pieter Hartgers Anderies Herbertsen 

Francoys Boon Sander Leendersen 

Jan Verbeeck 

Juffrouw Ebbinghs, 1 plaintiff, against Pieter Janssen Loocker- 
mans, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.54 in 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
o: ders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.54 demanded 
in beavers in the space of eight days. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhout, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 39J/2 
beavers, arising from wheat delivered. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
order the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in the 
space of eight days, on pain of execution. 

Gyllis Pietersen, plaintiff, against Juffrouw Ebbings, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of certain 
moneys in beavers arising from house rent. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that she is willing 
to pay in beavers if the defendant first pays her the seawan. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, orders each 
party to choose a referee. 

[150] Mons r - Johannes Withart, plaintiff, against Symon 
Groot, defendant. 



1 Johanna de Laet, the wife of Jeronimus Ebbingh. Her first husband 
was Johan de Hulter, 



198 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fl. 562 
in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he bought the 
goods on the condition that if he could not dispose of them in 
barter, he could return them. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
examined the obligation, and taken everything into consideration, 
condem the defendant to pay the sum demanded to the plaintiff 
within the space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jacob Loockermans, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of the sum 
of fl.439 :4 :- , in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard parties on both sides, order 
the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded within the 
space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Harmen Vedder 5 plaintiff and aneslant, against Pieter 
BroncL defendant. Default. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of property in 
the hands of Master Gysbert, 1 on account of rent of the defend- 
ant's house. 

Jacob Hendericksen, plaint ; ff, against Jacob Adriaensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.33 in 
seawan, which he caused to be attached lately. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, declare the 
attachment valid and order the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 
sum demanded within the space of six days. 

[151] Mr Thomas Poulussen, plaintiff and arrestanU against 
Cateleyn Samsons, 2 defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.230, 
which he caused to be attached in the hands of Lambert van 



1 Surgeon Gysbert van Imborch. 

2 The wife of Harmen Thomasz Hun; see Early Records of Albany, 
3:69. 



Court Minute*, 1 657-1660 199 

Neck, and asks that he may be paid on the same basis as other 
creditors. 

The honorable court dec! rnent valid. 

Philip Hend gainst Mr Diederick van 

Hamel, defendant." 

e plaintiff demands of the defend ment of fl. 160:1 5, 

in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
order the defend?.: sum demanded toward 

the end of this month c \ inst the 

moneys shall stand until the payment is made, unless the defend- 
ant as security deposit some goods with the court. 

RoelofF Swartwout, plain linst Mons r - Boon." defendant. 

The plaintiff asks the court for an order upon the petition 
presented by him and a copy of the obligation, as he makes a 
plea in abatement of the action and contests the obligation which 
Monsr- Boon has, saying that it contains exceptions. 

The defendant says that according to the obligation he is to 
recover his money from no one but the plaintiff. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides. 

let the plaintiff and petitioner according to the previous judg- 
ment to tender and pay the rest of the amount within the space 
of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

[152] Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Jacob Adriaensen, 
defendant. 

The plainti^ demands of the defendant payment o^ ten 
s of wheat. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides. 
order the defendant to pay the plaintiff (1.30 for the wheat, in 
seawan, within eight days. 



1 Dirck van Hr-^e 1 was sc he colony of Rcnssdaerswydt 

from October 1655 until h on July 2. 16( 

'Francois Boon, a son of the rector of the Latin school at NylcercV 



200 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

Pieter Winnen, plaintiff, against Pieter Janssen Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant satisfaction of the 
previous judgment. The court: fiat, 

S r - Asser Levy, plaintiff, against Jacob Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 5Yl beavers accord- 
ing to obligation. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties, orders the defendant to 
pay the plaintiff the sum demanded within the space of 1 4 days, 
on pain of execution. 

Cobus Janssen, plaintiff, against Jacob Adriaensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of fl.10, in 
beavers. 

The defendant denies the debt, saying that his wife paid it. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum demanded within the space of 14 days. 

S r . Daniel Verveelen, plaintiff, against Mattheus Abrahamsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant two beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the two beavers 
demanded within the space of 14 days. 

[153] S r . Daniel Verveelen, plaintiff, against Jan van Hoe- 
sem, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl.81 in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court, having heard the parties on both sides, order the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded within the space 
of one month. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jacob Adriaensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.72 in 
beavers, or 70 schepels of oats. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 



201 



The defendant admits the debt, but not otherwise than in 
seawan or oats. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to produce proof 
of the matter on the next court day. 

Interrogatories whereupon [certain persons] are to 
be asked by the court whether they did not hear the 
scandalous blasphemies which Cornelis Teunissen 
Bosch uttered against the commissary and the 
magistrates. 

1 First, whether Cornelis 1 Rutger Jacobsen answers 

Teunissen Bosch did not say that he heard it, provided that 

that he would go into the Cornelis Teunissen Bosch said 

woods and let every one see it that if Philip Pietersen and 

and, with permission, that he Pieter Hartgers, who were 

wiped his .... on the ordi- caught, were not punished first, 

nance and other nasty and that he wiped his .... on the 



contemptuous words? 



[ 1 54] Secondly, whether 
he did not say that the magis- 
trates were a lot of perjurers 
and that he did not care a 
thing about the magistrates? 



ordinance. 

And Jacob Schermerhoorn 
answers as above. 

Answers to this that he 
heard Cornelis Teunissen Bosch 
say, also on the condition above 
stated: " I do not care a thing 
about the magistrates and shall 
go into the woods and let them 
see it, and they are a lot of 
perjurers if they do not punish 
those." 

Schermerhoorn answers as 
written above. 

As to the first article, Gerrit Slechtenhorst answers that he 
heard something or other, but did not pay attention to the exact 
words. 

As to the second article, Gerrit Slechtenhorst answers that he 



202 Fort Orange and Bevenvyck 

heard Cornelis Teunissen Bosch say that they should first punish 
those who were caught. 

The court having asked Gerrit Slechtenhorst whether he did 
not see Cobus Looper and Leendert, the taylor's servant, come 
out of the woods with Indians having beavers with them, says 
that he saw them coming down the hill or above his house, out 
of the woods, having Indians with them. 

Aernout Cornelissen and Hans Hendericksz answer the same, 
namely, that they saw the same persons coming down the hill, 
having Indians with beavers with them. 

[155] The honorable officer Johannes La Montagne, plain- 
tiff, against Cornelis Teunissen Bosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant defamed 
the honorable court. 

The defendant says that he is not guilty. 

The honorable court orders that copies shall be delivered to 
the parties, to make answer thereto on the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Erasmus, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that Pieter Erasmus contrary 
to the ordinance has been in the woods and came down the hill 
with Indians. 

The defendant denies it and says that he has not been there. 

The plaintiff demands that the defendant shall under oath 
purge himself of the charge, namely, that he persuaded the 
Indians to go to his master's house. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to think the matter 
over until the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Philip Pietersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff requests judgment against the defendant who 
contrary to the ordinance sent Indians into the woods and gave 
them presents. [156] Therefore, that Philip Pietersen shall 
purge himself under oath, or else be fined according to the 
ordinance. 

The defendant refuses to take the oath and says that he is 
not guilty thereof. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 203 

The honorable court orders ihe parties to think trie matter 
over until the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Hartgers, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that Pieter Hartgers, according to his own 
confession contrary to the ordinance has sent Indian brokers into 
the woods. He requests therefore that the defendant be fined 
according to the ordinance. 

The defendant admits that he sent Indians as brokers into the 
woods and that he was permitted to do so, because the ordinance 
according to his opinion should have been repealed in the same 
way as last year. 

The honorable court will take the matter under advisement. 



[157] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange July 15 Anno 

1659 

Present: 

La Montagne Pieter Hartgers 

Francoys Boon Anderies Herbertsen 

Sander Leendersen Dirck Janssen Croon 

Jan Verbeeck 

Lidia van Dyck, plaintiff, against Jan van Eeckelen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 32Vi beavers and 
produces an obligation. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 32 1 z beavers 
demanded within the space of 14 days, on pain of execution. 

Pieter Gillissen, plaintiff, against Arent Janssen, carpenter, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 9 ] /2 beavers for nails 
bought by him. 

The defendant admits the debt. 



204 Fort Orange and Bevertpyck 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded 
within the space of 14 days. 

M r . van Vleck, 1 plaintiff, against Anderies Herbertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff claims damages for the loss of a hogshead of 
vinegar, which the defendant's servant carted from the yacht 
[158] and which in unloading the cart fell to pieces, and asks 
10 beavers for it. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff ought to have secured 
another man, as it was not a one-man job. 

The parties on both sides having been heard, the matter is 
referred to referees to be chosen by them respectively. 

Henderick Marcelus, plaintiff, against Evert Nolden, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl. 18 for wages as 
watchman and claims that inasmuch as he was engaged by the 
year he is entitled to the full amount. 

The court orders that the defendant shall receive no more 
than he has earned. 

Jan Barentsen, plaintiff, against Adriaen Symonsen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 15 beavers which 
the defendant took with him to Holland to deliver to the plain- 
tiff's wife, but which she has not received. 

The defendant says that the beavers were confiscated among 
his own beavers and produces a certificate of the honorable fiscal 
for a parcel of 1 2 beavers. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 12 beavers and to 
claim restitution from the honorable company or the fiscal. As 
to the remaining three beavers, the plaintiff is to show evidence 
that they were there. 



1 Tielman van Vleck, a notary public at New Amsterdam. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 205 

[159] Madam Ebbinghs, plaintiff, against Jacob I yssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 4 I 
being the amount still due en a judgment given last year. 

The honorable court refer to the previous judgment and order 
the amount to be paid in eight days. 

Jan Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against Pieter Bronck, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 36 beavers, 
for which he produces a bond. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum of 36 beavers 
in the space of 15 days. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of about 
fl. 1 50 in seawan, for bread delivered. 

The defendant says that his partner is at the Manhatans and 
that the papers are in his custody. He requests a delay of three 
weeks to go over the accounts. 

The honorable court orders: fiat. 

Evert Pels, plaintiff, against Jan Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 20 beavers by balance 
of accounts, arising from the purchase of 5 aams of brandy. 

[160] The defendant denies having received 5 aams, but 
admits having received 4, for which 5 beavers are still due to 
the plaintiff. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 5 beavers which 
he acknowledges being due. As to the remaining 1 5 beavers 
claimed by the plaintiff, the plaintiff is to swear to his book and 
if he refuses the defendant is to do the same on the next court 
day. 

Symon Janssen, plaintiff, against Jan van Eeckelen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has in his custody some 



206 Fort Orange and Beverxvyck 

silverware belonging to Christoffel Davids. The plaintiff, there- 
fore, requests that he may have part of this as security, as he 
has a note from the aforesaid Christoffel Davids. 

The defendant says that the aforesaid silverware was given 
to him by Christoffel Davids as security for a debt, so that he 
has a prior claim to it 

The honorable court orders that the defendant shall prove 
that the aforesaid silverware was given to him as security for a 
debt. 

Gabriel de Haes, plaintiff, against the wife of Jan Martensen. 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 8 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the afore- 
said 8 beavers within the space of 6 days. 

The honorable court orders: fiat 

[161] Pieter Bronck, plaintiff, against Philip Hendericksen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 731/2 
beavers. 

The defendant denies that he owes so much and requests first 
a liquidation of accounts. 

The honorable court refers the matter to referees. 
Daniel Verveelen, plaintiff, against 
2d default J aC ob Adriaensen, defendant. 

Johannes Withart, plaintiff, against 
1st default Pieter Loockermans, defendant. 

Madam Ebbinghs, plaintiff, against 
1st default Poulus Martensen, defendant. 

Symon Janssen Turck, plaintiff, against 
1st default Johan Labitie, defendant. 

Jan Martensen, plaintiff, against 
2d default J an Everraerts, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
1st default J an Michielsen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
2d default Mary Stevensen, defendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 207 

Jan Harmsen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Harmen Bastiaensen, defendant. 

Albert, the wheelwright, plaintiff, against 
1st default Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against 
1st default WiHem Brouwer, defendant. 

[162] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange July 22 

Anno 1659 

Cornelis Teunissen Bosch, plaintiff, against Gabriel de Haes, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he contracted with the defendant about 
the purchase of 4 pieces of duffel, of which, the plaintiff says, 
one piece of red duffel is not merchantable. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff definitely bought the 
aforesaid duffels and saw the same several times, and that the 
defendant has already received 40 beavers for them on account, 
which shows that it was an absolute sale. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
orders that according to the plaintiff's admission the purchase is 
valid and that he is to receive the pieces of duffel by the yard 
according to their contract, and in case there is some defect in 
the duffels due to rotting or otherwise, that the defendant is to 
make good the damage according to the decision of two referees 
to be chosen by them respectively, and the defendant is released 
from the costs of the suit. 

[163] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 25 

Anno 1659 

Mr Poulus Schrick, plaintiff, against Jan van Eeckelen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of fl.281 :4 
in beavers, being the balance due on a note for damages, with 
the interest thereon. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he wishes to 



208 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

pay in boards, or else requests the plaintiff to have a little 
patience, so as not to put the defendant to extra expense, and 
promises to pay at the first opportunity. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
condemns the defendant to pay the sum demanded to the plain- 
tiff in the space of thrice 24 hours, on pain of execution, with 
costs. 

1 The 4th of August there appeared in Fort Orange before the 
commissary and magistrates Major General Willem Hauthoorn 2 
and Captain Jan Pinchon, 3 who declared that they had come 
here from Hertfort 4 to establish friendly relations and inter- 
course with us and at the same time to supply the place with 
cattle and that in order to facilitate this they had found a suitable 
place for a village, 5 Dutch miles from the North river, east of 
the Wappingers* kill, 5 which place they intended to take posses- 
sion of in case it was not within our limits and if we should allow 
them to have access to the North river by the said kill. 

To which proposition we replied, after we had thanked them 
for their offer of friendship, that we had here nothing more than 
a subordinate court, under the director general and council of 
New Netherland, and therefore had no authority to give them 
any concession or permission, which had to come from the 
director general and council; to which they assented. 

[164] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 8 

Anno 1659 

Pieter Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.535:1 1 
in beavers, and produces an obligation or note of hand signed 
by the defendant in the plaintiff's book. 



Revised from Doc, rel. to Col Hist N. Y., 13:101. 
2 William Hawthorn. 
8 John Pinchon. 

4 Hartford. 

5 The original text has Wappingus kil. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 209 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides 
and examined the obligation, order the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff the sum of fl. 535:11 demanded in beavers within the 
space of eight days, with costs, on pain of execution. 

[165] Instructions issued by the honorable commissary and 
magistrates of Fort Orange and the village of Bever 
for the rattle watch, appointed at the request of the burghers 
to relieve them of night-watch duty; to the rattle watch of 
which place Lambert van Valckenborgh and Pieter Win- 
nen were appointed the 6th of July of this year 1659, on 
condition that they together are to receive for the term of 
one year one thousand and one hundred guilders in seawan 
and one hundred guilders in beavers. 

First, the said rattle watch shall be held to appear at the 
burghers' guard house after the ringing of the nine o'clock bell 
and together at ten o'clock shall begin making their rounds, 
giving notice of their presence in all the streets of the village of 
Beverwyck by sounding their rattle and calling [out the hour], 
and this every hour of the night, until 4 o'clock in the morning. 

Secondly, they shall pay especial attention to fire and upon 
the first sign of smoke, extraordinary light or otherwise warn 
the people by knocking at their houses. And if they see any 
likelihood of fire, they shall give warning by rattling and calling, 
and run to the church, of which they are to have a key, and 
ring the bell., 

[166] Thirdly, in case they find any thieves breaking into 
any houses or gardens, they shall to the best of their ability try 
to prevent it, arrest the thieves and bring them into the fort. And 
in case they are not strong enough to do so. they are to call the 
burghers of the vicinity to their aid, who are in duty bound to 
lend the helping hand, as this is tending to the common welfare. 

Fourthly, in case of opposition, they are hereby authorized to 
offer resistance, the honorable commissary and magistrates 
declaring that thev release them from all liability for any acci- 



210 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

dent which may happen or result from such resistance if offered 
in the rightful performance of their official duties. 

Which instructions the aforesaid rattle watch shall swear to 
observe. Actum in Fort Orange, the 3d of September Anno 
1659. 

[166] 1 Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 9 

Anno 1659 

Evert Pels ? plaintiff, against Jan Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands from the defendant 20 beavers by 
balance of accounts arising from the purchase of 5 aams of 
brandy, in regard to which judgment was put off on the last 
court day, being the 15th of July, until the next court day. 
Whereas the defendant denies having received 5 aams of brandy, 
but admits that he received 4 aams, it is requested that the case 
be put over to the next court day, to be decided by the oath of 
the parties, the plaintiff to have the preference and upon his 
refusal [to take the oath], the privilege of taking the oath to 
be extended to the defendant. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against Pieter Loockermans, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands from the defendant 3 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. Is condemned to pay cash. 

Carel Janssen, plaintiff, against Jaques Tyssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands from the defendant two beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The parties having been heard, the defendant is ordered to 
pay the two beavers to the plaintiff in the space of six weeks. 

[169] Henderick Gerritsen, plaintiff, against 
Default J an van Hoesem, defendant. 

Foppe Barentsen, plaintiff, against Henderick Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 1 1 beavers 
for wages. 



1 Page 1 67 is blank. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 211 

The defendant presents a counter claim. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
order them to go over their accounts with each other and about 
the difference to appear on the next court day. 

Jan Albertsen, plaintiff, against Zacharias Sickels, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant called him 
a thief and demands reparation of character. 

The defendant admits having said so and says that he heard 
it from Jacob Tyssen in the presence of Jan Pietersen. 

[ 1 70] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange by both 
courts to hear the propositions made by the Maquaes, 
this 6th of September Anno 1 659 1 

Present: 

La Montagne Dirck Janssen Croon 

Mr Jeremias van Renselaer Anderies Herbertsen 
Arent van Curler Sander Leendersen 

Francoys Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Furthermore, all the former magistrates. 

1 They say they have taken the path to treat with one another 
in friendship and thereupon give a string of seawan. 

2 They say that they and other savages dislike to see their 
nation drink so much brandy. Give thereupon two beavers. 

3 They say, we have been here before and made an alliance. 
The Dutch, indeed, say we are brothers and are joined together 
with chains, but that lasts only as long as we have beavers. 
After that we are no longer thought of, but much will depend 
upon it when we shall need each other. They thereupon give 
two beavers. 

4 They say, the alliance which was made in this country, who 
can break it? Let us always maintain this alliance which was 
once made. Give thereupon two beavers. 



Revised from Doc. rcl. to Col Hist. N. Y. t 13:108-10. 



212 Fort Orange and Beverwvck 

[171] 5 They say, we have to expect our enemies, the 
French, and if we drink ourselves drunk, we can not fight. They 
request therefore that we shall sell no brandy to them and bung 
up the casks. Give thereupon two beavers. 

6 They say, when we go away now, we shall take with us a 
good deal of brandy and after that no more, and we shall burn 
all our kegs. And although we now propose this, it will never- 
theless not be omitted, but when the savages come into the country 
with brandy, we shall come and report to the Dutch officials who 
sold it to them. Give thereupon a string of seawan. 

7 They say, the Dutch must leave off their wickedness and 
not beat them as much as they have done heretofore. Give there- 
upon one beaver. 

8 They say and request that the smith, when they have no 
money, shall nevertheless repair their goods, regardless of whether 
they have much or little seawan. Give thereupon one beaver 
and a string of seawan. 

9 They request that the gunstockmakers shall finish their gun- 
stocks at the first opportunity and shall not keep them waiting 
long and make them run after them. Give thereupon one beaver 
and a string of seawan. 

[172] 10 They say, when we come from the country, even 
if the guns are repaired, we have no powder. You must there- 
fore give us some powder and if the enemy should come, you will 
not care to help us. You people are too much afraid, but let 
us have only 50 or 60 men for assistance. Give thereupon two 
beavers. 

1 1 He says that he has two sons taken prisoners by the French 
and held a long time. They trust that they will yet be released 
and request that the Dutch will then bring them back and that 
they would do the same for us. Give thereupon two beavers. 

12 They say, look at the French and see what they do for 
their savages when they need them. Do the same for us and 
help us repair our castles. Give thereupon a coat of beaver skins. 



1 dat de Lademaeckers haer laden met den eersten sullen affmaeclzert. 



Court Minutes, I 65 7- 1 600 213 

13 They say and request that we shall go there with 30 men 
and horses to cut and draw wood for their castles to repair them, 
for they are too lazy to work, and that the Dutch would carry 
the wood sleds into the country. Give thereupon a beaver coat 
and one beaver. 

[173] 14 They say that when any one of their people dies 
and one of the Dutch is his partner, he ought to give to the rela- 
tives of the deceased one or two suits of cloth. Give thereupon 
one beaver. 

15 They say finally, you need not give us anything in return. 
They thereupon give one beaver. 

Session held in Fort Orange on the 8th of September anno 1 659, 
to consider the propositions made by the Maquaes on the 
6th of the same month 

Present: 

La Montagne Dirck Janssen Kroon 

Jeremias van Rencelaer Anderies Herbertsen 

Arent van Curler Jan Verbeeck 

Francoys Boon Sander Leendersen 

And all the former magistrates 

1 It is jointly resolved and decided that this provisional 
answer shall be given to the Maquaes, namely : That there is no 
doubt of the brotherly union which many years ago was con- 
cluded between the Dutch and the Maquaes and that this shall 
always be maintained and held securely together by a chain. 

[174] 2 We are daily expecting Mr Stuyvesant and shall 
then speak to you of everything and shall let you know of his 
arrival, or some of the Dutch sachems will go into the country. 

Whereupon 50 guilders in seawan were given to the Maquaes. 



214 Fort Orange and Beverw^ck 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange by both courts of the 

said place, September 1 6 Anno 1 659 
Present: 

La Mcntagne Dirrick Janssen Croon 

Jeremias van Rensselaer Anderies Herbertsen 

Arent van Curler Sander Leendersen 

Fran^oys Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Whereas their honors met together on the 6th of this month 
to listen to the propositions which the chiefs of the Maquaes had 
to make and, having heard them, gave a provisional answer to 
the said Maquaes on the 8th of the same month, to the effect 
that upon the arrival of the honorable general here [175] a 
definite answer would be given to the said propositions, and 
whereas to their sorrow they hear that the honorable general on 
account of his illness and indisposition can not come; 

Therefore, their honors have for the peace and well-being of 
this country decided to delegate some of their members to enter 
into a further alliance with the said Maquaes, to thank them for 
their old and continued friendship shown to our nation and further 
to give them a fair and proper answer to their propositions and at 
the same time to offer them a present of fl. [ ] in seawan, 

75 lbs of powder, 1 00 lbs of lead, 1 5 axes and two beavers' 
worth of knives. For which purpose Mr Jeremias van Rencelaer, 
Francoys Boon, Dirick Janssen Croon, Anderies Herbertsen, 
Mr Arent van Curler, Adriaen Gerritsen, Jan Tomassen, 
Volckert Janssen, Philip Pietersen and Johannes Provoost 
voluntarily offered themselves to go as delegates. 



Court Minutes, 1657 1660 215 

[ I 76] Propositions made in the first castle of the Maquaes called 
Kaghnuwage in the presence of all the chiefs of the 
three castles, on the 24th of September Anno 1659, 
in the Maquaes' land ' 

Present: 

Jeremias van Rencelaer Anderies Herbertsen 

Arent van Curler Philip Pieter:en Schuyler 

Francoys Boon Jan 1 omassen 

Dirrick janssen Croon Volckert Janssen 

gether with others, to the number of 1 7 

1 Brothers, we have come here only to renew our old friend- 
ship and brotherhood and you must tell it to your children; our 
children v. oe able to know and remember it through 

the writings which we leave behind us; we die but they remain. 
From them they will always be able to see how we have lived 
in friendship with our brothers. Brothers, we have not been able 
to bring with us any cloth, for we could not get men to carry 
it. But friendship can not be bought for merchandise; our heart 

s always been good c>nd is still so and if that is no good, one 
can not buy friendship, even ir this whole land were full of goods 
and beavers. We give thereupon three bunches of seawan." 

2 Brothers, it is now go that we made our first 

ity ot friendship and brotherhood between you and all the 
Dutch [177] which we then joined together with an iron chain 

1 which unl een broken either by us or our 

brothers nd e have no fear that it will be broken by either 
side, so that we shall not speak of that iore, but shall all 

be and remain s we had lain under one heart. We therefore 

e you now as a token of thankfulness that we are brothers 
two bunches of seawan. 



1 Translation revised from that in Doc. rcl. to Col. Hist. N. } .. 
13:1 12-14. 

2 drle bossen Scewant. which Mr Fernow erroneously translates as 
three boxes of wampum." 



216 Fort Orange and Beverrv\)cJ( 

3 Brothers, it is now 1 8 days ago that you were with us and 
made your propositions to the Dutch, your brothers. We could 
not give you then any answer as we were expecting Mr Stuy- 
vesant. We therefore promised you that we should let you know 
when Mr Stuyvesant had arrived, but as he has fallen very sick, 
he can not come for the present. We therefore tell you now, 
brothers, that what we shall say, we say in the name of Mr 
Stuyvesant and all the other chiefs and the Dutch and their 
children. We give the brothers as a present and to assure them 
that we do not lie two bunches of seawan. 

4 Brothers, we now state once and for all for ourselves and 
in the name of all the Dutch who are now in or who may yet 
come into the country and of all their children — for we can not 
come here every day, as the roads are so bad to travel over — 
that henceforth you will have no occasion to doubt that we shall 
be and remain brothers; and if there should be any nation or 
savages, whoever they might be, who should try to stir you up, 
brothers, saying that the Dutch wish to fight against you, you 
are not to accept the statement or believe it, but you will tell 
them that they lie, and we shall say the same if they say that 
of you, brothers, and not believe any prattlers. We do not wish 
to go to war and shall not leave our brothers in want of that with 
which we can help you, but we can not compel our smiths or 
gunstockmakers to repair the muskets of our brothers without 
receiving pay for it, as they must earn a living for their wives and 
children, who would otherwise perish from hunger, and they 
would remove from our country if they received no seawan for 
their work and then we and our brothers would be sorely in 
need of them. We give you hereupon as a present two bunches 
of seawan. 

5 Brothers, it is now 1 8 days ago that you requested us not 
to sell [ 1 79] any brandy to your people and to bung our casks. 
Brothers, do not allow your people to come to us for brandy and 
it will not be sold to them, for only two days ago we met [Indiana 
with] from 20 to 30 kegs on the road, all going to obtain brandy. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1560 21/ 

Our chiefs are very angry that the Dutch sell brandy to your 
people and always forbid it to our people; now forbid it to your 
people also and if you desire us to take away from your people 
the brandy and the kegs, then say so now before all these people, 
but if we do so, the brothers must not be angry. We give here- 
upon two bunches of seawan. 

6 Brothers, we give you now this powder and lead. \ ou 
must take good care of it so as to use it in case any enemies 
should attack you. when you can distribute it among the young 
men. And gave them 75 lbs or powder and 100 lbs of lead. 

7 Brothers, we see that you are very busy cutting wood to 
build your fort. The brothers have asked us for horses to haul 
it out. TV not feasible for horses, because the hills here are 

high and steep, and the Dutch can not cany it out as they 
become sick merely from marching to this place, as you may see 
by looking at our people: how. then, could they in addition carry 
pali But as [180] the brothers sometimes break their a 

in cutting wood, we give the brothers these axes. Gave them 
15 axes. 

8 Brothers, as some of your people as well as the Mahicans 
and also the Sinnekus. sometimes kill the horses, cows, hogs and 
goats of our people, we request you. brothers, to forbid your 
people doing it. We give you hereupon two beavers' worth of 
knives. 

All the foregoing propositions having been made, they \ 
gratefully accepted by the chiefs and all the bystanders, [includ- 
ing the proposal] that the brandy kegs should be taken away 
from them. 

As soon as we had made our propositions, a letter was handed 
to us by the negro of Mr La Montagne. whom his honor had 
expressly dispatched to us. From this letter we learned that some 
mischief and fighting had taken place between our people and 
the Esopus savages. We immediately communicated the news to 
the chiefs and the bystanders, who listened to it in great astonish- 
ment and said in reply that we had done very well in making it 
known so franklv and that thev were very slad of it. and for 



218 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

this reason, if the Esopus or other river Indians should come to 
them with presents and asked them for assistance [181 ] to fight 
with them against our people, they would kick them with the foot 
and say to them: You beasts, you hogs, go away from here, 
we will have nothing to do with you. 

After having done all this, we asked the Maquaes to release 
the eight French prisoners and to take them back to their country. 
They gave us for answer that they must first deliberate about it 
with all their castles; that done, they would inform us by two 
or three of their chiefs. They complain bitterly about the French, 
because the French do not keep the peace made with them, for 
whenever they are out hunting, they are attacked by the French 
savages, among whom are always concealed parties of French- 
men, who meanwhile beat them. 

We were further informed by a French prisoner that the wreck 
of a small vessel had been found on the island near the mouth 
of the Canada, namely, by a sloop with six or eight men who 
were rowing there, and the French said and maintained that it 
was the bark of Jan Peree. This for information. 

We received also a package with letters which was brought by 
a Maquaes of the third castle from the Trois Rivieres. It was 
directed to M r , Jacob de Hinson, 1 [182] and as he was per- 
sonally present, we opened the package and found therein three 
or four letters to a captain of a bark who appeared to have sailed 
from Canada to the Manhatans, and also a letter to the honorable 
general, which by unanimous decision was opened by us to see 
whether it might be of use to us on this occasion, as it was a letter 
from the Jesuit, Symon La Moyne. We hope that the honorable 
general will not take it ill of us, as we did it for the public service 
and the best of the community. 

The honorable commissary and magistrates of Fort Orange 
and the village of Beverwyck, having received several complaints 
about the insolent treatment of the savages in beating them and 



1 Jacob de Hinse, a surgeon at Beverwyck. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 219 

throwing things at them, which tends to dangerous consequences, 
in order to provide therein and to prevent any accidents in these 
dangerous times, have forbidden, as they expressly do forbid 
hereby, all residents of this jurisdiction to molest any savage, of 
whatever nation he may be, on pain of arbitrary correction. Thus 
done at the session of the honorable court of Fort Orange and 
the village of Beverwyck. held in Fort Orange on the 27th of 
September Anno 1659. 1 

[183] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange. October 6 Anno 

1659 
Present: 

Francoys Boon Sander Leendersen 

La Montagne Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herbertsen 

Gei*rit Swart, attorney for Johannes Dareth, plaintiff, against 
Reynier \X isselpenningh, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 29 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides. 
condemn the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 29 beavers 
demanded within the space of six weeks, on pain of execution. 

Jacob Tyssen van der Heyden, plaintiff, against Jan Albertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant at his house has 
been guilty of great insolence and offers to prove it, as he does, 
bv seven witnesses. 

The defendant also complains that the plaintiff called him ^ 
thief and requests that the case may be put over until the next 
court day, so that he may submit his evidence. 

The honorable court orders: fiat. 

Baltus Jacobsen. plaintiff, against 
Default J an van j_[ oesenrL defendant. 



"'Translation revised from Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. X. Y. t 13:114. 



220 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The wife of Evert Pels, plaintiff, against the wife of Jan 
Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 20 whole 
beavers, due by balance of [ 184] account for 5 aams of brandy, 
as may be seen from the minutes of the preceding court day, 
being the 9th of September, when the parties for the second time 
were given time to confirm their testimony upon oath. Now, 
upon the oath of the plaintiff, the defendant is condemned to pay 
the plaintiff the 20 beavers demanded within the space of six 
weeks, on pain of execution. 

Adriaen Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Teunissen Bosch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 33 guilders 
and 1 6 stivers in beavers, arising from disputed accounts between 
Joost Teunissen and the defendant, which amount was due to 
Joost Teunissen by balance of accounts and was assigned by him 
to the deacons for the benefit of the poor. 

The defendant denies the debt. He admits that he owes 33 
guilders and 1 6 stivers in seawan, but says that he wishes to dis- 
pose thereof as he sees fit. 

[185] Copy 

I, the underwritten, Jan Eerraerts, hereby acknowledge that 
I have nothing to say against the person of Jan Martensen and 
his wife that is bad or dishonorable, and that I am sorry for what 
I have said heretofore, as this was said in drunkeness, so that we 
forgive one another. In witness of the truth this was signed 
with his own hand, on this 7th of October Anno 1 659, in Fort 
Orange. Was signed: Johannes Eerraerts, in my presence, 
Ludovicus Cobus, court messenger. 

Agrees with the original, 

To my knowledge, 

Johannes Provoost, Clerk 

The honorable court having received a letter from the honor- 
able general, whereby the honorable commissary is summoned to 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 22! 

meet the honorable general near the Esopus, the honorable magis- 
trates have resolved to depute the honorable Francoys Boon to 
sail with him to the Esopus and to communicate to the honorable 
general what is needed at this place. Actum in Fort Orange, 
October 7 Anno 1659. 

[186] Whereas Cornelis Teunissen Bosch on the 8th of July 
of this year dared to defame the honorable magistrates of this 
court, which said magistrates represent the supreme authorities, 
and this by such words that out of respect due to the court we 
dare not write them down, as appears from the testimony of three 
credible witnesses and his own confession; therefore, I, Johannes 
La Montagne, plaintiff, in my capacity of officer, demand that 
the aforesaid Cornelis Teunissen Bosch, as a defamer of his 
superior authorities and [contemner of] their ordinances, shall be 
condemned to pay a fine of twelve hundred guilders and in addi- 
tion shall be banished from this jurisdiction for the period of 
twelve consecutive years, as an example to others. Actum in 
Fort Orange, the 28th of October Anno 1 659. 

In reply to which demand of the officer, Cornells Teunissen 
Bosch said that he did not propose to plead his case before the 
magistrates of this place and rejected their authority, appealing 
to the honorable director general and council. 

[187] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 14 

Anno 1659 

The honorable magistrates, plaintiffs, against Jan Roeloffsen, 
defendant. 

The honorable plaintiffs produce testimony of two credible 
witnesses, to wit, Volckert Janssen and Matteuwes Janssen, that 
the defendant called the honorable plaintiffs beasts and said: 
"Yes, they are beasts!" 

The defendant apologizes and says that he was drunk and 
knows nothing of it, saying that if it did happen, it had reference, 
not to the honorable plaintiffs, but to the magistrates of the colony. 



222 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

who called them rabble and canaille. He says also that Jacob 
Teunissen and Henderick Anderiessen were present. 

[signed] Jan Roelofsen 

[ 1 88] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 1 9 
Anno 1659, to hear some propositions to be made by 
two Maquaes sachems, being sent by and speaking in 
the name of all of them. 1 

Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leendersen 

Jeremias van Rencelaer Jan Verbeeck 

Frangoys Boon Arent van Curler 

Anderies Herbertsen Volckert Janssen 
Dirrick Janssen Croon 

First, they say that is very wrong that the Dutch scold the 
savages so much and call all the nations " dogs " and " rascals," 
and say immediately: " Yes, you too are an Esopus dog." They 
give thereupon a string of seawan. 

Secondly, they request that the Dutch shall do no harm to any 
Maquaes, Mahikanders, or Katskil savages, but live with them 
as brothers. 

Thirdly, they say that they have advised with their four 
Castles about the fighting which occurred between the Dutch and 
the savages in the Esopus and inquire whether we also intend 
to go to war against the Esopus savages, or whether we intend 
to keep quiet here, for all their sachems leave the decision as to 
war to us and desire an answer. They give a string of seawan. 

Fourthly, they say M You say you have no war and that you 
[189] do not wish to go to war against any savages." About 
which the savages were very angry and [asked] why we said 
that, [saying] : " For you and the Manhatans are one. Sup- 
pose the Esopus savages came now or in the spring to kill the 
country people, what would you do then? You have no sense." 



1 Translation revised from Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 13:122. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 223 

They demanded back the strings of seawan and dispatched a 
Mahican sachem to the Esopus to bring here the Christian 
prisoners and the Esopus sachems, directing the Indian messenger 
to give the three strings of seawan in the name of the Maquaes, 
in order that the Esopus savages should do no harm to the Dutch 
here and at Katskil and release the Christian prisoners, or else 
to proclaim war against them. 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 28 Anno 1659 

Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leendersen 

Frangoys Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herbertsen 

Jan Albertsen, plaintiff, against Jacob Tyssen van der Heyden, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff produces testimony of three credible witnesses, 
as he on the last court day was ordered by the court to present 
his evidence. They testify that after the wives of the parties 
had been fighting and w r ere separated, the defendant's wife called 
the plaintiff's wife a thievish whore and said: " Does your head 
feel sore enough? Come here; I will give you some more." 

[190] The defendant produces counter evidence of seven 
witnesses to the effect that the plaintiff demanded that the 
defendant should come outside the door while he had a knife 
with some food in his hand and that he called the defendant a 
rascal. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides 
and considered the case, adjudge that the scolding of one woman 
balances that of the other and that there is no cause of action, 
provided that each of them shall pay one pound Flemish for the 
benefit of the poor. As to the plaintiff, who without cause is 
alleged to have challenged the defendant standing in his own 
doorway and to have called him a rascal, which he can not prove, 



224 Fort Orange and Beveriviicl? 

he is condemned to pay a fine of 25 guilders for the benefit of 
the officer. 

Tomas Coninck, plaintiff, against Solder Pietersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment or fl.9 : 1 :— 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides, 
order the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum of fl.9: 10 
demanded within the space of three weeks, with the coses of the 
suit. 

[191] Baltus Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Jan van Hoesem, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he bought a cow of the defendant, for 
which the defendant took in part payment a half piece of cloth. 1 
Owing to the plaintiff's long delay in paying the rest of the 
amount, the defendant took back the cow, but kept the cloth. 
The plaintiff, therefore, demands restitution of the cloth. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff should have paid the 
rest of the amount precisely when due and that he has had the 
use of the cow all summer. He therefore claims payment for 
the milk which the cow has given during the summer. 

The honorable court refers the parties to referees to appraise 
the milk which the cow has given during the summer, for which 
the plaintiff is to pay. 

Hans Coenraetsen, plaintiff, against Jan van Eeckelen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he and the defendant were in partner- 
ship together and that on the dissolution of the partnership they 
made a contract with each other. The plaintiff now demands 
the fulfilment of the contract, the term of which has expired. 

The defendant acknowledges the expiration of the term of the 
contract and offers by way of assignment to pay 63 schepels of 
wheat. 

Ordered: fiat, according to the contract. 



1 dosyntiens, from the French " draps de douzaine," a general name 
for light-weight cloth. 



mi Mamies, 1657-1660 225 

[192] Evert Nolden. plaintiff, against Femmetien dc baxter, 

defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.100 for 
the extension table with the top over it." which the plaintiff had 
had made for his convenience during the term of his lease and 
for which according to appraisal by referees so much was to be 
paid. 

The defendant says that it Happened through an oversight 
of the . .-: in selling the defendant's house they did not 

omit the tac 

The honorable court : defendant to pay to the plain- 

::~ ::.- s ■.;::; :\zr:.~~dzz according to the award :: the arbitrators. 

\X hereas Cornells 1 eunissen Bosch on the 8th of July of this 
year dared to defame the Honorable magistrates of this court, 
which said magistrates represent the supreme authorities, and this 
such words that out of respect due to the court we dare not 
write them down, : . . r;..s :r:m the testimony of three credible 
witnesses ar.a :;:$ own confession: therefore, I, Johannes 
La Montagne. p.a:nt:z. :n my capacity of officer, demand that 
the aforesaid Come. is Teumssen Bosch, as a [193] defamer of 
his sup- ::::es and [contemner of] their ordinances, shall 

condemned tc pay a r.r.t of twelve hundred guilders and in 
addition shall : : . arv.s.af d rrom this jurisdiction for the period of 
twelve years, as an example to others. Actum in Fort Orar. 
the 28th of October Anno 1659/ 

Alber: Gysbertsen plaintiff, against Lambert van \ alcken- 
rndant. 

Case put over imt art day, when the parties are 

to produce theii evidence. 



The same as Femmetien. it be :: the bakeress, meaning Fem- 

ien Alberts, the widow of Henc ten Wesfterkamp, the baker. 

S : jxrftaefiel en het dack, daer c 

?6 . 



226 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The 4th of November the honorable commissary and the 
honorable present and former magistrates met at the house of 
Dirck Janssen Croon to plan a much needed defense of this vil- 
lage of Beverwyck against attacks by the savages in these 
dangerous times and to have this defense built as speedily as 
possible with the materials at hand. The aforesaid gentlemen, 
therefore, have resolved and decided to have the said defense 
made of posts and boards, to wit, eight boards high, with seven 
bastions to protect the curtains, [194] which [fence] shall sur- 
round the greater part of the village of Beverwyck, the length 
of its circumference being 250 rods, to which end S r . Frangoys 
Boon, Dirrick Janssen Croon, Captain Abraham Staets and 
AcKaen Gerritsen are appointed as overseers of the aforesaid 
work, who immediately summoned Carsten the Noorman and 
Harmen Bastiaen, wood cutters, to furnish as many posts as are 
needed for the said work and contracted with them for the sum 
of [blank]. Actum ut supra. 

By order of the honorable court, 

Johannes Provoost, Clerk 

[195] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, November 11 

Anno 1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Anderies Heibertsen 

Frangoys Boon Sander Leendersen 

Jan Verbeeck. 

Baltus Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Jan van Hoesem, 
defendant. 

The parties are referred to the previous order given on the 
preceding court day. 

Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, plaintiff, against Jan Tomassen, 
defendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 22'/ 

The plaintiff demands from the defendant payment of fl.57 
in beavers, for brick delivered. 

The defendant denies that he owes the aforesaid sum in 
beavers and claims that it is due in seawan. 

The plaintiff replies that the defendant hauled the brick from 
the brickyard while the plaintiff was away from home. He 
therefore thought that the defendant had taken the brick on the 
same condition as heretofore, at one and a half beavers the 
thousand, which price he has also charged to every one else. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
for each thousand bricks which he has received the sum of fl. 1 5 
in seawan. 

The wife of Jan Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Jan van Hoesem 
and his wife, defendants. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the [196] defendant 
has assaulted her in her house and beaten her severely, so that 
she was black and blue, as appears from the affidavits which she 
produces. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff called her all sorts of 
names, which induced her to beat her. She requests time until 
the next court day, in order to defend herself by counter 
affidavits. 

The honorable court orders: fiat. 

The wife of Michiel Teunissen, plaintiff, against Claes van 
den Bergh, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant fl.8 in seawan for a 
shirt which the defendant's wife sold to the plaintiff and which 
the defendant himself called for and took away, without giving 
back the money. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to return the afore- 
said fl.8 to the plaintiff. 

Claes van den Bergh, plaintiff, against the wife of Jan Mar- 
tensen, defendant. 



228 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the following goods 
which his wife carried out of the house without her husband's 
knowledge : 

A testament with silver mountings fl. 7 :— 

A pair of stockings 4 :- 

26 filigree silver buttons 6:- 

2 linen caps 2:- 



fl.19:— : 



The honorable court orders the defendant to return the goods 
to the plaintiff, [197] provided that the plaintiff shall return to 
the defendant the money paid out. 

Gommer Poulussen, plaintiff, against 
Default Willem Martensen, defendant. 

Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, plaintiff, against 
Default j an Tomassen, defendant. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, November 1 8 Anno 

1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Anderies Herbertsen 

Jeremias van Rencelaer Sander Leendersen 

Arent van Curler Jan Verbeeck 

Francoys Boon 

1 The honorable members of both the courts having met 
jointly to consider a letter from the honorable general to the 
court, dated the 12th of November, in which the honorable 
general writes about restraining the Esopus savages, 2 in regard 
to which we are still uncertain. And as to speaking with the 
Katskill and Mahican Indians, we have after due deliberation 



Revised from Doc. rel. to Col Hist N. Y-, 13:127-28. 
2 schrijft over de onthoudinge vande Esopusse wilden; literally, writes 
about the abstention of the Esopus savages. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 229 

concluded that thus far this is not necessary, as we do not know 
whether the honorable general will be able to carry out his plan 
according to his letter, [198] for in case the honorable general 
should succeed in obtaining the terms demanded of the Indians 
according to his honor's letter, it would be deemed unnecessary 
that the Esopus Indians should from now on be shut out by the 
Mahican and Katskill Indians, but as soon as we are informed 
that any fighting is going on in the Esopus, we shall speak with 
the aforesaid Indians. Actum ut supra. 

By order of both courts, 

Johannes Provoost, Clerk 

[199] The honorable commissary and the honorable magis- 
trates of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, seeing the 
necessity for a defense of this place against an attack by the 
savages in these dangerous times, have ordered the same to be 
made on the land side, which is progressing daily. But noticing 
that the said defense remains open on the water side and that 
the private gardens reach down to the said side, their honors 
have decided, as they decide hereby, that every one shall set 
back the fence of his respective garden to the line already laid 
down, and make the said fence of posts and boards, from 7 to 
8 feet high, to prevent access by the enemy from the river side, 
and this within the space of eight days, under penalty of fl.50. 
Actum in Fort Orange, this 24th of November 1659. 

[200] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, November 25 

Anno 1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leendersen 

Fran^oys Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herbertsen 

Jan Anderiessen, plaintiff, against Jan Barentsen, defendant. 
The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of two 
beavers and fl.3 in seawan. 



230 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plain- 
tiff the sum demanded, to wit, two beavers and fl.3 in seawan. 

Jan Anderiessen and Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, plaintiffs, 
against Jan Roeloffsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 1 7 beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the 17 beavers demanded cash. 

Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, plaintiff, against Anderies Her- 
bertsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of the hire 
of his horse which the defendant rode to the Maquaes in the 
public service. 

The defendant acknowledges that he used the said horse but 
says and maintains that the commissary must pay the said hire, 
as the horse was used in the service of the Company and for 
the welfare of the country. 

The honorable court order that inasmuch as the horse was 
used in the service of the Company the commissary shall take 
charge of the matter and pay. 

Pieter Adriaensen, plaintiff, against 
2d default J an Gouw, defendant. 

[201 ] Jan Eerraerts, plaintiff, against 
1st default j an Gouw, defendant. 

Jeurriaen Teunissen, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhout, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 71 
guilders and 8 stivers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plain- 
tiff the sum of fl.71 :7 demanded within the space of six weeks. 

Abraham Carpentier, plaintiff, against 
Default Hans Coenraets, defendant. 



defendants 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 231 

The honorable magistrates, plaintiffs, against 
Barent Albertsen 
Henderick Roosenboom 
Symon, the baker 
Willem Bont 

Evert, the baker, is ordered to pay the promised fl.3 for the 
benefit of the rattle watch within the space of 24 hours, under 
penalty of forfeiting for every day one pound Flemish. 

[202] At the request of Cornelis Wynkoop, nephew of 
Gysbert Philipsen, murdered by the Indians in the Esopus, whose 
estate in these troublous times has not yet been inventoried, the 
Honorable Dirrick Smit, commander in the Esopus, is hereby 
requested and authorized for the preservation of the said estate 
to appoint two curators from among the most competent persons 
in the Esopus to take charge of the said estate, and after a 
proper inventory shall have been made to sell the property to 
the best advantage and to deposit the proceeds with the court 
here, in order to pay therewith the creditors of the said Gysbert 
Philipsen pro rata and turn over the surplus or the remainder 
to the heirs. Actum in Fort Orange, this 25th of November 
Anno 1659. 

[205 V Present: 

La Montagne Anderies Herbertsen 

Sander Leendersen Jan Verbeeck 

The honorable commissary and the magistrates of Fort 
Orange and the village being met have unanimously resolved 
for the welfare of this place to appoint and authorize the 
honorable Fran^oys Boon, magistrate of this place, to receive 
and disburse all the moneys which this place is entitled to derive 
from the burgher and the slaughters' excise, provided that he 



1 Pages 203 and 204 of the record are blank. 



232 Fort Orange and Beverwyc^ 

shall be held to render a proper account thereof to the court. 
Actum in Fort Orange, the 2d of December Anno 1659. 
By order of the honorable court, 

Johannes Provoost, Clerk 

[206] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 9, 

1659 
Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leendersen 

Fran<:oys Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herbertsen 

Poulus Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Hans Carelsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he loaded 51 schepels of salt in the 
plaintiff's yacht at the Manhatans and that upon the unloading 
of the said salt he received only 2 1 schepels and that there are 
others who have a share in the said salt. 

The defendant says that the crew transhipped the said salt 
from the ship into the yacht and measured it with a tun, taking 
up 3 schepels at a time, but that he himself was not present. He 
maintains that the shortage must be due to the way the salt was 
packed down by the measurer, for as the plaintiff came up the 
river with the said yacht, he can not understand how the salt 
could have diminished in the yacht. 

The honorable court orders the plaintiff to have the par- 
ticipants of the salt summoned to appear on the next court day, 
in order that they may be heard and justice be done. 

Anderies Herbertsen, plaintiff, against the wife of Jan 
Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands from the defendant 100 schepels of 
wheat and produces a note. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that she can not pay 
the wheat on account of the war in the Esopus and offers 30 
schepels of wheat. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 233 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the wheat 
demanded to the plaintiff in the space of 14 days, according to 
the note. 

[207] Jan Albertsen, plaintiff, against Jacob Tyssen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant called 
him a thief. 

The defendant admits the charge and that he said it, but 
requests time until the next court day to produce his evidence. 

The honorable court orders: fiat. 

Jan Martensen, plaintiff, against Arent van den Bergh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands from the defendant payment of 9 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay cash, or 
refers the parties to the previous judgment. 

The wife of Henderick Anderiessen, plaintiff, against the 
wife of Jan Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 14J/2 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the 14J/2 beavers demanded within the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Adriaensen, plaintiff, against Jan Gouw, defendant. 

The plaintiff claims compensation for damages suffered by 
him and still to be suffered this winter on account of [the 
defendant's failure to complete] the masonwork on his house, 
which the defendant agreed to do, and demands payment ot 
fl.100 and 6 beavers in specie, which debt the defendant denies. 

[208] The defendant promises to complete the work at the 
first opportunity whenever it will suit the plaintiff's convenience 
and in case of failure to put some one else in his place to carry 
on the work, and promises to make good the tiles which happen 
to blow off. 



234 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

The honorable court orders: fiat, provided that the defendant 
shall be held to make good the tiles which should happen to 
blow off, suspending decision as to the compensation demanded 
until further proof. 

Default Gommer Poulussen, plaintiff, against 
Willem Martensen, defendant. 
Abraham Carpeyn, plaintiff, against 
Default Hans Coenraets, defendant. 

Hans Coenraets, plaintiff, against 
2d default J an van Eeckelen, defendant. 

Jan Mangelsen, appearing before the court, refuses to take 
the oath to give witness to the truth as to the dispute between 
Hans Hendericksz and Lambert van Neck. 

Lambert van Neck being asked by the honorable court 
whether he did not see that Hans Hendericksen drew his knife 
on him and whether he did not ward him off with the tongs, 
answers: No, and refuses to take the oath to confirm his state- 
ment. 

[Ordinance regulating tapsters; against playing golf in the 
streets, piling firewood in the street and firing guns on 
New- Year's day] 1 

The honorable commissary and magistrates of Fort Orange 
and the village of Beverwyck, pursuant to the ordinance issued 
by the honorable director general and council of New Nether- 
land and published here on the 6th of October 1656, ordain, 
as they do hereby ordain, that henceforth no one shall be allowed 
to engage in any business of tapping before and until he shall 
have obtained a license from the officer, on condition of paying 
therefor one pound Flemish and of being bound to renew his 
license every three months, on pain of suspension from his 
business. 



1 Translation revised from that in Laws and Ordinances of New 
Netherland, p. 367-68. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 235 

The honorable commissary and magistrates of Fort Orange 
and the village of Beverwyck, having heard divers complaints 
from the burghers of this place against the practice of playing 
golf along the streets, which causes great damage to the windows 
of the houses and also exposes people to the danger of being 
injured and is contrary to the freedom of the public streets: 
Therefore, their honors, wishing to prevent the same, hereby 
forbid all persons to play golf in the under penalty of 

forfeiture of fl.25 for each person who shall be found doing so. 
Whereas daily experience shows that many burghers of this 
village of Beverwyck deposit and pile their firewood in the 
street, contrary to the freedom of said streets, which must alw 
be kept free and unobstructed, whereby not only people are 
incommoded, but wagons, sleighs and carts can with difficulty 
make use of said streets, to the serious inconvenience of the 
public: Therefore, the commissary and magistrates of Fort 
Orange and the village of Beverwyck, wishing to provide against 
such inconveniences, hereby ordain that none of the inhabitants 
of Beverwyck shall herafter be allowed to let any firewood lie 
in the street for more than ten days, under penalty of confiscation 
of the said wood and of being, in addition thereto, subjected to 
a fine of fl.25. 

Likewise, the honorable commissar}' and magistrates prohibit, 
as they do hereby most expressly prohibit, any of the burghers 
or inhabitants of the village of Beverwyck from shooting on 
New-\ ear's day, on account of the great damage and disorder 
which such firing causes, under penalty of twenty-five [guilders] 
for each person who shall be found to have done so. 

Thus done in Fort Orange, at the meeting of the honorable 
court of the said place, on the tenth of December Anno 1659. 



236 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[210] The honorable officer, debit, for receipt of 
the following fines which have been imposed from 
primo January Anno 1 658 to ultimo December 
Anno 1659 
1658 
Jan. 22 Jan Teunissen, condemned to pay a 

fine of fl. 500:—:— 

March 1 1 Jan Anderiessen de Graeff and Pieter 
Jacobsen Bosboom, each con- 
demned to pay a fine of fl. 125, 

amounting together to 250: — : — 

29 ditto Dirrick Bensingh, condemned to pay 

a fine of 150: — : — 

May 21 Luycas Pietersen, fined fl.60 60: — : — 

July 1 6 Poulus Janssen, condemned to pay a 

fine of 500:—:— 

August 1 3 Dirrick Carstensen, condemned to pay 

a fine of 50: — : — 

1659 
May 26 Steven Janssen, condemned to pay a 

fine of 300:—:— 



fl.1800:— 

Of the above listed fines the officer received as follows: 

Jan Teunissen paid fl. 1 95 : — 

Jan Anderiessen and Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom 

paid in brick 250 

Dirrick Bensingh paid in wages for carting. ... 150 

Dirrick Carstensen 50 

Steven Janssen paid 1 89 

fl.834:— : 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 23*/ 

[211] The honorable officer, credit, for one half 
of the fines received as shown on the 
opposite page, according to the order of 
the director general and council of New 
Netherland, amounting to fl.417: — : — 

And this day, the 2d of December Anno 1 659, paid the said 
sum of four hundred and seventeen guilders to the honorable 
magistrates, by order on Adriaen Janssen van Leyden, farmer 
of the tapsters' excise. 

[signed] Fran^oys Boon 
] [ Andries Herberts 

Sandr Lenrsen 
Jan Verbeeck 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 239 

PART IV 

Court Proceedings Held in Fort Orange, Commencing 
the First of January Anno 1660 



[133] In the name of the Lord. Amen. 

Continuation of the court proceedings of the court of justice 
of Fort Orange, the village of Beverwyck and the 
dependencies thereof, established in loco, the 10th of 
April Anno 1652, by the Right Honorable Director 
General and Council of New Netherland. 



Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange the 1 3th of January 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Alexander Leendersen 

Francois Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Andries Herpertsen 

Cornelis Breuckelen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Teunis Cornelissen, defendant. 

Arent Hendricksen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Poulus Cornelissen, defendant. 

Poulus Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Reynier Albersen and 
Egbert, the servant of Sander Leendersen, defendants. 

The plaintiff persists in his previous complaint, made on the 
preceding court day, being the 9th of December 1659, about 
the shortage of 30 schepels of salt, and in accordance with the 
order of the honorable court has caused the co-participants 
to be summoned. 

The honorable court orders that, while there is an oppor- 
tunity to send a letter by a savage, the parties shall write to the 



240 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Manhattans, both to the city weigh-master and to those from 
whom they obtained the salt, in order to have further informa- 
tion on the subject. 

[ 1 34] Michiel Teunesen, plaintiff, against Femmetien Alber- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he is being sued on account of debts 
contracted between him and Femmetien Albersen during their 
partnership and shows by judgment given on the 5th of 
September 1657 that he owes nothing, persisting in his former 
denial. 

The court orders that the defendant in accordance with the 
previous judgment shall pay all the debts made by them both 
during their partnership. 

Jan Albers, plaintiff, against Jacob Tysen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant called him a chicken 
thief and demands proof thereof. 

The defendant admits having said it and calls Gerrit Slechten- 
horst as a witness. 

Gerrit Slechtenhorst appearing before the court say that it 
is true that Jan Albersen has had a hen of his and that it was 
cooped up a long time and was marked differently, but not that 
he said that Jan Albersen had stolen it, nor that he was a thief. 

The honorable court adjourn the case to the next court day. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against Jan Fransen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant twenty-one and a half 
beavers. 

The defendant denies that he owes as much as the plaintiff 
claims. 

The honorable court order parties to adjust their accounts 
and to appear before the court on the next court day about any 
difference which may remain. 

Pieter Boudt, plaintiff, against 
1st default Cornelus Hoogenboom, defendant. 
Hans Coenraets, plaintiff, against 
1st default J an van Eckelen, defendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 24 1 

[135] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, January 27, 1660 

Present : 

La Montagne Alexander Leendersen 

Francois Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herpertsen 

Gerrit Swardt, plaintiff, against 
1st default J an Tymesen, defendant. 

Jan Albersen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Jacob Thysen, defendant. 

Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
ht default Hendrick Claesen, defendant. 
Pieter Boudt, plaintiff, against 
2d default Cornelus Hoogen Boom, defendant. 

Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Eva Rinckhouts, 
defendant. 

The honorable court adjourn the case to the next court 
day. 

Frans Barentsen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Femmetien Albersen, defendant. 

Hans Coenraets, plaintiff, against Jan van Eckelen, defendant. 
The court refers the parties to the previous judgment given on 
the 28th of October 1659. 

Jan van Eckelen, plaintiff, against Reynier Wisselpenninck, 
defendant. Defendant in default. 

The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Hendrick Anderiesen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of seventy-one guilders, by 
balance of account resulting from some excess committed by the 
defendant. 

[136] The defendant admits the debt and the excess com- 
mitted by him, but claims that what he did to Cristoffel 
Daevidts was compounded for with the officer by his brother- 
in-law (Stvaeger), Jacob Jansen Stol, deceased, who promised 



242 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

to pay the sum because the excess was committed on his account. 

The plaintiff admits that such an agreement was made, but 
inasmuch as he has received no satisfaction, he demands the same 
from the defendant as the offender in the case. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, order the de- 
fendant to pay the plaintiff the sum of twenty-one guilders. 
[Decision in] the action of the plaintiff against the defendant 
for the fl. 50 is reserved, the court remaining sureties for the 
money. 



Ordinary session held in Fort Orange, February 17, 1660 

Present: 

La Montagne Alexander Leendertsen 

Francois Boon Jan Yerbeeck 

Anderies Herpertsen 

Schout Swardt, plaintiff, against 
2d default J an Tymonsen, defendant. 

Frans Baerentsen, plaintiff, against Femmetien Albersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of one hun- 
dred and thirty guilders and six stivers, according to the account. 
The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay the same 
on [receiving] the last payment for her house. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff and from this date the plaintiff has a preferential claim 
on the last payment for the house. 

[137] Rutger Jacobsen, plaintiff, against 
2d default Hendrick Claesen, defendant. 

Jan Meyndersen, plaintiff, against Jan Thoomassen 

and Volkert Jansen, defendants. 

The plaintiff says that in the employ of the defendants he 

received a wound in his arm from a gun and requests that he 

may be reimbursed by the defendants for the surgeon's fees in 

connection with said wound. 



Court Minuted 1657-1660 

The honorable court dismisses the plaintiff's case. 

Cristoffel Davidts. plaintiff, against Willem Jansen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands fifty guilders by balance of accounts. 

The defendant denies that K so much. 

The honorable court orders that the matter be disposed of by 
referees. 

The wife of Jan van Hoesem, plaintiff, against Eva Rinck- 
houts, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands reparation of honor for some abusive 
language exchanged between the parties. 

The defendant admits that she used some abusive words, but 
ngps that she is sorry and desires to live together as good 
neighbors. 

The court, having heard the parties and the submission of the 
defendant, discharges her from the plaintiff's demands and orders 
that they shall henceforth live together in peace, under the 
penalty provided by ordinance. 

Jacob Hendricksen. plaintiff, against 
2d default p ou k; ^ V-tensen, defendant. 

[138] Jan Albersen, plaintiff, against Jacob Thysen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands reparation of character as the defendant 
called him a chicken thief. 

The defendant produces a deposition made by Gerrit Slech- 
tenhorst, containing testimony about a hen at one time detained 
at the house of Jan Albersen, which belonged to the deponent. 

The court, having heard the parties and seen the deposition, 
find the matter somewhat obscure, but order the parties to 
each other and mutually to refrain from further proceedings in 
the matter. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Reynier Wisselpenninck and Willem Brouwer, de- 
fendants. 



244 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

Jan van Eckelen, plaintiff, against the wife of Michiel 
Teunesen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of five schepels of wheat and 
two guilders in seawan. 

The defendant denies that he owes the wheat, but admits 
that he owes twelve guilders in seawan. 

The honorable court orders the husband of the defendant to 
appear on the next court day. 

Pieter Boudt, plaintiff, against 
1st default Cornelus Hoogen Boom, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, by his wife, against Abraham Car- 
peyn, defendant. 

The honorable court orders the [plaintiff's] husband to ap- 
pear on the next court day. 

Poulus Cornelussen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Hans Carelsen, defendant. 

Francois Boon, plaintiff, against 
1st default J an Harmsen, defendant. 

[139] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, March 2 Anno 

1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Alexander Leendersen 

Francois Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herpertsen 

Hendrick Jochemsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Yhe wife of Gysbert de Vos, defendant. 

Jacob Thysen, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Albersen, defendant. 

Cristoffel Davidts, plaintiff, against 
Default Willem Jansen, defendant. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Reynier Wisselpenninck, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 1 7 schepels of wheat. 



*J Mbmte± 1657-1660 

The : appear, but has ordered the court mes- 

senger to acknowledge the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff the 

• 
Idem, plaintuf, against 
.: -:>-.- Willem Broower, i l l f i mL« I 

Rutger Jacob^en, piamtiif, against 
- : ~-" :i - rzzzz:::± ^.iz^-7. ie:r.i-i.-:: 

. e unii Tomasser zst 

?$t default Cornehis H : 1 gen Boom, defendant. 
Poulus Coraelussen, plaintiff, against 
H m _ i relsen, defendant 
z t .; •• z ; ;. : : : 
. be honorable : : ; : t dcs. 

[14. Jacol Heudbrcksen, plaintiff, against Poulus Marten- 
sen, defendant 

The plaintiff demands payment of thirty gu: .\ rising from 

an attachment of the purchase money of the house of Jacob 
N cm in the hands of the defendant 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the required 
sum to the ::.f within the ris and to recover 

the amount from Jacob Neus. 

r. _ \ : ?.: - : . >. . :. : . ~ i r :-. . z i : 
— :i - ' a::: . -e-^iesr-. zt:zzziz: 

Pieter Boudt p. ~ igaisst .Abraham Caipc 

zz:z7.z\-.: 
The plaintiff says that the def endar iiteen guilders 

:::~ him ad naintai^s ir. = : r.e : tr .v.- -::r;-r is r.z :.:.: 
t nerendant with a half ban i :od beer won in a 

The honors urt ordz ztiff to pay the defendant 

the ud fourteen guilce rding to his confesaon, a 

rer is not accepted in payment before the court. 



246 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

[141] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 20 Anno 

1660 

Present: 

La Montagne Anderies Herpertsen 

Francois Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Jochem Wessels, plaintiff, against Jan van Eeckelen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff, as attorney for Hans Coenraets, demands pay- 
ment by the defendant of one hundred and twenty-seven schepels 
of wheat. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court condemns the defendant as heretofore to pay the 
aforesaid wheat and orders the plaintiff to hand the judgment 
to the court messenger to execute the same. 

Thoomas Pouly, plaintiff, against Cathalyna Simsons, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of the sum 
of two hundred and fifty [guilders] , arising from [the purchase 
of] a horse. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that she has put the 
matter into the hands of the orphan masters. 

The plaintiff demands his rights. 

The court, having heard the parties, order the plaintiff to 
wait until curators of the said estate are appointed. 

Jacobus Jansen, plaintiff, against 
Default Baltus Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of the defendant's 
money in the hands of Thoomas Jansen and requests that the 
attachment may be declared valid. 

The honorable court provisionally issue a writ of attachment 
and order that the defendant shall be summoned again. 

[142] Dirck Teunesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Baltus Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of the defendant's 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 24'/ 

money in the hands of Thoomas Jansen and requests to be 
admitted to the conference with others. 

Fiat ut supra. 

Theunes Theunesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Cornelus Hoogen Boom, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of twenty-eight guilders in 
seawan. 

The honorable court orders the defendant by default to pay 
the plaintiff the sum demanded, within the space of 14 days, on 
pain of execution. 

Jacob Thysen, plaintiff, against 
2d default J an Albersen, defendant. 

The honorable court, seeing the note executed by the de- 
fendant, Jan Albersen, and that referees decided that the 
defendant must pay the plaintiff the said twenty-six guilders 
according to the note, hereby confirm the decision of referees 
and condemn the defendant to pay the said sum, cash, on pain 
of execution, with the costs of this suit. 

Arendt van den Bergh, plaintiff, against 
2d default Hendrick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Anderies de Vosch, plaintiff, against 
1st default Wynandt Gerritsen, defendant. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Michiel Theu- 
nesen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of 5 schepels 
of wheat and eight white loaves. 

The defendant admits that he owes 4 schepels of wheat and 
15 stivers. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the sum 
demanded, the grain at market value, and that within the space 
of three weeks, on pain of execution. 

[143] Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Cathalina Sam- 
sons, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant the sum of one hun- 
dred guilders in seawan. 



248 Fort Orange and Bevenvyck 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court order the plaintiff to wait also until cura- 
tors of the said estate are appointed. 

Goosen Gerritsen, plaintiff, against Adriaen Jansen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant's garden adjoins his and 
that he is not willing to assist in putting up a board fence. 

The defendant says that he is not obliged to put up a board 
fence. 

The plaintiff replies that for want of a good fence he will 
suffer damage to his trees. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties on both sides 
and considered the matter, order the defendant to fence off his 
part and portion [of the land] and provide it with such a fence 
and materials as according to circumstances he shall be able to 
obtain, in order that his neighbor may remain free from damage. 

Cornelus Cornelussen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Qaes Theunesen, defendant. 

[144] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, April 27 Anno 

1660 
Present: 

Frangois Boon Sander Leendersen 

La Montagne Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herpertsen 

Volckert Jansen, plaintiff, against 
Default Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

Fop Baerentsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The honorable burgomaster, Aldert Anthony, appearing 
before the court, offers to the poor three beavers which are due 
to him from Cornelis Vosch, arising from some merchandise 
which Jan Carstensen, deceased, bought of the burgomaster, and 
appoints Philip Pietersen his attorney to execute the matter. 

Anderies de Vosch, plaintiff, against 
1st default Wynandt Gerritsen, defendant. 

Daniel Rinckhoudt, plaintiff, against 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 249 

Default J an van Hoesem, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Theunes Tempelier, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has had his money 
attached. 

The defendant says that he knows nothing about it, but that 
there is still due him from Harmen Jacobsz, deceased, fl.136 
in beavers for goods delivered. 

The court declares the attachment not valid and refers the 
defendant to the curators of the estate of the said Harmen 
Jacobsz, deceased, to recover the amount of his claim. 
[145] Dirckie Martensen, plaintiff, against 
Default Poulus Jansen, defendant. 

Philip Meyndersen, plaintiff, against Styntie, the wife of 
Barent Meynd r , defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant called him a thief. 

The defendant says that the plaintiff steals her honor and 
accuses her of fornication. 

The plaintiff denies it. 

The court orders the parties to produce their evidence on the 
next court day. 

Willem, plaintiff and party attaching, against Baltus Jacob- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of a certain attachment of the de- 
fendant's money in the hands of Thoomas Jansen and requests 
participation in the conference with other creditors. 

The court grants the plaintiff's request. 

[146] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 1 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leendersen 

Francois Boon Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herpertsen 

In the place of the retiring commissaries, namely, Pieter Hart- 
gers and Francois Boon, ordinary commissaries, and Dirck 



250 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Jansen Croon, extraordinary commissary, according to the resolu- 
tion of the honorable director general and council of New 
Netherland, Rutger Jacobsen, Frans Baerentsen and Evert 
Jansen Wendel have been chosen and confirmed as commissaries 
from the double number nominated, who, having been summoned 
by the court, have taken the oath of fidelity as follows: 

We, the undersigned, chosen commissaries of the bench of 
justice of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, promise 
and swear in the presence of God Almighty that with the help 
of our colleagues we shall administer true law and justice between 
man and man and further execute and promote all matters touch- 
ing justice and government, to the best of our knowledge and 
ability. Also, that we shall in every way conduct ourselves 
loyally and faithfully toward the Lords States General of the 
United Netherlands, the lords directors of the Chartered West 
India Company and the director general and council of New 
Netherland, promising furthermore that we shall help to main- 
tain here [147] the Reformed Religion according to God's 
Word and the regulations of the synod of Dordrecht, and not 
tolerate publicly any sects. So truly may God Almighty help us. 

After having been congratulated, the aforesaid Rutger 
Jacobsen, Frans Baerentsen Pastoor and Evert Jansen Wendel 
have this day taken their seats. 

The retiring magistrates are discharged from their oaths and 
thanked for their good services while holding office, with promise 
that with respect to their honorarium of fl. 450 a year they will 
at the opportune time and when the treasury is well provided 
receive consideration and be paid the same as the present and 
future magistrates. 

After deliberation it is resolved and decided that the annually 
retiring magistrates for the space of one year after their discharge, 
shall be exempt from the ordinary duties of the burgher guard. 
Nevertheless, if need be, they shall, when commanded to do so, 
be held to perform all extraordinary round and guard duties 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 251 

the same as other burghers, pursuant to the resolution taken and 
confirmed by the honorable director general and council of New 
Netherland. 



[148] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, May 25 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Rutger Jacobsen 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen 

Sander Leendersen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Jan Verbeeck 

Volkert Jansen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Vosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of eighty- 
five guilders and ten stivers, for beer received. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he has a claim 
against the plaintiff's partner. 

The plaintiff replies that the alleged claim has no connection 
with the present action and that the defendant must therefore 
address himself to his partner. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the required sum 
according to his promise to the plaintiff within the space of one 
month and meanwhile to address himself to the aforesaid partner. 

Philip Hendricksen, plaintiff, against Jan Adriaensen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands reparation of honor as heretofore on 
the 27th of April last, on account of abusive language, to wit, 
because the defendant called the plaintiff a thief and accused him 
of having stolen maize. 

The court adjourns the case to the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Baerent Meyndersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of eighty- 
four guilders for beer received. 

The court condemns the defendant to nay the sum demanded 
within the space of six weeks. 



252 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[149] Itien Adriaensen, plaintiff, against Elsien Hendrick- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant called her a whore and 
demands reparation of honor. 

The parties having been heard, the court refers them to the 
next court day to bring in their evidence. 

Elsjen Tierx, plaintiff, against Annetie van Geringen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant called her a whore and 
produces a deposition of three witnesses. 

The defendant denies that she said it, but says that the plaintiff 
called her a whore. 

The court orders the defendant to bring further evidence on 
the next court day. 

Philip Hendricksen, plaintiff, against Harmen, the mason, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fifty-eight 
guilders for beer received. 

The defendant's wife, appearing, admits the debt and pro- 
duces a counter claim of three and one half beavers for wages. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, order them 
to settle with each other. 

Jacobus Jansen, plaintiff, against Baltus Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of sixty-four 
guilders and six stivers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court refers the parties to the previous judgment of the 
20th of April last. 

Willem Teller, plaintiff, against Baltus Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of three 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court refers the parties to the previous judgment. 
[150] Jurriaen Theunesen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Daniel Rinckhoudt, defendant 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 253 

1st default Daniel Rinckhoudt, plaintiff, against 
Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, defendant. 
Arent van den Bergh, plaintiff, against 
2d default Hendrick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Claes van den Bergh, plaintiff, against the wife of 
Carsten Fred r . defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant bought linen of his wife 
against his will and without his knowledge. 

The defendant says that she could not know that the plain- 
tiff's wife sold it against the will and without the knowledge of 
her husband, but that she said that she did it because of need. 

The court, having heard the parties, condemn the defendant 
to return the claimed linen to the plaintiff, provided that the 
plaintiff return the money received. 

Claes van den Bergh, plaintiff, against Poulus Martensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands that the defendant deliver the key of 
his house in order to occupy the same. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to give the plaintiff 
possession of the aforesaid house, provided that the defendant 
pay as soon as the attachment by the plaintiff is vacated. 

Asser Levi, plaintiff, against Wynandt Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for seven boards, for which 
he produces a note and claims damages for house rent and board 
which he spent here during the period of one month. 

The court order the defendant to pay the plaintiff for the 
remaining seven boards. As to the alleged expenses, the parties 
are referred to two referees. 

[151 ] Andries de Vos, plaintiff, against Wynandt Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff asks payment of the defendant for 46 boards. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The honorable court orders the plaintiff to produce his evi-* 
dence on the next court day according to his promise. 

Harmen Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against Wynandt Gerritsen, 
defendant. 



254 Fort Orange and Bevern>\)ck 

The plaintiff demands payment of the defendant for 1 78 
boards. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The court orders the plaintiff to produce his evidence on the 
next court day. 

Gillis Pietersen, plaintiff, against Baerent Meyndersen, de- 
fendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of house rent and says that 
the defendant offered him ten beavers. 

The defendant denies that he made any contract of lease. 

The court refers the parties to referees. 

The wife of Klaes Jansen, plaintiff, against Hans Coenraets, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of two 
beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff the said beavers in cash. 

[152] The honorable court having read the proceedings at 
the request of the officer of Fort Orange and the village of 
Beverwyck against the person of Immetie, the wife of Evert, 
the baker, and by plurality of votes having adjudged the con- 
clusion of the said officer well founded that the said Immetie 
acted directly contrary to the ordinance contained in the Ordi- 
nances of the city of Amsterdam, folio 1 62, they have therefore 
condemned, as they do condemn the said Immetie hereby, in 
view of the opposition and contempt of court shown by her, to 
appear before the court and to ask God and the court forgive- 
ness, not to do any business for six weeks and to pay a fine of 
two hundred and fifty guilders, with the costs of the trial, she 
to remain in the fort until the payment of the judgment. Done 
in Foil Orange, the 25th of May Anno 1660. 

Gerrit Swardt, schout of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, 
gives notice of an attachment in the sum of twenty-five guilders 
levied on money in the hands of La Montagne, belonging to 
Jan Anderiesen de Graef. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 255 

[153] To the honorable the Commissary and Magis- 
trates of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck 
Show with due reverence and respect, the undersigned per- 
sons, that they, the petitioners, are again awaiting the coming 
trading season and notice that the Christians are again about to 
run into the woods as brokers in order by subreptive and im- 
proper ways to get the trade entirely into their hands, which 
can only tend to the general decline and utter ruination of Fort 
Orange and the village of Beverwyck; yes, what is more, the 
said running in the woods is accompanied by many excessive 
and shameful irregularities for which God the Lord would 
punish such a place, all of which has no other motive than greed. 
Therefore, they, the petitioners, by a majority of votes and 
signatures to this petition, request your honors, who sit there as 
good mediators, that these calamities may be timely prevented 
in the interest of the peace and welfare of this community and 
its inhabitants, but that every one may be free to employ Indian 
brokers. Whereupon they await a favorable and marginal 
apostil. Which doing, etc. Imploring, etc. In and upon every- 
thing, etc. Underneath was written: Your honors' subjects; 
and was signed : Volkert Jansz, Jacob Schermerhooren, Philip 
Pietersen, Leendert Phlipsen, the mark of Jan van Aken, Jan 
Thoomasz, Aernout Cornelissen, Gerrit Slechtenhorst, Jan 
Mangelsen, Pieter van Alen, Mathias Jansen, Dirck Jansen 
Croon, Gysbert Jansen, Abraham Staets, Lambert Albersen, 
Hans Hendricksen, Theubis Cornelissen, Willem Teller, Ariaen 
Gerritsen, Carsten Fredericksen, Baerent Meyndersen, Willem 
Brouwer, Baerent Jansen, Lourens van Alen and Davit 
Schuyler. 



[154] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, ultimo May 

Anno 1660 

Andries Herpertsen is of opinion that neither Indians nor 
Christians ought to run in the woods as brokers. 



256 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

Sander Leendersen agrees with the above. 

Jan Verbeeck adheres to the former resolution, to wit, that 
the matter is to be regulated according to the vote of the 
majority of the community. 

Frans Baerentsen is of opinion that inasmuch as the com- 
munity has been legally summoned to express their opinion in 
the matter of the trade, it is to be regulated in accordance with 
the vote of the majority and they shall have the preference. 

Evert Jansen Wendel is of opinion that neither Indians nor 
Christians ought to run in the woods as brokers. 

La Montagne is of opinion in this difficult matter, where there 
are two directly opposite parties, one asking to be allowed to 
employ Indian brokers and no Christians, and the other 
Christians and no Indians, that, according to the ordinance issued 
about the said matter in the year 1 654 and since then published 
here every year, no brokers of either nation shall be employed, 
but that the Indians unsolicited shall be allowed to trade their 
beavers where they please. 

[155] The Commissary and Magistrates of Fort Orange and 
the village of Beverwyck, being assembled upon the repeated 
complaints of the community about the trade, have by majority 
vote decided, as they hereby decide, provisionally for this year 
that no brokers, whether Christians or Indians, shall be em- 
ployed, but that the Indians without being called or solicited 
shall be allowed to trade their beavers where they please. 
Furthermore, permission is given to every one to go on the hill, 
as far up as the houses stand, to inquire where the Indians wish 
to go, and likewise to the strand where the Indians arrive, under 
penalty of a fine of three hundred guilders and suspension of 
their business for the period of two months for those who are 
found to have acted contrary hereto, to be executed without 
any exception or regard of persons. And in the absence of the 
officer another shall be substituted in his place to maintain this 
ordinance. Done in Fort Orange, ultimo May 1660. 



Court Minutes, 1657 1660 

[I56J Ordinary Session held in i^ort Orange, June 1 Anno 

1660 

Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leen[dersenJ 

Anderies Herpertsen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Anderies de Vosch, plaintiff, against Wynandt Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for seventy-four boards and 
produces as witness Cornelis Theunesen van Slyck, who says 
that the defendant agreed to pay the debt. 

The honorable eourt, having heard the parties, condemn the 
defendant to pay for the boards in question immediately. 

Abraham Carpeyn, plaintiff, against Immetie, the wife of 
Evert, the baker, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant took linen and 
other goods from the house of Lambert van Valkenb[urg] that 
belonged to him. 

The defendant says that she took it on account of debt. 

The court condemns the plaintiff to pay the defendant and 
also orders the defendant to return the linen. 

Harmen Bastiaensen, plaintiff, against Wynandt Gerritsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant [payment for] one 
hundred and seventy-eight boards, as on the preceding court 
day, being the 25th of May, claiming that he signed a note for 
them. 

The defendant says that the debt was incurred by Abraham 
Vosburgen and the defendant, being both partners, and main- 
tains that he is to pay but one half. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff [for] 
the said boards, according to his note, within the time of six 
weeks, and to apply for reimbursement to his partner. 

[157] Harmen Thoomassen, plaintiff, against Willem 
Brouwer, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of sixty guilders. 
9 



258 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court refers the parties to referees to go over the accounts 
and settle the matter. 

Gillis Pietersen, plaintiff, against Baerent Meyndersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff asks as before on the 25th of May payment 
of the house rent and says that the defendant offered him ten 
beavers. 

The defendant denies that he made the offer. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay the plaintiff eight 
beavers. 

Baerent Albersen, plaintiff, against the widow of Abraham 
Vosburgen, deceased, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of eighty guilders, according 
to the contract made with her husband, deceased. 

The defendant says that she has no knowledge of it. 

The court orders the plaintiff to produce proof on the next 
court day. 

Baerent Albersen, plaintiff, against Lowies Cobesen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands the return of a canoe which he loaned 
to the defendant. 

The defendant admits that he borrowed the canoe. 

The court orders the parties to agree with each other. 

Femmetien Albers, plaintiff, against Abraham Carpeyn, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for a half barrel of good beer. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

The court orders the plaintiff to produce proof. 

Ester Fonda gives notice of an attachment in the sum of one 
hundred and sixty guilders in the hands of Daniel Rinckhout, 
belonging to Femmetien Albers. 



Court Minutes, 1637 1660 259 

[158] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 8, 1660 

Present: 

La Montagne Rutger Jacobsen 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Wendel 

Sander Leendersen 

Albert Gysbertsen, plaintiff, against Maria Goosens, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant called him a thief and 
demands reparation of honor. 

The defendant denies that she said it. 

The parties are ordered to appear on the next court day. 

Jurriaen Theunesen, plaintiff, against Cornelis Woutersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of sixty guilders. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay the sum 
demanded to the plaintiff within the space of 14 days. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Dirrick Smidt, defendant, 
against whom an attachment has been levied. 

The plaintiff says that he delivered to the defendant and 
shipped on board his yacht one hundred and thirty boards to be 
delivered to Nicolaes Meyer, 1 who still claims fifty-two boards 
which the defendant has not delivered. 

The defendant denies that he received as many boards from 
the plaintiff, claiming that he received only seventy-eight. 

The honorable court refers the parties to the burgomasters 
and schepens of the city of Amsterdam in New Netherland, 
the plaintiff retaining his action against the debtors who put the 
boards on board. Meanwhile the attachment against the 
defendant is vacated. 



Nicolaes de Meyer. 



260 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[159] Femmetie Alberts, plaintiff, against Abraham Car~ 
peyn, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment for a half barrel of good beer 
which the defendant bartered away while the plaintiff was at the 
Manhattans. 

The defendant denies the debt. 

Before the court appeared Lambert van Neck and Cornelis 
Theunesen Bosch, who declared that the defendant made a 
great noise and public disturbance in the house of Femmetien 
Albers, during her absence. 

The honorable court condemn the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff for the half barrel of good beer and in addition to pay 
a pound Flemish for the benefit of the poor, on account of his 
abusive language. 

Cornelis Cornelissen, plaintiff, against the wife of Claes 
Theunesen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of sixty guilders. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he gave an 
order for his indebtedness on Eldert Gerbertsen. 

Daniel Rinckhout, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Fransen, defendant. 

Cornelis Theunesen and Jacob Thysen, plaintiffs, against 
Willem Teller, defendant. 

The plaintiffs say that the defendant called them rabble and 
injured their reputation. They demand reparation of character. 

The defendant asserts that he said that it would be a miser- 
able thing if I or the common people or rabble should rebel 
against the law of the public authorities or make a law against 
the authorities. 

[160] Lambert van Neck and Hendrick Roose Boom, 
appearing before the honorable court at the request of Cornelis 
Theunesen, say that they heard Willem Teller say: "If the 
principals of this place listened to this rabble, they would be 
crazy " ; without, however, mentioning any names. 

The court appoints the next court day for the parties to 
institute their proceedings. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 261 

Baerent Albersen, plaintiff, against 
Default Geertruy Vosburgen, defendant. 

Jan Labatie, plaintiff, against Jacob Theunesen, defendant 

The plaintiff demands the return of a saddle and bridle 
delivered to the defendant. 

The defendant says that the same are in the Esopus and are 
kept by Thoomas Chambers and he admits the loan. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to return the 
aforesaid saddle and bridle to the plaintiff in as good condition 
as he received them. 

Theunes Spits Bergen, 1 plaintiff, against Jaques Thysen, 
senior, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the plaintiff payment of one hun- 
dred and ninety-seven guilders for boards delivered. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff the sum demanded, the latter to receive the first rent 
of the defendant's house. The defendant mortgages and pledges 
his house as security. 

Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

Gerrit Swardt, plaintiff, against 
Default Q aes Beever, defendant. 

[161] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 12, 

1660 
Present: 

Anderies Herpertsen Jan \ erbeeck 

Sander Leendersen 

La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, against Jan 
Harmsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant, against the ordi- 
nance of the court of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwvck, 



1 Teunis Cornelissen van der Poel, alias Spitsenberg, or Spitsbergen. 



262 



Fort Orange and Beverwyck 



Answer: Yes. 



Answer: Yes. 



has ventured to go into the woods and has brought with him 
Indians with beavers. 

The defendant acknowledges that he has been in the woods 
to seek an Indian who had robbed him, but not for the purpose 
of attracting the Indians with beavers. 

The plaintiff requests that the defendant be examined on the 
following interrogatories : 

Interrogatory of Jan Harmsen conducted at the request of the 

officer 

1 Whether on the tenth of Answer: Yes. 
this month he has not been in 

the woods, on the Maquas 
path? 

2 Whether he was not 
found there by the soldiers 
with a gun on his shoulder? 

3 Whether in the woods he 
did not speak to some Indians 
who had beavers with them? 

[162] 4 Whether he did 
not urge and request the said 
Indians to trade their beavers 
at his house? 

5 Whether he did not ac- 
quire the beavers of some of 
the said Indians by barter? 

6 Whether, in coming out 
of the woods, he did not enter 
[the village] by one of the 
two gates on the hill? 

To which answers Jan Harmsen refuses to swear, he refusing 
likewise to sign the statements made by him. 

The honorable court respite the defendant until the next 
court day and order him to obtain at once a copy of his answers 
to the interrogator to swear to it at that time. 



Ans~> 



wer : 



No. 



Answer: Says he does not 
know. 

Answer: No, but through 
the gate near long Maria. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 263 

[163] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 15 

Anno 1660 

Present: 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Wendel 

The officer, plaintiff, against Jan Harmsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant contrary to the 
ordinance of the court has ventured to go into the woods and 
to fetch Indians with beavers, as appeared on the preceding 
court day by examination of the defendant on interrogatories, to 
which answers the defendant refuses to swear. The honorable 
plaintiff therefore demands that the defendant shall be punished 
according to the ordinance, citing in order to expedite justice 
the ordinances of Amsterdam, folio 121, article 1 1 , in regard 
to the taking of an oath, which reads as follows: "In case 
the defendant refuses to take the oath, he shall be condemned 
as [in effect] confessing and acknowledging the charges against 
him." And in conformity with the ordinance of the said court, 
he [demands that the defendant] be fined three hundred guilders 
and in addition be suspended from his business for the period of 
two months; with costs. 

[164] The honorable officer, plaintiff, against Volkert Jansen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has presumed to send 
Indian brokers into the woods, contrary to the ordinance of the 
honorable court. 

Jacob Schermerhooren, appearing before the court, declares 
that he saw an Indian go to the hill with a white blanket around 
his body, which said Indian brought back with him two Indians 
with beavers and entered the house of Volkert Jansen. Imme- 
diately after he saw the same Indian again go to the hill and 
bring back another Indian with beavers. 

Gerrit Slechtenhorst's statement conforms to the above. 



264 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Goosen Gerritsen and Gerrit Bancken, appearing before the 
court, declare that the Indian said that he was sent out by 
Volckert Jansen. 

Philip Pietersen declares that he saw an Indian go to the hill 
and return from the hill with another Indian and that he asked 
him for whom he went out to get Indians and that he answered 
for Volkert Jansen. 

The defendant has purged himself by oath, to wit, that he 
neither kept nor sent out any brokers, whether directly or 
indirectly. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant has pre- 
sumed to send brokers into the woods. 

The defendant denies that he sent out any brokers. 

[165] Lourens van Alen, Cornelus Bogardus and Daniel 
Jansen declare that they saw the boy of Willem Brouwer coming 
down the hill with two Indians who had beavers with them and 
say that they went into Willem Brouwer* s house about ten 
o'clock in the evening. 

The defendant purges himself by oath. 

The officer, plaintiff, against Jan van Aken, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant contrary to the 
ordinance of the court has sent brokers into the woods. 

The defendant denies that he sent any brokers into the woods. 

Jan Thoomassen declares that he asked the Indian where he 
was going, whereupon he replied: "To the smith's." 

Jacob Schermerhooren, Philip Pietersen and Gerrit Bancken 
declare that the aforesaid Indian went into the house of Jan 
van Aken. 

The defendant purges himself under oath. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Daniel Jansen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sent brokers into the 
woods, which is contrary to the latest ordinance of the court. 

Jacob Schermerhooren, Anderies Herpertsen and Hendrick 
Rooseboom declare that Indians with beavers, coming down the 



Court Minutes, 1637-1660 

hill, went to the house of Daniel Jansen. Immediately after an 
Indian with a blanket walked up the hill and did not come back. 
They claim that he was a broker. 

1166] The defendant admits that he gave a blanket to the 
Indian, but not for purposes of brokerage. 

The honorable court allows the defendant time until the next 
court day to purge himself under oath. 

The officer, plaintiff, against Jurriaen Jansen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sent brokers into the 
woods, which is contrary to the latest ordinance of the court. 

The defendant denies having sent brokers into the woods. 

Gerrit Bancken and Gysbert Jansen declare before the court, 
at the request of the officer, that an Indian, who the day before 
had traded at Jurriaen Jansen's, again came with other Indians 
down the hill and brought them to Jurriaen Jansen. 

The defendant admits that the Indian who the day before had 
traded with him, came again with other Indians with beavers. 

The defendant purged himself under oath. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jan Thoomassen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sent brokers into the 
woods. 

The defendant denies it and purges himself under oath. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jacob Thysen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sent brokers into the 
woods. 

[167] Garrit Slechtenhcrst, Hans Hendricksen and Willem 
Jansen Schut declare that on the 14th of this month they saw 
an Indian coming down the hill with other Indians who had 
beavers with them. They went to the house of Jacob Thysen 
and the broker remained in the said house while the Indians 
returned to the hill after having left their beavers at the house 
of Jacob Thysen. 

1 he defendant denies it and has purged himself under oath. 

Adriaen Jansen from Leyden, plaintiff, against \\ ynandt 
Gerritsen, defendant. 



266 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The plaintiff, as attorney of the widow of Abraham Vos- 
burgen, deceased, demands delivery of a saw mill, according 
to the contract made by referees on the 16th of March, by 
virtue of a compromise. 

The defendant says that he is not bound to deliver the mill 
before and until he has had satisfaction from the plaintiff. 

The honorable court orders that the defendant shall make 
delivery according to the contract and inventory thereof, and 
that from this date the defendant retains his alleged claim 
against the widow. In case of refusal, he shall forfeit twenty- 
five guilders for each day's delay until the delivery of the said 
mill. 

[T68] At the request of the community, the court has 
provisionally granted to all burghers and inhabitants of this vil- 
lage of Beverwyck the right to employ Indian brokers, without 
the employment, however, of any Dutch people, under the 
penalty mentioned in the ordinance; nor shall they be allowed 
to send any presents into the woods, which presents it hereby 
declares subject to confiscation, one half for the benefit of the 
officer and the other half for the benefit of the informer. Actum 
in Fort Orange, the 15th of June 1660. 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 17, 1660 

Jacob Thysen, Cornelis Theunesen, Gerrit Slechtenhorst and 
Lambert van Neck, appearing before the court, request that the 
trade may be thrown open, to wit, that Dutch as well as Indian 
brokers may be employed. 

[169] Copy of the petition concerning the trade, on which the 
following apostil is granted: 

To the Honorable Gentlemen, the Commissary 
and Magistrates of Fort Orange and the village 
of Beverwyck 

Show with due reverence and respect, the undersigned peti- 
tioners, that they have heard that on the 25th of May last of 
the year 1660, a petition was presented in regard to the trade 
by some principals who, being moved by excessive greed and 



wi Minules, U 

jealousy, make themselves believe and imagine that they thereby 
increase the trade. 1 his is a pretext invented for no other pur- 
pose than to divert the trade to themselves and inspired by greed, 
as above stated. But considering that many a poor person could 
earn a beaver and the community would be better served, it 
has seemed to the petitioners, representing a majority of the 
people, that as an extra precaution it would be well to submit 
to your honors in proper form what is well known to all the 
inhabitants, for the petitioners hope that your honors in accord- 
ance with your civic duty and the privileges of the praiseworthy 
fatherland will not tolerate that the community be oppressed, 
considering that the least [of the citizens] has as much right as 
the most [important one], since the country must exist by them, 
and they, the petitioners, can prove that they are not rabble, as 
they were called yesterday, but live decently. The petitioners 
therefore conclude and request that every one may be allowed 
to do the best he can with Christians and with Indians, [170] 
in order that he help himself with honor and to the best of his 
ability, every one to enjoy what belongs to him, to love his 
neighbor and to do what shall tend to the salvation of his soul. 
Whereupon the petitioners expect a favorable marginal apostil. 
Actum the 27th of May Anno 1660, in Beverwyck. Under- 
neath was written : Which doing, etc. Praying in and upon 
everything, etc. Your honors' willing and affectionate subjects: 
Was signed: Jan Dircksen van Breemen, Arent Jansen van 
Hoeck, Jan Harmsen, Rem Jansen, Jacob Thysen van der 
Heyden, Cornelis Theunesen Bosch, Daniel Verveelen, Jacob 
Jansen, the mark of Lambert van Valkenburch, Pieter Loocker- 
mans, Jan Jansen van Ekelen, the mark of Meyndert Fred- 
ricksen, Thoomas Pouw[elsen], the mark of Jan Fransen, the 
mark of Symon Volkerts, the mark of Theunes Cornehssen, 
the mark of Willem Fredricksen, the mark of Jan 
Harmsen, the mark of Mattheus Abrahamsen, the 
mark of Jan Cornelissen, Pieter Loockermans, uinior, the mark 
of Jochem Ketteleyn, Jacob Loockermans, Willem Jansen 



268 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Schut, the mark of Reynier Albertsen, Jan Vinhagel, Hendrick 
Anderiesen, Anderies de Vosch, Jan Schekel, Pieter Winnen, 
Jan Cornel [issen], Jurriaen Theunesen, Daniel Rinckhout, 
Jacob van Laer, Cornelus Bogardus, Pieter Adriaensen, Claes 
Marrechael, [171 ] Philip Hendricksen, Adriaen Appel, Symon 
Symonsen, Baerent Meyndersen, the mark of Wouter Albersen, 
Gillis Pietersen, Hendrick Rooseboom, Claes Jacobsen, Cornelis 
Vosch, Willem Jansen Stol and Wynandt Gerritsen vande PoeL 

The honorable court having read a petition presented to their 
honors by Jacob Thysen, Gerrit Slechtenhorst and Lambert van 
Neck, as representatives of eighty inhabitants of this village of 
Beverwyck, who signed the petition, whereby they earnestly 
request that the Dutch may be allowed to go into the woods as 
brokers, which, although of dangerous consequence, can not be 
prevented without causing greater mischief. It is therefore left 
to the discretion of the petitioners to do or not to do it, the court 
protesting meanwhile their innocence of all mischief that may 
result therefrom, the more so as some of the petitioners have said 
that they would do it anyway, whether it was permitted or not. 

[172] Proposal made by the Maquas in Fort Orange, 
the 26th of June Anno 1 660 

Present: 

La Montagne Evert Wendel 

Rutger Jacobsen Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Anderies Herpertsen 

Sander Leendersen 

They say, first, that the Dutch when they are in the woods 
to fetch Indians beat them severely with fists and drive them 
out of the woods and they therefore ask who of the three 
nations are to be the masters, the Maquas, the Sinnekus, or the 
Dutch? They say that it might develop into the same trouble 
as between the Dutch and the Indians in the Esopus. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 269 

They request that no Dutchmen with horses or otherwise may 
be allowed to roam in the woods to fetch the Indians with 
beavers, because they maltreat them greatly and presently ten 
or twelve of them surround an Indian and drag him along, say- 
ing: " Come with me, so and so has no goods," thus interfering 
with one another, which they fear will end badly. 

They ask us to forbid the Dutch to molest the Indians as 
heretofore by kicking, beating and assaulting them, in order that 
we may not break the old friendship which we have enjoyed 
for more than thirty years, and if it is not prevented they will 
go away and not be seen by us anymore. Whereupon they 
offered IVi fathoms of seawan. 

[173] La Montagne advises to give the Maquas for answer 
that we had never heard that any violence was done to them in 
the woods and that they had never complained of it, but now 
that we have heard their complaints, we promise them to do our 
best to prevent it and if they can report the persons, we shall 
punish them. As to the Dutchmen who roam in the woods, we 
shall Torbid them to do so, but if no Maqua brokers were 
employed, it would be easier to forbid it to the Dutch and then 
the Indians could exchange their beavers unmolested wherever 
they pleased. 

Anderies Herpertsen advises to give the Indians for answer 
that we shall write about it to the Director General, as we did 
not know that the Dutch did them any harm, and if it happened 
that any harm was done to them, they should report it and that 
the guilty persons would be punished. 

Jan Ver Beeck advises to give the Indians for answer that 
we shall forbid the Dutch hereafter to roam in the woods and 
if they are molested in the woods by the Dutch that they must 
make complaint thereof to the officer. 

[174] Sander Leendersen advises to give the Indians for 
answer that we shall forbid the Dutch henceforth to roam in the 
woods. 



270 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Rutger Jacobsen advises, in order to prevent mischief, that 
no Dutchmen be allowed to roam in the woods to fetch Indians, 
but that Indians be employed, as the Indians earnestly request 
and warn us against evil consequences in their proposals, and also 
to notify the Indians that the Dutch shall hereafter be forbidden 
to roam in the woods. 

Frans Baerentsen Pastoor advises to notify the Indians in 
answer^ to their complaint and in order to avoid all mischief that 
from now on no Dutchmen shall be allowed to roam in the 
woods. 

Evert Jansen Wendel agrees with the above and, in view of 
the complaint of the Maquas which predicts a bad ending, 
advises that they be notified that no Dutchmen shall be allowed 
to roam in the woods any more. 

[175] The honorable court of Fort Orange and the village 
of Beverwyck, having heard the earnest complaints of the 
Maquas, being some sachems of the same, about the ill behavior 
toward them on the part of the Dutch who on horseback go up 
and down in the woods and not only take away their beavers 
by force and carry them, leaving the Indians to run after them, 
but also knock and throw them around, as is shown more fully 
in the complaint of the said Maquas made to the court, which 
assaults and insults are contrary to the welfare and the peace 
of this place and apparently would create war between us and 
the Maquas ; therefore, their honors consider it their official duty 
to provide therein and have decided, as they decide hereby, to 
forbid all inhabitants of this place to go roaming in the woods as 
brokers to attract the Indians with beavers, under penalty of a 
fine of three hundred guilders and the suspension from the trade 
for this year. Thus done in the session held at Fort Orange on 
the 28th of June Anno 1660. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 271 

[176] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, June 30 Anno 

1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Verbeeck 

Anderies Herpert[sen] Evert Wendel 

Frans Barentsen 

Albert Gysbertsen, plaintiff, against Maria Goosens, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands reparation of character as the 
defendant called the plaintiff a thief. 

The defendant denies that she said it, as far as she knows, 
but on the contrary alleges that the plaintiff called her a whore, 
a pig and a church thief. 

The plaintiff produces an affidavit of two witnesses. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to produce her 
witnesses on the next court day. 

Cornelis van Sterrevelt, plaintiff, against Abraham Carpeyn, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of seven guilders, which he 
has caused to be attached in the hands of Harmen, the mason. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court declares the attachment valid. 

Theunes Theunesen, plaintiff, against Anderies Herpertsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant offered himself as surety 
for the person of Cornelis Pot for the sum of twenty-eight 
guilders. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded within the period of six weeks. 

[177] Seeger Cornelissen, plaintiff, against Jan van Aken, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers for twenty 
sleigh loads of manure. 



272 Fort Orange and Beverw\xk 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the beavers cash. 

Master Gysbert van Imborch, plaintiff, against Jan Meynder- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of five beavers for surgeon's 
fees in treating a gun shot through the arm. 

The defendant acknowledges the treatment of the wound and 
with it the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the beavers demanded within the space of six weeks. 

Pieter Bosboom, plaintiff, against Daniel Rinckhoudt, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant bought his cart and horse 
and demands that the purchase shall hold good. 

The defendant admits that be bought the horse. 

The court condemns the defendant to pay for the cart and 
horse and declares the purchase valid. 

Daniel Rinckhoudt plaintiff, against the wife of Jan Fransen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of twenty-two beavers. 

The defendant denies that he owes so much. 

The court adjourns the case to the next court day. 

[1 78] Tierck Claesen, plaintiff, against the wife of Jan Fran- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of five 
beavers, for which she became surety. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that they settled with 
each other. 

The court adjourns the care to the next court day and orders 
the parties to obtain a copy of the award of arbitrators who sat 
more than two years ago to decide the matter at issue between 
the parties. 

Cornelis Wynkoop, plaintiff, against 
Default. Harmen Bastiaensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of the attachment of 3 beavers in 
the hands of Frans Baerentsen. belonging to the defendant. 



Cowl Minutes, 1657-1660 

The honorable court provisionally declares the attachment 
valid. 

Nicolaes Maier, plaintiff, against Dirckien Harmensen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of ninety-three beavers and 
six guilders in seawan. 

The defendant declares that she does not know how much 
she owes. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay within 
the space of four weeks as upon liquidation and adjustment of 
accounts shall be found necessary, with costs. 

[179] Adriaen Jansen from Leyden, plaintiff, against 
Wynant Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff, as attorney for the widow of Abraham Vos- 
burgen, deceased, complains that he can get no fulfilment of 
the contract and inventory according to the judgment rendered 
on the preceding court day. 

The honorable court orders the marshal from this day, accord- 
ing to his commission, to execute the judgment and to take out 
of the defendant's house the saws and other tools that may serve 
to satisfy the inventory. Furthermore, Pieter Meesen and 
Reinier Wisselpenninck are authorized as impartial men to 
inspect the saw mill and after inspection to make a report of its 
fitness to be used for sawing. And all that shall be lacking shall 
be repaired at the expense of the defendant. 

The officer, plaintiff, against Wynant Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains and says that the defendant has 
greatly slandered the honorable court by saying that their honors 
had rendered a false judgment. He produces an affidavit of 
three witnesses. 

The defendant denies that he said it and says that he can 
produce other testimony. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to bring proof of 
his assertion on the next court day. 



274 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

[180] Pieter Meesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Philip Hendricksen, defendant. 

The officer, plaintiff, against 
Default Klaes Beever, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Gouw and Carel Jansen, defendants. 

The wife of Jan Albers, plaintiff, against Witten Hendrick- 
sen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of eight guilders in seawan 
for a pair of shoes. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum demanded. 

The wife of Jan Albers, plaintiff, against Femmetien Albers, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of six 
guilders and eleven stivers in seawan. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum demanded. 



[181] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 13, 1660 

Present: 

La Montagne Frans Baerentsen 

Andries Herperts Evert Wendel 

Jan Verbeeck 

Albert Gysbertsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Maria Goosens, defendant. 

The honorable court having seen that the defendant does not 
appear, orders the defendant to produce her evidence on the 
next court day on pain of being deprived of her right. 

Cornelis Wynkoop, plaintiff, against Pieter Jacobsen Bos- 
boom, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of six beavers for a piece of 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 275 

oats sold to him, which said money in the hands of Daniel 
Rinckhout he has attached. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court declare the attachment valid. 
Idem, plaintiff, against 
2d default Harmen Bastiaensen, defendant. 

Jan van Eckelen, plaintiff, against 
Default Jacob Teunesen and Willem Brouwer, defendants. 

Pieter Meesen, plaintiff, against Philip Hendricksen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has taken over [the 
obligation] on the part of Gysbert Philipsen, deceased, to pay 
the sum of twenty-three beavers. 

The defendant denies that he took over the debt, but says 
that he remained surety for Jan * in Katskil. 

The honorable court orders the plaintiff to produce his evi- 
dence on the next court day. 

[182] Arendt vanden Bergh, plaintiff, against Hendrick Ger- 
ritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of three beavers. 

The defendant having failed to appear for the third time is 
condemned by default by the honorable court to pay the plain- 
tiff the beavers demanded. 

Reynier Rycken, plaintiff, against Willem Jansen Stol, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff as attorney for Wouter Hendricksen Schoon- 
hooven, residing at Amsterdam in Holland, demands the sum 
of one hundred guilders in Holland money and in addition half 
the gain made with the said money and produces a note to that 
effect. 

The defendant's wife appearing before the honorable court 
says that she knows nothing of the said debt, but acknowledges 
that the note is in the hand [writing] of her deceased husband. 



1 Jan Andriessen, or Anderson, the Irishman. 



276 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The parties having been heard, the honorable court, seeing 
the imperfectness of the note and the exception taken by the 
defendant on account of his inability to pay, and the fact, as 
he says, that he has received nothing from her [former] husband, 
refer the parties to referees to be chosen respectively with the 
consent of the plaintiff in order to settle the matter to the best 
of their knowledge. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Willem Martensen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of one 
hundred and twenty-five guilders, seven stivers, in beavers, the 
same to be put on board free and without expense, and produces 
a note thereof. 

The defendant admits the debt and offers to pay the same 
in Holland upon sufficient security. 

The honorable court having heard the parties condemn the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded in beavers 
within the space of eight days. 

[183] Goovert Loockermans, plaintiff, against Roelof 
Swardtwoudt, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of one hundred and ninety 
guilders in beavers according to the bond and mortgage which 
he produces before the honorable court. 

The defendant admits the debt and requests delay. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, order the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded according to 
the bond within the space of eight days. 

Dirck Jansen Croon, plaintiff, against Sander Leendersen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of seventy-five beavers and 
30 beavers interest on the said sum. 

The defendant admits the debt and promises to pay as soon 
as possible. 

The honorable court condemn the defendant to pay the plain- 
tiff the sum demanded within the space of three weeks on pain 
of execution. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 27/ 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Wynandt Gerritsen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Michielsen, defendant. 

Willem Telier, plaintiff, against 
Default Cornelis Theunesen and Jacob Tysen, defendants. 

[184] Daniel Verveelen, plaintiff, against Lambert van 
Valckenburgh, defendant. 

The plaintiff [demands] of the defendant payment of twenty 
guilders in beavers. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded in beavers within the space of eight days. 

Lambert van Valckenburch, plaintiff, against the wife of 
Evert, the baker, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains and says that the defendant without 
their knowledge and in the absence of himself and his wife has 
taken shirts, ties and other goods out of a chest, among other 
things two ties that belonged to the plaintiff. 

The defendant admits having done it, but says that the goods 
belonged to Abraham Carpeyn. 

The court orders the defendant to restore the goods, the 
action of the officer being reserved. 

Daniel Rinckhoudt, plaintiff, against the wife of Jan van 
Hoesem, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment by the defendant of the sum 
of three hundred and four guilders in beavers and three hundred 
and seventy-five guilders in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that she does not 
know how much. 

The honorable court orders the plaintiff to give the defendant 
an account. 

[185] Pieter Jacobsen Bosboom, plaintiff, against Daniel 
Rinckhoudt, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment for his horse 



278 Fort Orange and Beverwycfc 

sold to the defendant, on which a balance of two and a half 
ankers of brandy is due. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that it was agreed 
that he should pay one and a half ankers in the spring. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties and also the 
plaintiff's offer to confirm the same under oath, condemn the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the brandy demanded within the 
space of eight days. 

Volckert Jansen complains about an attachment of twenty 
beavers in the hands of Davit Pietersen Schuyler, belonging to 
Gerrit Jansen Decker, at present in the fatherland. 

The honorable court declares the attachment provisionally 
valid. 

The honorable magistrates of this court, Sander Leendersen, 
Jan Verbeeck, Frans Baerentsen Pastooren and Evert Jansen 
Wendel, are hereby authorized in these dangerous times to make 
an inspection of the woods and to fine all traders and Dutch 
brokers whom they shall find therein to have acted contrary to 
the latest posted ordinance. Done this 1 4th of July Anno 1 660, 
in Fort Orange. 

[186] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 15 

Anno 1660 

Present: 

Sander Leendersen Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Jansen Wendel 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Poulis Jansen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains and says that the defendant, contrary 
to the latest ordinance, has ventured to go as a broker into the 
woods and to attract the savages with beavers. 

The defendant admits having been in the woods, but claims 
that he went there to pick blueberries. 

The honorable court adjourns the case until the next court 
day. 



. I MinaUs, io5 7-1660 279 

Idem, plaintiff, against Rutger jacobsen, deiendant. 

The plaint: and complains that the defendant, contrary 

to the latest ordinance, has ventured to send his servant into the 
woods and to employ him as a broker to attract the savages with 
their beavers, according to the report of the four magistrates 
who were authorized thereto. 

The defendant denies it. 

The honorable court adjourns the case to the next court day. 
[187] Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of 
officer, plaintiif, against 

Dera^.t \\ iHem Jansen Schut and Anderies Herper[sen], 
defendants. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Harmen \ edder, defendant. 

The plaintiif says and complains that the defendant, contrary 
to the latest ordinance, has ventured to go into the woods to get 
Indians with beavers. 

The defendant admits that he has been in the woods, but 
not with the intention of getting Indians with beavers. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to declare the next 
court day under oath that he has not been in the woods with 
such mtention. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, deiendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant, contrary 
to the latest ordinance, has sent his servant into the woods and 
employed him there as a broker to get Indians with their beavers. 

The defendant says that he sent his servant into the woods 
because Rutger Jacobsen told him at the house of Jurriaen 
Teunesen that he had been at the officer's, who said that he did 
not wish to have anything to do with the matter. Also, that 
the defendant's wife again went to the house of Rutger Jacobsen 
and asked whether the going into the woods was free? He 
answered: "I have already sent my servant into the woods. 
\ ou can do as you like. Go to the officer and find out." He 
says further that he did not send his servant to get Indians, but 
onlv to see where his two Indian brokers were. 



280 Fort Orange and Beverwycli 

[188] The plaintiff persists in his demand and maintains that 
the defendant's excuse is not valid and that Rutger jacobsen 
had no authority to give him permission contrary to the ordinance 
of the honorable court. As to the final excuse that he sent his 
servant into the woods, to look for the Indian brokers, he requests 
that the defendant purge himself under oath and that in case 
of refusal he be condemned according to the ordinance, for the 
sake of expediting justice, as provided by the ordinances of the 
city of Amsterdam. 

The honorable court grants the defendant time until the next 
court day to purge himself under oath. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Cornelis Fynhoudt, the servant of 
Marcelis, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains and says that the defendant has 
ventured to go into the woods, or has been sent there by his 
master, to get Indians. 

The defendant admits having been in the woods, but says 
that he was not sent by his master to get Indians, but only to 
look for hogs. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Marcelis Jansen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, contrary to the latest 
ordinance, has ventured to send his servant into the woods to 
get Indians with beavers. 

The defendant denies that he sent his servant into the woods 
for such a purpose, but [says that he sent him] only to see if 
the servants of Rutger Jacobsen, Anderies Herpertsen and 
Philip Pietersen were in the woods and, on finding them, to 
report the same at once. [189] He offers to make oath 
thereon and to prove it. 

The honorable court accepts the offer of the defendant to 
produce proof on the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter van Alen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant sent Daniel Jansen into 
the woods and employed him as a broker to get Indians with 
beavers. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 281 

The defendant has under oath purged himself of the offense. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Philip Pietersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, contrary to the latest 
ordinance, has ventured to send his servant, Jacob Loockermans, 
into the woods and to employ him as a broker to get Indians 
with beavers. 

The defendant denies that he sent his servant into the woods 
for such a purpose, but [says that he sent him] only to see what 
sort of Dutchmen were in the woods and what they did there. 
Not finding any, he was to come back immediately. He offers 
to prove this. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to prove his state- 
ments on the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Adriaen Jansen from Leyden, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, contrary to the latest 
ordinance, has sent his servant into the woods and has employed 
him as a broker to get Indians with beavers. 

[190] The defendant admits it, but declares that he did not 
know but that every one was free to go into the woods, 
as the servants of Rutger Jacobsen, Anderies Herpertsen and 
Philip Pietersen openly went into the woods. 

The plaintiff persists in his demands and maintains that the 
defendant's excuse is not valid, as [permission] was not pub- 
lished or posted and that one should not sin on account of the 
example of others. 

The honorable court, taking the excuse of the defendant into 
consideration, adjourn the case to the next court day. 

[191] [Ordinance for the regulation of the fur trade 
and forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians] 1 

The Honorable Director General of New Netherland and 
the Magistrates, having heard and examined the complaints 



1 Translation revised from that printed in Laws and Ordinances of 
New Netherlands p. 383-84, where the date is given as July 21, 1660. 



282 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

respecting running in the woods and the evils which may result 
therefrom, have been as yet unable to discover any better 
expedient than to renew and maintain the ordinances heretofore 
enacted on that subject, to wit: 

That no one, of what nation or quality he may be, shall 
directly or indirectly send any Christians or Indians as brokers 
into the woods, either with or without presents, to fetch or entice 
any Indians, under the penalty of the fine heretofore provided and 
inserted in previous ordinances. 

Secondly, no one shall be allowed to take from the Indians, 
whether in the woods, without or within the settlements, houses, 
or places, any beavers, to carry them for the Indians on horses, 
carts, or on their backs, under penalty of a like fine. 

Thirdly, if it should come to pass that any Indians, whether 
voluntarily, or induced thereto by other Indians, should come 
with their peltries into any houses, either without or within the 
village of Beverwyck, Fort Orange, or the colony of Renselaers- 
wyck, no person, of what nation or quality he may be, shall take 
away or lock away the peltries of such Indians against their will, 
much less [192] impede, prevent, or hinder the Indians from 
going with their peltries where they please; and although they 
had either given themselves, or caused others to give any 
presents for the peltries, such gifts or presents shall not only 
remain forfeited for the benefit of the Indian, or Indians, who 
may have received them, but they shall in addition forfeit 
twenty-five pounds Flemish for the officer who enforces and 
executes this ordinance. 

Fourthly, and lastly, the ordinance and regulation heretofore 
enacted by the Director General and Council aforesaid respect- 
ing the sale, giving or presenting of wine, brandy, strong liquor 
or beer to the Indians, is hereby renewed and the sheriffs and 
officers of the village of Beverwyck as well as of the colony of 
Renselaerswyck are hereby ordered and commanded this and 
the previously enacted ordinances, order and regulation more 
strictly to enforce and to execute, as they ought to be, and in 



Court Miwites, 1657-1660 283 

case they lack sufficient evidence against the contraveners who 
may be arraigned before the respective courts, the magistrates 
of the court respectively may upon probable indication oblige 
the defendant to purge himself under oath, and if he refuse, 
condemn him according to the exigency of the case. Thus done 
in Fort Orange, this 22'' of July Anno 1660. Was signed: 
P. Stuyvesant. 

[193] Present: The Hon. General 

Petrus Stuyvesant and the 

gentlemen of both the courts 

here 

Propositions made to us 
by the Sinnekus in Fort 
Orange, the 25th of July 
1660 1 

First, they say, that it is now some years past since they were 
at the Manhattans and brought presents there, without having 
received any return for it, not even a pipeful of tobacco; where- 
upon they give three beavers. 

Secondly, they say that a year or two ago they requested that 
they might receive a blanket and a piece of cloth for one beaver, 
to which they got no other answer than that we would tell them 
when the ships came; whereupon they give three beavers. 

Third, " We only make a little request of you and yet in asking 
this it is as if we ran against a stone." They thereupon give three 
beavers. 

Fourth, they say: " When we were at the Manhattans, we con- 
cluded our friendship and bound ourselves together with a chain 
and this is only for a renewal of it;" giving thereupon three 
beavers. 

Fifth, they say: " Let us be of one mind, and when you ask 
something of us, we shall in turn listen to you." They there- 
upon present three beavers. 



X A translation, differing slightly from the present, is in Doc. rel. to 
Col Fist. N. Y. t 13:184-85. 



284 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

Sixth, they say: "We are now engaged in a great war and 
we can get no powder or lead unless we have beavers and a good 
soldier ought to have powder and lead for nothing." They 
thereupon give three beavers. 

[194] Seventh, they say: "We thank you for all that we 
now receive as a gift, caps, stockings, shoes, shirts and breech 
clouts." They thereupon give two beavers. 

Eighth, they say: " Now, once more, a mass of Sinnekus will 
come and ask that they may barter their beavers at their pleasure 
and not be locked up by the Dutch, but be allowed to go with 
their beavers where they please and not be beaten when they 
want their beavers to trade at another place." They thereupon 
give three beavers. 

Ninth, they say: "You have taken us, both Maquaes and 
Mahikans, with you to the peace [conference] in the Esopus. 
Now you ought to restore the captured Indians of the Esopus." 
They thereupon give two small beavers. 

Tenth, " We are quite content that you have made peace with 
the Esopus Indians. We sometimes have to use the road also. 
It is quite well that brothers live together in peace." 

Eleventh, they say: " You are as much as the chiefs of the 
entire country, to whom we all look up. We have asked to 
have a piece of cloth for one beaver, 50 handfuls of seawan 
for one beaver and 30 double handfuls of powder for one beaver. 
You have slept until now, therefore we now wake you up again." 
They thereupon give three beavers. 

1 2th They say : " We have great trouble in getting the beavers 
through the enemy's country. We request therefore much 
powder and lead, for if the enemy overcome us, where can we 
then catch beavers? " They thereupon give two beavers. 

[195] 13th. They say that they request that it may from 
now on be settled here that they can get 30 handfuls of black 
seawan for one beaver. They thereupon give two beavers. 

1 4th. They say that they request that they may from now on 
have 60 handfuls of white seawan for one beaver. They there- 
upon give two beavers. 



Cou,t Minute* 1057-1660 

15th. They say that sometime^ when they are in a trader's 
house and they wish to go to another man's house to buy goods 
that appeal to them they are severely beaten till they hardly 
know where their eyes are. That ought not to be and every 
one ought to be free to go where he pleases to buy the goods 
that suit him best. They thereupon give two beavers. 

16th They say: "We have requested that the Dutch would 
not beat us any more. This you must now forbid the Dutch, in 
order that we may smoke tobacco in peace. If you now buy 
two beavers' worth of tobacco, you can smoke and think over 
everything. \\ e expect to come next year with all the chiefs 
to hear what you have to say. This is only to arouse you for 
the present, but then we shall state everything thoroughly." They 
thereupon give two beave 

17th They say: "The Dutch are sending so many brokers 
into the woods from one house, that they do not know where 
to go with their beavers. Each house ought to have something. 
They, that is to say, the brokers, pull one hither and thither, 
so that one does not know where to go. That should not be 
tolerated, but each house ought to have something." They there- 
upon give one beaver. 

18th They say: " The French Indians will visit the Mahikans 
at the Cahous. They greatly bewail this. And as you [and 
they] are bound together with a chain, you ought to be sad also." 
They thereupon give one beaver. 

19th They request that the honorable general warn all the 
Dutchmen not to beat the Indians any more. Otherwise, the 
Dutch say that they know nothing about it. And that they may 
go with their beavers where they please, without being beaten. 
\\ hereupon they give one beaver. 

[196] Answer to the propositions 
made by the chiefs of the Sinnekus, 
dated July 26, 1660 

First, it is true that our brothers two or three years ago were 
at the Manhattans and made a treaty of friendship with us. 



286 Fort Qiange and Beverwyck 

which we shall alwayo maintain, as we have done so far and 
always will, and as the tobacco was forgotten at that time, we 
give them now a roll of tobacco, in order that when they return 
to their country they may remember their friendship and keep it 
as firmly as if it were bound with a chain. 

Brothers, we have made peace with the Esopus Indians at 
the request of the Maquaes, the Mahikans and others of our 
friends, in order that they may use the roads and rivers. We 
now give you the hatchets, which we now lock up and you are 
charged not to kill any horses or cattle when you go away from 
here. 

Our brothers, the Sinnekus, have thanked us because we have 
made peace with the Esopus Indians. We now, in turn, request 
them to make and keep peace with the Maquaes, so that we 
may also use the road thither freely and safely as the brothers 
do here among us. 

As our brothers complain that they can not get much powder, 
we give them now a keg full of powder, but they must not use 
it against our brothers, the Maquaes, but against their enemies, 
who dwell far away, where they must fetch their beavers. 

[197] The brothers complain that their beavers are locked 
up when they come into their houses. We forbade our people 
to do so three days ago, so that the brothers may go with their 
beavers where they please. 

Brothers, if any Dutchman beats you, come to the sachems 
and make a complaint thereof, or if any of the Dutch keep your 
beavers or lock them up, we shall see that you get them back. 

Brothers, it is well that everybody goes with his beavers where 
he likes and no brokers shall hereafter be sent and everybody 
may go with his beavers where he likes and you are directed not 
to listen to any broker. Strike them on the forehead, so that 
one can not see where their eyes are. 

The request of the brothers to give so much cloth or seawan 
for one beaver, the Dutch can not accede to, as it has to come 
far across the water. 



Court Minute* 1657-1660 287 

[198] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, July 28 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Frans Baerentsen Pastoren 

Sander Leendersen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Jan Ver Beeck 

Jan Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Arent Isacksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant 12 whole beavers for 
goods received, with interest of 8 beavers for 1 1 months, together 
with the costs of the suit. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he owes no 
interest, nor is liable for the costs of the suit, as it was brought 
against his will. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, condemn the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the 12 beavers demanded, four 
of them cash according to his promise and the remaining eight 
in the space of three weeks, on pain of execution and of being 
then, in case of failure to pay, liable for the costs of the suit. 

Whereas the magistrates of Fort Orange and the village of 
Beverwyck have again and again pointed out to us the great 
expenses paid and incurred by them with our previous knowledge 
in setting off this place with a plank fence against any sudden 
attack by barbarians and other expenses incurred in repairing 
the bridges and otherwise, whereby the treasury is considerably 
depleted and many persons are still unpaid for their materials, 
it is decided to replenish the same by levying a tax of three 
guilders on every chimney. Having asked our approval and 
ratification thereof, we hereby order and charge all inhabitants 
within the limits of the village to pay the chimney tax, on pain 
of execution. Done in Fort Orange, July 25 Anno 1 660. Was 
signed: P. Stuyvesant. 



288 Fort Orange and Bevcrrvvck 

[199] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 3 Anno 

1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Rutger Jacobsen 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen Pastoor 

Sander Leendersen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Jan Ver Beeck 

Dirck Jansen Croon, plaintiff, against Davidt Pietersen x and 
Gysbert Jansen, defendants. 

The plaintiff, as overseer of a common well, asks of the 
defendants payment of 11.25 each for the making of the same. 

The defendants say that they are not liable, as they have not 
been consulted in the matter. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, condemn the 
defendants to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded, since they 
agreed to board the workmen. 

Reynier Rycken, plaintiff, against Willem Jansen Stol, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant will not submit 
to the judgment to decide the matter with referees. 

The honorable court refer the parties to the previous judg- 
ment. 

Jan Roeloffsen, plaintiff, against 
1st default Hendrick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Albert Gysbersen, plaintiff, against 
2d default Maria Goosens, defendant. 

Eldert Gerbensen, plaintiff, against Samuel, the hat maker, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff says that he delivered to the defendant 100 
garret floor boards at 30 stivers apiece and that in the year 1658 
he received on account a barrel of meat for 5 beavers and a 
barrel of mackerel for 3 beavers, according to the letter written 
to him. 



1 David Pietersen Schuyler. 



jrt Minute 7-1 660 289 

[200] The defends that he sold the meat to the 

plaintiff for 6 beavers and the mackerei for 4 b 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, condemn 
endant to pay the plaintiff for the said boards in seawan, pro- 
vided that the plaintiff in return be held to pay for the meat and 
the mackerel according to the notice. 

riiel Yerveelen, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, de- 
rer.nr::. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fL6 in 

The defendant's wife, appearing before the court, admits the 

ziebt. 

i:.e ::::;i:.: ::u;: : ne; ::.t ztztzz^z: t: piy :zt p.i:.i:;f 
Lie sum ut::i::e: v.i:.-;r. vie sii:e :: ' -r nys. 
.. s.x=:.r.5t R:e.i: : 
;ser. ie:e Default 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Brouwer, defendant 

= lefeim v :. - i — 

leavers. 

Hie iefei:;ii: im;:s Lie it::. 

The honorable court order the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
Lie sum leniiciec; v,-;:-..i the sn:e :f eiiii: iivs. 

?:eter Meese.i. p^ir.nf. ir^is: 
-- :i - : Priii ~ en.::«:sei. lereiiii:. 

[201] Jan van Eeckelen, plaintiff, against Jacobus Theu- 
lesei. lereiizi:. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.36:- 
for bread received, of which he received on account two sche: 
of wheat and one half beave 

The defendant admits that he owes the plaintiff someth 
but not as much as the plaintiff claims, but only eighteen guil z 
and three slivers for white and coarse bre 

The honorable court order the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
:i?h the acknowledged sum of flJ8:3. As to the balance of 
the amount, die parties are referred to further evidence of 



290 Fort Orange and Beverrpyck 

Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 4 Anno 

1660 
Present: 

Sander Leendersen Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Wendel 

Rutger Jacobsen 

Isaack de Haen, plaintiff, against Jacob Tysen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant [alleged 

that the plaintiff] brought in a false account and kept book 

falsely. He produces affidavits of four witnesses and demands 

reparation of honor. 

The defendant admits having said that the plaintiff had ren- 
dered a false account, but not that he had spoken of false book- 
keeping, and refers to the witnesses mentioned below. 

There appeared before the honorable court, Symon Jansen, 
Walraef Klaerhout and Jan Hendricksen Bruyn, who declared 
at the request of Jacob Thysen that they heard Jacob Thysen 
say that the account which the plaintiff had rendered to the de- 
fendant was false, but that they did not hear him speak of false 
bookkeeping. 

[202] The honorable court, having heard the parties and 
witnesses on both sides and also examined the account in ques- 
tion, and having found no mistake in the said account which the 
defendant could point out, find the defendant guilty of having 
rashly accused the plaintiff of fraudulent bookkeeping and there- 
fore fine the defendant fl.28 and forbid him on pain of greater 
penalty to repeat such accusations. 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Philip Hendricksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant has committed great 
insolence in having during the night, in returning from guard 
duty, cut Gerrit Visbeeck with his cutlas in the arm, in such a 
way that the same was half off and lamed, as appears from the 
affidavits of three witnesses which the plaintiff produces, as also 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 291 

from the report of Master Jacob, the surgeon, 1 that the last 
three fingers are lame and that the patient is in danger of having 
fits, which might cause his death. He requests justice in the 
matter. 

The defendant admits the deed, but says that he was forced 
to it because the plaintiff attempted to take his gun from him 
and undertakes to prove it. 

The honorable court adjourns the case to the next court day, 
when the defendant is to present his evidence. 

[203] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 13 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

Johan Verbeeck Evert Jansen Wendel 

Frans Baerentsen 

Johannes La Montagne,.in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Adriaen Jansen from Leyden, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, contrary to the ordinance 
issued by the Hon. Director General and Council of New 
Netherland, has ventured to send an Indian into the woods as 
a broker to fetch Indians with beavers. Having met a squaw 
with beavers who wished to go to the house of Volkert Jansen, 
the Indian broker enticed her by presenting her with a belt of 
black seawan and brought her to the defendant's house. Being 
there, she refused to trade and insisted on going to Volckert 
Jansen's, whereupon her beavers were retained and she was 
pushed outdoors by the defendant's servant, the door being 
locked. The squaw having made a complaint to the plaintiff, 
he went to the defendant's house and ordered him to restore the 
squaw's beavers, which the defendant's wife refused to do. 
Finally, they forced the squaw to trade her beavers at then- 
house. 

He requests therefore that the defendant be fined the amount 
mentioned in the ordinance. 



1 Jacob de Hinse. 



292 Fort Orange and Bevertvyck 

The defendant denies that he sent brokers into the woods and 
also that he retained the squaw's beavers by force. 

[204] The plaintiff requests that the defendant be subjected 
to the following interrogatory, to wit: 

Whether it is not true that! 
he himself, through his wife, or Answer: He requests to 

otherwise, has given an Indian have a copy, to make reply on 
a black belt, some black sea- the next court day. 
wan and some canoe wares, 
for brokerage? 

The officer protests and maintains that he must answer at once, 
yes or no, according to the best of his knowledge. 

The honorable court orders the honorable plaintiff to deliver 
to the defendant copies of the documents to make answer thereto 
on the next court day. 

Gerrit Swardt, schout of the colony of Renselaerswyck, gives 
notice of the attachment levied against the person of Carel Jansen 
and requests that he be not allowed to depart until he make 
satisfaction of one beaver. 



[205] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, August 
25 Anno 1660 
Present: 

Anderies Herpertsen Rutger Jacobsen 

Sander Leendersen Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Jansen Wendel 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Hendrick Anderiesen, defendant. Default. 

The plaintiff complains that Hendrick Anderiesen, defendant, 
on the 23d of this month, in violation of public law and the 
freedom of the public street, without a word of altercation, beat 
and maltreated Lysbet, the wife of Gerrit Bancken, who was 
pregnant, with his fists and kicked her. And whereas such ex- 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 293 

cesses in a place where justice prevails can not be tolerated, the 
plaintiff, after investigation of the matter, has caused the d 
fendant to be cited to appear before the honorable court and in 
case of default he requests that he may arrest and detain the 
delinquent in order to proceed against him, for the recovery of 
costs and judgment against him, according to 1 

The honorable court, on the complaint of the officer and the 
presentation of the affidavits in regard to the person of Hendrick 
Anderiesen, order the officer in accordance with his request to 
place the defendant in confinement. 

The curators of the estate of Dirrick Bensich, deceased, plain- 
tiffs, against Lambert van Neck, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand of the defendant payment of 32 or 33 
beavers, according to the contract of sale. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he can not pay 
at present. 

The honorable court order the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the beavers demanded within the space of 14 days. 

[206] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 

1 Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Rutger Jacobsen 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen Pastoor 

Sander Leendersen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Jan Ver Beeck 

Theunis Pietersen, plaintiff, against Jacob Thysen, defendant. 

The plaintiff asks of the defendant payment of the sum of one 
hundred and two guilders, eight stivers, in beavers. 

The defendant's wife, appearing before the court, exhibits an 
account amounting to one hundred and seventeen guilders and 
14 stivers, which the defendant says the plaintiff received. 

The plaintiff replies that 7 beavers in his custody are charge- 
able to the account of the defendant's boy, named Johannes, to 
pay for his board. 



294 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant's wife rejoins, saying that she gave the 7 
beavers in part payment of the plaintiff's account and not on 
account of the boy. 

The honorable court adjourns the case to the next court day, 
until the arrival of the defendant. 

Gerrit Bancken, plaintiff, against 
Default. Adriaen Appel, defendant. 
Default. J an van Eeckelen, defendant. 

Eva Rinckhout, plaintiff, against 
Default. Claes van den Bergh, defendant. 

Theunes Spitsbergen, plaintiff, against 
Rutger Jacobsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff asks of the defendant payment of 100 beavers 
which he says he loaned the defendant at interest. 

[207] The defendant denies the debt and says that he owes 
the plaintiff no more than about twenty-seven or thirty beavers. 

The plaintiff exhibits a bond for the sum of 100 beavers to 
be paid by the defendant. 

The defendant offers to present a counter-claim. 

The honorable court put the case over to the next court day. 

Hendrick Anderiesen and Cornelis Wynkoop, plaintiffs, 
against Claes Ripsen, defendant. 

The plaintiffs asks of the defendant payment of the sum of 
twenty-five beavers and 6 guilders, with interest thereof, arising 
from the purchase of a house and lot. 

The defendant refuses to pay, for the reason that the plaintiffs 
failed to deliver to him the ground belonging to the lot, accord- 
ing to the contract of sale, as it was sold at auction. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, order the de- 
fendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded, provided that the 
plaintiff shall be held to deliver to the defendant the aforesaid 
ground according to the contract, or otherwise according to the 
estimate of referees, who are to estimate the ground that is 
lacking. 

Jan Daret, plaintiff, against Reynier Wisselpenninck, de- 
fendant. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 295 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of thirty- 
nine beavers on account of the purchase of a house at present 
occupied by the defendant. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court refers the parties to the previous judg- 
ment of the 2d of May 1660. 

[208] Adnaen van Ilpendam, plaintiff, against Lambert van 
Valkenburch, defendant. 

The plaintiff asks of the defendant payment of fl.6 in beavers. 

The defendant's wife, appearing, admits the debt. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, orders the 
defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded within the 
space of 6 weeks. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default. Teunes Cornelissen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Gillis Pietersen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of ten and 
a half beavers and 12 stivers, on account of school money. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the beavers demanded within the space of 6 weeks. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Pieter Loockermans, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of two beavers for one year's 
tuilion fee. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the beavers demanded within the space of six weeks. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default. Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

[209] The officer, plaintiff, against Lambert van Neck, Jan 
Daret and Juriaen Jansen, defendants. 

The honorable plaintiff asks that the defendants swear to their 
affidavits given on the 5th of August 1660 against Philip Hen- 
dricksen. Which they did, but they could not be confronted 
with Philip Hendricksen, on account of his being in default. 



296 Fort Orange and Beverw^ck 

Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 8, 1 660 
Present: 

La Montagne Frans Baerentsen 

Anderies Herpertsen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Jan Ver Beeck 

Tierck Claesen, plaintiff, against Volcien van Hoesem, 1 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of 5 beavers. 

The honorable court refers the parties to the previous judg- 
ment of June 30. 

Pieter Adriaensen, plaintiff, against 
Default Geertruy van den Bergh, defendant. 

Aerent Pietersen Tack, plaintiff, against Cornelis Teunesen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff asks payment and settlement of accounts. 

The honorable court orders that the documents of the parties 
be submitted to two magistrates* authorizing the Hon. Rutger 
Jacobsen and Frans Baerentsen Pastoor to examine and render 
decision in the matter. 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Philip Hendricksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains as before that the defendant insolently 
wounded and lamed Gerrit Visbeeck, as appears from the affi- 
davits produced and sworn to in the presence of the honorable 
court. He requests therefore right and justice. 

The defendant requests that his affidavits may be presented 
in court. 

[210] The honorable court orders that the defendant may 
appear in the fort and have his affidavits sworn to before two 
magistrates. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Jurriaen Theunesen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Marcelis Jansen, defendant. 



1 Volckje Juriaens, the wife of Jan Fransen van Hoesem, 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, contrary to the placards 
and ordinances of the States General, has ventured to lay in a 
half barrel of good beer without a permit from the farmer of 
the excise. 

The defendant says that he paid the excise to Jan Cornelesen, 
who let him bring in the beer and produces an affidavit that the 
beer was brought into his house without his knowledge. 

The honorable court orders the plaintiff to submit further evi- 
dence on the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Matthias Janssen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant, contrary to the ordinance 
of the director general and council, met at the gate an Indian, 
whom he had caused a broker to fetch out of the woods and had 
given him presents. 

The defendant says that the Indian came to his house alone 
and that he made an agreement with him. That, thereupon, he 
went with the Indian to the gate, where the Indian had his 
beavers, and that the Indian asked him to do so. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, orders the 
parties to submit their evidence on the next court day. 

[211] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 14, 

1660 

Present: 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen Pastoor 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Jansen Wendel 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Lambert Albersen van Neck, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains, according to his complaint delivered 
in writing, that the defendant offered resistance to the court 
[officer] in regard to the collection of the chimney tax. 

The defendant says that he offered resistance because he 
would not allow his property to be carried out of the house. 



298 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The honorable court orders the honorable plaintiff to furnish 
the defendant with a copy of his complaint, to make answer 
thereto on the next court day. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Jurriaen Theunesen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant, on the 
23d of August last past, did not hesitate to beat some of the 
magistrates at the house of Juffrouw Dyckmans and furthermore 
to abuse the honorable court, according to the affidavits thereof, 
which the plaintiff produces. He demands, therefore, that the 
defendant be arbitrarily punished. 

The defendant says that he knows nothing about it, as he was 
very deeply intoxicated. 

The honorable court, having examined the affidavits, and 
heard the complaint of the plaintiff and the answer of the de- 
fendant, condemn the defendant to pay a fine of thirty guilders 
and the costs of the suit. 

[212] Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Marcelis Jansen, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Adriaen Jansen from Leyden, defendant. 

Idem, plaintiff, against 
Default Cornelis Theunesen Bosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff complains and says that the defendant, contrary 
to the latest ordinance, has ventured to send his servant into the 
woods and to employ him there as a broker to fetch Indians 
with beavers. 

Idem, plaintiff, against Hendrick, the baker, defendant. 

The plaintiff, as attorney for Gerrit Swardt, schout of the 
colony of Renselaerswyck, says that the defendant on the 5th 
of August, being a Sunday, did not hesitate to cart a load of 
hay at the third ringing of the bell, which is contrary to the law 
of God and the ordinance of the supreme authorities. On 
account of which the said honorable schout has fined the 
defendant fl. 1 2, according to the ordinance. He demands there- 
fore that the defendant be fined the aforesaid amount. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 299 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay a fine of 
twelve guilders, according to the ordinance, and costs. 

[213] Michiel Tades, plaintiff, against Baltus Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of one 
thousand, seven hundred and fifty guilders on account of the 
purchase of ten head of cattle. 

The defendant claims that he owes not more than one 
thousand, six hundred and fifty guilders. 

The plaintiff replies and exhibits a bill of sale, signed by the 
defendant, bearing the sum of fl. 1 750. 

The defendant says that he signed the bill of sale by mistake 
and that he did not know any better. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum of fi. 1 650, which he acknowledged, in cash. As to the 
one hundred guilders in dispute, the parties are referred to the 
Manhattans, as the purchase took place there and the defendant 
says that he has further proof there. Decision as to the costs 
of the suit is reserved until judgment in the case. 

Willem Theunesen, plaintiff, against Baltus Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of two 
beavers for goods received. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he has a counter- 
claim of twelve guilders for freight and house rent. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties and the testi- 
mony of Michiel Tadus, order the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum of two beavers demanded in cash. 

[214] Arent Pietersen Tack, plaintiff, against Cornelis 
Teunesen Bosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 9 beavers, 
which the defendant has agreed to pay for Jochim Kitteleyn. 

The defendant says that he has not agreed to pay the debt, 
but that he is held as surety and that the plaintiff must first call 
upon the person of Jochim Kittelheym and that on his failure 
to pay, he, the defendant, shall be held to pay. 



300 Fort Orange and Beverr»ycJ( 

The plaintiff undertakes to prove that the defendant has 
agreed to pay the debt. 

The honorable court adjourns the case until the next court 
day, when the plaintiff is to produce his evidence. 



[255] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, September 28 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Frans Baerentsen 

Anderies Herpertsen Evert Wendel 

Sander Leendersen 

Cornelis Wynkoop, plaintiff, against 
Default Claes Ripsen, defendant. 

Master Adriaen, plaintiff, against 

Default Willem Brouwer j 

n v -p oil defendants 

Cornells 1 eunesen Bosch 

Gerrit Bancken, plaintiff, against 
Default J an van Eeckelen, defendant. 

Gillis Pietersen, plaintiff, against 
Default Baerent Meyndersen, defendant. 

Eldert Gerbersen, plaintiff, against 
Default Jacob Thysen, defendant. 

Cornelis Bogardus, plaintiff, against 
Default J an van Breemen, defendant. 

Willem Teller, plaintiff, against Jacob Thysen van der 
Heyden and Cornelis Theunesen Bosch, defendants. 

The plaintiff asks of the defendants reparation of honor, as 
the defendants called him a defamer, saying that the plaintiff 
robbed them of their reputation. He requests that the defendants 
prove it. 

The defendants ask time until the next court day. 
The honorable court grants the defendants time until the next 
court day to prove their charges. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 301 

Dirckien Martensen, plaintiff, against Jochim Kittelhevm. 
defendant. 

The plaintiff complains that the defendant kept a wagon of 
hers and that in addition the defendant's wife beat her. She 
asks for justice in the matter. 

[216] The defendant's wife, appearing before the court, 
admits that she beat the plaintiff, because the plaintiff called her 
names, but she says that she found the wagon in the river. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, give them time 
until the next court day to present their evidence. 

Aert Pietersen Tack, plaintiff, against Cornelis Theunesen 
Bosch, defendant. 

The plaintiff asks as on the preceding court day payment of 
nine beavers and according to the order of the honorable court 
exhibits affidavits of Leendert Philipsen and Cobus Theunesen 
that the defendant absolutely agreed to pay the debt. He 
furthermore claims three guilders and twelve stivers for costs of 
this suit. 

The defendant says that the honorable court knew all about 
the matter. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the 9 beavers and costs within the space of eight days. 

Eva Rinckhouts, plaintiff, against 
2d default Claes van den Bergh, defendant. 
Harmen Idesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Hendrick Gerritsen, defendant. 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Philip Hendricksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says that the defendant must make answer 
according to the last order of the honorable court. 

[21 7] The defendant says that he asked the officer for delay, 
as he can not get ready so soon. He says that he will have his 
case ready in the space of eight days. 

The honorable court grants the defendant time until the next 
court day to reply to everything. 



302 Fort Orange and Bevenv^ck 

The court, having examined the documents delivered to them 
by Rutger Jacobsen and Frans Baerentsen Pastoor, magistrates 
authorized to examine the accounts between Daniel Rinckhout 
and Jan Fransen van Hoesem, order Jan Fransen van Hoesem 
to pay Daniel Rinckhoudt according to the decision of the 
authorized magistrates the sum of thirteen guilders in beavers 
and two hundred and ten guilders, eleven stivers, in seawan, in 
the space of fourteen days, the costs to be paid by both parties. 



[218] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, October 16, 1660 

Present : 

La Montagne Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Wendel 

Anderies Herpertsen 

Cornelis Wynkoop, plaintiff, against Claes Ripsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff asks payment of the balance of the last payment 
for his house and lot. 

The defendant says that he has not had complete satisfaction 
as regards the lot, which lacks thirty inches in width. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties and the report 
of the referees chosen thereto by the parties and considering the 
slight difference, which amounts to not more than one beaver, 
order the plaintiff to come down one beaver in the sum demanded 
and condemn the defendant to pay the balance in cash, each 
party to pay one half of the costs. 

Carsten Claesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Cornelis Theunesen Bosch, defendant. 
Pieter Gillesen, plaintiff, against 
Jacob Thysen, defendant. 

The plaintiff, as attorney for Theunes Tempel, demands of 
the defendant payment of 7 beavers, heretofore in dispute, as 
is to be seen by the minutes of the previous court day, being the 
7th of September 1 660. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 303 

The honorable court adjourn the case until the arrival of 
Theunes Tempel from patria. 

[219] Jan Anderiesen de Graef, plaintiff, against Theunes 
Cornelessen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of 15 good, 
whole beavers, according to the bond. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay th^. plaintiff 
the beavers demanded cash. 

Lourens Sachariassen, plaintiff, against Baltus Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff asks of the defendant payment of fl.3 in seawan. 

The defendant admits the debt, but says that he paid to 
Lysbet Thysen on account of the plaintiff. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum demanded in the space of 24 hours and to apply to 
Lysbet Thysen for recovery of the amount. 

The curators of the estate of Harmen Jacobsen, deceased/ 
plaintiffs, against Willem Boudt, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand of the defendant payment of fl.86.5 
according to the book of Harmen Bamboes, deceased, arising 
from excise duty. They further sue for damages and interest. 

The defendant denies that he owes any excise money and 
undertakes to prove it, but he admits that he owes the aforesaid 
Bamboes, deceased, a personal bill for grain. 

The court orders the defendant to prove on the next court 
day that he does not owe any excise money and also to give 
information in regard to the acknowledged bill for grain. 

[220] The curators of the estate of Harmen Jacobsen, 
deceased, against Femmetien Albers, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand of the defendant payment of three 
hundred and ninety-two guilders, six stivers. 



1 Harmen Jacobsen Bamboes was killed by the s t the Esopus 

on May 1, 1658. See Doc. rcl. to Col. Hist. X. V., 13:77, 88. 140. 



304 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

The defendant denies the debt and says that she paid Harmen 
Jacobsen, deceased. 

The court orders the defendant to prove her assertion on the 
next court day. 

Idem, plaintiffs, against 
Hendrick Gerritsen 
Default . Theunes Slingerlant \ defendants 
Cornelis Vosch 



[221] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 7, 

1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Ver Beeck 

Anderies Herpertsen Evert Wendel 

Frans Baerentsen 

Jan Hendricksen de Bruyn, plaintiff, against Jannetien, the 
wife of Evert, the baker, defendant. 

The plaintiff states that the defendant has said that he had 
smashed her windows, which he absolutely denies, and that she 
on that account called him a disorderly person and a rogue, and 
produces affidavits thereof. 

The defendant acknowledges that she called the plaintiff 
names, but says that the plaintiff called her a whore. 

The plaintiff is ready to acknowledge that he called her a 
whore, upon condition that the defendant prove that he was a 
disorderly person. 

Jan van Aken, appearing before the court, says that he heard 
Jannetien say: "I called Jan Hendricksen Bruyn a disorderly 
person and a rogue." 

The court, having heard the parties and the affidavits and the 
oral report of Jan van Aken condemn the defendant for her 
abusive language to pay a fine of two pounds Flemish for the 
benefit of the poor. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 305 

Jan Anderiesen Kuyper, plaintiff, against 
Default J an Jansen Ouderkerck, defendant. 
Anderies de Vosch, plaintiff, against 
Default Wynandt Gerritsen, defendant. 

[222] Anderies de Vosch, plaintiff, appearing in court, 
requests by virtue of the judgment which he has against Jan 
van Breemen a warrant to levy on the property of 
Jan van Breemen which he attached in the hands of Eldert 
Gerbersen such sum as appears from the judgment, with the 
costs, which will serve Eldert Gerbersen as evidence of due 
payment. 

The honorable court orders Jan van Breemen to pay accord- 
ing to the judgment and in default thereof that the petitioner 
shall cause Eldert Gerbersen to be cited before his competent 
judges and shall request the said judges to order Eldert Ger- 
bersen to turn over to the petitioner the money in his hands 
belonging to Jan van Breemen, to satisfy his claim. 

Carsten Claesen. plaintiff, against Cornelis Theunesen Bosch, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of nine 
beavers, arising from the balance of payment for the purchase 
of a house. 

The defendant says that he refuses to pay, except by order 
of the court. 

The honorable court orders that the parties, upon rendering 
accounts, shall receive satisfaction, which is to take place on 
the next court day. 

[223] Willem Telier, plaintiff, against Evert Nolden, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.72 in 
seawan, being the balance due for a hogshead of French wine 
bought at the time when he was in partnership with Hendrick 
Bierman. 

The defendant says that he paid his share thereof. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 



306 Fort Orange and Bevernrpcfc 

the sum demanded and to recover the amount on the joint account 
which they had with each other. 

Carsten Claesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

Claes Beever, plaintiff, against 
Default Hend[rick], the confectioner, defendant. 

The curators of the estate of Harmen Jacobsen, 

deceased, plaintiffs, against 
Default Willem Bout and Femmetien Albers, defendants. 

Anderies Herpertsen, plaintiff, against 
Default Jochem Kitteleyn, defendant. 

The plaintiff gives notice of a certain attachment in the sum 
of the number of two beavers on the money of the defendant 
in the hands of Jan Mangelsen. 

The honorable court provisionally declares the attachment 
valid. 

[224] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 21, 

1660 

Present: 

La Montagne Frans Baerentsen Pastoor 

Anderies Herpertsen Jan Ver Beeck 

Rutger Jacobsen Evert Jansen Wendel 

The curators of Harmen Jacobsen, deceased, plaintiffs, 
against Adriaen Jansen from Leyden, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand payment of fl. 1 5 : 1 5 for excise and five 
beavers for an anker of Spanish wine, according to the book of 
the said Harmen Jacobsen, deceased. 

The defendant denies the debt and says that he settled with 
and paid Harmen Jacobsen, deceased, and offers to declare the 
same under oath. 

The oath being taken by the defendant, the plaintiffs' request 
is dismissed. 

Idem, plaintiffs, against 
Default Hendrick Gerritsen and Theunes Slingerlant, defendants. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 307 

Idem, plaintiffs, against Femmetien, the bakeress, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand of the defendant as above, according 
to the book of Harmen Bamboes, deceased, the sum of 
fl.392:6:- 

The defendant says that she completely settled with and paid 
Bamboes, deceased, with the rent of her house. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to exhibit a detailed 
account on the next court day. 
[225] Idem, plaintiffs, against Jochim Kitteleyn, defendant. 

The plaintiffs demand of the defendant payment of two 
hundred and eighteen guilders according to the book of Harmen 
Jacobsen, deceased. 

The defendant says that he paid all but about fl.20. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to produce on the 
next court day a specified account of his payment. 

Albert Gysbersen, plaintiff, against Maria Goosens, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands reparation of honor for slander, to wit, 
because the defendant said that he had stolen a chest with goods 
at the Manhattans. 

The defendant denies that she said this and declares that she 
has nothing to say against the plaintiff's honor or virtue, although 
the plaintiff called her a whore. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties and seeing that 
the defendant can not prove her accusations against the plaintiff 
and declares that she has nothing to say against the plaintiff, 
condemn the defendant for her abuse to pay a fine of six guilders 
for the benefit of the poor and the costs of the trial, forbidding 
her to utter such slander again, on pain of greater fine. 
The honorable magistrates, plaintiffs, against 
2d default Volckien Van Hoesems, defendant. 

[226] Carsten Claesen, plaintiff, against 
2d default Willem Brouwer, defendant. 

Willem Boudt, plaintiff, against 
2d default £ vert Nolden, defendant. 



308 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

Grietien Michielsen, plaintiff, against Claes van den Bergh, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl. [ ] . 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court orders the defendant to pay the plaintiff 
the sum demanded cash. 

Lowies Coobesen, court messenger, plaintiff, against Wynandt 
Gerritsen, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.42, on 
account of expenses incurred in the suit between the defendant 
and the widow of Abraham Vosburgen, deceased. 

The honorable court, having examined the plaintiff's account 
and finding the same correct, condemn the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff the sum of fl.42 demanded within the space of 1 4 days. 

Hendrick, the confectioner, plaintiff, against Claes Beever, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands delivery of a brew-kettle, which he 
bought of the defendant. 

The defendant denies that he sold a brew-kettle to the plain- 
tiff. 

The honorable court orders the plaintiff to prove on the next 
court day that he bought a brew-kettle of the defendant. 

[227] Lyntie Adamsen, 1 plaintiff, against Engeltie Hend- 
ricksen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant beat her 
and called her a whore, producing an affidavit to that effect. 

The defendant denies it and says that she has nothing to say 
against the plaintiff that is inconsistent with honor and virtue. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, seeing that the 
defendant can not prove the plaintiff to be such, that she denies 
having said it and that she knows nothing of the plaintiff but 
what is all honor and virtue, condemns the defendant for her 



Apparently a daughter of Adam Roelantsen, the first schoolmaster 
of New Netherlands by his second wife, Lyntie Martens. 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 309 

abusive language to pay a line oi two Hemish pounds and the 
costs of the suit, forbidding her to use such ianguage again. 

Anderies Herpertsen, plaintiff, against Jochem Kittelheym, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant two beavers, which 
he attached in the hands of Jan Mangelsen. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court gives judgment against the defendant 
according to his confession and orders the plaintiff to levy the 
beavers on the goods of Jan Mangelsen. 

Jochem Kittelheym, plaintiff, against 
Default Baltus Jacobsen, defendant. 

Ryck Claesen, plaintiff, against 
Default Jochem Wessels, defendant. 

[228] Teunes Spitsbergen, plaintiff, against Rutger Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of thirty 
[ ] beavers and the interest thereof for the period of five 

years. 

The defendant admits that he owes twenty-seven beavers. 
As to the interest, he says that this was not stipulated. 

The honorable courts orders the parties to exhibit their speci- 
fied accounts on the next court day to arrive at a settlement. 

[229] Ordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 28 

Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Sander Leend[ersen] 

Anderies Herpert[sen] Frans Barentsen Pastoor 

Jan Verbeeck Evert Jansen Wendel 

Carsten Claesen, plaintiff, against Willem Brouwer, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of thirteen 
guilders and ten stivers in seawan. 



3 1 Fort Orange and Beverwyck 

The defendant failing to appear for the third time is by the 
honorable court declared in default and by virtue thereof con- 
demned to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded. 

Baltus Jacobsen, plaintiff, against Pieter Riverdinck, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant an account and final 
settlement of their partnership as regards merchandising. 

The defendant presents an account. 

The honorable court refers the parties to referees to be chosen 
by them respectively. 

Lowies Coobesen, plaintiff, against Baltus Jacobsen, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fl.22:2 
for fees according to his account. 

The honorable court, having examined the account of the 
plaintiff, being court messenger, and finding the same to be honest 
and correct, condemn the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum 
demanded cash. 

[230] Lowies Coobesen, court messenger, plaintiff, against 
Lambert van Neck, defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of seven 
guilders and twelve stivers for fees earned. 

The honorable court, having examined the plaintiff's account, 
order the defendant to pay the plaintiff the sum demanded cash. 

The honorable magistrates, plaintiffs, against 
2d default Volckien van Hoesems, defendant. 

Theunes Spitsbergen, plaintiff, against 
Default Rutger Jacobsen, defendant. 

Ryck Claesen, plaintiff, against 
2d default Jochem Wessels, defendant. 

Pieter Adriaensen, plaintiff, against Gregorius Bisschop, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands of the defendant payment of fifty-one 
[guilders], arising from tavern debts. 

The defendant maintains that he owes but thirty-one 
[guilders] 



Court Minutes, 1657-1660 311 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay the plain- 
tiff fl.25 according to the ordinance and orders that upon his 
giving security he may remove his tobacco which the plaintiff 
had caused to be attached. Frans Baerentsen becomes surety 
for the payment of fl.25. 

[231] Anthony Jansen, plaintiff, against Gregory Bisschop, 
defendant. 

The plaintiff demands payment of thirty-one guilders on 
account of tavern expenses. 

The defendant admits the debt. 

The honorable court condemns the defendant to pay the 
plaintiff the sum of fl.25 according to the ordinance. 

Whereas Claes vanden Bergh at the request of Theunes 
Jacobsen has presented a petition to be beer carrier with him, 
the honorable court has thought fit to grant the petitioner's 
request, as the service can not be taken care of by one man. 
Whereupon the petitioner has taken the following oath of fidelity 
before the honorable court, to wit: That without favor or gain 
he will commit no fraud, but in everything faithfully perform his 
service. So help him God Almighty. 

[232] Extraordinary Session held in Fort Orange, December 

30 Anno 1660 
Present: 

La Montagne Jan Ver Beeck 

Anderies Herpertsen Frans Baerentsen Pastoor 

Rutger Jacobsen Evert Jansen Wendel 

Sander Leendersen 

Johannes La Montagne, in his capacity of officer, plaintiff, 
against Jurriaen Theunesen, tavernkeeper, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant, contrary 
to the ordinances and placards of the honorable director general 
and council of New Netherland, has ventured at night, after 
the ringing of the bell, to entertain guests and serve drinks, on 



3 1 2 Fort Orange and Beverrvyck 

account of which the plaintiff has fined the defendant, having 
found afterwards that 20 persons were present. He asks there- 
fore that the defendant, according to the ordinance, be con- 
demned to pay a fine of 6 guilders for each person that was 
present. 

The defendant says that he was not at home, but that it 
happened through the servant. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties, find after 
mature deliberation that the defendant is guilty of the deed and 
condemn him to pay a fine of fl.70 in the space of twenty-four 
hours, 

[233] Idem, plaintiff, against Marceles Jansen, defendant. 

The plaintiff says and complains that the defendant, contrary 
to the ordinances and placards of the honorable director general 
and council of New Netherland, has ventured at night, after 
the ringing of the bell, to entertain guests and. to serve drinks, 
on account of which he was fined by the court messenger (who 
came by order of the honorable plaintiff), to whom the defendant 
said: "I shall tap the entire night, in spite of Montagne." He 
asks therefore that the defendant be fined according to the 
ordinance and in addition be ordered to pay a fine of fl.50 for 
his insolent remarks. 

The defendant pleads not guilty. 

The plaintiff produces the report of the court messenger and 
in addition four witnesses, who declare that they heard it. 

The honorable court, having heard the parties and also 
examined the report of the court messenger and heard the verbal 
testimony of the four witnesses, condemn the defendant to pay 
a fine of fl.70 and furthermore a fine of fl.50 for his insolent 
remarks. 



[End] 



INDEX 



Abraham (\ an?), the tailor, 

sues Keteluyn, 163; sued by Teunis- 

sen, 163 
Abrahams ( Abrahamsen), Mattheus, 
signature, 267; sues van IT( i 
50; Gouw, 53, 57 

sued by van Hoesen, 37 : by Teu- 
nissen, 42; by Jansen, 43, 51; 
van Loenen, 56; by Adriaensen, 58, 
111; by Schuyler, 91 ; by Albertsen, 
106; by Gerritsen, 122; by Ryver- 
dingh, 153; by de Graef, 157, 160, 
180; by Lambertsen, 158; by Looc- 
kermans, 164 ; by Nolden, 169, 
174, 178; by Verveelen, 200 

Abramsen, Abraham, sues Bastiaen- 
sen, 21 

Adamsen, Lyntie, sues Engeltie Hen- 
dricksen, 308 

Adriaensen, Itien, sues Elsien Hen- 
dricksen, 252 

Adriaensen, Jacob, promised money 
and land, 19; sues Davidts, 116; 
sues de Graef, 160 

sued by Davidts, 22; by Slecht, 
111; by Jacobsen, 177, 184; by 
Hendricksen, 198; by Rinckhout, 
199; by Jansen. 200; by Verveelen, 
200, 206 

Adriaensen, Pieter, 154; signature, 
268; sues Abrahams, 58, 111; 
Loockermans, 111; Gouw, 230, 233; 
Geertruy van den Bergh, 296; Bis- 
schop, 310 

Albert, the carpenter, see Gerritsen, 
Albert 

Albert, the Noorman. see Andriessen, 
Albert 

Albert, the wheelwright, see Gysbert- 
sen, Albert 

Alberts (Albertsen), Femmetien, 
statement by, 27 ; Michiel Tennis- 
sen to pay debt to, 76 ; sumir 
to court, 170; money paid to, 178; 
money belonging to attached, 258; 
sues Carpentier, 258, 260 

sued by van Slingerlant, 122. 123. 



Albert- (All- 
.tinned 

by Loockermans, 122; 
Volckertien van 

Jacob-en, 125; by Hendricksen, 
176, 177; by Nolden, 225; by ' 
nisseu. 240; by P 
by wife of Jan Albertsen, 274 
curators of estate of Bamboes, 303, 
306, 307 

Albertsen, Barent, 182; prosecuted, 
231 

sues Abrahams and Loocker- 
mans, 106; Geertruy Vosburgh, 258, 
261; Cobes, 258 

sued by Bamboes, 63; by Powell, 
7'); by Stevensen, 80; by Gerritsen, 
122; by Loockermans, 165; by de 
Graef, 180 

Albertsen, Tan, 243; sued by T; 
219, 244," 247 

sues Sickels, 211; Tyssen, 223. 
233. 240, 241. 243; wife sues Hen- 
dricksen, 274; Femmetien Albert-. 
274 

Albertsen, Lambert, signature, 255 

Albertsen, Storm, 192; sued by 
Willem Albertsen, 27; sues Hen- 
drick, the brewer. 153. 158, 150 

Albertsen, Willem, sues Storm Al- 
bertsen, 27; Jansen, 57: sued by 
Jansen, 57 

Albertsen, see also Elbertsen 

Andriessen, Albert, court order con- 
cerning, 105 

Andriessen. Arent. curator of Cbris- 
toffel Davidts' estate, 19; wife. 1°; 
sued by Gerbertsen, 74; mentioned. 
192 

Andriessen, Hendrick. sued by Scher- 
merboorn, 36: sale of boards. 41; 
testimony, 41 ; prosecuted, 43. 50. 
52. 74. 241, 292; wife sues wife of 
Jan Martensen. 233 : signature, 
268 ; sues Ripsen. 294 ; mentioned, 

Andriessen, Jacob, rent of hou- 



3H 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Andriessen, Jan, testimony concern- 
ing, 27; witness, 74; testimony, 75; 
prosecuted, 91, 92; fined and ban- 
ished from province, 92, 96; surety 
for, 275 

sues Barentsen, 229; Roeloffsen, 
230 

Andriessen (Andrews?), Jan, the 
Irishman, 112 

Andriessen, Jan, see also De Graef, 
Jan Andriessen; Kuyper, Jan An- 
driessen 

Andriessen, Pieter sues Gouw, 56 

Anneken, Jochim the baker's maid, 
prosecuted, 101 

Anthony, Allert, burgomaster, 248 

Appel, Adriaen Jansen, from Leyden, 
money in hands of attached, 28; 
farmer of the tapsters' excise, 237; 
signature, 268; prosecuted, 281, 291, 
298; mentioned, 35, 116 

sues Albertsen, 57; Lubbert, 
Labatie's servant, 77; Davidts, 89; 
Bout and Teller, 175 ; Gerritsen, 
265, 273 

sued by Bronck, 43, 46; by Bam- 
boes, 69, 74; by Stevensen, 80; by 
Jacobsen, 122; by Schrick, 131; by 
Teunissen, 138; by Claessen, 149; 
by Nolden, 178; by Gerritsen, 248; 
by Bancker, 294; by curators of 
estate of Bamboes, 306 



Bakers, ordinance for the proper as- 
size of bread, 166 

Baliner, Lourens, sued by Jacobsen, 
79 

Baltus, servant of Jansen, sues Dirc- 
kien Martensen, 134. See also Ger- 
ritsen, Baltus; Jacobsen, Baltus 

Bamboes (Bambus), Harmen Jacob- 
sen, prosecuted and fined, 24; at- 
tachment of yacht, 52; complaint 
against, by Albert the wheelwright, 
52 ; property attached, 53 ; yacht, 
Jacobsen requests use of, 59 ; debts, 
110; death, 129, 303; mentioned, 
249 

sues Verhaers, 22; Susanna Hen- 
dricksen, 43 ; several persons, 62 ; 



Bamboes (Bambus), Harmen Jacob 
sen — Continued 

Biermans, 62; Bronck, 63, 69; Al 
bertsen, 63 ; Teunissen, 63 ; Vos, 69 
Jansen, 69, 74; Ripsen, 69, 74 
Gouw, 69; Daret, 70; Meussen, 70 
Rinckhout, 70; Jurcksen, 70; Hoff- 
meyer, 70; Hendricksen, 70; Gys- 
bertsen, 102; LaMontagne, 103 

sued by Staets, 18, 43; by Hen- 
dricksen, 56; by Jacobsen, 82; by 
Provoost, 105 ; by van Curler, 105 
curators of estate, 129, 249; sue 
Bout, 303, 306; Femmetien Alberts, 
303, 306, 307; Gerritsen, 304, 306; 
van Slingerlant, 304, 306; de Vos, 
304; Jansen, 306; Ketelhuyn, 307 

Bancker (Bancken), Gerrit, surety 
for Jurriaen Jansen, 56; testimony, 
264, 265; wife Lysbet attacked by 
Andriessen, 292; sues Jansen, 294; 
van Eeckel, 294, 300 

Barent, the brewer, see Slecht, Barent 

Barentsen (Barensen), Foppe, sues 
Brouwer, 10, 14, 19; Vos, 10, 18, 
50, 125 ; Sandersen, 80, 83 ; wife of 
Claes Jansen, 125; Gerritsen, 210; 
de Vos, 248 

sued by Gerritsen, 15, 111; by 
van Eeckel, 53, 64; by Jansen, 77, 
176, 177, 180; by Vos, 109 

Barentsen, Frans, see Pastoor, Frans 
Barentsen 

Barentsen (Barensen), Jan, testi- 
mony, 66; sues Dircksen, 158; wit- 
ness, 180; sues Symonsen, 204; sued 
by Andriessen, 229 

Bastiaensen, Harmen, permission to 
build saw mill, 184; to furnish posts 
for defense of village, 226 

sues Fredericksen, 73 ; van 
Hamel, 158; Gerritsen, 253, 257 

sued by Abramsen, 21 ; by Mar- 
tensen, 99; by Pietersen, 114; by 
Vedder, 158; by Harmensen, 207; 
by Wynkoop, 272, 275 

Bastiaensen, Jan, sues Gerritsen, 141 ; 
Nolden, 195; Bronck, 205 

Bedlo, Isaac, mentioned, 191 



COURT MINUTES, 1' •-' 






Begyn, Jacob, goes with Indians to 

Canada, 162 
Bemboo, Jan, sues Jacobsen, 74; 

Hoffmeyer and Gerritsen, 176, 179; 

estate of, certain pera 

173 

Bensingh (Bensick, Bensich), Dirck, 
wife admits debt of husband, 59 

accounts, 85, 87; buys horse, 94 
beavers in hands of attached, 99 
fined, 236; curators of estate sue 
van Neck, 293 ; mentioned; 109 

sued by Bamboes. 56 ; by de 
Maecker, 59; by Cobes, 90. 95. 97; 
by Harmensen. 107; by Vedder. 
126; by Bout. 152; by Reyersen, 
159, 163 

Bercks. Catelyn. see Samson. Catelyn 

Bever (Beever), Claes. prosecuted, 
274 

sues Jansen. 127 : Hendrick. the 
confectioner, 306 

sued by Gouw, 159. 162; by 
Swart. 261 : by Hendrick. the con- 
fectioner, 308 

Beverwyck. plans for building de- 
fenses. 226 ; residents to fence 
water side, 229 

Biermans (Bierman), Hendrick. 
prosecuted, 24. 30: testimony. 31. 
63 ; mentioned. 39. 305 

sued by Lourensen, 53 ; by Jacob- 
sen, 53 ; by Templier, 57 : by Bam- 
boes, 62; by Philipsen, 110. 129; by 
Boon. 163, 170, 173 

Bisschop, Gregorius. sued by Ad- 
riaensen, 310; by Jansen, 311 

Bogardus, Cornells, testimony, 264: 
signature, 268; sues van Breemen, 
300 

Bont (Boudt), Pieter, sues Borsboom, 
38, 47; Wollebrant, 38; several per- 
sons, 42; Hoogenboom, 240. 241. 
244; Carpentier, 245: wife sues 
Borsboom, 99; Carpentier, 244 

Boon, Francpys, accounts. 85 ; nomi- 
nated as magistrate, 106: chosen 
ordinary magistrate, 108; oath of 
office, 108; signature. 137. 237; note 



n, Franc 

concern:: H art- 

Ut, 199; I 
make alliance with M 214 : 

to meet General Stuyvesant at 
221 ; app 
'.ruction I 

S from burgl 
slaughters' excise in charge of, 231 ; 
retiring commissar}'. 

sues Swartwout, 129; Bierman. 
163, 170. 173; Harmensen, 244 
Bordingh, Clac Car- 

sten Carstensen. 132; Pieter, the 
brewer, 133, 141 
Borsboom (Bosboom). Pieter Jacob- 
sen, attacked by Herpertsen, 40; 
prosecuted, 91, 93; fined, 93. 96 
236; banished from province. 93. 
96 

sues Vos, 53, 55; Herpertsen. 74. 
230; Brouwer. 208; Thomas 
226, 228; Roeloffsen. 230; Rinck- 
houdt, 272.. 277 

sued by Bont. 38. 47; by Quack- 
enbosch, 69, 82 ; by Rinckhoudt, 
73, 205. 253; by wife of P 
Bont. 99; by Croon, 149: by van 
Beeren. 175; by Wynkoop, 274 
Bos (Bosch). Cornelis Teunissen. 
prosecuted. 20. 77. 2 - _ • 
Marretie. accused of slandering the 
minister, 24; beavers in hands of 
attached, 57; instigates Jansen to 
make false statement concerning 
his engagement. 61 : chosei 
8°); testimony, 107; permission to 
employ Indian brokers. 189 ; money 
in hands of attached, 193; ac 
of slandering magistrates. 201, 
225; sues de Ha s 207; reply to 
accusation. 221 ; ch gainst 

Carpentier. _ 
mentioned, 192 

sued by Jansen, 54. 131 ; by 
Wyncoops 112; by Gerrit 
300: by Tack. 22'\ 301; by Teller, 
300; by Claessen. 
Bout. Pieter. see Bont, Pieter 



316 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Bout (Bont, Boudt), Willem Frede- 
ricksen, chosen referee, 11; ac- 
counts, 84, 85, 86; prosecuted, 231; 
signature, 267; mentioned, 144 

sues Gerritsen, 74; Jansen, 94; 
Claessen, 121 ; Bensingh, 152 ; 
Nolden, 307; wife, sues Reur, 16 

sued by van der Poel, 139; by 
Jansen, 175; by curators of estate 
of Bamboes, 303, 306 

Bread, ordinance for the proper as- 
size of, 166 

Bridal crowns, use at Dutch wed- 
dings, 169 

Brokers, decision of commissary and 
magistrates concerning, 256. See 
also Indian brokers 

Bronck, Pieter, acknowledges pay- 
ment of beavers, 10; payment to 
by Stoll, 25 ; accused of fighting, 
30; statement by, 60; fined, 84; ac- 
counts, 85, 86, 87; testimony, 97; 
chosen referee, 116; prosecuted, 39, 
59, 134; permission to build saw 
mill, 184; mentioned, 109, 112, 174 
sues Kleyn, 38; Jansen, 43, 46; 
van den Bergh, 46, 140; Wolle- 
brant, 47; Jan Teunissen, 121, 123, 
130; Jacob Teunissen, 124, 130; 
Jan Martensen, 128; Vos, 128; 
several persons, 133; Hendrick 
Martensen, 140; Vosburgh and 
Claessen, 176; Jacobsen, 176, 178, 
187; Vosburgh, 178; van Breemen, 
178, 182, 183, 187; Claessen, 183; 
Hendricksen, 206; wife, sues 
Teunissen, 175 

sued by van Rensselaer, 51, 195; 
by Bamboes, 63, 69; by Cobes, 90, 
95, 97; by Slecht, 111 ; by Reyersen, 
159; by Vedder, 198 

Brouwer, Hendrick, sued by Albert- 
sen, 153, 158, 159 

Brouwer, Philip, see Hendricksen, 
Philip 

Brouwer, Pieter, sued by Loocker- 
mans, 122; by Bordingh, 133, 141; 
by Bastiaensen, 205 ; by Vervelen, 
289 



Brouwer, Willem, chosen referee, 89; 
sues Davidts, 129 ; signature, 255 ; 
prosecuted, 264, 279 

sued by Barentsen, 10, 14, 19; by 
Cornelissen, 143 ; by Ripsen, 174 ; 
by Gysbertsen, 207; by van Eeckel, 
207, 243, 245, 261, 275; by Bors- 
boom, 208; by Thomassen, 257; by 
Vervelen, 289; by van Ilpendam, 
295 ; by Gerritsen, 300 ; by Claessen, 
306, 307, 309 

Brughmans, Grietjen, sued by Baef- 
jen Pieter sen, 101, 102 

Bruyn, Jan Hendricksen, see De 
Bruyn, Jan Hendricksen 

Bruynsen, Pieter, court orders Ad- 
riaensen to sue, 160 

Burgers' excise, 105, 231 

Carelsen, Hans, sues van den Bergh, 
158; Claerbout, 196; sued by Cor- 
nelissen, 232, 244, 245 

Carpentier (Carpeyn), Abraham, 277 

sues Coenreaets, 230, 234; Im- 

rnetie, wife of Lvert the baker, 257 

sued by wife of Bont, 244; by 

Bont, 245; by Femmetien Alberts, 

258, 260; by van Sterrevelt, 271 

Carstensen (the Noorman), Carsten, 
182; sues Vos, 102; to furnish posts 
for defense of village, 226 

sued by Tryntie Cooninck, 50; 
by Frans Cooninck, 53 ; wife sued 
by Bordingh, 132 

Carstensen (Karstensen), Dirck, sued 
by Ida Claessen, 146, 148; fined, 
236 

Carstensen, Jan, 248 

Caspersen, Caspar, sues Jacobsen, 133 

Cattle, men from Hartford to supply 
place with, 208 

Caughnawaga, see Kaghnuwage 

Chambers (Chambert), Thomas, 
fined, 84; mentioned, 261 

Chimney tax, 287, 297 

Church of the village of Beverwyck, 
building, 14 

Claerbout, Pieter, sued by Carelsen, 

m 



COURT MINUTES r66o 



317 



Qaerbout (Klaerhout), Walraef, 

win 
Claes (Claesen), Marretien, sued by 
Ryvcrdingh, 153; sues Gerrit 

162 
Claes, Tryn, sued by Teunissen, 113; 

by Xeeltien Cobussen. 179 
Claessen, Adriaen, prosecuted and 

fined, 24 
Claessen, Carsten, sues Roeloffsen, 

74. 77: Dircksen, 158; Bos. 302, 
305 ; Bromver, 306. 307, 309 

Claessen, (Classen), Hendrick, sued 
by Van Yalckenburgh, 9; by 
Daniel, 16; by Martensen, 56; by 
Bout, 121; by Bronck, 134; by 
Ketelhuyn, 164, 174; by Gillissen, 
173, 176; by Bronck, 176, 183; by 
Jacobsen, 183, 241, 242, 245 

Claessen, Ida, sues Carstensen, 146. 
148; Visbeeck, 184 

Claessen, Jan. sues Marcelis Tansen, 
148; van Hamel, 149; Adriaen Jan- 
sen, 149 

Claessen (Claesen), Ryck, sues Wes- 
selsen, 309, 310 

Claessen, Tjerck, witness, 73; house 
referred to, 110 

sues Gerritsen, 56; Yolckertjen 
van Hoesen. 133, 272, 296 

sued by Pietersen. 35 ; by Bam- 
boes, 62 ; by Vosburgh, 98 ; by 
Wynkoop, 112; by Gouw, 124; by 
van Hoesen, 124; by Gerbertsen, 
160 

Cobes (Cobus, Cobussen, Coobesen), 
Ludovicus, attorney for Jan Peeck, 
10; court messenger, 20; signature, 
42; mentioned. 126. 220 

sues Teunissen. 51 ; Bensingh and 
Bronck, 90, 95, 97; Everraerts, 179; 
Gerritsen. 308; Jacobsen, 310; van 
Xeck, 310 

sued by Jar by Marritjen 

Hendricksen, 80 ; by Albertsen. 258 

Cobus, de Looper, see Teunissen, 
Jacob 

Cobussen, Cornelia (Xeeltien), sues 
Tryn Claes, 179 



Coenraetsen, Han-, baker, 140; 
Eeckel, 224. 
torney for, - 

I ' ■;■ J- • .• • H 
230, 234: by wife of Jan 
Cooninck, Frans, 

Carstensen, 53 
Cooninck, Thomas, sues van L 

and Cor: 
Cooninck (Kooninck), Tryntje. 

Carstensen, 50; sued by Jansen, 52 
Corlaer (Corlert, see Van Curler 
Cornelissen (Viele), Aernout, 

mony, 202 ; signature, 255 
Cornelissen, Claes, petition to be beer 
carrier granted, 311 

sues wife of Jan Martensen, 227; 
wife of Carsten Fredericksen, 253 : 
Poulus Martensen, 253 

sued by Baefie Pietersen, 22, \ 
by Cooninck, 57; by Bronck, 134; 
by wife of Michiel Teunissen. _ 
by Eva Rinckhout, 294, 301 : 
Grietien Micbielsen, 308 
Cornelissen, Cornelis, sues Rinckl 
77: Poulussen, 106; Brouwer, 143; 
Teunissen, 248; wife of Claes 
Teunissen, 260 
Cornelissen, En gelt j en, prosecuted, 7S> 
Cornelissen, Jan, signature, 267. 268 ; 

mentioned. 297 
Cornelissen, Marten, 68 
Cornelissen, Pieter, 195 
Cornelissen, Poulus 
93; Carelsen, 232. 244. 245; Albert- 
sen and Egbert, 239 

sued by van 
dricksen, 239 
Cornelissen, S 

; 44. 4^ : mentioned, 

3 Mille, 188; van Aken. 271 
Cornelissen. Tennis, requests permis- 
sion to build another house, 11 ; 
signature, 255. 267 

sued by Gerritsen. 71 ; Marrel 
his wife, sued by Gerritsen, 71 ; by 
Loockermans, 123; by Teunis 

: by van Ilpendam, 295; by de 
Graef, 303 



3i« 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Cornelissen, Teunis, see also Van der 
Poel, Teunis Cornelissen ; Van 
Vechten, Teunis Cornelissen 

Croon, Dirck Jansen, extraordinary 
magistrate, 34; note concerning, 34 
beavers in hands of attached, 59 
nominated as magistrate, 106 
chosen ordinary magistrate, 108 
oath of office, 108; signature, 137, 
255 ; appointed delegate to make al- 
liance with Mohawks, 214; meeting 
at his house, 226; appointed over- 
seer of construction for defense of 
village, 226; retiring commissary, 
250; mentioned, 94 

sues Rinckhout, 104, 128; 
Davidts, 139 ; Borsboom, 149 ; Leen- 
dertsen, 276; Gerritsen, 277; 
Michielsen, 277; Schuyler and Jan- 
sen, 288 

D'Acost, Joseph, attorney for, 140 

Daniel, Jan, report on violation of 
ordinance, 23; accuses certain per- 
sons of drinking, 24 

sues Jansen, 13 ; Hendricksen and 
Claessen, 16 

Daret (Dareth), Jan (Johannes), 
testimony, 12 ; sues Wisselpenningh, 
219, 294; prosecuted, 295 

sued by Gerritsen, 51, 53, 58; by 
Bamboes, 70 

Davidts (Davids), Christoflel, estate, 
statement of orphan masters con- 
cerning, 19; prosecuted, 155; testi- 
mony, 156; silverware belonging to, 
206; mentioned, 63, 241 

sues Adriaensen, 22; Meus, 139; 
Jansen, 243, 244 

sued by van Eeckel, 50, 54; by 
Bamboes, 62; by Eerraerts, 64; by 
Mingael, 82, 83, 89 ; by Jansen, 89 ; 
by van Hamel, 94 ; by Adriaensen, 
116; by Brouwer, 129; by Marten- 
sen, 130; by Croon, 139 

De Bruyn, Jan Hendricksen, witness, 
290 

sues Vos, 128; wife of Evert, the 
baker, 304 



Debts, ordinance fixing rate at which 

certain debts may be paid in wam- 
pum, 167 
Decker, Gerrit Jansen, 278 
De Forest (Foreest), Isaack, sues 

Teunissen, 114 
De Goyer (Gojer), Dirck, see Hen- 
dricksen, Dirck 
De Goyer (Gojer), Eldert, see Ger- 

bertsen, Eldert 
De GraefT (Graef), Jan Andriessen, 

fined, 103, 236; money belonging to 

attached, 254 

sues Loockermans and Abra- 
hams, 157; several persons, 160; 

Albertsen, 180; Abrahamsen, 180; 

Cornelissen, 303 

sued by Rinckhout, 73; by van 

Eeckel, 82 ; by Adriaensen, 160 ; by 

Hendricksen, 251 
De Haen, Isaack, sues Tyssen, 290 
De Haes, Gabriel, sues Powell, 153 ; 

wife of Jan Martensen, 206; sued 

by Bos, 207 
De Hinse (Hince, Hinson, Hinsse), 

Jacob, 218; sues Powell, 21; men- 
tioned, 291 
De Hooges, Anthony, bond executed 

by, 129 
De Hulter, Johan, 38 
De Hulter ( De Laet, Ebbingh ) , 

Madam Johanna, 38; attorney for, 

181 
sues Tyssen, 126, 132, 205 ; Vos, 

126; Jacobsen and Gerritsen, 141; 

Loockermans, 197; Rinckhout, 197; 

Martensen, 206 

sued by Bont, 42; by Hoogen- 

boom, 132 ; by Woutersen, 180, 193 ; 

by Pietersen, 197 
De Jongh, Jan, sues Ryverdingh, 128 
De Laet, Johanna, note concerning, 

197. See also De Hulter, Madam 

Johanna 
DelaPoterie, letter to, 150 
De Looper, Jacob, see Teunissen 

(Looper), Jacob 
De Maecker, Pieter, prosecuted and 

fined, 24; request complied with, 



COURT MINUTES, [657-1660 



319 



De Maecker, Pieter Continued 

59; testimony, 147; sues Bensingh, 
59; Pietersen, 146 

De Meyer, Nicolaes, boards delivered 
becca, sued by Baefjen Pietersen, 

273 
DeRuyter, Hendrick, 21 
de Trucx (du Trieux, Truax), Re- 
becca, sued by rsaefjen Pietersen, 
101, 102 
De Vos (Vosch), Andries, witness, 
9; chosen referee, 10; curator of 
Christoffel Davidts' estate, 19; ap- 
pearance before court, 121 ; signa- 
ture, 268; mentioned, 32 

sues Leendertsen, 41; van Bree- 
men, 83, 90, 166; Verbeeck, 120; 
Gerritsen, 247, 248, 253, 257, 305 
DeVos, Catalyntje, wife of Arent 

Andriessen, 19 
DeVos, Cornelia, father, 19; estate, 

19 

DeVos (Vosch), Cornelis, sister, 19; 

signature, 268; mentioned, 126, 248 

sued by Barentsen, 10, 18, 51, 

125, 248; by Borsboom, 53, 55; by 

Bamboes, 69 ; by Jacobsen, 125 ; by 

Johanna de Hulter, 126; by Jelle, 

127; by van der Poel, 127; by 

Bronck, 128; by Hendricksen, 128; 

by Powell, 184; by Jansen, 248, 251 ; 

by curators of estate of Bamboes, 

304 

De Vos, Gysbert, wife, sued by Joch- 

emsen, 244 
De Wever, Jan, see Martensen, Jan 
De Witt, Tjerck Claessen, see Claes- 

sen, Tjerck 
Dingeman (Dinghmans), Adam, sued 

by van den Bergh, 158 
Dircksen, Dirck, confirmed affidavit 

by oath, 147 
Dircksen, Isbrandt, sued by Barent- 
sen and Claessen, 158 
Du Trieux, see De Trucx 
Dyckman, Johannes, payment of debt 
to Pieter Bronck, 10; wife, to pay 
Jan Peeck, 10* 
Dyckmans, Maria, 298; sued by 
Steendam, 181 



Ebbingh, Johanna, see De Hulter, 

Johanna 
Eeckelen, Jan, see Van Eeckel, Jan 

Eendracht (yacht;, 103 

Eerraerts ( Kverraerts, Eerhaer, 

Vcrhaers), Jan, retracts slanderous 

remarks, 220 

sues Davidts, 64; Gouw, 230 
sued by Jacobsen, 22; by Marten- 
sen, 122, 206; by Cobes, 179; by 

Dirckjen Martensen, 196 
Egberts, Egbertjen, fined, 84 
Elbertsen (Albertsen,), Keyer, sued 

by Schermerhoorn, 9; sues van 

Loenen, 98 
Elbertsen (Albertsen), Reynier, sues 

Ketelhuyn, 193; sued by Cornelis- 

sen, 239; signature, 268 
Engel, Robbert, sues Gerritsen, 80 
Erasmus, Pieter, prosecuted, 202 
Esopus, exempt from all excise, 97 
Esopus Indians, 217, 222, 228, 284, 286 
Everraerts, Jan, see Eerraerts, Jan 
Everet, the baker, wife Immetie, 

judgment against, 254 

sued by Carpentier, 257 ; by van 

Valckenburgh, 277; by Hendrick- 
sen, 304 
Expenditures, 84 

Feckmans (Fexmans), Geetruy. 

sued by Baefjen Pietersen, 101, 102 
Fines, 84 
Fires, ordinance for prevention of, 

168 
Firewood, piling in street, ordinance 

relating to, 234 
Flip, the brewer, see Hendricksen, 

Philip 
Flodder, Jacob Jansen, sues Vos, 102. 

104; Roodthaer, 109 
Fonda, Ester (Hester), 258; sues 

Vos, 116 ; Teunissen, 170 
Fonda, Gillis, sues Gerritsen, 81 
Fransen, Jan, see Van Hoesen, Jan 
Fredericksen, Carsten, accounts, 86; 

signature, 255; sues Harmensen, 

109; wife sued by Cornelissen, 253 
Fredericksen, Mevndert. accounts. 86; 

quoted, 73 ; signature, 267 



320 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Fredericksen, Meyndert — Continued 
sued by Bastiaensen, 73 ; by Mar- 
celis Jansen, 105 ; by Vervelen, 289 

Fredericksen, Willem, see Bout, 
Willem Fredericksen 

Fur trade, ordinance for regulation 
of, 281 

F}'nhout (Fryhout), Cornelis, servant* 
of Marcelis Jansen, 192; prose- 
cuted, 192, 280 

Gansevoort, Harmen, testimony, 30; 
prosecuted, 30 

Gerbertsen (Gerbensen), Eldert, 
property in hands of attached, 305 ; 
mentioned, 26, 98, 260 

sues Andriessen, 74; Claessen, 
160; Samuel, the hat maker, 288; 
Tyssen, 300 

sued by Kleyn, 75, 80; by Baef- 
jen Pietersen, 81, 94, 96; by Ketel- 
huyn, 174, 176; by Jacobsen, 177 

Gerritsen (Gerretsen), Adriaen, ex- 
traordinary magistrate, 34; signa- 
ture, 96, 98, 104, 137, 255 ; searched 
house of Hans Vos, 136; testimony, 
143 ; retiring magistrate, 185 ; ap- 
pointed delegate to make alliance 
with Mohawks, 214; appointed 
overseer of construction for de- 
fense of village, 226; mentioned, 
142 
sues Bos, 220, 300; Brouwer, 300 

Gerritsen, Albert, prosecuted and 
fined, 24; house, 126; mentioned, 
187 

sues several persons, 111; Huy- 
bert Jansen, 121; Albertsen, 122; 
Abrahams, 122; Pieter Jansen, 122; 
Stol and Hoffmeyer, 134; Stol, 
141 ; Hoffmeyer, 146 

sued by Flip, the brewer, 117; by 
Harmensen, 117; by Joosten, 126; 
by Symonsen, 133 ; by Bastiaensen, 
141. See also Gerritsen, Eldert 

Gerritsen, Baltus, sued by van den 
Bergh, 130 

Gerritsen, Claes, confirms affidavit 
before court, 121 ; sues Daret, 51, 
53, 58 



Gerritsen, Eldert, sues Barentsen, J5. 

See also Gerritsen, Albert 
Gerritsen, Goossen, witness, 65 ; re- 
ceives satisfaction from Jurriaen 
Jansen, 65 ; retiring ordinary 
magistrate, 107; testimony, 264 

sues Jansen, 61, 248; Cornelissen 
and wife, 71 ; Teunissen, 96 ; Vos- 
burgh, 169, 183 

sued by Madam de Hulter, 141 ; 
by Vosburgh, 178; wife, sued by 
wife of Vosburgh, 169 

Gerritsen, Hendrick, attack on van 
Neck, 16; cited, 173; sues van 
Hoesen, 210 

sued by Claessen, 56; by van 
Hoesen, 57; by Bamboes, 62; by 
Bout, 74; by Stevensen, 77, 80; by 
Engel, 80 ; by Fonda, 81 ; by Reur, 
117; by Rinckhout, 133, 140; by 
Levy, 157, 159; by van den Bergh, 
158, 247, 253, 275; by Bemboo, 176, 
179; by Barentsen, 210; by Roeloff- 
sen, 288 ; by Idesen, 301 ; by cura- 
tors of estate of Bamboes, 304, 306 

Gerritsen, Wynant, wife attacked by 
Cornelissen, 78; beavers for van 
der Poel, 110; signature, 268; 
prosecuted, 273 

sues Vosburgh, 116; Tyssen, 162 
sued by van der Poel and Pieter- 
sen, 80, 82, 83 ; by van Eeckel, 142 ; 
by Vosburgh, 152; by Maretien 
Claesen, 162; by de Vos, 247, 248, 
253, 257, 305 ; by Levy, 253, by Bas- 
tiaensen, 253, 257; by Jansen, 265, 
273; by Croon, 277; by Cobes, 308 

Gillissen, Pieter, sues Thomassen, 
165; Claessen, 173, 176; van Bree- 
men, 183 ; Jansen, 203 ; Tyssen, 302 

Glen, Sander Leendertsen, see Leen- 
dertsen, Sander 

Golf, playing in streets, ordinance 
relating to, 234 

Goossens, Maria, sued by Gysbertsen, 
259, 271, 274, 288, 307 

Gouw (Gaeuw, Gauw), Jan, testi- 
mony, 66 ; prosecuted, 274 

sues Claessen, 124; Bever, 159, 
162 



COURT MINUTES, 1657-1 



- J 



Gouw (GaetlW, Gfttnr), Jan — Con- 
tinued 

sued by Lambertsen, 11, 17. Zt 
\>\ wife of Tetmissen, 43; by Tys- 

icn, 53, 5o, 82, 83; by Abraham-, 
33, 57; by Andriessen, 56; by 
Tetmissen, 69; by Bamboes, 69; 

by van Curler, 109, 111 ; by Labalie, 
159; by Adriaensen, 230, 133; by 
Eerraerts, 230 
Groot, Symon, sued by Loduwycksen, 

182; by \\ itthardt, 197 

Guns, firing on New Year's day, or- 
dinance on, 234 

Gysbertsen, Albert, complaint against 
Bamboes, 52; testimony, 76; affi- 
davit against Baefien Pietersen, 98 
sues Brouwer, 207; van Valcken- 
borgh, 225 ; Maria Goosens, 259, 
271, 274, 288, 307 

sued by Baef jen Pietersen, 101 ; 
by Jacobsen, 102; by van Hoesen. 
112; wife sued by Baef jen Pieter- 
>en. 101, 102 

Gvsbertsen, Gerbert, sues Vosburgfa, 
30 

Hansen (Jansen), Carel, sues Tys- 
sen, 210; prosecuted, 274; attach- 
ment levied against his person, 292 

Hap, see Stol 

Hardenberch, estate, curators of, 119 

Harmen, servant of Jan Thomassen, 
39 

Harmen, the brewer, see Gansevoort. 
Harmen 

Harmen, the mason. 252; money in 
hands of attached, 271 

Harmens (Harmensen, Martensen), 
Dirckjen, wife of Jan Martensen, 
fined, 84 

sues Horrmcyer, 90; Eerraerts. 
196; Jansen, 249; Ketelhuyn. 301 

sued by Swart, 81 ; by Tetmissen, 
83, 90: by van der Poel, 90; by 
Baltus, 134; by Levy, 159; by 
Maier, 273. See also Martensen, 
Jan, wife 

Harmensen, Frederick, sued by Jan 
Harmensen, 190 

11 



Harmensen, Hendrick, nies Rinck- 

hout, 101 
rTarmensen, Jan, prosecuti 
interrogator} of, 1 ( >1\ signature, 

267 

sues Bensingfa, 107; Gerriti 
117; Leendertsen, 182; van Eeckel, 

187; Swartwotit, 189; Frederick 
rlarmensen, 190; Bastiaensen, 207 

sued by Fredericksen. 109; by 

Jansen, 142; by Boon. 244 
Hartford, men from to supply place 

with cattle, 208 
Hartgers, Pieter, to inspect seawan, 

62; nominated as magistrate, 106; 

chosen ordinary magistrate, 108; 

oath of office, 108; sued by 

Wisselpenningh, 113; denature, 

137; violates ordinance concerning 

Indians, 203; retiring commissary, 

349; mentioned, 44, 201 
Hawthorn (Hauthoorn), William, 208 
Hedemans, Evert, sued by Thomas- 
sen. 105 
Helmsen. Jan, wheat in hands of 

attached, 165 
Hendrick, the baker, sec Hcndrick- 

sen, Hendrick 
Hendrick, the brewer, see Brouwer, 

Hendrick 
Hendrick. the confectioner, sued by 

Bever. 306 ; sues Bever. 308 
Hendrick, alias the cowherd. 103; 

sues Philip, the brewer, 165 : 

by Tetmissen, 184 
Hendricksen, Arent, sue- elis- 

sen, 239 
Hendricksen. Claes, prosecuted, 13: 

statement concerning slanderous 

remarks about minister, 24; sued by 

Jacobsen, 157 

sues Slichtenhorst, 11; Bamboes 

and Bensingfa, 56; Verbeeck. 

Jansen. 157; servant, sues widow 

of Hendricksen, 164 
Hendricksen, Dirck, prosecuted, 17, 

20; sued by Baefie Pietersen. 11. 13 
Hendricksen. Elsien, sued by I tie 11 

Adriaensen. 151 



322 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Hendricksen, Engeltie, sued by Lyntie 
Adamsen, 308 

Hendricksen, Gerrit, sued by Daniel, 
16; by Bamboes, 70 . 

Hendricksen, Geurt, 166; witness, 180 

Hendricksen, Hans, testimony, 202, 
265; dispute with van Neck, 234; 
signature, 255 

Hendricksen, Hendrick, default en- 
tered against him, 1 1 ; prosecuted, 
19, 298; fined, 84; accounts, 84 

sued by Staets, 17; by Jansen, 51 ; 
by Philipsen, 79, 81, 110; by Her- 
bertsen, 81 

Hendricksen, Jacob, sues Adriaensen, 
198; Martensen, 243,245 

Hendricksen, Jan, see De Bruyn, Jan 
Hendricksen 

Hendricksen, Marritjen, sues Cobes, 
80 

Hendricksen, Marten, testimony, 35; 
wife, 43, 68; sells liquor to Indians, 
67; testimony regarding sale of 
liquor to Indians, 68; wife prose- 
cuted and fined, 71 ; mentioned, 39, 
44, 102 

sued by Vedder, 127, 133 ; by Jan- 
sen, 163 

Hendricksen, Philip, the brewer, ac- 
counts, 85 ; witness, 102 ; prosecuted, 
118, 290, 296, 301; signature, 268; 
affidavit against, 295 ; mentioned, 97 
sues van Hoesen, 58; Gerritsen 
and van Eeckel, 117; Loockermans, 
133; Femmetien Alberts, 176, 177 
Teunissen, 177 ; van den Bergh, 190 
van Hamel, 199; Adriaensen, 251 
Meyndertsen, 251 ; Harmen, the 
mason, 252 

sued by Hendrick, the cowherd, 
165; by Bronck, 206; by Meesen, 
274, 275, 289 

Hendricksen, Witten, sued by wife of 
Jan Albertsen, 274 

Herbertsen, Andries, signature, 17, 
33, 237; complaint of Westerkamp, 
19; retiring ordinary magistrate, 34; 
report on debts of Michiel Teunis- 
sen, 76; complaint about slander, 



Herbertsen, Andries — Continued 
79; chosen ordinary magistrate, 
185 ; oath of fidelity, 185 ; attorney 
of Aert Pietersen, 194; appointed 
delegate to make alliance with Mo- 
hawks, 214; opinion regarding In- 
dian brokers, 255 ; testimony, 264 ; 
advice concerning answer to Mo- 
hawks, 269; prosecuted, 279; men- 
tioned, 25, 280, 281 

sues Hendricksen and wife, 81 ; 
Vos, 105 ; wife of Jan Martensen, 
232; Ketelhuyn, 306, 309 

sued by van Vleck, 204 ; by Bors- 
boom, 230; by Teunissen, 271 

Herpertsen, Marten, prosecuted, 30; 
testimony, 31 ; attack on Bors- 
boom, 40; affidavit by, 121; men- 
tioned, 149 

sued by Bamboes, 62; by Bors- 
boom, 74 

Hillebrant, Nicolaes Gregory, testi- 
mony, 153; to be sent to director 
general and council of New Nether- 
land, 155 

Hoffmeyer, Willem, failure to pay 
debt, 45; sues Wesselsen, 48, 51, 53; 
fined, 84; accounts, 84; cited, 173 

sued by Wesselsen, 37; by Bam- 
boes, 62, 70; by Dirckjen Harmens, 
90; by Martensen, 95; by Roelof- 
sen, li2, 114, 139; by Gerritsen, 
134, 146; by Bemboo, 176, 179 

Hoogenboom, Cornelis (Kees), sues 
Madam de Hulter, 132 

sued by Bont, 240, 241, 244; by 
Thomassen, 245; by Teunissen, 
247 

Hoogenboom, Meeuwes, prosecuted, 
23; wounded by Jacob Loocker- 
mans, 64 

sued by° Baefjen Pietersen, 29; 
by Loockermans, 102; by Rinck- 
hout, 132 

Hoorn, Reyndert, sues Symonsen, 66 

Hun, Harmen Thomassen, wife,sued 
by Powell, 198, 246; by van Eeckel, 
247; sues Brouwer, 257 



COURT MINUTES, I657-X66O 



3*3 



Idescn, Harmcn. sues Gerritsen, 301 

Indian brokers, 39, 189, 203 ; petition 
regarding, 255, 266; prosecutions 
on account of violations of ordi- 
nances concerning, 262; court order 
concerning, 266; court decision re- 
garding petition, 268 ; proposal 
made by Mohawks concerning, 268 

Indians, sale of liquor to, 32, 66, 71, 
91, 92, 95, 99, 135, 138, 142, 144, 171 ; 
certain persons fined for hostility 
to, 104; attacks by, 155; disapproval 
of so much drinking, 211, 216; 
residents forbidden to molest, 219; 
ordinance forbidding sale of liquor 
to, 281. See also Mohawks 

Isaacksen, Arent, sued by Jacobsen, 
287 

Jacobsen, Baltus, sues van Hoesen, 
219, 224, 226; Ryverdingh, 310 

sued by Jansen, 246, 252; by 
Dirck Teunissen, 246; by Teller, 
249, 252; by Tades, 299; by Wil- 
lem Teunissen, 299; by Sacharias- 
sen, 303 ; by Ketelhuyn, 309; by 
Cobes, 310 

Jacobsen, Casper, sues Hendricksen, 
157; sued by Vedder, 157 

Jacobsen (Janssen), Claes, sues Wes- 
selsen, 27; sued by Hendricksen, 
157; permission to employ Indian 
brokers, 189; signature, 268 

Jacobsen, Harmen, see Bamboes, Har- 
men Jacobsen 

Jacobsen, Jan, sues Isaacksen, 287 

Jacobsen. Pieter, see Borsboom, 
Pieter Jacobsen 

Jacobsen, Pieter Quackenbosch, see 
Quackenbosch, Pieter 

Jacobsen, Rutger, chosen mediator, 
10; signature, 17, 33; drinking at 
his house, 24; retiring ordinary 
magistrate, 34; asks for payment 
for yacht, 52; surety for Jurriaen 
Jansen, 56; requests use of yacht 
to carry freight, 59; report on 
debts of Michiel Teunissen, 76; 
accounts, 84; testimony, 155, 201; 
prosecuted, 192, 279; appointed 



Jacobsen, Rutger* -Continued 

commissary, 250; oath of fidelity, 
250; advice concerning answer to 
Mohawks, 270; appointed reft 
296; court examines document -» 
presented by t 302; mentioned, 154 
279, 280, 281 

sues Teunissen, 11, 15; Bierman, 
53; Bamboes, 82; Yden, 119; Jan 
sen, 122 . Vos, 125; van Bremen. 
125, 181;' Femmetien Alberts, 125; 
several persons, 177; Vosburcrh, 
183; Claessen, 183, 241, 242, 245; 
Adriaensen, 184 

sued by Caspersen, 133 ; by 
Madam de Hulter, 141 ; by Vo>- 
burgh, 178; by van der Poel, 294. 
309, 310 
Jacobsen, Teunis, sues Baliner, 79 ; 
examination of, 118; dismissed 
from the service, 177; mentioned, 
311 

sued by Bemboo, 74 ; by van den 

Bergh, 117; by Bronck,' 176, 178. 

187 

Jan de Cuyper, see Schut, Jan 

Jan, the weaver, see Martensen, Jan 

Jansen, Adriaen, from Leyden, see 

Appel, Adriaen Jansen 
Jansen, Anthony, sues Bisschop, 311 
Jansen, Arent, sued by Gillissen, 203 ; 

signature, 267 
Jansen, Barent, signature, 255 
Jansen, Carel, see Hanssen, Carel 
Jansen, Claes, from Rotterdam, 
statement concerning slanderous 
remarks about minister, 24; wife 
sues Coenraetsen, 254 

sued by Bamboes, 62 ; by Nolden, 
81; by van Valckenburg, 81; wife 
sued by Barentsen, 125 
Jansen, Cobus, sues Adriaensen, 200 
Jansen, Cornelis, statement concern- 
ing slanderous remarks about min- 
ister, 24 
Jansen, Daniel, testimony, 264 ; prose- 
cuted, 264; mentioned, 280 
Jansen, Dirck, skipper, 156 
Jansen, Dirck, Croon, see Croon, 
Dirck Jansen 



3^4 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Jansen, Gysbert, signature, 255 ; testi- 
mony, 265 ; sued by Croon, 288 

Jansen, Harmen, see Van Valcken- 
burgh, Herman Jansen 

Jansen, Hendrick, see Westerkamp, 
Hendrick Jansen 

Jansen, Huybert, 118, 173; sued by 
curators of estate of Jacob Luyer- 
sen, 25 ; by Cooninck, 53 ; by Al- 
bertsen, 57; by Gerritsen, 121 

Jansen, Jacob, 50; signature, 267; 
sues Hendricksen, 51 ; Thomas- 
sen, 119; Jacobsen, 246, 252 

Jansen, Jacob, see also Flodder, Jacob 
Jansen; Jansen, Cobus; Stol, Jacob 
Jansen 

Jansen, Jan, sued by Pietersen, 18 

Jansen, Jurriaen, sureties for, 56; 
sued by Gerritsen, 61 ; denies en- 
gagement to Annetien Lievens, 65 ; 
prosecuted, 265, 295 

Jansen, Lambert, 32 

Jansen, Marcelis, fined, 14; servant, 
charges against, 192, 280; prose- 
cuted, 280, 296, 298, 312 

sues Vosburgh, 18, 43 ; Abraham- 
sen, 43, 51; Tryntje Cooninck, 52; 
Cobes, 52; Barentsen and Van II- 
pendam, 77 ; Fredericksen, 105 ; 
Pietersen, 113; Hendricksen, 163; 
Barentsen, 176, 177, 180 

sued by Barentsen, 11; by Jan 
Daniel, 13; by Bout, 94; by Vos, 
114; by Bever, 127; by Claessen, 
148 

Jansen, Matteus, testimony, 221 ; sig- 
nature, 255 ; prosecuted, 297 

Jansen, Pieter, sued by Vos, 103 ; by 
Gerritsen, 122; servant, 170; at- 
tacked by Nolden, 185 

Jansen, Poulus, prosecuted, 135, 278; 
testimony, 135 ; fined and banished, 
137; searched house of Hans Vos, 
136; accuses Vos, 144; fined, 236; 
sued by Dirckie Harmens, 249 
Jansen, Rem, sues Volkertsen, 43, 48 ; 
witness, 75 ; testimony, 75 ; sued by 
Turck, 195 ; signature, 267 



Jansen, Steven, sues Sandersen, 28; 

accused of fighting, 35; prosecuted, 

39, 44, 49; fined, 236 
Jansen, Stofrel, chosen referee, 10; 

accounts, 84, 85 

sues van Hoesen, 57 ; Harmensen, 

142; Loockermans, 194 
Jansen, Susanna, sued by Jacobsen, 

43 ; testimony, 68 ; prosecuted and 

fined, 71 
Jansen, Symon, see Romeyn, Symon 

Jansen ; Turck, Symon Jansen 
Jansen (Mingael), Thomas, see Min- 

gael, Thomas Jansen 
Jansen (Douw, Hansen), Volckert, 

appointed delegate to make alliance 

with Mohawks, 214; testimony, 221; 

signature, 255 ; prosecuted, 263 ; 

statement by, 278; mentioned, 291 
sues Teunissen, 54, 131, 182; 

Stevensen, 58; van Breemen, 183; 

Martensen, 189; de Vos, 248, 251 
sued by van Imbroch. 170; by 

Meyndertsen, 242 
Jansen, Willem, sued by Davidts, 243, 

244 
Jantjen, the Irishman, see Andriessen 

(Andrews?), Jan, the Irishman 
Jaques, the Frenchman, see Tyssen, 

Jacques 
Jelle, Pieter, sues Vos, 127 
Jeronimus, Geertruy, sued by van 

Hoesen, 18, 28, 33 
Jochemsen (Jochimsen), Hendrick 

chosen referee, 11, 41, 116; surety 

for Jan Joosten, 13; signature, 67; 

sues Vos, 109; wife of Gysbert de 

Vos, 244; wife, mentioned, 154; 

mentioned, 67, 94 
Jochim, the baker, see Wesselsen, 

Jochem 
Joosten, Jan, charges against, 13; 

prosecuted and fined, 24; sues Ger- 
ritsen, 126 
Jurcksen, Poulus, sues Teunissen, 178 
sued by wife of Teunis the 
mason, 43; by Rombouts, 43, 49; 

by Bamboes, 62, 70 



COURT MINI Th-. [657 






Jurriaen>, Volckje, sued by Ckiesb.cn. 
.:. Willem, the baker, sued 

tsen, 111 

Kaghnuwage (Catighnawaga), 215 
Kamg raga an Indian 

n, Dirck. see Carstensen, 
Dii 

Ketelbuyn Ketltiyn, Kettelhem, Ket- 
Jochim, signature, 267; 
mentioned, 154. 299 

sues Lubbert, 1 ssen, 164. 

174; '74. 176; Jacobsen, 

3 

Abraham, the tailor. 163 ; 
sen, 193 ; by Pietersen. 
194 : by Dirckfen Harmens, 301 ; 
by Herbertsen, 306, 309; by cura- 
tors of estate of Bamboes, 307 
Keys Cysser), Dirck. sues Roe- 

attorney for, sues Bier- 
mar.. \~ : 
Kiers !e, Hans, attorney for. 153 
Walraef, see Claerbout, 
Walraef 

Jlderick, wife. 76; sued by 
: ^: sues Gerbertsen, 75. 

Klomp, Jacob, 76 

Koonmck, Tryntje, see Cooninck, 

Tryi 
Kuykendall family, ancestor, 11 

Kuypcr. Jan Andriessen, sues Ouder- 
kerck KB 

Labatic (Labite), Jan. 72; sued by 
Turck, 206 

sues Pietersen. 37. 42. 58 ; Gouw, 
159: Teunissen. 245, 261 

1 rvant sued by Ketelbuyn, lo; 

by "7 : I y Nolden, 77 

Lamhertsen. Jan, sues Gouw, 22, 27. 
2^ : Abrahams and Loockermans, 
158 

Lambertsen, Maria, 162 

Lambert sen. Pieter. attacked by Xol- 

der.. Lft 

La Montagne, Johannes, memoranda 

in handwriting' of, 8; to issue 

rs for work, building etc., 14; 

at^re, 17, 33, 67 ; discovers Hen- 



LaMontagne, 
dricksen Belling liquor to Indian-. 

66; sued by Jacobsen, 1 
to de la Poterie, 151: letter to Mo- 
hawks referred to, 217: DXMM 

hands 01 attached, 2:+ n re- 

garding Indian broker 
concerning answer t<» Moha 
_ ; mentioned, 10. 25, 42. 4 : 
.44, 161. 221, -_ : 

Leendert, the tail vant, 5<v 

Philipsen, Leendert 

Leendertsen (\'an de Grift), Poulus, 
note signed by, Vbs, 

41; judgment of court, 42; a] 
from judgment, 42; appearance be- 
fore court, 120 

Leendertsen (Glen). Sander, sues 
Tyssen, 36; to inspect seawan, 62: 
nominated as magistral 
chosen ordinary magistrate. 185 : 
oath of fidelity, 185; signature, 237: 
opinion regarding Indian bfl 
256; advice concerning answer t<> 
Mohawks. 269; authorized to in- 
spect woods and to fine trader^ 
violating ordinance, 278 

sued by Harmensen. 182; by Jan- 
sen, 195; by Croon. 276; servant 
sued by Cornel issen. 239 

Leendertsen, Willem. sues Rips^ 
sued by Pietersen, 43 

LeMoyne (La Moyne), R< 
218 

Levy (Levi), Asser, attorney 
Joseph d'Ac s 

140; vanEeckel, 152; Loockermans. 
157. 193, 260; Gerritsen, 157, 
253; Dirckjen Martens. 159; 
loffsen, 193: Teunissen, 194 

Lievens, Annetie. Jurriaen Jans 
claims - gement to, 61; d< 
engagement to, 65 - 
Abraham Vosburg 

Liquor, sale to Indians, - ~1. 91. 

92. 95, 99. 135. 138, 142. 144. 171 : 
Indians dislike 90 much drink - 
211, 216; ordinance forbidding sale 
to Indians. 281 

Lodowycksen. Tomas. sues Groot. 
182; sued by YYisselpenningh. 113 



326 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Long Mary, 166, 262 

Loockermans, Go vert, letter from re- 
ferred to, 194 

sues Vosburgh, 119; Tyssen, 119; 
Femmetien Alberts, 122; Cornelis- 
sen, 123; van Valckenburgh, 123; 
Wisselpenningh, 123 ; Swardtwoudt, 
276 

Loockermans, Jacob, payment de- 
manded for merchandise delivered 
to, 60; fined, 84; accounts, 86, 87; 
prosecuted, 64; sues Abrahamsen, 
164; signature, 267; servant of 
Schuyler, 281 

sued by Philip, the brewer, 133 ; 
by Levy, 157, 193, 200; by Vedder, 
157; by Roelofsen, 158, 194; by 
van den Bergh, 158; by Jansen, 194; 
by Schut, 196 ; by Witthardt, 198 

Loockermans, Pieter, signature, 267 
sues Hoogenboom, 102; Pieter, 
the brewer, 122; Albertsen, 165 

sued by van Hamel, 69; by Win- 
nen, 91, 94; by Albertsen, 106; by 
Adriaensen, 111; by Gerritsen, 111; 
by Roelofsen, 145 ; by de Graef, 157, 
160; by Lambertsen, 158; by Nol- 
den, 169, 174, 178; by van Eeckel, 
186; by Madam de Hulter, 197; by 
Winnen, 200; by Witthardt, 206; 
by Roeloffsen, 210; by van Ilpen- 
dam, 295 

Loockermans, Pieter, junior, signa- 
ture, 267 

Looper, Jacob, see Teunissen 
(Looper), Jacob 

Lourensen, Lourens, 26; sues Bier- 
man, 53 

Lubbert, Labatie's servant, sued by 
Ketelmryn, 16; by Jansen, 77; by 
Nolden, 77; Thotnassen's servant, 
119 

Luneburg, 25 

Luyersen, Jacob, ancestor of Kuyken- 
dall family, 11; deceased, debt due 
Jacobsen, 11 ; curators of estate, 11, 
15, 16, 52, 97, sue Stoll, 25; Jansen, 
25 ; mentioned, 96 

Maecker, Pieter, see De Maecker, 
Pieter 



Magistrates, chosen, 34, 107, 185, 249; 
oath of fidelity, 34, 108, 185, 250 

Mangelsen, Jan, refuses to take oath, 
234; signature, 255; money in 
hands of attached, 306, 309 

Maquaes, see Mohawks 

Marcelis (Marcelus), Hendrick, sues 
Nolden, 204 

Marechal (Marrechael), Claes. sig- 
nature, 268 

Marten, servant, sued by Martensen, 
30 

Marten Bierkaecker, see Hendrick- 
sen, Marten 

Marten, the mason, see Herpertsen, 
Marten 

Martens, Lyntie, 308 

Martensen, Dirckjen, see Harrnens, 
Dirckjen 

Martensen, Gysbert, sued by Cornell s- 
sen, 93 

Martensen, Hendrick, offers to go to 
Canada with Mohawk Indians, 150 ; 
sued by Bronck, 140; by Swart- 
wout, 190 

Martensen, Jan, accounts, 87; prose- 
cuted, 99; mentioned, 102 

sues Stol, Stevensen, Claessen 
and van den Bergh, 56; Stevensen, 
62; Hoffmeyer, 95; Eeraerts, 122; 
van den Bergh, 130, 233; Davidts, 
130; several persons, 206 

sued by Nolden, 79; by van der 
Poel, 82; by Vos, 95, 101; by 
Bronck, 128; by Teunissen, 142; by 
Rinckhout, 146; by Jansen, 189; by 
Pels, 205, 210 

Martensen, Jan, wife, sued by de 
Haes, 206; by wife of Evert Pels, 
220; by Cornelissen, 227; by Her- 
bertsen, 232; by wife of Hendrick 
Andriessen, 233. See also Har- 
mens, Dirckjen 

Martensen, Poulus (Poulyn), accused 
of fighting, 30; testimony. 30; 
prosecuted, 30 

sues Teunissen and Marten, 30; 
Bastiaensen, 99 

sued by Baefje Pietersen, 29; by 
Johanna <ie Laet, 206 ; by Hendrick- 
sen, 243, 245 ; by Cornelissen, 253 



COURT MINUTES, 1657-I'" 60 






Martensen, \\ illem, sued by Poulus- 
scn, 228, 234; by Rycken, 276 

Mattys, servant of Johannes Withart, 
sued by Teunissen, 170. See also 
Van Beeren, Matty s 

Mayer, Xicolaes, see De Meyer, 
Nicolaes 

\leessen (Vrooman), Pieter requests 
lot for garden, 11 ; sued by Bam- 
boes, 62, 70 ; accounts, 85 ; author- 
ized to inspect saw mill, 273 ; sues 
Hendricksen, 274, 275, 289 

Melgcrs, Tryntie, attacked by Cor- 
nel is sen, 78 

Meus, Jacob, sued by Davidts, 139 

Meussen, Pieter, sec Meessen, Pieter 

Meyndertsen, Barent, signature, 255, 
268 ; wife Styntie sued by Philip 
Meyndertsen, 249; by Hendricksen, 
251; by Pietersen. 254, 258, 300 

Meyndertsen, Jan, requests a lot, 188 ; 
sues Thomassen and Jansen, 242; 
sued by van Imbroch, 272 

Meyndertsen, Philip, sues wife of 
Barent Meyndertsen, 249 

Michiel, servant of Hans Vos, see 
Yerbruggen, Michiel 

Michielsen, Grietien, sues Cornelissen, 
308 

Michielsen, Jan, accounts, 87; sued 
by Martensen, 206 ; by Croon, 277 

Mille, Claes, sued by Cornelissen, 188 

Mingael, Thomas Jansen, accounts, 
84; sued by Roode, 115; money in 
hands of attached, 246, 247, 249 

sues RoelofTsen, 43, 49; Davidts, 
82, 83, 89: servant sues Dirckien 
Martensen, 134 

Mohawks, hearing granted to sachems 
of three castles, 45 ; second appear- 
ance, 47; sachems appear before 
court, 149. 161 ; propositions made 
by 211, 215, 222, 268; provisional 
answer given to, 213; delegates ap- 
pointed to make alliance with, 214 ; 
reply of court to proposal, 270 

More, Pieter, 35 

Nannincks, Gcertjc, sues Reur, 16 

Neus. Jacob, house, 245 

Nevius, Johannes, attorney for, 1 14 



New Year's day, firing gtmfl on. ordi- 
nance relating to, 234 

Xolden (Noldinck, Xoldinghj, I 
deposition of, to ; statement b>. 
166; attachment vacated. 180; 
prosecuted, 185, 188. 190 

sues Lubbert. Labfttie'l ant. 

77; Teunissen, 78; van der Sluys 
78; Stevensen, 79, 90; MirtfQItn. 
79; Jansen, 81, 178; Abrahamsen, 
169, 174, 178; Loockermans, 169. 
174, 178; Femmetien Albert-. 225 
sued by Baefien Piefci 174: 

by Bastiaensen, 195; by Marceli^, 
204; by Teller, 305; by Bout. 307 

Oesterman, (Oostcrman) Barent. 
testimony, 99; attacked by Bronck, 
134; sued by Brunck, 134 

Ordinance for the proper as>izc of 
bread, 166; fixing rate at which cer- 
tain debts may be paid in wampum. 
167; for prevention of fires, 168; 
for regulation of fur trade and for- 
bidding sale of liquor to Indians. 
281 

Orphan masters, appointment of Jan 
Yerbeeck and Evert Wendels. lb 

Ouderkerck, Jan Jansen, sued by 
Kuyper, 305 

Paraget (Parraget), Louis. a 
Frenchman, 150, 161 

Pastoor, Frans Barentsen, sued by 
Peeck, 10; prosecuted, 44; requests 
payment of honorarium, 47 ; fined. 
84; accounts, 86; appointed com- 
missary, 250; oath of fidelity, 250; 
opinion regarding Indian brokers, 
256; advice concerning answ 
Mohawks, 270; money in hands of 
attached. 272; authorized to inspect 
woods and to fine traders violating 
ordinance, 278 ; appointed it 
296; court examines docu: 
presented by, ^02; surety for BlS- 
schop, 311 

sues Jansen, 11 ; van Bremen, 13. 
43, 183. 184. 187; Tennis, the mason. 
37; van Hoesen, 170; Femmetien 
Alberts. 241. 242 



328 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Peeck, Jan, sues Pastoor, 10; wife of 

Johannes Dyckman to pay, 10 
Pels, Evert, 155 ; sues Martensen, 205, 

210, wife, sues wife of Jan Marten- 
sen, 220 
Peree, Jan, 218 
Petition regarding Indian brokers, 

255, 266; court decision concerning, 

268 
Philip, the brewer, see Hendricksen, 

Philip 
Philipsen, Frederick, sues Biermans, 

110, 129 
Philipsen, G} r sbert, 275 ; curators of 

estate to be appointed, 231 
Philipsen, Leendert, sued by Rinck- 

hout, S3, 54; petition presented to 

court by. 61 ; sues Hendricksen, 79, 

81, 110; permission to employ 

Indian brokers, 189; signature, 255 ; 

affidavit of, 301 ; mentioned, 202 
Pieter, the brewer, see Brouwer, 

Pieter 
Pieter, the Fleming, see Winnen, 

Pieter 
Pietersen, (Tack) Aert, sues Ketel- 

huyn, 194; Teunissen, 296; Bos, 

299, 301 
Pietersen, Baefien, charges against, 

76; affidavit of Albert Gysbertsen 

against, 98; sued by Rycken, 138 
sues Jansen, 18; several persons, 

22, 23, 101, 102; Schut, 29 ; Hoogen- 

boom, 29; Martensen, 29; Leendert- 

sen, 43 : Gerbertsen, 81, 94, 96; Nol- 

den, 174 
Pietersen, Barent, sues Gerritsen, 80; 

Bastiaensen, 114 
Pietersen. Davidt, see Schuyler, 

Davidt Pietersen 
Pietersen, Francys (Frank), sued by 

van Breemen, 175 ; attacked by van 

Breemen, 188 
Pietersen, Gillis, signature, 268 

sues Madam de Hulter, 197; 

Meyndertsen, 254, 258, 300 

sued by Labatie, 37 } 42, 58 ; by de 

Maecker, 146; by van Ilpendam, 

295 



Pietersen, Hendrick, sues Claessen, 

35 

Pietersen, Jan, 211 

Pietersen, Luycas, prosecuted, 113, 
115; fined, 236 

Pietersen, Meeuwes, sued by Jansen, 
113 

Pietersen, Philip see Schuyler, Philip 
Pietersen 

Pietersen, Solder, sued by Coninck, 
224 

Pietersen, Theunis, sues Tyssen, 293 

Pinchon, John, 208 

Pot, Cornelis, surety for person of, 
271 

Poulussen, Gommer, sues Martensen, 
228, 234 

Poulussen, Michiel, sued by Cornelis- 
sen, 106 

Poulussen, Thomas, see Powell, 
Thomas 

Powell (Pouly, Pouwelsen, Powel), 
Thomas, signature, 267 

sues Albertsen, 79; Vos and 
Wesselsen, 184; Cateleyn Samsons, 
198, 246 

sued by de Hinsse, 21 ; by de 
Haes, 153 

Prayer, day of, proclamation, 20; re- 
port on violation of ordinance, 23 

Provoost, Johannes, sues Bamboes, 
105 ; attorney for Frederick Philip- 
sen, 110; appointed delegate to 
make alliance with Mohawks, 214; 
signature, 220, 226, 229 

Quackenbosch, Pieter, sues Bors- 
boom, 69, 82 

Quick, Jacob Teunissen, see Teunis- 
sen, Jacob 

Rattle watch, instructions for, 209 
Reur, Hendrick Jansen, sues van 

Vechten, 114, 116; Gerritsen, 117 
sued by Geertje Bout, 16; Roelof- 

sen, 81 
Reyersen, Gerrit, sues Bensingh, 159, 

163; Bronck, 159 
Reyndertsen, Barent, witness, 146; 

testimony, 147 



COURT MINUTES, 1657-lMX) 






Rinckhout, Daniel, siawan. quality to 
be determined, 61 ; money in hands 
of attached, 258, 275; signature, 
268; accounts, 302 ; mentioned, 177 
sues Philipsen, 53, 54; de Graef, 
73 ; Borsboom, 73, 205. 253 ; Wolle- 
brant, 73; Teunissen, 132; Hoogen- 
boom. 132; Gerritsen, 133, 140; 
Martensen, 146; Adriaensen, 199; 
vail Hoesen, 240, 248, 260; Temp- 
lier, 249 ; wife of Jan van Hoesen, 
272, 277 

sued by Bamboes, 70; by Cor- 
nelissen. 77; by Harmensen, 101; 
by Croon, 104, 128; by Madam de 
Hulter, 197; by Teunissen, 230, 
252; by Borsboom, 272, 277 

Rinckhout, Eva, sues Cornelissen, 
294, 301 ; van Hoesen and wife. 
227 

sued by van Hoesen, 241 ; by 
wile of van Hoesen, 243 

Ripsen. Claes, prosecuted and fined, 
24; sues Brouwer, 174 

sued by YYillem, the brass 
founder, 43 ; by Bamboes, 62, 69, 
74; by Roelofsen, 153; by An- 
dricssen, 294; by Wynkoop, 294. 
300, 302 

Riverdinck, Pieter, see Ryverdingh, 
Pieter 

Roelantsen, Adam, 41, 120; daughter. 
308 

Roelofsen (Roeloftsen), Jan, prose- 
cuted and fined, 24, 103, 221; ac- 
counts. 84; attacked by Hendrick 
the cowherd, 103; signature. 222; 
mentioned, 182 

sues Reur, 81; lloffmeycr. 112, 
114, 139; Teunissen, 145; Schut. 
145; Pieter Loockermans, 145, 210; 
attorney of Hans Kierstede sues 
Ripsen, 153; Jacob Loockermans. 
158, 194; Gerritsen, 288 

sued by Mingael, 43. 49; by Key- 
ser, 60 ; by Gaessen, 74. 77 ; by de 
Graef. 160; by Teunissen. 160; by 
Levy, 193; by Andricssen and Bors- 
boom. 230 



Rombouts, Miehiel, sues Jurcksi 

49 
Romeyn. Symon Jansen, accoui.* 
Roode, Pieter, mi^ Jansen, 11 : 
Roodthaer, Jan, sued by Pfoddei 
RooseDOOtn, Hendrick, prosecuted, 

231 ; testimony, 2(A), 2<A ; signature, 

268 

Rotterdam, Claes, see Jansen. I 
from Rotterdam 

Rycken, Reynier, sues BaefTjen 
I Petersen, 138; Stol, 275, 288; Mar- 
tensen, 276 

Ryverdingh (Riverdingh), Pieter. 
complaint against, 138; sues Mar- 
retien Claes and Abrahams, 153 

sued by Jan de Jongh, 128; by 
Jacobsen, 310 

Sachariassen, Lourens, sues J 

sen, 303 
Samsons (Sim son), Catelyn, wife of 

Harmen Thomassen Hun, sued by 
Powell, 198, 246; by van Keckel. 
247. See also Bensingh. Dirck. 
wife of 

Samuel, the hat maker, sued by (ier- 
bertsen, 288 

Sandersen, Egbert, sued by 1 1 
Pietersen, 22, 23: by Jansen, 
by Barentsen. 80. 83 

Sasiadego (Saciadego), Indian chief, 
45. lol 

Schaets, Rev. Gideon, complaint 
about Cornells Bosch. 24 

Schekel, Jan, signature. 268 

Schermerhnrn ( Schermerhoorn ), 

Jacob, signature, 17. 33. 96, 255 
pointed referee. 41 ; slandered by 
Andriessen, 44, 50; retiring ordi- 
nary magistrate, 107; testimony, 
201, 363, 264; mentioned. 25. 44 
sues Albertsen. ( > ; Andriessefl 

Schoester, Cornelis. see Van West- 
broeck, Cornell's Teunissen 

Schoonhooven, \\ "outer Hendricksen, 
attorney. for, 275 

Schrick, Poulus, sues Jansen. 131 ; 
van Eeckel, 207 



330 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Schut, Jan, sued by Baefie Pietersen,. 
22, 23, 29 

Schut (Schutt), Willem Jansen, sued 
by Roelofsen, 145; sues Lgocker- 
mans, 196; testimony, 265; signa- 
ture, 268; prosecuted, 279 

Schuyler, Davit Pietersen, signature, 
255 ; attachment of beavers in hands 
of, 278 ; sued by Croon, 288 

Schuyler, Philip Pietersen, signature, 
17, 33, 67, 98, 255; appointed 
referee, 41 ; discovers Hendricksen 
selling liquor to the Indians, 66; 
accounts, 85 ; sues Abrahams, 91 ; 
attorney for Carstensen, 102; retir- 
ing ordinary magistrate, 107 ; wit- 
ness, 146; testimony, 147, 264; at- 
torney for Johanna de Hulter, 181 ; 
prosecuted, 191, 202, 281 ; appointed 
delegate to make alliance with Mo- 
hawks, 214; attorney for Aldert 
Anthony, 248; mentioned, 94, 143, 
201, 280, 281 

Senecas (Sinnekus), 45; propositions 
made by, 283; answer to> proposi- 
tions, 285 

Shooting, on New Year's day, ordi- 
nance relating to, 235 

Sickels, Zacharias, sued by Albert- 
sen, 211 

Slaughters' excise, 97, 231 

Slecht, Barent, sues Bronck and Ad- 
riaensen, 111 ; the brewer, 114 

Slecht, Cornelis, debts, 54 

SHchtenhorst (Slechtenhorst), Gerrit, 
prosecuted, 30; testimony, 31, 201, 
240, 243, 263, 265; signature, 255; 
petition concerning trade with 
Indians, 266 

sued by Hendricksen, 11; by van 
Dyck, 131 

Slingerlant, Teunis, see Van Slinger- 
lant, Teunis 

Smidt (Smit), Dirck, to appoint cura- 
tors of estate of Gysbert Philipsen, 
231 ; sued by van Eeckel, 259 

Spitsbergen, Teunis, see Van der 
Poel, Teunis Cornelissen 



Staets, Capt. Abraham, chosen or- 
dinary magistrate, 34; appointed 
referee, 41 ; signature, 96, 98, 104, 
137, 255; retiring magistrate, 185; 
appointed overseer of construction 
for defense of village, 226; men- 
tioned, 126 

sues Hendricksen, 17; Bamboes, 
18; Jacobs en, 43 

Steendam, Jacob, sues Maria Dyck- 
mans, 181 

Stevensen, Mary, sued by Martensen, 
206 

Stevensen, Pieter, sues Gerritsen, 77; 
Jansen, Albertsen and Gerritsen, 80 
sued by Jaques, the Frenchman, 
53; by Martensen, 56, 62; by Tys- 
sen, 57; by Jansen, 58; by Nolden, 
79, 90 

Stol (Hap), Jacob Jansen, affidavit 
by, 44; deceased, 241 

Stol (Hap), Willem Jansen, signa- 
ture, 268; mentioned, 35 

sued by curators of estate of 
Jacob Luyersen, 25 ; by Martensen, 
56; by Bos, 97; by Gerritsen, 134, 
141 ; by Rycken, 275, 288 

Stuyvesant, Gov. Peter, expected, 
213; ill, unable to come, 214, 216; 
signature, 283 

Swart (Swardt), Gerrit, requests 
justice for offense of Jan Joosten, 
13; witness, 23; attorney for, 298; 
mentioned, 44, 254, 292 

sues van Neck, 16; Dirckjen Har- 
mens, 81 ; Wisselpenningh, as attor- 
ney for Daret, 219; Tymensen, 
241, 242; Bever, 261 

Swartwout (Swardtwoudt), RoelorY, 
192; sues Martensen, 190; Boon, 
199 

sued by Boon, 129; by Harmen- 
sen, 189; by Loockermans, 276; 
by Vervelen, 289 

Symon, the baker, see Volckertsen, 
Symon 

Symonsen, Adriaen, sued by Hoorn, 
66; by Barentsen, 204; sues Gerrit- 
sen, 133 



COURT MINUTES, l65/-l(/X) 



331 



Symonsen, Symon, signature, 268 

Symonsen, Willcm, testimony, 147 

Tack, Aert Pictcrscn, see Pietersen, 

Aert 
Tades, Michiel, sues Jacobsen, 299 
Tapsters' excise, 11, 52; ordinance 

regulating, 234 
Taxation, for expenses of town 

fence, 287 
Teller (Teljer), Willem, nominated 

as magistrate, 106; signature, 255; 

quoted, 260 

sues Jacobsen, 249, 252 ; Teunis- 

sen and Tyssen, 277 ; Tysscn and 

Bos, 300; Nolden, 305 

sued by Wisselpenningh, 113; by 

Jansen, 175; by Teunissen and Tys- 
sen, 260 
Tempelier (Tempel), Teunis, sues 

Biermans, 57; sued by Rinckhout, 

249; attorney for, 302 
Teunis, the mason, see Teunissen, 

Teunrs 
Teunissen (Theunesen), Claes, lot, 

182 

sued by Jacobsen, 11, 15; by 

Martensen, 30; by Gerritsen, 96; 

by Cornelissen, 248; wife sued by 

Cornelissen, 260 
Teunissen (Theunesen), Cobus, see 

Teunissen (Looper), Jacob 
Teunissen (Theunesen), Cornelis, 

petition concerning trade with 

Indians, 266 
sued by Teller, 277; by Pietersen, 

296 
Teunissen, Cornelis, from Breucke- 

len, witness, 257 

sues Dirckjen Harmens, P>3. 00; 

Stol, 97; Cornelissen, 239; Teller, 

260 
Teunissen, Cornelis, see also. Bos, 

Cornelis Teunissen; Van Wcst- 

broeck, Cornelis Teunissen 
Teunissen (Tcunesen), Dirck, sues 

Jacobsen, 246 
Teunissen, Egbert, servant of Sander 

Lcendertscn, sued by Cornelissen, 

239 



Teunissen, Gysbert, testimony, 31 

Teunissen (Looper), Jacob, attacked 
by Pastoor, 44; prosecuted, 103, 
192; note concerning, 138; ch.\ 
against, 192; affidavit of, 301 ; men- 
tioned, 145, 202, 222 

sues Abrahamsen, 42; Claes, 113; 
Jansen, 138; Martensen, 142; Abra- 
ham, the tailor, 163; Matty-, the 
servant of Johannes Withart, 170; 
Hendrick, the cowherd, 184 

sued by Cobes, 51 ; by Bamboes, 
63; by Nolden, 78; by Vosburgh, 
98; by dc Forest, 114; by Bronck, 
124, 130; by Rinckhout, 132; by 
Roelofscn, 145; by Jurcksen, 178; 
by Levy, 194; by Labatie, 245, 261 ; 
by van Eeckel, 275, 289 

Teunissen, Jan, prosecuted, 91, 92; 

fined and banished from province, 

92, 95; affidavit of, 142; fined, 236 

sued by Bronck, 121, 123, 130; by 

Hendricksen, 177 

Teunissen, Joost, accounts, 220 

Teunissen (Theunesen), Jurriaen, 
testimony, 99; prosecuted, 117, 296, 
298, 311 ; signature. 268; mentioned, 
279 

sues Roelofscn, 160; Rinckhout. 
230, 252; Woutersen, 259 

sued by Wouter, the baker, 160; 
by Thomassen and Jansen. 182 

Teunissen, Michiel. debts, 76; sum- 
moned to court. 170; sues Femme- 
tien Alberts. 240 

sued by Fonda. 170; by wife of 
Pieter Bronck. 175; by \an Eeckel, 
247 

Teunissen. Michiel, wife, sues Cor- 
nelissen. 227 : sued by van Eeckel* 
244 

Teunissen (Theunesen), Teunis. ^ucd 
by Pastoor, 57; prosecuted. Ill 

sues Gouw, 69; Hogenboom. 247; 
Herpcrtsen. 271 ; wife sues GouW 
and Jurcksen, 4} 

Teunissen (Theunesen), Willcm. sues 
Jacobin. 2°0 

Theunesen, Theunes, see Teunissen. 
Teunis 



332 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Theunissen, Jacobus, see Teunissen 
(Looper), Jacob 

Thomassen, Harmen, see Hun, Har- 
men Thomassen 

Thomassen (Tomassen), Jan, com- 
plaint about a shed, 28; chosen or- 
dinary magistrate, 34; servant of, 
39; money in hands of attached, 
63; discovers Hendricksen selling 
liquor to Indians, 66 ; signature, 67, 
98, 104, 137, 255; searched house 
of Hans Vos, 136; witness, 146; 
testimony, 147, 264; retiring magis- 
trate, 185 ; appointed delegate to 
make alliance with Mohawks, 214; 
prosecuted, 265 

sues Hedemans, 105 ; Teunissen, 
182 

sued by Janscn, 119; by Gillissen, 
165; by Borsboom, 226, 228, by 
Meyndertsen, 242 

Thomassen (Tomassen), Teunis, sues 
Hoogenboom, 245 

Three Rivers of Canada, Governor, 
letter to, 150 

Tierx (Tjercks), Elsjen, sues Anne- 
tie van Geringen, 252 

Tomassen, Jan, see Thomassen, Jan 

Tomassen, Teunis, see Thomassen, 
Teunis 

Truax, see De Trucx 

Turck, Symon Jansen, 153 ; witness, 
290 

sues Rem Jansen, 195 ; Leendert- 
sen, 195 ; van Eeckel, 205 ; Labatie, 
206 

Tymensen (Tymonsen). Jan, sued by 
Swart, 241, 242 

Tyssen (Thysen, van der Heyden), 
Jacob, to render decision on pay- 
ment of wages, 64 ; testimony, 107 ; 
permission to employ Indian bro- 
kers, 189; prosecuted, 265; petition 
concerning trade with Indians, 266 ; 
signature, 267 ; boy, Johannes, 293 ; 
mentioned, 132, 211 

sues Gouw, 53, 56, 82, 83 ; Albert- 
sen, 219, 244, 247 ; Teller, 260 

sued by Leendertsen, 36; by 
Loockermans, 119; by Johanna de 



Tyssen (Thysen, van der Heyden) , 
Jacob — Continued 
Hulter, 126, 132, 205 ; by Gerritsen, 
162; by Albertsen, 223, 233, 240, 
241, 243; by Teller, 277, 300; by 
de Haen, 290; by Pietersen, 293; 
by Gerbertsen, 300; by Gillesen, 302 

Tyssen, Jacques, the Frenchman, sues 
Stevensen, 53, 57 

sued by Jansen, 210; by van der 
Poel, 261 

Tyssen (Thysen), Lysbet, 303 

VanAken (Aecken), Jan, house, 86; 
accounts, 86 ; signature, 255 ; prose- 
cuted, 264; sued by Cornelissen, 
271 ; testimony, 304 

Van Alen, Lourens, signature, 255 , 
testimony, 264 

Van Alen, Pieter, signature. 255 ; 
prosecuted, 280 

Van Alstyne, Jan Martensen, see 
Martensen, Jan 

Van Beeren, Mattys, sues Jacobsen, 
175 

Van Bremen (Breemen), Jan Dirck- 
sen, sues Pietersen, 175 ; prose- 
cuted, 188; signature, 267; judg- 
ment against, 305 

sued by Pastoor, 13, 43, 183, 184, 
187; by de Vos, 83, 90, 166; by Vos, 
115; by Jacobsen, 125, 177, 181; by 
Bronck, 178, 182, 183, 187; by Jan- 
sen and Gillissen, 183; by Bogar- 
dus, 300 

Van Breuckelen, Cornelis Teunissen, 
see Teunissen, Cornelis 

Van Coesan, Abraham, witness, 74 ; 
testimony, 75. See also Abraham, 
the tailor 

Van Curler (Coder), Arent. sues 
Gouw, 109, 111; appointed delegate 
to make alliance with Mohawks, 
214 

servant sued by Martensen, 30: 
by Bamboes, 105 

Van Dam, Claes Ripsen, see Ripsen, 
Claes 

Van de Grift (Grist), Poulus Leen- 
dersen. see Leendertsen, Poulus 



COURT MINUTES, I<>57 l66o 



333 



Van den Bcrgh (Berch), Arent, 
prosecuted and fined, 24 

sues Jacobsen, 117; Gerritscn, 
130, 247, 253, 27?; several persons, 

158 

sued by Bronck, 40, 140; by Mar- 
tensen, 56, 130, 233; by Carelsen, 

158; by Hendricksen, 190 

Van den Bergli, Clacs, see Cornelis- 
sen, Claes 

Van den Bcrgh, Geertruy, sued by 
Adriaensen, 296 

Van den Uythof, Wouter Albertsen, 
sued by Wesselsen, 141 ; sues 
Teunisscn, 160; signature, 268 

Van der Heyden, Jacob Tyssen, see 
Tyssen, Jacob 

Van der Poel (Spitsbergen), Tennis 
Cornelissen, beavers due to, 110; 
size of lot, 127 

sues Vosburgh, 15 ; Gerritsen, 80, 
82, 83; Martensen, 82; Dirckjen 
Harmcns. 90; Vos, 127; Bout, 139; 
Tyssen, 261; Jacobsen, 294, 309, 
310 

VanderPoel, Wynandt Gerritsen, 
see Gerritsen, Wynandt 

Van der Sluys, Andries, sued by van 
Hoesen, 57; by Nolden, 78 

Van der Zee, Storm Albertsen, see 
Albertsen, Storm 

Van Dyck. Hendrick, sues Slichten- 
horst, 131 ; affidavit by, 156 

Van Dyck, Lidia, sues van Eeckel, 203 

Van Ecckel (Eeckelen). Jan, signa- 
ture, 267 

sues Davidts, 50, 54; Barentsen, 
53. 64; de Gracff, 82: Gerritsen, 
142; Loockermans. 186; Brouwer, 
207, 243, 245, 261, 275; Wissel- 
penningh, 241. 243, 244; wife oi 
Michicl Teunissen, 244; Michiel 
Teunissen, 247; Cathalina Samsons, 
247; Smidt, 259; Jacob Teunissen. 
275, 289 

sued by Flip, the brewer, 117; by 
Levy, 152; by Harmensen. 187; by 
Lidia van Dyck, 203; by Jansen, 
205; by Schrick, 207; by Coenraet- 



Van Eeckel (Eeckelen), Jan. 

mil 224, 234, 240, 241 ; ! y W 
mi,. 24^,; b3 Bancker, 294. 30<> 
Van Geringen, Annetie, sued b) KF- 

jen Tier.x. 252 

Van Gutsenhoven, Jan Bastiaensen, 

see Bastiaensen, Jan 
Van 1 [amel, Dirck, 
colony oi' Rensselaerswyck, 

note concerning, 199; mentioned, 

116, 121, 166 

sues van Valckenburgh, 56, 72 ; 

Vosburgh, 69; Loockermans, 69; 

Davidts, 94 

sued by Wesselsen, 22; by Clacs- 

sen, 149; by Bastiaensen, 158; by 

Hendricksen, 199 
VanHoeck, Arent Jansen, see Jansen, 

Arent 
Van Hoesen, Jan Franssen. ^nature. 

267; accounts, 302 

sues Wesselsen, 17; wife of Wes- 
selsen, 18. 28, 33; Abrahams, 37; 

Gerritsen and van der Sluys, 57 ; 

van Loenen. 69, 100, 121 ; Gysbert- 

sen, 112; Claessen, 124; Eva Rinck- 

houts, 241 

sued by Al>rahams. 50; by Jan- 
sen, 57; by Philip, the brewer. 58; 

by Pastoor, 170; by Verveelen. 200; 

by Gerritsen. 210; by Jacobsen, 219, 

224. 226; by wife of Jan Rinckhout, 

227; by Daniel Rinckhout, 240. 248; 

260 
Van Hoesens. Volckien. wife of Jan 

Franssen van Hoesen. prosecuted. 

307. 310 

sues van Loenen, tK) ; Femmetien 

Alberts. 123; Eva Kmckhout<. 243 
sued b> Claessen. 133, 272. 296; 

by Rinckhout. 272. 277 

Van llpendam, Adriaen Jai 5 
b\ Jansen, 77 

sues van Valckenbunjh. 2^*?; Cor- 
nelissen. 295; Pietersen, 295; I 
kcrmans, 295 ; Brouwer, 2 

Vanlmbroch (Imborch), Cysbert. 
19£; sues Jansen, 170; Meyndertsen, 
272 



334 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Van Laer, Jacob, signature, 268 

Van Loenen, Gysbert, 26 ; prosecuted, 
23, 93; 

sues Abrahams, 56; Cornelissen, 
95 

sued by Cooninck, 57; by van 
Hoesen, 69, 100, 121 ; by Albertsen, 
98; by wife of van Hoesen, 99 

Van Neck, Lambert, money in hands 
of attached, 198 ; dispute with Hen- 
dricksen, 234; charges against Car- 
pentier, 260; testimony, 260; peti- 
tion concerning trade with Indians, 
266; prosecuted, 295, 297 

sued by Swart, 16 ; by curators of 
estate of Dirck Bensingh, 293; bv 
Cobes, 310 

Van Papendorp, Adriaen Gerritsen, 
see Gerritsen, Adriaen 

Van Rensselaer, Jan Baptist, 20, 129 ; 
sues Bronck, 51 

Van Rensselaer (Rencelaer), Jere- 
mias, 182; sues Bronck, 195; ap- 
pointed delegate to make alliance 
with Mohawks, 214 

Van Schaick, Goossen Gerritsen, see 
Gerritsen, Goossen 

Van Schaick, Maria, see Goossens, 
Maria 

Van Slingerlant, Teunis (Theunes), 
192; sues Femmetien Alberts, 122, 
123, 127; sued by curators of estate 
of Bamboes, 304, 306 

Van Slyek, Cornells, see Teunissen, 
Cornelis, from Brenckelen 

Van Sterrevelt, Cornelis, sues Carpen- 
tier, 271 

VanTwiller (Twillert), Johannes, 
witness, 23 

Van Valckenburgh, Herman Jansen, 
sues Claes Jansen and Vosburgh, 
81 

Van Valckenburgh ( Valckenborch, 
Valckenborgh, Valckenburch, Valc- 
kenburg, Valkenburch, Valken- 
burg), Lambert, testimony, 40; 
signature, 267; appointed to rattle 
watch, 209; mentioned, 257 

sues Claessen and Willemsen, 9; 
wife of Evert, the baker, 277 



Van Valckenburgh — Continued 

sued by van Hamel, 57, 72; by 
Loockermans, 123; by Gysbertsen, 
225; by Vervelen, 277; by van 
Ilpendam, 295 

Van Vechten, Teunis Cornelissen, 
sued by Reur, 114, 116 

Van Vleck, Tielnian, sues Herbertsen, 
204 

Van Westbroeck (Bos), Cornelis 
Teunissen, see Bos, Cornelis 
Teunissen 

Vastrick, Robert, money in hands of 
attached, 46 

Vedder, Harmen, gives notice of at- 
tachment of payment for house, 
126; prosecuted, 279; mentioned, 
192 

sues Bensingh, 126; Hendricksen, 
127, 133; Jacobsen, 157; Vosburgh 
and Loockermans, 157; Bastiaen- 
sen, 158; Bronck, 198 

Verbeeck, Jan, curator to children of 
Jacob Luyersen, 11 ; appointed or- 
phan master, 16; accepts office of 
curator of Jacob Luyersen's estate, 
16; appoints curator of estate of 
Christoffel Davidts, 19; to render 
decision on payment of wages, 64 
nominated as magistrate, 106 
chosen ordinary magistrate, 185 
oath of fidelity, 185 ; signature, 237 
opinion regarding Indian brokers, 
256; advice concerning answer to 
Mohawks, 269; authorized to in- 
spect woods and to fine all traders 
violating ordinance, 278; men- 
tioned, 19, 44, 116 

sued by Wisselpenningh, 113; by 
de Vos, 120; by Hendricksen, 156 

Verbruggen, Michiel, servant of Hans 
Vos, 25; testimony, 32 

Verhaers, Jan, see Eeraerts, Jan 

Vervelen (Verveelen), Daniel, signa- 
ture, 267 

sues Abrahamsen, 200; van Hoe- 
sen, 200; Adriaensen, 200, 206; van 
Valckenburgh, 277; Willem Brou- 



COURT MINUTES, 1657-1660 



335 



Vervelen (Verveelen), Daniel — Con- 
tinued 

wer, 289; Swardtwoudt and Fred- 
erickscn, 289; Pieter Brouwer, 289 

Viele, Aernout Cornelissen, see Cor- 
nelissen, Aernout 

Vinhagel, Jan, signature, 268 

Visbeeck, Gerrit, swears to affidavit 
of Dirrick Dircksen. 147; sued by 
Ida Gaessen, 184; attacked by 
Hendricksen, 290, 296 

Volckertsen (Volckersen), Symon, 
sued by Jansen, 43, 48; prosecuted, 
231 ; signature, 267 

Vos (Vosch), Cornells, see De Vos 
Cornells 

Vos, Hans, examination of, 25; ac- 
cused of selling liquor to savages, 
32; servant, testimony, 32; prose- 
cuted, 32, 144; condemned and ban- 
ished, 33; fined, 84; accounts, 85; 
inventory of effects, 97; accused of 
traffic in liquors, 135 ; house 
searched by magistrates, 136; wife, 
Geertien, statement by, 136; testi- 
mony, 144; delivered to custody of 
fiscal of New Netherland, 145 ; 
mentioned, 31, 97, 115, 134 

sues Martensen, 95, 101 ; Pieter 
Jansen, 103; Barentsen, 109; Mar- 
celus Jansen, 114; van Breemen, 115 
sued by Carstensen, 102; by 
Flodder, 102, 104; by Herbertsen. 
105; by Jochemsen, 109; by Hester 
Fonda, 116 

Vosburgh (Vosborch), Abraham 
Pietersen, saw mill. 184, 266; men- 
tioned, 257 

sues Fredericksen, 15 ; Claessen 
and Teunissen, 98; Gerritsen, 152; 
Jacobsen and Gerritsen, 178 

sued by van der Poel, 15 ; by Jan- 
sen, 18, 43; by Gysbertsen, 30; by 
Bamboes, 62; by van Hamel, 69; by 
van Valckenburgh, 81 ; by Gerritsen, 
116, 169; by Loockermans, 119; by 
Vedder, 157; by Bronck, 176, 178; 
by Gerritsen and Jacobsen. 183 



■ -rtruy, widow of Abra- 

ham VosbtUTgh, attorney of, 26o. 
273; mentioned, 308; sue> Annetien 
Lievens, 169; sued by Albert 

258, 261 
Vrooman, Pieter Meussen. 
sen, Pieter 

Wampum, ordinance fixing rate at 
which certain debts may be paid in 
wampum, 167 

Wappingers' kill, 208 

Wendel (Wendell, Wendels), Evert 
Jansen, curator to children of Jacob 
Luyersen, 11; appointed orphan 
master, 16; accepts office of curator 
of Jacob Luyersen's estate, 16; ap- 
points curator of estate of Q 
tofTel Davidts, 19; sued by Wissel- 
penningh, 113; permission to u^e 
land, 182; appointed commissary, 
250; oath of fidelity, 250; opinion 
regarding Indian brokers, 256; ad- 
vice concerning answer to Mo- 
hawks, 270 ; authorized to inspect 
woods and to fine all traders violat- 
ing ordinance, 278 

Wesselsen (Wessels), Jochem. prose- 
cuted. 45, 97; accounts, 84; maid 
Anneken prosecuted, 101 

sues van Hamel, 22 ; Hoffmeyer, 
37; Wouter, the baker, 141; van 
Eeckel, 246 

sued by van Hoesen, 17; by Jan- 
sen, 27; by Hoffmeyer, 48, 51. 53; 
by Powell, 184; by Claessen, 309, 
310; wife sued by van Hoesen, 18. 
28, 33 

Wesselsen, Maria, 169 

Westerkamp, Hendrik Jansen. wid- 
ow, 76, 225 

Willem, the brass founder, see Leen- 
dertsen, Willem 

Willemsen, Gerrit, sued by van Valc- 
kenburgh, 9 

Winnen (Winne). the Fleming. 
Pieter, sues Loockermans, 91, 94. 
200; appointed to rattle watch, 209: 
signature, 268; mentioned. 19 



336 



FORT ORANGE AND BEVERWYCK 



Wip, Seger Cornelissen, see Cornelis- 

sen, Seger 
Wisselpenninck, Reynier, authorized 

to inspect saw mill, 273; sues 

several persons, 113 

sued by Loockermans, 123; by 

Daret, 219, 294; by van Eeckel, 241, 

243, 244 
Withart (Witthardt), Johannes, sues 

Groot, 197; Loockermans, 198, 206; 

servant, sued by Teunissen, 170 
Wollebrant, Pieter, sued by Bont, 38 ; 

by Bronck, 47; by Rinckhout, 73 
Woolemans, Harmen, affidavit by, 121 
Wouter, the baker, see Van den 

Uythof, Wouter Albertsen 



Woutersen, Cornelis, sues Madam de 
Hulter, 180, 193; sued by Teunis- 
sen, 259 

Wynant, the cabinet maker, see Van 
der Poel, Wynant Gerritsen 

Wynkoop, Cornelis, request concern- 
ing estate of Gysbert Philipsen, 231 
sues Claessen, 112; Bos, 112; 
Bastiaensen, 272, 275; Borsboom, 
274; Ripsen, 294, 300, 302 

Yden, Harmen, sued by Jacobsen, 119 
Young Poentie, see VanVechten, 
Teunis Cornelissen